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Questions tagged [applications]

The tag has no usage guidance.

4
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1answer
212 views

Applications of De-Bruijn Sequences in “Pure Mathematics”

I know of a few applications of De-Bruijn Sequences and De Bruijn Graphs in combinatorics, applied mathematics, Engineering and computer science. But I have only found one application of De Bruijn ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Maximizing minimal distance between consecutive brushstrokes when painting a checkerboard torus

Suppose you have a 2-torus and you want to paint an $m\times n$ checkerboard pattern on it. Every brushstroke could paint a single square. How does one maximize the minimal distance between ...
11
votes
2answers
483 views

Reference Request: Theoretical Mixing Times Research in Machine Learning / Artificial Intelligence (AI)

I'm doing a PhD in probability theory, focusing mostly on mixing times. It's a pure maths PhD, considering precise models and showing rigorous mixing results. I'm also interested in stuff like machine ...
18
votes
5answers
992 views

Research in applied algebraic geometry that essentially needs a background of modern algebraic geometry at Hartshorne's level

By applied algebraic geometry, I don't mean applications of algebraic geometry to pure mathematics or super-pure theoretical physics. Not number theory, representation theory, algebraic topology,...
1
vote
0answers
224 views

Industrial research projects on “mathematical modeling and PDEs” [closed]

Apparently there are several companies in a great variety of fields (medical, biological, engineering, etc.) that need "consulting on mathematical modeling and PDEs" from applied mathematicians. I'...
4
votes
3answers
430 views

Application of simple Lie algebras over finite fields

I am now interested in simple Lie algebras over finite fields. In Lie algebras over the complex numbers, there are several applications and some related topics. Is there any potential application for ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

Persistent homology over the integers

Is it likely that in the future, there will be interest in computing persistent homology over the integers (or other PIDs)? Currently, persistent homology is usually done over a field (like $\mathbb{...
3
votes
0answers
158 views

Applications of logic in theoretical and practical Computer Science [closed]

Can anyone suggest theoretical and/or practical applications of logic (modal, dynamic, Lukasiewici etc.) in Computer Science (like Markov Chains for linear algebra), as well as some open-source books ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

References on computational PDE (in fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, etc) that emphasize both rigorous analysis and coding

I'm interested in learning about computational aspects of PDE and integro partial differential equations. In particular, I'd like to know some reference monographs that cover PDE and IPDE from in ...
6
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5answers
2k views

Applications of Perfect Matching

I'm exploring some applications of perfect matching and I would like some input. I have found many applications in chemistry (storing information, estimating bond lengths, estimating resonance energy, ...
35
votes
3answers
3k views

Is algebraic geometry constructive?

Notes: 1) I know next to nothing about algebraic geometry, although I am greatly interested in the field. 2) I realize that "constructive" might be a technical term, here I am using it only in an ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Envelope of a parametrized family of convolutions

For a certain application I need to compute a pointwise supremum of this family of gaussian convolutions: $$\sup_s f(x)\otimes e^{-\frac{x^2}{s^2}}$$ where $f(x),x\in \mathbb{R}^2$ is known and $\...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Using High Level Probability Theory (eg Markov Chain Mixing) in Cryptography/Cryptanalysis

I'm currently doing a PhD in probability theory, specifically (discrete space) Markov chains and their mixing properties. As well as my current main project, I'm looking to have a side project, eg to ...
11
votes
3answers
560 views

What are some applications of Sperner style theorems?

I'm currently working through "Combinatorics of Finite Sets" by Ian Anderson, mostly to improve at a style of mathematics that I've historically been quite bad at, and I find myself wondering why this ...
18
votes
4answers
797 views

Applications of linear programming duality in combinatorics

So, I know that one can apply the strong LP duality theorem to specific instances of maximum flow problems to recover some nontrivial theorems in combinatorics, such as Hall's theorem, Koenig's ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Application for Differential Equation of higher order [closed]

We found some interesting insights in differential equations of the form $y^{(n)}(x)+F_\lambda(y(x),y'(x),...,y^{(n-1)}(x))=0$, i.e. for ordinary differential equations of $n$-th order with $n\geq2$....
7
votes
1answer
620 views

Easy Applications of Model Theory

I've also posted this question on MathSE. I'm posting it here in hopes of a more comprehensive answer. The question is inspired by the following: Model theoretic applications to algebra and number ...
6
votes
2answers
547 views

Applications of Topological Complexity of configuration space

I'm starting to work on topological complexity of configuration spaces. Articles say that this field has applications in robotic and control theory. One of the important articles belongs to Michael ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Formalization of adaptive sampling [closed]

The notion on adaptive sampling or adaptive plotting is fairly popular, but I have not found a formal definition. I have developed an algorithm for plotting implicit algebraic curves in the plane. ...
12
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5answers
1k views

Applications of space filling curves

I am seeking articles where a space filling curve has been used as a theoretical application, such as in the study of general orthogonal polynomials.
1
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0answers
58 views

Applications of systems with multiple time

A dynamical system with multiple time is an action of a group $\mathbb{Z}^d$ or $\mathbb{R}^d$ on a metric space. I am interested in informative examples and applications of such systems. I know ...
2
votes
2answers
320 views

Non-Formal Applications: Higman and Kruskal

After looking through many papers, I noticed that most of the discussions and proofs for Higman's Lemma and Kruskal's Tree Theorem only have formal applications in set theory, logic, and type theory. ...
7
votes
1answer
132 views

Least-squares solution of systems of Sylvester equations

The Sylvester equation $AX+XB=C$ has been studied quite a lot and there are known algorithms for solving it. But has the situation where (an over-determined) system of equations $A_{i}X+XB_{i}=C_{i}$ ...
6
votes
4answers
316 views

Application and usage of representation of integers as sum of powers?

We know that there are many articles and manuscripts from the ancient to date talking about representation of integers as sum of squares, cubes etc. I would like to know what is it the usage and ...
26
votes
8answers
6k views

How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some sources to learn about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...
10
votes
0answers
908 views

Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise: What consistently high quality journals$^1$ today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal if ...
4
votes
1answer
395 views

Information theory from negative probability

Szekely provides a convincing argument of negative probability here: http://www.wilmott.com/pdfs/100609_gjs.pdf What does a reformulation of classical information theory built from negative ...
64
votes
11answers
8k views

Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets". Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in papers/...
4
votes
4answers
550 views

Applications of Szemeredi's Theorem

Szemeredi's Theorem is a famous theorem in Additive Combinatorics, Ergodic Theory and maybe some other parts of Mathemtatics: (Szemeredi's Theorem) Let $\Lambda \in \mathbb{Z}$ be a subset of ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Prime labelling of graphs

A prime labeling of a graph is an injective function $f: V(G) \to \{1, 2, ..., |V(G)|\}$ such that for every pair of adjacent vertices $u$ and $v$, $\text{gcd}(f(u), f(v)) = 1$ (labels of any two ...
15
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4answers
3k views

Robotics, Cryptography, and Genetics applications of Grothendieck's work? [closed]

I was reading about the passing of Alexander Grothendieck, and something caught my interest: Mr. Grothendieck was able to answer concrete questions about these relationships by finding universal ...
0
votes
2answers
292 views

Can a monotone exponentially decreasing function be uniformely approximated bt Gaussians?

This question originates an engineering application. There is a certain process that is presumed to be a sequence of diffusions and is usually modelled as a sum of Gaussians: $$\Sigma_n w_ne^{-\...
15
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5answers
1k views

Examples of research on how people perceive mathematical objects

What examples are there on research related to human perception and mathematical objects? For example, the shape of a beer glass influences drinking habits, since people are bad at integrating. ...
2
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0answers
42 views

Where to read about this kind of “measure of irredundancy” of a set from a family of sets?

Studying a very practical problem from psychometrics, I encountered the following construction. Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space; if preferred, you can presume $\mu$ is a probability measure. In any ...
1
vote
2answers
283 views

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$?

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$? I am very interested in the possible applications of this series. I have asked about this on Mathematics Stack Exchange here. I'm wondering if ...
3
votes
2answers
400 views

Physical and real life interpretation of the concept of regularity used in differential equations?

I guess the title kind of speaks for my questions: I'm curious to know what could be the physical interpretation or real life application of the concept of regularity that arises in PDE: take for ...
20
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3answers
2k views

Algebra and Cancer Research

Let me start by acknowledging the existence of this thread: Mathematics and cancer research? It is well-known that mathematical modeling and computational biology are effective tools in cancer ...
3
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0answers
654 views

Does Pure Mathematics glue Science together? [closed]

A little while ago, I was reading Cathy O'Neil's post Why is math research important (subtext: why does Pure Math deserve funding), where she discusses 3 possible answers. One of these is the usual "...
7
votes
1answer
472 views

Costa's minimal surface and the structure of lungs

Seeing this image of Costa's minimal surface        (MathWorld image) made me wonder if the fine-grained structure of the human lung is somehow composed of pieces of ...
2
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0answers
144 views

When is it possible to split a non-linear operator into a composition of a linear and local one?

Let $A: L^2(R^n)\to L^2(R^n)$ be a non-linear operator. Is it known when it's possible to split $A$ into a composition of a linear operator $B: L^2(R^n)\to (L^2(R^n))^k$ and a local operator $C: (L^2(...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Optimal radiating $(d{-}1)$-flats within a sphere

Permit me to revisit an earlier unresolved MO question, "Chord arrangement that avoids confining small or large disks" with a (very!) specific version, inspired by radiation therapy. The main idea is ...
32
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2answers
2k views

Applications of Lawvere's fixed point theorem

Lawvere's fixed point theorem states that in a cartesian closed category, if there is a morphism $A \to X^A$ which is point-surjective (meaning that $\hom(1,A) \to \hom(1,X^A)$ is surjective), then ...
47
votes
15answers
12k views

How does the work of a pure mathematician impact society? [closed]

First, I will explain my situation. In my University most of the careers are doing videos to explain what we do and try to attract more people to our careers. I am in a really bad position, because ...
2
votes
1answer
400 views

A mathematical version of the Magic Eye optical illusion

The magic eye optical illusions create stereographic pictures by taking two rectangles and slightly shifting the patterns, so that when you cross your eyes to overlap them, the subtle differences ...
7
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8answers
5k views

Is Riemannian integration sufficient in physics?

Are there any applications in physics or engineering which require the Lebesgue integral and cannot be treated by Riemannian integration
14
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3answers
1k views

Applications of visual calculus

Mamikon's visual calculus (see Mamikon, Tom Apostol, Wikipedia) is a very beautiful and surprisingly efficient tool. The basis is Mamikon's theorem. The area of a tangent sweep is equal to the ...
0
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0answers
119 views

Application of Morse theory to second order systems

Hello I'm looking for some applications of Morse theory to second order differential system,( or boundary value problems ) Someone can help me with a pdf or a book which has these applications ? ...
0
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1answer
436 views

Mathematical properties of financial prices

Prices of financial assets (stock-market prices or currency exchange rates) obviously resemble trajectories of stochastic processes. What is known about their mathematical properties ? I know ...
9
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1answer
549 views

Examples of applications of the Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem.

The Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem states the following: Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a small abelian category. There exists a unital ring $R$ and a full, faithful and exact functor $F\colon\mathcal{A}\...
4
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2answers
5k views

On mentioning recommenders' names in cover letter for postdoctoral applications

If I want to apply for a postdoctoral job, can I mention the name of my recommenders in my cover letter just to bolster my application, particularly when I am sure that the people who will read my ...