# Questions tagged [applications]

The applications tag has no usage guidance.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Applications of De-Bruijn Sequences in “Pure Mathematics”

I know of a few applications of De-Bruijn Sequences and De Bruijn Graphs in combinatorics, applied mathematics, Engineering and computer science. But I have only found one application of De Bruijn ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

77 views

### Maximizing minimal distance between consecutive brushstrokes when painting a checkerboard torus

Suppose you have a 2-torus and you want to paint an $m\times n$ checkerboard pattern on it.
Every brushstroke could paint a single square.
How does one maximize the minimal distance between ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

483 views

### Reference Request: Theoretical Mixing Times Research in Machine Learning / Artificial Intelligence (AI)

I'm doing a PhD in probability theory, focusing mostly on mixing times. It's a pure maths PhD, considering precise models and showing rigorous mixing results. I'm also interested in stuff like machine ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

992 views

### Research in applied algebraic geometry that essentially needs a background of modern algebraic geometry at Hartshorne's level

By applied algebraic geometry, I don't mean applications of algebraic geometry to pure mathematics or super-pure theoretical physics. Not number theory, representation theory, algebraic topology,...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

224 views

### Industrial research projects on “mathematical modeling and PDEs” [closed]

Apparently there are several companies in a great variety of fields (medical, biological, engineering, etc.) that need "consulting on mathematical modeling and PDEs" from applied mathematicians.
I'...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

430 views

### Application of simple Lie algebras over finite fields

I am now interested in simple Lie algebras over finite fields. In Lie algebras over the complex numbers, there are several applications and some related topics.
Is there any potential application for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Persistent homology over the integers

Is it likely that in the future, there will be interest in computing persistent homology over the integers (or other PIDs)?
Currently, persistent homology is usually done over a field (like $\mathbb{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Applications of logic in theoretical and practical Computer Science [closed]

Can anyone suggest theoretical and/or practical applications of logic (modal, dynamic, Lukasiewici etc.) in Computer Science (like Markov Chains for linear algebra), as well as some open-source books ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### References on computational PDE (in fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, etc) that emphasize both rigorous analysis and coding

I'm interested in learning about computational aspects of PDE and integro partial differential equations.
In particular, I'd like to know some reference monographs that cover PDE and IPDE from in ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Applications of Perfect Matching

I'm exploring some applications of perfect matching and I would like some input. I have found many applications in chemistry (storing information, estimating bond lengths, estimating resonance energy, ...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Is algebraic geometry constructive?

Notes: 1) I know next to nothing about algebraic geometry, although I am greatly interested in the field. 2) I realize that "constructive" might be a technical term, here I am using it only in an ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

35 views

### Envelope of a parametrized family of convolutions

For a certain application I need to compute a pointwise supremum of this family of gaussian convolutions:
$$\sup_s f(x)\otimes e^{-\frac{x^2}{s^2}}$$
where $f(x),x\in \mathbb{R}^2$ is known and $\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Using High Level Probability Theory (eg Markov Chain Mixing) in Cryptography/Cryptanalysis

I'm currently doing a PhD in probability theory, specifically (discrete space) Markov chains and their mixing properties. As well as my current main project, I'm looking to have a side project, eg to ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

560 views

### What are some applications of Sperner style theorems?

I'm currently working through "Combinatorics of Finite Sets" by Ian Anderson, mostly to improve at a style of mathematics that I've historically been quite bad at, and I find myself wondering why this ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

797 views

### Applications of linear programming duality in combinatorics

So, I know that one can apply the strong LP duality theorem to specific instances of maximum flow problems to recover some nontrivial theorems in combinatorics, such as Hall's theorem, Koenig's ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Application for Differential Equation of higher order [closed]

We found some interesting insights in differential equations of the form
$y^{(n)}(x)+F_\lambda(y(x),y'(x),...,y^{(n-1)}(x))=0$,
i.e. for ordinary differential equations of $n$-th order with $n\geq2$....

**7**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### Easy Applications of Model Theory

I've also posted this question on MathSE. I'm posting it here in hopes of a more comprehensive answer. The question is inspired by the following:
Model theoretic applications to algebra and number ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

547 views

### Applications of Topological Complexity of configuration space

I'm starting to work on topological complexity of configuration spaces.
Articles say that this field has applications in robotic and control theory. One of the important articles belongs to Michael ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

33 views

### Formalization of adaptive sampling [closed]

The notion on adaptive sampling or adaptive plotting is fairly popular, but I have not found a formal definition.
I have developed an algorithm for plotting implicit algebraic curves in the plane. ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Applications of space filling curves

I am seeking articles where a space filling curve has been used as a theoretical application, such as in the study of general orthogonal polynomials.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

58 views

### Applications of systems with multiple time

A dynamical system with multiple time is an action of a group $\mathbb{Z}^d$ or $\mathbb{R}^d$ on a metric space.
I am interested in informative examples and applications of such systems. I know ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

320 views

### Non-Formal Applications: Higman and Kruskal

After looking through many papers, I noticed that most of the discussions and proofs for Higman's Lemma and Kruskal's Tree Theorem only have formal applications in set theory, logic, and type theory. ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Least-squares solution of systems of Sylvester equations

The Sylvester equation $AX+XB=C$ has been studied quite a lot and there are known algorithms for solving it.
But has the situation where (an over-determined) system of equations $A_{i}X+XB_{i}=C_{i}$ ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

316 views

### Application and usage of representation of integers as sum of powers?

We know that there are many articles and manuscripts from the ancient to date talking about representation of integers as sum of squares, cubes etc. I would like to know what is it the usage and ...

**26**

votes

**8**answers

6k views

### How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some sources to learn about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

908 views

### Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise:
What consistently high quality journals$^1$ today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal if ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### Information theory from negative probability

Szekely provides a convincing argument of negative probability here:
http://www.wilmott.com/pdfs/100609_gjs.pdf
What does a reformulation of classical information theory built from negative ...

**64**

votes

**11**answers

8k views

### Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets".
Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in papers/...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

550 views

### Applications of Szemeredi's Theorem

Szemeredi's Theorem is a famous theorem in Additive Combinatorics, Ergodic Theory and maybe some other parts of Mathemtatics:
(Szemeredi's Theorem) Let $\Lambda \in \mathbb{Z}$ be a subset of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Prime labelling of graphs

A prime labeling of a graph is an injective function $f: V(G) \to \{1, 2, ..., |V(G)|\}$
such that for every pair of adjacent vertices $u$ and $v$, $\text{gcd}(f(u), f(v)) = 1$ (labels of any two ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Robotics, Cryptography, and Genetics applications of Grothendieck's work? [closed]

I was reading about the passing of Alexander Grothendieck, and something caught my interest:
Mr. Grothendieck was able to answer concrete questions about these relationships by finding universal ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Can a monotone exponentially decreasing function be uniformely approximated bt Gaussians?

This question originates an engineering application.
There is a certain process that is presumed to be a sequence of diffusions and is usually modelled as a sum of Gaussians:
$$\Sigma_n w_ne^{-\...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Examples of research on how people perceive mathematical objects

What examples are there on research related to human perception and mathematical objects?
For example, the shape of a beer glass influences drinking habits,
since people are bad at integrating.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

42 views

### Where to read about this kind of “measure of irredundancy” of a set from a family of sets?

Studying a very practical problem from psychometrics, I encountered the following construction.
Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space; if preferred, you can presume $\mu$ is a probability measure. In any ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

283 views

### What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$?

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$? I am very interested in the possible applications of this series.
I have asked about this on Mathematics Stack Exchange here.
I'm wondering if ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

400 views

### Physical and real life interpretation of the concept of regularity used in differential equations?

I guess the title kind of speaks for my questions: I'm curious to know what could be the physical interpretation or real life application of the concept of regularity that arises in PDE: take for ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Algebra and Cancer Research

Let me start by acknowledging the existence of this thread: Mathematics and cancer research?
It is well-known that mathematical modeling and computational biology are effective tools in cancer ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

654 views

### Does Pure Mathematics glue Science together? [closed]

A little while ago, I was reading Cathy O'Neil's post Why is math research important (subtext: why does Pure Math deserve funding), where she discusses 3 possible answers. One of these is the usual "...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### Costa's minimal surface and the structure of lungs

Seeing this image of Costa's minimal surface
(MathWorld image)
made me wonder if the fine-grained structure
of the human lung is somehow composed of pieces of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### When is it possible to split a non-linear operator into a composition of a linear and local one?

Let $A: L^2(R^n)\to L^2(R^n)$ be a non-linear operator. Is it known when it's possible to split $A$ into a composition of a linear operator $B: L^2(R^n)\to (L^2(R^n))^k$ and a local operator $C: (L^2(...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Optimal radiating $(d{-}1)$-flats within a sphere

Permit me to revisit an earlier unresolved MO question,
"Chord arrangement that avoids confining small or large disks"
with a (very!) specific version, inspired by radiation therapy.
The main idea is ...

**32**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Applications of Lawvere's fixed point theorem

Lawvere's fixed point theorem states that in a cartesian closed category, if there is a morphism $A \to X^A$ which is point-surjective (meaning that $\hom(1,A) \to \hom(1,X^A)$ is surjective), then ...

**47**

votes

**15**answers

12k views

### How does the work of a pure mathematician impact society? [closed]

First, I will explain my situation.
In my University most of the careers are doing videos to explain what we do and try to attract more people to our careers.
I am in a really bad position, because ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### A mathematical version of the Magic Eye optical illusion

The magic eye optical illusions create stereographic pictures by taking two rectangles and slightly shifting the patterns, so that when you cross your eyes to overlap them, the subtle differences ...

**7**

votes

**8**answers

5k views

### Is Riemannian integration sufficient in physics?

Are there any applications in physics or engineering which require the Lebesgue integral and cannot be treated by Riemannian integration

**14**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Applications of visual calculus

Mamikon's visual calculus (see Mamikon, Tom Apostol, Wikipedia) is a very beautiful and surprisingly efficient tool.
The basis is
Mamikon's theorem. The area of a tangent sweep is equal to the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Application of Morse theory to second order systems

Hello
I'm looking for some applications of Morse theory to second order differential system,( or boundary value problems )
Someone can help me with a pdf or a book which has these applications ?
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

436 views

### Mathematical properties of financial prices

Prices of financial assets (stock-market prices or currency exchange rates) obviously resemble trajectories of stochastic processes.
What is known about their mathematical properties ?
I know ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Examples of applications of the Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem.

The Freyd-Mitchell embedding theorem states the following:
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a small abelian category. There exists a unital ring $R$ and a full, faithful and exact functor $F\colon\mathcal{A}\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### On mentioning recommenders' names in cover letter for postdoctoral applications

If I want to apply for a postdoctoral job, can I mention the name of my recommenders in my cover letter just to bolster my application, particularly when I am sure that the people who will read my ...