Questions tagged [applications]

Applications of mathematics to any field inside or outside mathematics

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3
votes
1answer
139 views

Are there applications for the PDE $ - \operatorname{grad} ( \operatorname{div} \vec u ) = \vec f$?

As in the title: given a vector field $\vec f$, are there any interesting applications (in physics, biology, or economy, or ...) of the partial differential equation $ - \operatorname{grad} ( \...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Applications of coupled Volterra-Hammerstein in Banach space

I'm looking to study the existence solutions of the following coupled equation: \begin{equation} \left\{\begin{matrix} x(t)&=&\int_{0}^{t} K\big(t, s\big) f\big(s, x(s),y(s)\big) d s, \quad t \...
7
votes
2answers
740 views

Non-set-theoretic consequences of forcing axioms

This article by Quanta Magazine states: ... forcing axioms ... are workhorses that regular mathematicians “can actually go out and use in the field, so to speak,” ... What are some examples of uses ...
2
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0answers
99 views

What is the definition of this function?

I'm reading a paper and I didn't understand this notation used by the author: Let E be a vector space and F be a subspace of E. Let $S(E/F)$ be the symmetric algebra of $E/F$. For every element $P \...
4
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0answers
85 views

Are there any applications of the algebraic polar decomposition?

One of the decompositions mentioned in the Wikipedia page on matrix decompositions is the algebraic polar decomposition. This factors a square complex matrix $M$ into $M = SQ$ where $S = S^T$ and $QQ^...
2
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0answers
57 views

What are possible applications of 'fast arithmetic' in the Jacobian (degree zero Picard group) of projective curves over fields?

It is well known that there are plenty possible applications of 'fast arithmetic' (that is, 1. having an algorithm at hand that actually computes in..., and 2. the running time of that algorithm is ...
14
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9answers
2k views

Tools from other disciplines useful to mathematics research?

Obviously, mathematics provides essential tools for physicists, biologists, economists, engineers and many others to use in their research. Equally obviously, physics, biology, economy and engineering ...
1
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0answers
59 views

What are some interesting applications of the Archimedean Property?

So a wile back I managed to prove the The Remainder Theorem starting from the Archimidean property and since then I've thought what could be other results which can be proved using it. But I haven't ...
5
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0answers
240 views

Applications of Tits' alternative in algebraic number theory

I have recently studying Tits' alternative. The theorem statement goes like the following: Tits' alternative: Let $G$ be any finitely generated linear group over a field. Then one of the following is ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Abstract mathematical concepts/tools appeared in machine learning research

I am interested in knowing about abstract mathematical concepts, tools or methods that have come up in theoretical machine learning. By "abstract" I mean something that is not immediately related to ...
5
votes
1answer
412 views

Schemes over (locally) ringed spaces: working over complex-analytic spaces, rigid-analytic spaces, formal schemes, etc

Monique Hakim developed in her doctoral thesis [1] the theory of relative schemes. These comprise, as a special case, the theory of schemes over (locally) ringed spaces. What makes the study of these ...
2
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0answers
383 views

Applications of linear algebra in the design of aircraft [closed]

David Lay mentioned one application of linear algebra in the design of aircraft in the introductory part of chapter 2 of his book: [...] A computer creates a model of the surface by first ...
5
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0answers
406 views

Status of the Salmon Conjecture

The set-theoretic version of the Salmon Conjecture (that is, finding the equations that cut out the fourth secant variety of the Segre embedding of $\mathbb P^3 \times \mathbb P^3 \times \mathbb P^3$ ...
30
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7answers
4k views

Applications of mathematics in clinical setting

What are some examples of successful mathematical attempts in clinical setting, specifically at the patient-disease-drug level? To clarify, by patient-disease-drug level, I mean the mathematical work ...
9
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2answers
455 views

Character theory and Quantum Chemistry

Who (presumably a chemist) realized first the efficiency of character theory in calculations of orbitals of atoms? In which year?
3
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2answers
166 views

Reference request on a bijection on trees related to Narayana numbers

The following bijection on rooted plane trees arises in the following context : the counting sequence of (rooted plane) trees with $n$ edges ($n+1$ vertices) and $k$ leaves is given by: $$\frac{1}{n} ...
1
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0answers
83 views

Plethora of variant neural networks?

Since a decade ago when new life was breathed in to neural networks in the form of deep learning a plethora of different architectures have come about. Is there a reference that gives compendium of ...
3
votes
0answers
377 views

Is there such a field as applied $\infty$-category theory?

It seems that applied category theory has exploded in popularity in recent years. My question is simple: had there been any work using $\infty$-category theory in applications? Edit: By ...
21
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0answers
838 views

Caramello's theory: applications

In this text, the author says (well, he says it in French, but I am too lazy to fix all the accents, so here is a Google translation): In any case, contemporary mathematics provides an example of ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Applications of the PBW theorem on enveloping algebras

What are some nice corollaries or applications of the Poincaré Birkhoff Witt theorem? There's this immediate corollary that a Lie algebra sits inside the universal enveloping algebra so in particular, ...
8
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1answer
325 views

Constants of motion for Droop equation

There is an important ODE system in biochemistry, Droop's equations: $$s'=1-s-\frac{sx}{a_1+s}$$ $$x'=a_2\big(1-\frac{1}{q}\big)x-x$$ $$q'=\frac{a_3s}{a_1+s}-a_2(q-1)$$ Relatively easy one finds a ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

Applications of flat submanifolds to other fields of mathematics

Developable surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ have lots of applications outside geometry (e.g., cartography, architecture, manufacturing). I am a curious about potential or actual applications to other ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

Applications of De-Bruijn Sequences in “Pure Mathematics”

I know of a few applications of De-Bruijn Sequences and De Bruijn Graphs in combinatorics, applied mathematics, Engineering and computer science. But I have only found one application of De Bruijn ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Maximizing minimal distance between consecutive brushstrokes when painting a checkerboard torus

Suppose you have a 2-torus and you want to paint an $m\times n$ checkerboard pattern on it. Every brushstroke could paint a single square. How does one maximize the minimal distance between ...
12
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2answers
566 views

Reference Request: Theoretical Mixing Times Research in Machine Learning / Artificial Intelligence (AI)

I'm doing a PhD in probability theory, focusing mostly on mixing times. It's a pure maths PhD, considering precise models and showing rigorous mixing results. I'm also interested in stuff like machine ...
20
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5answers
2k views

Research in applied algebraic geometry that essentially needs a background of modern algebraic geometry at Hartshorne's level

By applied algebraic geometry, I don't mean applications of algebraic geometry to pure mathematics or super-pure theoretical physics. Not number theory, representation theory, algebraic topology,...
1
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0answers
240 views

Industrial research projects on “mathematical modeling and PDEs” [closed]

Apparently there are several companies in a great variety of fields (medical, biological, engineering, etc.) that need "consulting on mathematical modeling and PDEs" from applied mathematicians. I'...
4
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3answers
639 views

Application of simple Lie algebras over finite fields

I am now interested in simple Lie algebras over finite fields. In Lie algebras over the complex numbers, there are several applications and some related topics. Is there any potential application for ...
9
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1answer
468 views

Persistent homology over the integers

Is it likely that in the future, there will be interest in computing persistent homology over the integers (or other PIDs)? Currently, persistent homology is usually done over a field (like $\mathbb{...
3
votes
0answers
192 views

Applications of logic in theoretical and practical Computer Science [closed]

Can anyone suggest theoretical and/or practical applications of logic (modal, dynamic, Lukasiewici etc.) in Computer Science (like Markov Chains for linear algebra), as well as some open-source books ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

References on computational PDE (in fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, etc) that emphasize both rigorous analysis and coding

I'm interested in learning about computational aspects of PDE and integro partial differential equations. In particular, I'd like to know some reference monographs that cover PDE and IPDE from in ...
7
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5answers
3k views

Applications of Perfect Matching

I'm exploring some applications of perfect matching and I would like some input. I have found many applications in chemistry (storing information, estimating bond lengths, estimating resonance energy, ...
40
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4answers
4k views

Is algebraic geometry constructive?

Notes: 1) I know next to nothing about algebraic geometry, although I am greatly interested in the field. 2) I realize that "constructive" might be a technical term, here I am using it only in an ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Envelope of a parametrized family of convolutions

For a certain application I need to compute a pointwise supremum of this family of gaussian convolutions: $$\sup_s f(x)\otimes e^{-\frac{x^2}{s^2}}$$ where $f(x),x\in \mathbb{R}^2$ is known and $\...
3
votes
1answer
318 views

Using High Level Probability Theory (eg Markov Chain Mixing) in Cryptography/Cryptanalysis

I'm currently doing a PhD in probability theory, specifically (discrete space) Markov chains and their mixing properties. As well as my current main project, I'm looking to have a side project, eg to ...
11
votes
3answers
808 views

What are some applications of Sperner style theorems?

I'm currently working through "Combinatorics of Finite Sets" by Ian Anderson, mostly to improve at a style of mathematics that I've historically been quite bad at, and I find myself wondering why this ...
19
votes
4answers
937 views

Applications of linear programming duality in combinatorics

So, I know that one can apply the strong LP duality theorem to specific instances of maximum flow problems to recover some nontrivial theorems in combinatorics, such as Hall's theorem, Koenig's ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Application for Differential Equation of higher order [closed]

We found some interesting insights in differential equations of the form $y^{(n)}(x)+F_\lambda(y(x),y'(x),...,y^{(n-1)}(x))=0$, i.e. for ordinary differential equations of $n$-th order with $n\geq2$....
7
votes
1answer
991 views

Easy Applications of Model Theory

I've also posted this question on MathSE. I'm posting it here in hopes of a more comprehensive answer. The question is inspired by the following: Model theoretic applications to algebra and number ...
7
votes
2answers
754 views

Applications of Topological Complexity of configuration space

I'm starting to work on topological complexity of configuration spaces. Articles say that this field has applications in robotic and control theory. One of the important articles belongs to Michael ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Formalization of adaptive sampling [closed]

The notion on adaptive sampling or adaptive plotting is fairly popular, but I have not found a formal definition. I have developed an algorithm for plotting implicit algebraic curves in the plane. ...
14
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5answers
2k views

Applications of space filling curves

I am seeking articles where a space filling curve has been used as a theoretical application, such as in the study of general orthogonal polynomials.
1
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0answers
59 views

Applications of systems with multiple time

A dynamical system with multiple time is an action of a group $\mathbb{Z}^d$ or $\mathbb{R}^d$ on a metric space. I am interested in informative examples and applications of such systems. I know ...
2
votes
2answers
330 views

Non-Formal Applications: Higman and Kruskal

After looking through many papers, I noticed that most of the discussions and proofs for Higman's Lemma and Kruskal's Tree Theorem only have formal applications in set theory, logic, and type theory. ...
7
votes
1answer
167 views

Least-squares solution of systems of Sylvester equations

The Sylvester equation $AX+XB=C$ has been studied quite a lot and there are known algorithms for solving it. But has the situation where (an over-determined) system of equations $A_{i}X+XB_{i}=C_{i}$ ...
6
votes
4answers
389 views

Application and usage of representation of integers as sum of powers?

We know that there are many articles and manuscripts from the ancient to date talking about representation of integers as sum of squares, cubes etc. I would like to know what is it the usage and ...
29
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8answers
9k views

How is differential geometry used in immediate industrial applications and what are some sources to learn about it?

Intuitively it might be clear that differential geometry is a very applicable subject in engineering and industry. I'd like to know how some industries/companies use differential geometry. I'd guess ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise: What consistently high quality journals (1) today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal were ...
5
votes
1answer
468 views

Information theory from negative probability

Szekely provides a convincing argument of negative probability here: http://www.wilmott.com/pdfs/100609_gjs.pdf What does a reformulation of classical information theory built from negative ...
75
votes
11answers
10k views

Deep Learning / Deep neural nets for mathematician

I am interested in finding out the math ideas behind the technologies that are under the umbrella of "Deep Learning" or "Deep neural nets". Most of the papers/books that are often quoted in papers/...