Questions tagged [hamiltonian-mechanics]

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80 views

Is there a notion of symplectic maps between spaces of volume forms on phase spaces?

For a $n$ dimensional smooth manifold $M$, I consider the cotangent bundle $T^*M$ with the canonical symplectic form $\omega$. A symplectic map $\phi : T^*M \to T^* M$ is a map which leaves the ...
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53 views

Quantization of a non Hamiltonian flow

If one considers a classical Hamiltonian flow $\partial_t \boldsymbol{x} = \partial_p H(\boldsymbol{x},\boldsymbol{p})$, $\partial_t \boldsymbol{p} = -\partial_x H(\boldsymbol{x},\boldsymbol{p})$, the ...
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1answer
122 views

Exact solution to a periodic linear ODE sought

We have been studying a Hamiltonian system that possesses a one-parameter family of periodic orbits, depending on the energy level $h$. We "know" via various non-rigorous means that these ...
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49 views

Mathematical construction: ADM formulation in general relativity

I'm doing my undergraduate thesis and now I'm looking for references that presents ADM Formulation in general relativity mathematically. I studied the basics of general relativity theory by O'Neill ...
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274 views

A question in elementary differential geometry

Let $M$ be a finite dimensional manifold of constant curvature $\kappa$. Consider a solution of the Hamilton--Jacobi equation $$ \partial_t u + |\nabla u|^2 = 0. $$ Can we give a precise estimate of a ...
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81 views

Geometrical proof of Noether Theorem [duplicate]

I am reading a very nice Physics book "The standard model in a nutshell" by D.Goldberg and just read there a mention to Noether Theorem. Of course I knew this outstanding theorem very well from ...
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1answer
43 views

Invertibility of the characteristic flow in Hamilton-Jacobi equations

We are in the context of Hamilton Jacobi equations, in particular I was reading the characteristic method. We want to solve the problem of the special form (Hamiltonian only depending on the "$p$" ...
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53 views

Infinitesimal orbit type decomposition of Hamiltonian $G$-manifolds

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group acting in a Hamiltonian fashion on a symplectic manifold $M$ with momentum map $\mu:M\to \mathfrak{g}^\ast$, where $\mathfrak{g}$ is the Lie algebra of $G$. ...
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189 views

Asymptotic of an integral

Let \begin{equation*} V(x) = -\big(2-\sin(2\pi x) - \sin(2\pi \sqrt{2}x)\big)^\gamma \end{equation*} for some $\gamma \in (0,1]$. Define for each $r<0$ the number $$a_r = \min\{a>0: V(a) = ...
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104 views

Why does the Lax pair formalism look so similar to the Hamiltonian equations, and what is the significance of this?

If we have a Lax pair for a system, which we'll call operators $L$ and $B$, then the system \begin{align*}L\psi&=\lambda\psi\\ \psi_t&=B\psi\end{align*} has as its integrability condition ...
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5answers
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Is there a high level reason why the inverse square law of gravitation yields periodic orbits without precession?

Given a spherically symmetric potential $V: {\bf R}^d \to {\bf R}$, smooth away from the origin, one can consider the Newtonian equations of motion $$ \frac{d^2}{dt^2} x = - (\nabla V)(x)$$ for a ...
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135 views

How to check conditions for Liouville-Arnold theorem? [closed]

Arnold gives in his book "Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics" on p.272 the following, well known theorem: Let $F_1, \dots, F_n$ be $n$ functions in involution on a symplectic $2n$-...
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58 views

Reduced master equation for a multistable Hamiltonian dynamical system

I am looking for rigorous results on the derivation of a reduced master equation for a (possibly stochastic) Hamiltonian dynamical system with a coercive potential energy term with multiple local ...
1
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1answer
223 views

Global reduction of Hamiltonian with an integral of motion (Poincare' reduction)

This question is related to a previous one; now I better understand the problem and I can more clearly state what is the question. Background I refer to the following concepts: Liouville ...
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2answers
479 views

Practical example of Hamiltonian reduction

I know what is the Liouville integrability: given a Hamiltonian with $n$ degrees of freedom, with $n$ independent constants of motion in involution, the Hamiltonian can be brought to the form $H(p_1, \...
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0answers
115 views

Is this integral zero?

I'd like to know if one integral expression I have can be shown to be zero for all possible cases. Let me introduce some notation. Consider $\mathfrak{g}=C^{\infty}(M)$ and the dual $\mathfrak{g}^*=\...
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95 views

What is the relation between the different generating functions thought as finite approximations of action functionals

In the book Introduction to symplectic topology by MC Duff and Salamon, a discrete analogue of the action functional is defined on $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$. The idea is that a Hamiltonian isotopy can be ...
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1answer
321 views

Constants of motion for Droop equation

There is an important ODE system in biochemistry, Droop's equations: $$s'=1-s-\frac{sx}{a_1+s}$$ $$x'=a_2\big(1-\frac{1}{q}\big)x-x$$ $$q'=\frac{a_3s}{a_1+s}-a_2(q-1)$$ Relatively easy one finds a ...
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1answer
229 views

Non-Hamiltonian actions in physics

I was reading the following article when I came across the interesting sentence "non-Hamiltonian [symplectic group] actions also occur in physics" I took a cursory look at the article cited but ...
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226 views

Periodic orbit for certain Hamiltonian on the tangent bundle

In this question a nontrivial periodic orbit is a periodic orbit which is not a singular point. Let $p: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...
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73 views

Effective actions by non-commutative groups have non-commuting fundamental vector fields?

I have a bit of a contradiction in my brain and I was hoping once again that excellent Mathoverflow community could help me out :) Let $\rho_g$ be the action associated to a non-abelian Lie Group $G$ ...
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80 views

On the measure of regular and chaotic regions in a phase space

Consider a Hamiltonian, non-linear, dynamical system associated to $H(\vec{q},\vec{p})$. Assume that the number of effective degrees of freedom is relatively small, say $D=3,4,5$. Now choose a certain ...
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1answer
209 views

Symplectic forms and sign of eigenvalues

This question has come out while reading J. Moser "New Aspects in the Theory of Stability of Hamiltonian Systems". I'm particularly interested to the Appendix, where one investigates the stability of ...
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3answers
334 views

Reference Request: KAM Theory

I intend to learn KAM Theory. Could you please suggest me a good book on KAM Theory to begin with, where main results are discussed with complete proofs. Thank you.
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0answers
203 views

Proving that system is Hamiltonian

This question is moved from math stackexchange, seems like it is a more advanced question. Here the link from the original question: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2666194/proving-that-...
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1answer
280 views

Symplectic reduction of 4-manifolds with circle actions

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $4$-dimensional closed symplectic manifold. Assume there exists a Hamiltonian $S^1$-action on $M$, let $\mu:M \to \mathbb{R}^*$ be its moment map and let $M_{\text{red}}=\mu^{-1}(...
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211 views

How to make sense of the Euler Lagrange equations for an infinite action?

The Euler–Lagrange equation is an equation satisfied by a function $q$, which is a stationary point of the functional $S(\boldsymbol q) = \int_a^b L(t,q(t),\dot{q}(t))\, \mathrm{d}t$ Say we have an ...
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0answers
25 views

First return map in complex 2DOF Hamiltonian systems

The standard way to construct the first return map around a periodic orbit in real 2DOF Hamiltonian systems is the following: We choose a periodic orbit and a point on it. We restrict the system on ...
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1answer
349 views

When is a Divergence-Free Vector Field on the Tangent Bundle of a Riemannian Manifold Hamiltonian?

(Reposted from https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2589600/when-is-a-divergence-free-vector-field-on-the-tangent-bundle-of-a-riemannian-man) Starting with a closed, connected Riemannian manifold $...
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2answers
156 views

Isolated periodic trajectories of Hamiltonian systems

Is there any example of an autonomous Hamiltonian system with a periodic trajectory isolated in the whole phase space? The Poincar\'e map of such a trajectory within its energy level should be very ...
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1answer
523 views

What are the compact Lagrangian submanifolds of a twisted cotangent bundle?

In Hamiltonian dynamics and symplectic geometry a twisted cotangent bundle is the cotangent space $T^*N$ of a closed (compact without boundary) $n$-manifold $N$ equipped with a twisted symplectic ...
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1answer
145 views

Contradiction between fixed points of a hamiltonian diffeomorphism of a torus and quasi-periodic motion on a torus

Again a very simple question. I currently hold two contradictory ideas in my head 1) A hamiltonian diffeomorphism of a torus necessarily has fixed points 2) most hamiltonian actions on a torus in an ...
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0answers
144 views

Most probable path for stochastic Hamiltonian systems

It is known that for a real valued stochastic process $X_t$ satisfying $$ d X_t = b(X_t) d t + \sigma d W_t $$ where $W$ is real valued Wiener process, the equation for the most probable path from ...
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1answer
119 views

Infinitesimal generators and conserved quantities (Schrodinger type evolution)

First, I'm no expert in symmetry analysis of evolution equations and so I apologize if this post is a bit of a cobble. The question I have is about the evolution of $\psi: \mathbb{R}^{1+1}\to \mathbb{...
2
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1answer
368 views

Sampling point from the surface of an n-dimensional ellipsoid with uniform distribution

I am wondering if exist an efficient computational method for sampling points belonging to the surface of an ellipsoid in $n$-dimensional space with n even, I am thinking in the phase space of a ...
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4answers
11k views

Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and Newton formalism of mechanics

If my thinking is wrong please let me know. I have little knowledge on beyond-college physics. For research purposes, I read a few introductions to these three formalisms of classical mechanics [1,2,...
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1answer
519 views

Why is every Hamiltonian system locally integrable?

It is common knowledge that every Hamiltonian system is locally integrable (away from singular points of the Hamiltonian), meaning that, in a neighborhood of each point of the $2n$-dimensional ...
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112 views

Reference request: Liouville integrability of a torus action of small dimension on a symplectic manifold

Consider a hamiltonian toric acion on a connected real symplectic manifold of dimension 2n. The dimension of the torus, which we denote by $k$, may be less than $n$. The generators of the action will ...
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1answer
461 views

When does a Lagrangian dynamical system have an equivalent Hamiltonian description?

Let a Lagrangian dynamical system with $n$ degrees of freedom and configuration space $\mathbb{R}^n$ (i.e. phase space $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$), which is described by $L=L(q_{i},\dot{q}_{i},t)$, $i=1,2,......
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0answers
75 views

Is the interpolating Hamiltonian flow of an exact near-identity symplectic map globally defined?

It is well-known that an analytic near-identity map $\bar{x} = F_{\epsilon}(x) = x + \epsilon f(x) + O(\epsilon^{2})$ may be embedded into the flow of a differential equation, and if that map is ...
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1answer
306 views

Some dynamical and Bundle questions arising from certain map $P:TS^{n}\to S^{n}$

Define the map $$P:TS^{n}\to S^{n} \;\;\;\text{by}\;\; P((x,v))=\frac{x+v}{\parallel x+v \parallel}$$ where $$TS^{n}=\{(x,v)\in S^{n} \ \times \mathbb{R}^{n+1}\mid v \perp x \}$$ This map is ...
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1answer
301 views

Generalizing HJB equation for a terminal stopping time

The following is one version of the Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman (HJB) equation: Suppose we have a Brownian motion $W$ and a counting process $N$ with a stochastic intensity $\lambda$ on a time interval $[...
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0answers
180 views

Geometric properties of solutions of Hamiltonian system

Context : We are interested in the following dynamic with state $(q,\varphi)$ $$ \dot q = \varepsilon F(q,\varphi), \quad \dot \varphi = \omega(q) + \varepsilon G(q,\varphi) $$ ($\varepsilon >0$ ...
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210 views

perturbed vs. unperturbed Hamiltonian system

Let's take a time-periodic Hamiltonian $H(t,x,y)$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ and apply an arbitrarily small time-independent perturbation to $H$ via $$ \tilde H (t,x,y) = H(t,x,y) + \epsilon V(x,y), $$ where $...
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0answers
59 views

Comparison inequalities for Hamiltonian mechanics with convex potential - analogue to Rauch's theorem?

I'm asking about an area (Hamiltonian mechanics) that I don't know at all well; thus, I keep the question somewhat vague. In differential geometry, there are a number of results saying that geodesics ...
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1answer
464 views

Integrable systems and Arnol'd - Liouville theorem

A system with a $2n$-dimensional phase space is Liouville-integrable if it admits $n$ independent first intgrals in involution. Here integrable means that you can, in some way, solve the equations of ...
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0answers
33 views

The isotropy group for the Euler-Lagrange vector-fields

Let $Q$ be a manifold, and let $X_{EL}$ be a second order vector-field on $TQ$ derived from the Euler-Lagrange equation, $$ \frac{d}{dt} \left( \frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot{q} } \right) - \frac{ \...
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0answers
250 views

Deformation quantization of Poisson bracket without star-product

Kontsevich's formality theorem implies in particular that star-products on a $C^\infty$-manifold $M$, $$f\star g = fg + \sum_{k\geq1} \hbar^k B_k(f,g),\qquad f,g\in C^\infty(M),$$ where $B_k$ are ...
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0answers
72 views

Why can every twist map be realized as the time-1 map of a time-dependent Hamiltonian?

if have problems getting my head around the following claim made by Moser in "Monotone twist mappings and the calculus of variations" and Gole in "Symplectic twist maps". Setting: Let $F : \mathbb{R}...
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1answer
131 views

Points with finite stabilizer in Hamiltonian torus actions

Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg theorem asserts that the image of the moment map $\mu$ for a Hamiltonian $(S^1)^m$-action on a smooth compact symplectic manifold $(M^{2n},\omega)$ is a convex polytope of $\...