# Questions tagged [hamiltonian-mechanics]

The hamiltonian-mechanics tag has no usage guidance.

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### Constants of motion for Droop equation

There is an important ODE system in biochemistry, Droop's equations:
$$s'=1-s-\frac{sx}{a_1+s}$$
$$x'=a_2\big(1-\frac{1}{q}\big)x-x$$
$$q'=\frac{a_3s}{a_1+s}-a_2(q-1)$$
Relatively easy one finds a ...

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**1**answer

188 views

### Non-Hamiltonian actions in physics

I was reading the following article when I came across the interesting sentence
"non-Hamiltonian [symplectic group] actions also occur in physics"
I took a cursory look at the article cited but ...

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218 views

### Periodic orbit for certain Hamiltonian on the tangent bundle

In this question a nontrivial periodic orbit is a periodic orbit which is not a singular point.
Let $p: \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ be a ...

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63 views

### Effective actions by non-commutative groups have non-commuting fundamental vector fields?

I have a bit of a contradiction in my brain and I was hoping once again that excellent Mathoverflow community could help me out :)
Let $\rho_g$ be the action associated to a non-abelian Lie Group $G$ ...

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76 views

### On the measure of regular and chaotic regions in a phase space

Consider a Hamiltonian, non-linear, dynamical system associated to $H(\vec{q},\vec{p})$. Assume that the number of effective degrees of freedom is relatively small, say $D=3,4,5$. Now choose a certain ...

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196 views

### Symplectic forms and sign of eigenvalues

This question has come out while reading J. Moser "New Aspects in the Theory of Stability
of Hamiltonian Systems". I'm particularly interested to the Appendix, where one investigates the stability of ...

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292 views

### Reference Request: KAM Theory

I intend to learn KAM Theory. Could you please suggest me a good book on KAM Theory to begin with, where main results are discussed with complete proofs.
Thank you.

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84 views

### Proving that system is Hamiltonian

This question is moved from math stackexchange, seems like it is a more advanced question. Here the link from the original question: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2666194/proving-that-...

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257 views

### Symplectic reduction of 4-manifolds with circle actions

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $4$-dimensional closed symplectic manifold. Assume there exists a Hamiltonian $S^1$-action on $M$, let $\mu:M \to \mathbb{R}^*$ be its moment map and let $M_{\text{red}}=\mu^{-1}(...

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157 views

### How to make sense of the Euler Lagrange equations for an infinite action?

The Euler–Lagrange equation is an equation satisfied by a function $q$, which is a stationary point of the functional
$S(\boldsymbol q) = \int_a^b L(t,q(t),\dot{q}(t))\, \mathrm{d}t$
Say we have an ...

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23 views

### First return map in complex 2DOF Hamiltonian systems

The standard way to construct the first return map around a periodic orbit in real 2DOF Hamiltonian systems is the following:
We choose a periodic orbit and a point on it.
We restrict the system on ...

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266 views

### When is a Divergence-Free Vector Field on the Tangent Bundle of a Riemannian Manifold Hamiltonian?

(Reposted from https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2589600/when-is-a-divergence-free-vector-field-on-the-tangent-bundle-of-a-riemannian-man) Starting with a closed, connected Riemannian manifold $...

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**2**answers

135 views

### Isolated periodic trajectories of Hamiltonian systems

Is there any example of an autonomous Hamiltonian system with a periodic trajectory isolated in the whole phase space? The Poincar\'e map of such a trajectory within its energy level should be very ...

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4k views

### Is there a mathematical explanation for this cube packing phenomenon?

I saw this unintuitive result on dice packing:
A jumble of thousands of cubic dice, agitated by an oscillating
rotation, can rapidly become completely ordered, a result that is hard
to produce ...

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**1**answer

352 views

### What are the compact Lagrangian submanifolds of a twisted cotangent bundle?

In Hamiltonian dynamics and symplectic geometry a twisted cotangent bundle is the cotangent space $T^*N$ of a closed (compact without boundary) $n$-manifold $N$ equipped with a twisted symplectic ...

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123 views

### Contradiction between fixed points of a hamiltonian diffeomorphism of a torus and quasi-periodic motion on a torus

Again a very simple question. I currently hold two contradictory ideas in my head
1) A hamiltonian diffeomorphism of a torus necessarily has fixed points
2) most hamiltonian actions on a torus in an ...

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**0**answers

117 views

### Most probable path for stochastic Hamiltonian systems

It is known that for a real valued stochastic process $X_t$ satisfying
$$
d X_t = b(X_t) d t + \sigma d W_t
$$
where $W$ is real valued Wiener process, the equation for the most probable path from ...

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**1**answer

106 views

### Infinitesimal generators and conserved quantities (Schrodinger type evolution)

First, I'm no expert in symmetry analysis of evolution equations and so I apologize if this post is a bit of a cobble. The question I have is about the evolution of $\psi: \mathbb{R}^{1+1}\to \mathbb{...

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**1**answer

227 views

### Sampling point from the surface of an n-dimensional ellipsoid with uniform distribution

I am wondering if exist an efficient computational method for sampling points belonging to the surface of an ellipsoid in $n$-dimensional space with n even, I am thinking in the phase space of a ...

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### Hamiltonian, Lagrangian and Newton formalism of mechanics

If my thinking is wrong please let me know. I have little knowledge on beyond-college physics.
For research purposes, I read a few introductions to these three formalisms of classical mechanics [1,2,...

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452 views

### Why is every Hamiltonian system locally integrable?

It is common knowledge that every Hamiltonian system is locally integrable (away from singular points of the Hamiltonian), meaning that, in a neighborhood of each point of the $2n$-dimensional ...

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**0**answers

107 views

### Reference request: Liouville integrability of a torus action of small dimension on a symplectic manifold

Consider a hamiltonian toric acion on a connected real symplectic manifold of dimension 2n. The dimension of the torus, which we denote by $k$, may be less than $n$. The generators of the action will ...

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397 views

### When does a Lagrangian dynamical system have an equivalent Hamiltonian description?

Let a Lagrangian dynamical system with $n$ degrees of freedom and configuration space $\mathbb{R}^n$
(i.e. phase space $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$), which is described by $L=L(q_{i},\dot{q}_{i},t)$, $i=1,2,......

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64 views

### Is the interpolating Hamiltonian flow of an exact near-identity symplectic map globally defined?

It is well-known that an analytic near-identity map $\bar{x} = F_{\epsilon}(x) = x + \epsilon f(x) + O(\epsilon^{2})$ may be embedded into the flow of a differential equation, and if that map is ...

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299 views

### Some dynamical and Bundle questions arising from certain map $P:TS^{n}\to S^{n}$

Define the map $$P:TS^{n}\to S^{n} \;\;\;\text{by}\;\; P((x,v))=\frac{x+v}{\parallel x+v \parallel}$$ where $$TS^{n}=\{(x,v)\in S^{n} \
\times \mathbb{R}^{n+1}\mid v \perp x \}$$
This map is ...

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**1**answer

223 views

### Generalizing HJB equation for a terminal stopping time

The following is one version of the Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman (HJB) equation:
Suppose we have a Brownian motion $W$ and a counting process $N$ with a stochastic intensity $\lambda$ on a time interval $[...

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**0**answers

164 views

### Geometric properties of solutions of Hamiltonian system

Context : We are interested in the following dynamic with state $(q,\varphi)$
$$
\dot q = \varepsilon F(q,\varphi), \quad \dot \varphi = \omega(q) + \varepsilon G(q,\varphi)
$$
($\varepsilon >0$ ...

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145 views

### perturbed vs. unperturbed Hamiltonian system

Let's take a time-periodic Hamiltonian $H(t,x,y)$ on $\mathbb{R}^2$ and
apply an arbitrarily small time-independent perturbation to $H$ via
$$
\tilde H (t,x,y) = H(t,x,y) + \epsilon V(x,y),
$$
where $...

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57 views

### Comparison inequalities for Hamiltonian mechanics with convex potential - analogue to Rauch's theorem?

I'm asking about an area (Hamiltonian mechanics) that I don't know at all well; thus, I keep the question somewhat vague.
In differential geometry, there are a number of results saying that geodesics ...

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**1**answer

388 views

### Integrable systems and Arnol'd - Liouville theorem

A system with a $2n$-dimensional phase space is Liouville-integrable if it admits $n$ independent first intgrals in involution.
Here integrable means that you can, in some way, solve the equations of ...

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32 views

### The isotropy group for the Euler-Lagrange vector-fields

Let $Q$ be a manifold, and let $X_{EL}$ be a second order vector-field on $TQ$ derived from the Euler-Lagrange equation,
$$ \frac{d}{dt} \left( \frac{\partial L}{\partial \dot{q} } \right) - \frac{ \...

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238 views

### Deformation quantization of Poisson bracket without star-product

Kontsevich's formality theorem implies in particular that star-products on a $C^\infty$-manifold $M$,
$$f\star g = fg + \sum_{k\geq1} \hbar^k B_k(f,g),\qquad f,g\in C^\infty(M),$$ where $B_k$ are ...

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70 views

### Why can every twist map be realized as the time-1 map of a time-dependent Hamiltonian?

if have problems getting my head around the following claim made
by Moser in "Monotone twist mappings and the calculus of variations" and Gole in "Symplectic twist maps".
Setting:
Let $F : \mathbb{R}...

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122 views

### Points with finite stabilizer in Hamiltonian torus actions

Atiyah-Guillemin-Sternberg theorem asserts that the image of the moment map $\mu$ for a Hamiltonian $(S^1)^m$-action on a smooth compact symplectic manifold $(M^{2n},\omega)$ is a convex polytope of $\...

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157 views

### Hamiltonian on the torus

In discrete models like Ising we have Hamiltonians of the form
$$H(\sigma)=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^{N}J_{ij}\sigma_{i}\sigma_{j},$$
where $\sigma_{i}=\pm 1$ , $J_{ij}$ interaction coefficients and N ...

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185 views

### Uniqueness of Birkhoff Normal Form and KAM theory for Symplectomorphims

I am starting to work with Hamiltonian Dynamics and I have been taking a look at some of the basic stuff in KAM theory. I have posted part of this question at MSE but as I did not get any response I ...

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113 views

### An algebraics Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(2)

Is there a polynomial Hamiltonian $H:\mathbb{R}^{4}\to \mathbb{R}$ such that the number of nontrivial periodic orbits of the corresponding Hamiltonian vector field $X_{H}$ is finite but different ...

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571 views

### Momentum a cotangent vector

Apparently one identifies the configuration space in physics often with a manifold $M$. The tangent bundle $TM$ is then the space of all possible positions and velocities.
Furthermore, many sources ...

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230 views

### Weinstein's local classification of Lagrangian foliations

In the paper "Symplectic manifolds and their Lagrangian submanifolds", Weinstein showed that locally all the Lagrangian foliations are symplectomorhic to the fiber foliation of a cotangent bundle.
I ...

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354 views

### Generalizing “variation of parameters”

I'm stuck on generalizing an ODE formula and could use your help!
One way to think about "variation of parameters" is that it bakes the solution $z(t)=e^{At}z_0$ of $z'=Az$ (here $z(t)\in\mathbb{R}^n$...

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688 views

### Why is geometric quantization (esp. Berezin-Toeplitz quantization) interesting for a symplectic geometer/topologist?

I know that many symplectic geometers are interested in quantization as well.
From what I understood, quantization isn't expected to be used as a tool to answer symplectic questions (as in ...

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766 views

### Lifting a Diffeomorphism to the Cotangent Bundle

Both Abraham-Marsden and Da Silva seem to imply that given a symplectomorphism $g:T^\ast X\to T^\ast X$ which preserves the tautological $1$-form $\alpha$, it must be that $g$ is fibre preserving.
...

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309 views

### Computation with the Legendre Transform

Let $M$ be a manifold and fix a Lagrangian $L\in C^\infty(T M )$. Let $x_1,\dots x_n$ be local coordinates for $M$ and equip the tangent bundle and cotangent bundle with standard coordinates $(x_1,\...

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111 views

### Is it true that a nondegenerate minimizing periodic orbit of mechanical Hamiltonian system is hyperbolic

Consider mechanical Hamiltonian system of the form
$$H(p,q)=\dfrac{\Vert p\Vert^2}{2}+V(q),\quad (q,p)\in T^*\mathbb T^n.$$
Here we suppose the periodic orbit $\gamma$ minimizes the Lagrangian ...

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53 views

### Id monodromy in hamiltonian dynamics

In my problem I have non autonomous Hamiltonian which depends on 2 parameters (pretty close to oscillator Hamiltonian, $(a+b\cos t +1) p^2+(a+b\cos t-1)q^2$, $a,b$ - parameters). From numerical ...

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530 views

### An algebraic Hamiltonian vector field with a finite number of periodic orbits(1)

Edit: The previous version of this question contained 2 part. In this new version, I deleted the first part and move it to a new question.
Is There a polynomial Hamiltonian $H(x,y,z,w)=zP(x,y)+wQ(...

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**5**answers

2k views

### are there natural examples of classical mechanics that happens on a symplectic manifold that isn't a cotangent bundle?

I'm curious about just how far the abstraction to a symplectic formalism can be justified by appeal to actual physical examples. There's good motivation, for example, for working over an arbitrary ...

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403 views

### Calogero-Moser system: relationship between dual variables and the KKS construction

This is a question about the relationship between two ways of viewing the Calogero-Moser system.
$$\ddot x_i=2\sum_{j\neq i}\frac{1}{(x_i-x_j)^3}\qquad i=1,\ldots N$$
By introducing the $N$ ...

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230 views

### How to understand the matrix behind a Hamiltonian?

thanks to the answers I received to my previous questions, I could derive correctly an elegant partition function for my problem which resembles a second quantized model taking the particles to be ...

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3k views

### About a letter by Richard Palais of 1965.

In Cushman and Bates, Global Aspects of Classical Integrable Systems, 1997, I have read
In a widely circulated but unpublished letter in 1965, Palais explained the symplectic formulation of ...