# Questions tagged [hausdorff-dimension]

Questions about dimensions of possibly highly irregular or "rough" sets, Hausdorff–Besicovitch dimension and related concepts such as box-counting or Minkowski–Bouligand dimension.

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### Counting fractals modulo "shared complements"

Previously asked at MSE:
Let $\mathscr{H}$ be the space of compact nonempty subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$ (I'm not especially wedded to dimension $2$, so feel free to tweak that if it would lead to a more ...

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1
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### Is there a two-dimensional unimodal function with fractal level sets

Is there an open simply connected $U\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ and a continuous non-constant function $f: U\to \mathbb{R}$,
such that for all $c\in \mathbb{R}$ both sets
$$ f_{<c}~=~ f^{-1}\left( (-\...

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0
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117
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### Naïve definition of a measure on a fractal

This question was previously posted on MSE.
Let $K\subset \mathbb R^2$ be a compact fractal of Hausdorff dimension $1<d<2$. I want to define a natural measure on $K$.
One option would be to use ...

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### A generalized Hausdorff dimension in form of a Lower semi continuous function

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space. Assume that $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$ is a positive continuous function. We say that the $f$-dimension of $(X,d)$ is equal to $0$ if for every $\epsilon>0$ ...

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1
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### Hausdorff dimension of the non-differentiability set of a locally Lipschitz function

Let $f:\mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ and $E := \{x \in X : f \text{ not Fréchet differentiable at }x\}$. Then $E$ is Borel measurable. It is well-known that
Theorem If $f$ is convex, then the Hausdorff ...

2
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1
answer

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### Hausdorff dimension and non-empty intersections with lines

Let $A\subseteq [0,1]^d$, $d\geq 2$, a set with Hausdorff dimension $\operatorname{dim}_{\mathcal{H}}A=s$. What is the minimum $s$ (if any) which guarantee that $A$ has non-empty intersections with a ...

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1
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### Does finite Hausdorff dimension imply finite packing dimension?

In other words, does there exist a metric space $(E,\rho)$ with finite Hausdorff dimension but infinite packing dimension?
Here are my thoughts:
I know that it is generally hard to relate Hausdorff ...

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2
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194
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### Hausdorff dimension of the non-differentiability set a convex function

Let $X \subset \mathbb R^d$ be open, $f : X \to \mathbb R$ and
$$
E := \{x \in X : f \text{ is not Fréchet differentiable at }x\}.
$$
Then we have the following result which is
Theorem: If $X= \...

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0
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### Lower bound estimate for the sum $\sum \text{diam}(U)^d$ over all countable covers of a cube

This question is inspired from the definition of Hausdorff measure. Let $C$ be a closed unit hypercube in $\mathbb R^d$ (side length equal to one, including boundary. The cube itself is at top ...

6
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1
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### Direct proof that the set of badly approximable numbers have full Hausdorff dimension without using Schmidt games

A badly approximable number is an $x$ for which there is a positive constant $c$ such that for all rational $p/q$ we have
$$\left|{ x - \frac{p}{q} }\right| > \frac{c}{q^2} \ . $$
The set of badly ...

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1
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169
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### On the set on which $|Df|$ is maximal for Lipschitz $f$

Let $f: \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ be a Lipschitz continuous function with strict Lipschitz constant $L > 0$.
That is, $|f(x) - f(y)| < L|x - y|$ for all $x \neq y$ in $\mathbb R^d$.
Question: ...

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1
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### Hausdorff measure

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and let $H^\alpha$ denote the $\alpha$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $X$, where $\alpha$ is the Hausdorff dimension of $X$. Is there any simple condition on $X$ that ...

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0
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### Hausdorff dimension of a compact Lie group [closed]

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group (for simplicity assume $G=SO(3)$). Equip $G$ with a left-invariant Riemannian metric and let $m$ be left-invariant Haar measure on $G$.
Now that $G$ is a metric space ...

2
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1
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### Fraction dimensional "Euclidean" space

The “dimension” of Euclidean space $\mathbb{E}^n$ can be explained as an algebraic property, simply as a dimension of a vector space over the field $\mathbb{R}$. It also can be understood as a ...

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### Relationship between Hausdorff dimension and covering number

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space and recall that the $\epsilon$-external covering number $\mathcal{N}^{\epsilon}(X)$ of $X$ is defined by:
$$
\mathcal{N}^{\epsilon}(X) := \inf\left\{
N\in \mathbb{...

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1
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### Fubini's theorem for Hausdorff measures

$B\subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is a Borel set. Define the slices $B_x:= \{y \in \mathbb{R}: (x,y) \in B \}$.
If $\lambda$ denotes the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb{R}$, presentations of Fubini's theorem often ...

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1
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223
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### Hausdorff dimension and critical exponent of words

What is the Hausdorff dimension of the subset $S_c \subset [0,1]$ of points such that the critical exponent of their binary expansion is $c$? It's clear that $\dim_H S_{\infty}=1$, but what can be ...

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2
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### Maximal Hausdorff dimension of the set on which derivatives do not agree

Let $f, g: [0, 1] \to \mathbb R$ be functions that are differentiable a.e. with $f’ = g’$ almost everywhere. What is the maximal Hausdorff dimension $d$ (and corresponding Hausdorff $d$-measure) of ...

4
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2
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### Hausdorff dimension of Julia set

Can anyone show me the proof "Hausdorff dimension of Julia set is strictly positive"?
For purpose to prove this we might have to prove the green function of basin of attraction to infinity ...

3
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1
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458
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### Hausdorff dimension and surface measure

Could someone please indicate me some reference that contains the proof of the following theorem?
Below $\mathcal{H}^n$ denotes the $n$-dimensional Hausdorff outer measure in $\mathbb{R}^n$.
Theorem: ...

5
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0
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532
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### On the Hausdorff dimension of a Cantor set

In what follows I refer to this paper by Orevkov.
I am writing a paper on this, so if somebody is interested we could consider to write a joint paper.
Consider a sequence $R=\{R_n\}_n$ of strictly ...

4
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1
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231
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### The Hausdorff codimension of singular matrices vs. the Hausdorff codimension of points with divergent trajectories

Let $G:=SL(m+n,\mathbb R)$ and $\Gamma :=SL(m+n,\mathbb Z)$ and $X:=G/\Gamma$.
(1) Let $M$ denote the set of all $m \times n$ matrices with real entries. A matrix $A \in M$ is called $\textit{singular}...

2
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0
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### Is Kakeya conjecture open with some additional regularity condition on Kakeya map?

in the paper, ON KAKEYA MAPS WITH REGULARITY ASSUMPTIONS, the author of the paper consider the Kakeya conjecture with some regularity on Kakeya map,
Kekeya conjecture[Hausdorff dimension version]
If ...

2
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1
answer

120
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### Natural way to thicken Brownian motion to 2D?

If we have a smooth plane curve (Hausdorff dimension 1), we can thicken it by a small amount to get a 2D set (all points within distance $\epsilon$ to the curve).
What if we start with the graph of a ...

2
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0
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### Bounds on convergence of two orbits in the limit set of a Schottky group

Suppose we have two points in the limit set of a Schottky group, $x,y\in \Lambda(\Gamma)$. Consider the orbits of those points under a primitive subset $\Gamma'$ of $\Gamma,$ that is, one that does ...

3
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0
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### For $\mathcal{L}^1$-a.e. $t\in R$, Hausdorff dimension of level sets of a locally Lipschitz function $f:R^n\to R$ is $n-1$?

Let $f:R^n\to R$ be a locally Lipchitz function. Denote $H^n$ the n-dimensional Hausdorff measure. We know that for any $H^n$-measurable subset $A\subset R^n$, for $\mathcal{L}^1$-a.e. $t\in R$, $A\...

2
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0
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### (1, 2) stability and Hausdorff dimension

Recall that a set $E \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is called (1,2) stable if it satisfies the following:
$$
W_0^{1,2}(E) = W_0^{1,2}(E^0),
$$
where $E^0$ is the interior of $E$ and $W_0^{1,2}(E)$ is defined ...

3
votes

2
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### A set whose Hausdorff dimension gradually changes?

Can there be a set whose Hausdorff dimension gradually changes?
For instance, a set of real numbers contained in an interval, whose Hausdorff dimension is 0 at the beginning and 1 closer to the end, ...

2
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0
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### Hausdorff dimension between $(1,2)$

Is there a number $c \in (1,2)$ for which there exist some interesting geometric property/properties which hold for every set of Hausdorff dimension in $(1,c)$ and does not hold for any set of ...

5
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0
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### How do sets with unit fractional Hausdorff measure of dimension $>1$ look like?

Triggered by the recent question How can we not know the measure of the Sierpiński triangle? I would like to ask:
Let $s>1$ and $s$ not be an integer. How to construct a set $A$ with $\mathfrak{H}^...

6
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1
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197
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### Subspaces of metric spaces having prescribed dimension

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space having Hausdorff dimension $\alpha>0$ and let $0<\beta<\alpha$. Is there a metric subspace of $X$ having Hausdorff dimension $\beta$?

2
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### Examples of essentially sub-linear functions

A dimension function is an increasing, continuous function $%
f:\mathbb R_{+}\rightarrow \mathbb R_{+}$ such that $f(r)\to 0$ as $r\to 0$.
Say that a dimension function $f$ is essentially sub-linear ...

1
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1
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### Does fractallity depend on the Riemannian metric?

Edit: According to comment of Andre Henriques we revise the question:
In this question a fractal is a metric space whose topological and Hausdorff dimensions are different. So we would like that ...

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298
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### Hausdorff dimension and von Neumann dimension

There are two subjects in which non-integral dimensions appear:
fractal geometry: consider the well-known Hausdorff dimension of fractals.
von Neumann algebra: consider a type ${\rm II_1}$ ...

2
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0
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63
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### Universal structure of fractal spaces

In the same way that we can say manifolds are made of pieces that look like $\mathbb{R}^n$, is there any way to say that spaces with the same hausdorff dimension are made up of pieces that look the ...

3
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1
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### Hausdorff dimension and $W^{1,1}$ functions

What can be said about the Hausdorff dimension of the image of a set by a $W^{1,1}$ map?
In other words,
what is the relationship between
$\mathrm{dim}_H f(A)$ and $\mathrm{dim}_H A$, where $f \in ...

7
votes

1
answer

243
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### Hausdorff dimension of the boundary of fibres of Lipschitz maps

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^m\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^{m-k}$ be a Lipschitz map.
Can we get a uniform estimate on the Hausdorff dimension of the boundaries of fibres of $f$? I.e. do we have an upper bound for
...

22
votes

3
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957
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### Existence of subset with given Hausdorff dimension

Let $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be Lebesgue-measurable and let $0<\alpha<1$ be its Hausdorff dimension.
For a given $0<\beta <\alpha$ can we find a subset $B\subset A$ with Hausdorff ...

2
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1
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186
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### Failure of Falconer distance problem in one dimension

I am told that the Falconer distance conjecture fails trivially in one dimension, but I really cannot find any reference for that. Precisely, I am asking the following question:
For a compact set $E\...

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1
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832
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### Coarea inequality, Eilenberg inequality

The general statement of the coarea inequality known also as the Eilenberg inequality is:
Theorem. If $f:X\to Y$ is a Lipschitz map between metric spaces and $A\subset X$, $0\leq m\leq n$, then $$
\...

13
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1
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### Are Hausdorff measures on the real line Haar measures for some locally compact topology?

For $0\leq d\leq 1$, let $\lambda_d$ be the $d$-dimensional Hausdorff measure on $\mathbb{R}$. Note that it is translation-invariant. Does there exist a locally compact topology $\mathscr{T}_d$ on $\...

0
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0
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### Set with modified lower box counting dimension strictly less than Hausdorff dimension

Please, can someone give (as simple as possible) example of the set for which modified lower box counting dimension is strictly smaller than Hausdorff dimension?

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### The Hausdorff dimensions of variations of Jarnik sets

For $\alpha, \beta>3,$ define
$$\{(x,y)\in[0,1]\times [0,1]: \|qx\|\le q^{1-\alpha}, \|qy\|\le q^{1-\beta} \quad \text{for infinitely many $ q\in \mathbb{N}$}\}.$$
This set can be regarded as a two ...

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3
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### About the Hausdorff dimension of removable singularities of PDE

There are some interesting phenomenons about removable singularities (or extension problems).
In the theory of functions of several complex variables, we know the classical Hartogs theorem:
Let $f$ ...

2
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0
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### Intersections of Sierpinski carpets with lines

Let $S$ be the Sierpinski carpet contained in the square $[0,1]^2$. For Lebesgue almost every $a\in [0,1]^2$ and every $\theta\in\mathbb Q$ the intersection of the line $L_{a,\theta}$ with equation $y-...

7
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1
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### Examples of probability measures with `fake' decay

To be concise, I am wondering whether there are natural examples of probability measures $\mu$ compactly supported on the real line which satisfy $\mu(I) \lesssim l_n^\alpha$ for all intervals $I$ ...

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### A quantity that distinguishes finer than Hausdorff dimension

Consider sets $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ with Lebesgue measure zero and Hausdorff dimension one. For instance the set of real numbers with bounded entries in their continued fraction expansion have ...

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997
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### Hausdorff dimension of the graph of an increasing function

Let $f$ be a continuous, strictly increasing function from $[0,1]$ to itself with $f(0)=0, f(1)=1$. Let $\Gamma_f$ denote its graph. What can be said about the Hausdorff dimension of $\Gamma_f$? In ...

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0
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108
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### density of fractal measures

Let $s\in (0, 1)$ be a real number. Let $E\subset [0, 1]$ be a Borel set whose Hausdorff dimension is given by $s$. Assume that $\mathcal{H}^s(E)=+\infty$, that is, the $s$-dimensional Hausdorff ...

3
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154
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### Measures maximizing entropy in a set of measures with fixed average for some observable

Let $\Omega$ be the set of all infinite binary sequences $(x_i)_{i\ge 0}$ endowed with the product topology coming from discrete topology on $\{0,1\}$.
Consider $0<\alpha<1$ and let $$K_\alpha=\{...