# Questions tagged [complex-dynamics]

Dynamics of holomorphic transformations; Mandelbrot and Julia sets.

162
questions

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185 views

### On the relevance of the property $\exp^{\circ a}(\exp^{\circ b}(z))=\exp^{\circ a+b}(z)$ for the *fractional* iteration (“tetration”)

In the concept of fractional iteration of the exponential function ("tetration") the property of $$\exp^{\circ a}(\exp^{\circ b}(z))=\exp^{\circ b}(\exp^{\circ a}(z))=\exp^{\circ a+b}(z) \...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

192 views

### Hausdorff dimension of Julia set

Can anyone show me the proof "Hausdorff dimension of Julia set is strictly positive"?
For purpose to prove this we might have to prove the green function of basin of attraction to infinity ...

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**0**answers

39 views

### Lower semicontinuity of the number of attracting periodic points of a holomorphic family of rational maps?

Recently I have been reading the book Mathematical Tools for One-Dimensional Dynamics.
In the proof of the theorem 5.4.2, authors use the following fact that the number of attracting periodic points ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Cutting a Julia set into infinitely many pieces at finitely many points

Let $f\colon \widehat{\mathbb{C}}\to \widehat{\mathbb{C}}$ be a rational function of degree two or greater whose Julia set $J_f$ is connected. If $S\subseteq J_f$ is a finite set of periodic points, ...

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44 views

### Clarification about the process of naturally endowing a space with a Riemann orbifold structure supported on a sphere

I am having some difficulties understanding an argument in a proof. Here is an excerpt from Lyubich–Peters - Classification of invariant Fatou components for dissipative Henon maps, first geometric ...

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**1**answer

144 views

### Mandelbrot set and logistic map connection

I'm currently writing an undergraduate thesis on chaos theory with a particular focus on the connection between the Mandelbrot set and the logistic map. I have found scattered posts on this site, ...

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69 views

### Can anyone prove that an IFS cubic Julia Mandelbrot set is not a “real” Mandelbrot set?

This question is the "null question": my proof that these Julia sets are three attraction set Mandelbrot sets is two fold:
The Point at Infinity sets of cubic Julia Mandelbrot sets are ...

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24 views

### Integral curves of rational vector fields and approximations

The following is the formal statement of a conjecture that feels almost obvious, but I cannot find a reference for it. The idea is that one can obtain the integral curves of a vector field $V(z)$ by ...

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60 views

### Confusion on the assumption when discussing the kneading invariants for unimodal maps

A unimodal map is a continuous map $f:[0,1]\longrightarrow [0,1]$ such that there is only one turning point (critical point), denoted by $c$, and $f(0)=f(1)=0$.
Unimodal map is related to kneading ...

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173 views

### Discriminants of Gleason's period-$n$ polynomials for the Mandelbrot set

Gleason's polynomials are the sequence of monic integer polynomials defined recursively by
$$
\prod_{d \mid n} G_d(c) = (((c^2+c)^2+c)^2+\cdots+c)^2+c \quad \quad \quad [\textrm{$n$ iterates}],
$$
for ...

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**1**answer

222 views

### Critical points of polarized endomorphisms of algebraic varieties

My main question is the following:
Let $f: \mathbb{CP}^n \to \mathbb{CP}^n$ be a holomorphic endomorphism of degree $d \ge 2$ of $\mathbb{CP}^n$ .
1. Let $X \subset \mathbb{CP}^n$ be an irreducible ...

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**2**answers

283 views

### Exponential iterates of a complex number

Let $f:\mathbb C\to \mathbb C$ be defined by $f(z)=e^z-1$. Let $f^n$ denote the $n$-fold composition of $f$.
In my new paper Erdős space in Julia sets I show that $$Z:=\{z\in \mathbb C:\lvert\...

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**0**answers

57 views

### Locally connectedness and accessibility in $\mathbb{C}$

Suppose $\Omega$ to be a bounded area in the complex plane $\mathbb{C}$ with a locally connected boundary $\partial\Omega$, then every point of $\partial\Omega$ is accessible from Ω.Here accessibility ...

**24**

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**2**answers

843 views

### Exponential towers of $i$'s

It's well known that the expression $i^i$ takes on an infinite set of values if we understand $w^z$ to mean any number of the form $\exp (z (\ln w + 2 \pi i n))$ where $\ln$ is a branch of the natural ...

**10**

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**1**answer

276 views

### Convex Julia sets

Consider the classical Julia set $J_f$ associated with $f(z)=z^2+c$.
Since $J_c$ is completely invariant,
we know that $f^{-1}(J_f) \subseteq J_f$.
Now, let $H_f$ be the convex hull of $J_f$.
Is it ...

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votes

**3**answers

221 views

### Computing the maximum modulus

For each $a\in \mathbb C$ define $f_a:\mathbb C\to \mathbb C$ by $f_a(z)=\exp(z)+a$. I am primarily interested in real values $a\in (-\infty,-1)$.
For each $r\in [0,\infty)$ define $M_a(r)=\max\{|f_a(...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

199 views

### Fully invariant measures for rational functions

Let $f(z)$ be a rational function of degree $d \geq 2$, with complex coefficients. I am interested in fully invariant measures for the dynamical system $(\mathbb C_\infty,f)$, where $\mathbb C_\infty$ ...

**7**

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**1**answer

459 views

### On complex dynamics in high dimensions

I am a fresh Ph.D student and I'm interested in complex dynamics in high dimensions. I have the following questions.
What research directions are there in several complex dynamics and what problems ...

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**1**answer

131 views

### Can the immediate basin of attraction of super-attracting fixed point at 0 of a polynomial contain non-zero roots?

Let $f$ be a polynomial with a super attracting fixed point at $x=0$. Can the immediate basin of attraction of the fixed point contain other roots? If so, please provide a specific example with the ...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Is the set of non-escaping points in a Julia set always totally disconnected?

I am looking for examples of transcendental entire functions $f:\mathbb C\to \mathbb C$ such that the set of non-escaping points in the Julia set of $f$ is not totally disconnected. I denote this set $...

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**2**answers

453 views

### Algorithm for computing external angles for the Mandelbrot set

Let $M$ be the Mandelbrot set: there exists a unique series
$$
\psi(z) := z + \sum_{m=0}^{+\infty} b_m z^{-m} = z - \frac{1}{2} + \frac{1}{8} z^{-1} - \frac{1}{4} z^{-2} + \cdots
$$
which defines a ...

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**0**answers

208 views

### Showing that a certain level set of a continuous family of holomorphic maps is locally path connected

I'm working with a continuous function $P: [0,1] \times W \to \mathbb{C}^n$, where $W \subset \mathbb{C}^n$ is an open, relatively compact ball centred at the origin. The map $P$ satisfies the ...

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95 views

### wild julia sets

Using the Baire category theorem, we may show that most simple closed curves satisfy the following property: any segment between an interior point and an exterior point of the curve intersects the ...

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442 views

### The mysterious numbers $ \frac{13}{20} $ and $20$?

Let $g(x) = x^6 - 30 x $
Let $h(x) = x^6 $
Let $f(x) = x^2 - 2 $
Let $r$ be a reduced fraction $0 < \frac{p}{q} < 2 $ with integers $p,q > 1$
Let $f_{n+1}(x) = f(f_n(x)) = f_n(f(x)) , ...

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626 views

### Who proved that the Mandelbrot set's Julia sets are locally connected?

I'd be greatly interested in a reference to the respective article.
Was it Douady? Julia? Hubbard? Fatou?
Bonus question: Who gave the proof that can be found in the Orsay notes?
EDIT: The question ...

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**1**answer

431 views

### Is the set of escaping endpoints for $e^z-2$ completely metrizable?

Let $f:\mathbb C \to \mathbb C$ be the complex exponential $$f(z)=e^z-2.$$ It is known that $J(f)$, the Julia set of $f$, is a uncountable collection of disjoint rays (one-to-one continuous images ...

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51 views

### Modulus estimate with intersecting annuli (quasi-additivity)

In general for annulus $A\subset \mathbb{C}$ if $A_{1},A_{2}....\subset A$ are disjoint annuli inside it, then we have
$$mod(A)=\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{A}\int_{A} \frac{1}{|z|^{2}}dz>\frac{1}{2\pi}\...

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votes

**1**answer

258 views

### An entire function all whose forward orbits are bounded

Edit: I revise the question according to the comment of Gabe Conant.
What is an example of a non constant entire function $f:\mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{C}$ which satisfy the following?:
For every $...

**7**

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398 views

### Smooth Julia set for quadratic polynomials

This question is related to a classification of rational maps in terms of properties of their Julia set.
Let $f= z^2 + c$, with $c\in \mathbb{C}$ be a quadratic polynomial such that its Julia set $J(...

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votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Rigid motions between two spheres [closed]

It has been well known that every Mobius transformation can be constructed by stereographi projection of the complex plane onto a sphere, followed by a rigid motion of the sphere and projection back ...

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70 views

### Does there exist a Runge Fatou-Bieberbach in each Fatou-Bieberbach domain?

A Fatou-Bieberbach domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{C}^n$ is a domain that is a proper subset of $\mathbb{C}^n$ and is biholomorphic to $\mathbb{C}^n$. A domain is said to be Runge if for each ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### A singular holomorphic foliation of $\mathbb{C}^2$ with a bounded leaf

Is there a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{C}^2$ which possesses a bounded regular leaf? By bounded, I mean a bounded subset of $\mathbb{C}^2$.

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684 views

### Dynamics of Riemann zeta function

Has the dynamics of the Riemann zeta function been studied? By dynamics I mean the limiting behavior of the sequence of iterates $s, \zeta (s), \zeta (\zeta (s)), \zeta (\zeta (\zeta (s)))\dots $ for ...

**3**

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**1**answer

137 views

### Symmetries for Julia sets of perturbations of polynomial maps

This is a naive question. Consider the
Julia sets
of the map
$$ z \mapsto z^n + \lambda / z^k $$
with $z,\lambda \in \mathbb{C}$, and the exponents $n,k \in \mathbb{N}$.
For example, for $n=k=3$, ...

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**0**answers

45 views

### Uniform convergence of holomorphic automorphisms

Let $X$ be a complete Kobayashi hyperbolic complex manifold. It is well-known that the automorphism group of $X$ is a real Lie group where the topology on the automorphim group is the compact-open ...

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**1**answer

410 views

### Formal group law and Koenigs function conjecture?

Let $f(x,y)$ be a symmetric real function and a formal group law
$$G(x + y) = f(G(x),G(y)). \tag{1}$$
Consider the equation
$$ h(2x) = f(h(x),h(x)) = A(h(x)). \tag{2}$$
This equation has many ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

232 views

### On the 2002 paper “Dynamics of polynomial automorphisms of $\mathbb{C}^k$” by Guedj and Sibony

I desperately need to read the paper [1] before meeting a would-be supervisor, but with limited undergraduate knowledge that I have like Aluffi's Algebra and Churchill's Complex Analysis, not even one ...

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**1**answer

72 views

### non linear operator over the mandelbrot set [closed]

I write here because Google Scholar does not give me feedbacks.
The Mandelbrot set M could be defined as the set of all the complex plane point c where the recurrent sequences $z_{n+1} = z_nz_n+c$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Decay of the binomial expansion of $f^{\circ k}$

Suppose $f$ is a holomorphic function in a neighborhood of zero fixing zero. Suppose $f'(0) = \lambda$ and $0<\lambda < 1$. It's not so hard to prove that $f^{\circ k}(z) = f(f(\ldots\text{$k$ ...

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81 views

### How to compute expansion factors for hyperbolic rational maps?

It is a commonly-referenced result about certain rational maps acting on $\mathbb{\hat{C}}$ that they are expanding on a neighborhood of their Julia sets. A sufficient condition to be expanding is ...

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81 views

### Flow of zeros in the shifted exponential generating function?

Given a sequence $a_n$ (of real numbers, described more fully below), one may define the exponential generating function (on the complex plane) as $E(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n z^n/n!$. The derivatives $...

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**1**answer

144 views

### What is the value of following limit?

Let $P$ be a polynomial in complex variable $z$ of degree $d$
i.e. $P(z)= a_d z^d+.....+a_1 z+a_0$
Now I want to calculate following limit
$f(z) = \limsup_{n \to \infty} \frac{1}{d^n} (Log|P(z)^{*...

**18**

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**1**answer

747 views

### Poincaré metric on the Riemann sphere minus more than two points

If we omit more than two points from the Riemann sphere, we will obtain a hyperbolic Riemann surface endowed with a canonical metric descending from its universal cover which is the Poincaré disk. Let ...

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241 views

### Julia set containing smooth curve

I have two realted questions.
Let $R$ be a rational function on $\mathbb{C}$ with degree at least 2. We denote by $\mu$ the measure of maximal entropy for $R$ and recall that the Julia set coincides ...

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**0**answers

110 views

### Is the Mandelbrot set weakly self-similar?

A subset $F$ of an Euclidean space $E$ will be called weakly self-similar if for all $x \in F$ there is $\epsilon_x>0$ such that for all positive $\epsilon \le \epsilon_x$ there are $y \in F$, $\...

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257 views

### Newton method and Siegel disks

I am looking for a degree 3 polynomial $P$ whose associated Newton's method $z \mapsto z - P(z)/P'(z)$ has a Siegel disk. Is there an explicit example of such polynomial $P$?

**14**

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1k views

### Convergence of Newton's method

For a polynomial $P$ of degree $n$ with real coefficients and with $n$ distinct real roots, the Newton's method $z_{n+1} = z_n - {P(z_n) \over P'(z_n)}$ converges for almost all initial values $z_0$ ...

**3**

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**0**answers

60 views

### Is a domain of a holomorphic flow pseudoconvex?

Let $Z$ be a holomorphic vector field on $\mathbb{C}^n$. I would like to know whether (it seems that it is) the domain $D_\phi \subset \mathbb{C} \times \mathbb{C}^n$ of a maximal flow $\phi: D_\phi \...

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94 views

### Is $\partial M_d$ continuously determined by $d$?

This question is inspired by a question on math.stackexchange:
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1707291/is-the-generalized-mandelbrot-set-a-fractal-in-the-d-dimension/2575089
The animation ...

**2**

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**1**answer

64 views

### Are the immediate basin of these exponential maps simply connected?

This is a simple question that I direfully need an answer for. If the response is in the negative, I can work with it. If the response is in the positive, I can also work with it. I just can't seem to ...