Dynamics of holomorphic transformations; Mandelbrot and Julia sets.

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### Application(s) of complex dynamical system into some other areas of mathematics [on hold]

Complex dynamical system is a very active branch in mathematics. I wondered are there some nice applications of complex dynamical system into the some other areas of mathematics.

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**1**answer

65 views

### Integral Expression in Complex Dynamics

Let $\phi\in \mathbb{C}(z)$ be a degree $d\geq 2$ rational map, which we can write as $\phi = \frac{f}{g}$ for $f,g\in \mathbb{C}[z]$. Let $\omega_{FS}$ denote the Fubini-Study form on $\mathbb{P}^1(\...

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52 views

### Estimates for hyperbolic metrics on nested surfaces

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are connected hyperbolic Riemann surfaces, with $X\subsetneq Y$. Let $\rho_{X,Y}$ be the density of the hyperbolic metric of $X$ with respect to that of $Y$; then $\rho_{X,Y} &...

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462 views

### Algebraic proofs of algebraic theorems about algebraically closed fields

It is well-known that the first order theory of algebraically closed fields admits quantifier elimination, whence the theory $ACF_p$ of algebraically closed fields of given characteristic $p$ is ...

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27 views

### Constructing the external map to a polynomial-like map [closed]

I am reading the paper by Douady and Hubbard, On the Dynamics of Polynomial-Like Mappings, and I am at a loss to understand a crucial step in the construction of the right domain for finding the ...

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173 views

### Diophantine approximation in the Julia set

Let $f : \mathbb{CP}^1 \to \mathbb{CP}^1$ be a rational map of degree $q > 1$; or just a quadratic binomial $z^2 + c$, if one prefers. The Julia set $J_f$ is the closure of the repelling periodic ...

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135 views

### Tying knots in $\mathbb{C}$

As far as I know, there is no deep significance to this question, but I've been playing around with it for a bit and it seems interesting:
Fix a complex number $c$, and consider the map $J_c: \mathbb{...

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149 views

### Dynamical Mordell-Lang on Kahler manifolds?

Suppose that $X$ is a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb C$ and $\phi : X \to X$ is an endomorphism. Let $p \in V$ be a point and $V \subset X$ a subvariety. The dynamical Mordell-lang ...

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310 views

### Periodicity in iterated powers of sin, cos, exp

Given a complex number $z$, consider the sequence
\begin{align*}
a_0 & = 1\\
a_1 & = (cos(1))^z\\
a_n & = (cos(a_{n-1}))^z
\end{align*}
This question is about trying to understand ...

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816 views

### A point set of power series with coefficients in {-1, 1}. Connected or not?

Let $z$ be a fixed complex number with $|z|<1$ and consider the set
$$X_z := \Big\{\sum\limits_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i z^i \ \Big|\ a_i\in \{-1,1\} \forall i\Big\}.$$
What can be said about the set $M$ ...

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46 views

### Integrability of the orthogonal complement of a holomorphic vector field on $\mathbb{C}^{2}$

Assume that $$\begin{cases}\dot x=P(x,y)\\\dot y=Q(x,y)\end{cases}$$ is a non vanishing holomorphic vector field on an open subset $U$ of $\mathbb{C}^{2}\simeq \mathbb{R}^{4}$. It defines a two ...

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**1**answer

125 views

### Reference for instability of Newton basins of polynomials at “separation” of a multiple root

In a previous question on MO I mentioned that I had convinced myself of the following:
When $f_p(z) = z - p(z)/p'(z)$ and $p$ is a complex polynomial, the Julia set, $J(f_p)$ is not continuously ...

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**1**answer

64 views

### Holomorphic vector field with infinite separatrix

Let $V=\sum_{i=1}^{n}a_i(z_1,\ldots z_n)\frac{\partial}{\partial z_i}$ be a holomorphic vector field defined on a neighborhood $U\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ of the origin, such that the common zero point of ...

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210 views

### reference on complex dynamics

Please someone suggest me some reference on the topic "Complex Dynamics". I want a brief geometric treatment from the root level. I have graduate level background on complex analysis, riemannian ...

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162 views

### A question on Ahlfors covering surface

Given a transcendental entire function $f$, and three Jordan domains $D_1$, $D_2$, and $D_3$ such that the closures of the three Jordan domains do not intersect with each other. Then from Ahlfors ...

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92 views

### classification of rational map with exactly only one Fatou component

We know that there exists a polynomial the Fatou set $F(P)$ is connected, which is just an attracting basin for infinity.
I have a question: Given a rational function $R$
such that $F(R)$ is ...

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95 views

### complex dynamic system and affine algebraic variety

Let $M^n$ be a $n$-dimensional noncompact complex manifold. In "The density property for
complex manifolds and geometric structures II", Dror Varolin showed that some open set of
$M$ is ...

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**1**answer

391 views

### Is there a reference for “computing $\pi$” using external rays of the Mandelbrot set?

I was recently reminded of the following cute fact which I will state as a proposition to fix notation:
Proposition
Given $\epsilon > 0$, let $c = -3/4 + \epsilon i \in \mathbb{C}$ and $q_c(z) = ...

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101 views

### constructing koenigs function

My question is rather simple and I hope someone has some sort of an answer. I am looking for a simple yes or no answer, and a reference if anyone has one.
We have a holomorphic function $f$ defined ...

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**1**answer

147 views

### A question on $J(f)$ and $J(f')$

I was confused by the following question for a long time:
Does there exists a transcendental entire function $f$ such that
$J(f)\cap J(f')=\emptyset$ ?
where $J(f)$, ($J(f')$) is the Julia set of $f$...

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115 views

### The complex leaves containing real limit cycles of Lienard equation

According to the answer and comments to this question we realize that a useful approach to such type of questions is to consider algebraic vector field which possess algebraic solutions. On the ...

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**1**answer

235 views

### Two limit cycles which lie on the same leaf

Edit 1: For a related discussion see this MSE post
I apologize in advance, if this question is obvious:
1)What is an example of a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ with at least two ...

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41 views

### Questions about the definition of ``stabilization entropy" for dynamical systems

Let $\phi (t,x,u)$ be the solution to the differential equation, $\dot{x}(t) = f(x(t),u(t))$ where $x(t) \in \mathbb{R}^d$, $u : [0,\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ and $f: \mathbb{R}^d \times \...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Anti-Mandelbrot set

I clearly remember seeing a paper where the dynamic of the anti-conformal map
$f(z)=\overline{z}^2+c$ was studied (the bar means complex conjugation). There was a picture of the analog of the ...

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**1**answer

126 views

### Stability of singularity in singular holomorphic foliation

For an open subset $U$ of $\mathbb{C}^{2}$ containing $0$ and a holomorphic map $f:U\to \mathbb{C}^{2}$ which has a unique zero at the origin we associate a natural singular holomorphic ...

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626 views

### Rounding errors in images of Julia sets

One typically computes Julia sets by iterating a complex function, such as a polynomial or rational function.
How do rounding errors affect the results?
I'm looking for references on this issue, ...

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180 views

### What is the state of the art of visualizing bifurcations for “difficult” dynamical systems?

This question is related to my other recent question on MO (although I am not confident that the dynamical system described in that other question is actually "difficult," in the sense that I will ...

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159 views

### Is there literature available on iterated function systems of the form $f^n = (g f^{n - 1}, g f^{n - 2}, \ldots)$?

This question is motivated by another question on math.stackexchange.
From a function $g:X^k\to X$ it is possible to define an iterated function system on $X^k$ with the function $f:X^k\to X^k$ ...

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373 views

### Is there any elementary proof of No wandering domain for polynomials

It seems that it is almost impossible to give a elementary proof of Sullivan's no wandering domain for rational map or even more general class of maps.
I think it is interesting to ask whether we ...

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226 views

### Is there an efficient way to visualize the bifurcation locus of this family of functions?

I have been trying to help out with this question from math.stackexchange. It concerns the family of functions:
$$f_\alpha(z,w) = \frac{\alpha + z}{1 + w}.$$
and an iteration scheme:
$$z_{n+1} = ...

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226 views

### Is there an (almost) dense set of quadratic polynomials which is not in the interior of the Mandelbrot set?

For the parameter plane of complex quadratic polynomials, $(z\mapsto z^2+c)_{c\in\mathbb{C}}$ :
Is it possible to find a part of the parameter plane, scanned with a given limited precision (...

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229 views

### Clustering of periodic points for a polynomial iteration of $\mathbb{C}$

Let $f : \mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{C}$ be a polynomial map of degree $q > 1$. Consider $E_n \subset \mathbb{C}$ the set of periodic points with period (dividing) $n$; generally, $|E_n| = q^n$. Since ...

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212 views

### On the conformal removability of Jordan curves

We say that a compact subset $E$ of the Riemann sphere $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ is (conformally) removable if every homeomorphism of $\mathbb{C}_\infty$ conformal outside $E$ is actually conformal ...

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705 views

### Representing a number close to 1 with a sum of reciprocals of natural numbers

For positive integers $n_1, \ldots, n_k$, let $H(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ denote $1/n_1 + \ldots + 1/n_k$. Let $V(N)$ be the largest possible value of $H(n_1, \ldots, n_k)$ that is less than 1, subject to ...

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111 views

### Periodicities of a Complex Dynamical System

Consider A function $f:\mathbf{C}^2\rightarrow \mathbf{C}$ defined as $$f_{\alpha, \beta}(z,w)=\frac{\alpha}{z}+\frac{\beta}{w}$$ where $\alpha$ and $\beta$ both are complex number.
It is easy to ...

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**1**answer

185 views

### Smoothness in Ecalle's method for fractional iterates

Some four years ago I answered my own question on fractional iteration, concluding that there is a half iterate of sine, that is $f(f(x)) = \sin x,$ which is real analytic for $0 < x < \pi$ but ...

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422 views

### Examples of cubic Julia sets

I'm looking for information on explicit cubic filled Julia sets with interesting properties such as:
Having two different finite attractors (such as $f(z)=z^3-1.5z$)
Being disconnected with non-...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### When is a Newton basin fractal continuously determined by the roots of its polynomial?

Newton basin fractals are visualizations of the Julia sets of functions of the form:
$$f_p(z) = z - p(z)/p'(z)$$
where $p$ is a complex polynomial. My question is:
When is the Julia set, $J(f_p)...

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177 views

### Measure theoretic entropy

I don't know if this is an elementary question or not. In what follows all maps are continuous
Suppose that $P:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is a complex polynomial of degree $d>1$ and let $\mu$...

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248 views

### Is there a effective computational criterion to all periodic points of a rational function are repelling.

I came up with a question to know the fatou component of of some types of rational function. In some sense, I may need to give a computational criterion to existence of attracting periodic basin for a ...

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504 views

### Precise location of the Mandelbrot Bulb Attachment to the main Cardioid

Is there an analytical formula for determining the location of the attachment points of the bulbs on the main cardioid? I was told there is an exact parametrization of the boundary of the main ...

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**1**answer

78 views

### A question for the inverse orbit in the construction of conformal measure

Recently, I read a theorem of existence of conformal measure for the rational map.
I did not understand two places in the proof. The author claims that
there exists an open set $V\subset \hat{C}\...

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100 views

### Algebraic set given by sequence of polynomials

When working on some problem, I have end up with a following situation. Suppose
$P(z)=z^d+a_{d-1}z^{d-1}+\ldots+a_1z+a_0$ is a complex polynomial $d\geq2$ and that $\gamma$ and $\delta$ are non-zero ...

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76 views

### Question about a length inequality in algebraic dynamics

Let $X$ be a Noetherian scheme. Let $f\colon X\rightarrow X$ be an integral self-morphism. If $x\in X$ is a closed point, I will write $\mathcal{F}_{1}^x$ for the coherent sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$-...

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### Power series expansion of the Koenigs function

Given a non-zero holomorphic function $f$ fixing $0$ which isn't a Mobius transform, the Koenigs function of $f$, which we'll call $h$, is the function which linearizes $f$ in the sense that
$$
h(f(z))...

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490 views

### When are those subgroups of $\mathrm{SL}(2, \mathbb{C})$ discrete?

Let $A = \pmatrix{1 & 0 \\ \alpha & 1} $ and $ B = \pmatrix{1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1}$, where $\alpha \in \mathbb{C}$ is a complex parameter.
Now consider the family of representations $r_{\...

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**1**answer

381 views

### degree of a rational map on infinitely connected fatou component

Given a rational map $f$ on the Riemann sphere, for their Fatou components, we can calculate the relations between the degree $k=\deg(f|_F)$, connectivity number $n=\mathrm{conn}(F)$ and number of ...

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**1**answer

92 views

### Normal family and arithmetic progression

It is basic fact that for a holomorphic (or mermorphic) map $f$, the family of iterates $\{f^n\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$, is normal if and only if $\{f^{mn}\}_{n=1}^{\infty}$, is normal $\forall m\geq 1$.
...

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120 views

### general variational principle for the Julia sets of mermorphic function?

I have seen some attempt in considering topological pressure for Julia sets of exponential function, and elliptic function. However, there exists few reference according to my knowledge?
I want to ...

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**1**answer

197 views

### Fixed points on Riemann surface

It is well known theorem that for a conformal mapping $\phi$ from a bounded and planar domain $\Omega$ to itself has three fixed points , then it must be identity mapping. However, I cannot find a ...