Questions tagged [continuity]

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3
votes
1answer
109 views

Functions with at most linear growth at infinity: is the constant itself continuous?

I am considering the family $\mathcal{F}$ of functions $f \colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ which have at most linear growth at infinity, that is there exists a constant $M_f$ such that \begin{...
-4
votes
1answer
84 views

strict convexity and Lipschitz continuity [closed]

Consider a continuously differentiable function $f: \mathbb{R}^n \mapsto \mathbb{R}$. If $f$ is strictly convex, does it imply that it is not Lipschitz on $\mathbb{R}^n$? Because if $f$ is strictly ...
4
votes
1answer
487 views

Function whose sets of discontinuities and zeros are the rationals

Question: Is there a real valued function $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ such that its set of discontinuities is $\mathbb{Q}$ and its set of zeros $\{x\in \mathbb{R}\mid f(x)=0\}$ is also $\mathbb{Q}$? ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

Sobolev injections [closed]

It is true to write that $W^{1,\infty}(]0,\infty[) \hookrightarrow C([0,\infty[)$ et $W^{1,1}(]0,\infty[) \hookrightarrow C([0,\infty[)$ ? Thanks
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Is the pointwise supremum of a continuous function continuous?

Suppose $f(x , y)$ is continuous in both variables. For any $\epsilon > 0$ and some $y_0$, let $h_{\epsilon}(x) = \max_{y^{'}: \| y^{'} - y_0 \| \leq \epsilon} f(x , y^{'})$. It seems to me that $...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Is disintegration continuous?

Let $X,Y$ be Polish spaces and suppose that $X$ is compact. Denote by $\mathcal{Mes}(X,\mathcal{P}(X\times Y))$ the set of (Borel) measurable functions from $X$ to the set of Borel probability ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Largest number N for which injective mapping $f: 2^N \to 2^8 \times 2^8 \times 2^8$ which is Lipschitz-1 CT with $K\leq 3$ exists

I have a function on $h: [0,1] \to [0,1]$ whose output is smooth (polynomial of low degree), and I need to discretize it but I need to save it with three 8 bit numbers. These three 8 bit numbers need ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

How to prove continuity in topological group action of ${\rm{GA}}_a(X)$ on $T(X)$, to make ${\rm{GA}}(X)$ a topological group?

The question comes from the following paragraph of a text on geometry in the context of affine geometry (Marcel Berger et al., "Geometry I", P56-57): 2.7.1.3. If we don't want to resort to ...
-2
votes
1answer
157 views

Is a function piecewise continuous if it has a left-limit and a right-limit at every point in its interval domain and equals at least one of these? [closed]

Suppose a real-valued function f, whose domain is an interval, has the property that at every point in its domain it has a left-limit and a right-limit, and it equals at least one of these. Is it ...
-1
votes
1answer
75 views

If we restrict the domain of the $C^{1}$ function $f:[x_{1},x_{2}]\to[0,1]$ to an open or closed interval does it remain $C^{1}$? [closed]

I have a function $f:[x_{1},x_{2}]\to[0,1]$ which is $C^{1}$, $[x_{1},x_{2}]\subset[0,1]$ and $f$ surjective. My first question is: can we always decompose the domain of $f$ into intervals $D_{k} = [...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Points of differentiability of squared distance from a point in metric spaces

Here the link to the same question I posted on MSE with no answer. Let $(X,d)$ be a complete and separable metric space and let $I:=(0, + \infty)$. I recall the definition of absolutely continuous ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Analyticity of $ \int\limits_x {\int\limits_y {Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))\log \left\{ {Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))} \right\}d{F_x}d{F_y}}}$

I need to show that the following function is analytic on the bounded complex plane. Lest define the function, $f = \int\limits_x {\int\limits_y {Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))\log \left\{ {Q(a\Re (x +...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Analyticity of $f = Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))\log \left\{ {Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))} \right\}$ in the complex plane?

Let I have the following function, $f = Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))\log \left\{ {Q(a\Re (x + y))Q(b\Im (x + y))} \right\}$ Where, $x,y \in C$, $a,b\in R$ and $- m \le \Re (x),\Re (y),\Im (x),\Im (y)...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

Weak sequential continuity vs strong continuity

Let $E$ be a Banach space, $T:E\rightarrow E$ a non-linear operator. $T$ is said to be Weakly Sequentially Continuous (shortly W.S.C) on $E,$ if for every $\left(x_{n}\right)_{n}\subseteq E$ with $x_{...
0
votes
2answers
214 views

Is the restriction map $C^1\ni f\mapsto\left.f\right|_K$ a continuous map?

Let $E$ be a $\mathbb R$-Banach space, $\Theta\subseteq C^{0,\:1}(E,E)$ be a $\mathbb R$-Banach space and $\iota$ be a continuous embedding of $\Theta$ into $C^1(E,E)$. I would like to show that, ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

A weakly sequentially continuous operator which is not weakly continuous

I'm reading some papers where the condition of weak sequential continuity is crucial instead of the weak continuity. So, let $T$ an operator between a Banach space $X$ and itself. $T$ is weakly ...
5
votes
1answer
194 views

A functional equation in two complex variables

Let $X$ be a compact metric space, or just $X=\mathbb T$, the unit circle, if it helps. We consider only continuous, complex-valued functions on $X$. Let $\varepsilon >0$. Is there $\delta > ...
3
votes
2answers
156 views

When is the periodisation of a function continuous?

Consider a function $f\in\mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R})$, where $\mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R})$ denotes the space of bounded continuous functions vanishing at infinity. I am interested in the $T$-periodisation ...
8
votes
0answers
161 views

Does a generalization of Tietze's extension theorem hold for set-valued functions?

Let $X$ be a normal topological space. Tietze's extension theorem says that if $A \subset X$ is closed, then a continuous function $f: A \to \mathbb R^n$ can be extended to a continuous function whose ...
6
votes
1answer
301 views

A subcontinuous function, which is not continuous

Let $E$ be a Banach space and $T: E\rightarrow E$ be a mapping. $T$ is said to be subcontinuous if for any sequences $(u_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ in $E$ that converge strongly to $u$ the sequence $(T(u_n)...
0
votes
0answers
247 views

Infinite composition of continuous functions

Let $f_n:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence of functions and define $F_n:= f_n\circ \dots\circ f_1$. Then $F_n$ is continuous. However, the pointwise limit need not be (consider Mateusz'...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Baffling proof using function convexity

Let the function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be convex, differentiable with derivative $f_x$ and Lipschitz continuous with constant $L$. Then, for $a,b,c,d \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $a \ge ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Polynomial constraints on the values of continuous functions $\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$

Denote by $S$ the set of closed points in $X=\mathrm{Spec}\:\mathbb{R}[x_\alpha]$ ($\alpha \in \mathbb{Q}$) that have $\mathbb{R}$ as their residue field. There is an injective map from the set of ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

(Dis)continuity of periodic functions with non-summable Fourier series

Let $f : [0,2 \pi)^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a square-integrable periodic function in $L^2( [0,2 \pi)^d )$ with $d \geq 1$. We assume moreover that the square-summable Fourier coefficients of $f$, ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Differential operators and continuity

Let $Op(a)$ be a pseudo-differential operator, $Op(a) \colon S(\mathbb{R}^n) \to S(\mathbb{R}^n)$ is continuous. My question: can we say by duality of $S$ and $S'$, that $Op(a) \colon S'(\mathbb{R}^n) ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Continuity of $r\mapsto\int_{\Sigma\cap B_r(x)}f^2d\mu$

Let $\Sigma$ be an embedded smooth surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and let $f:\Sigma\to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function. Suppose $f$ is square-integrable on $\Sigma$, with \begin{align} 0<\int_{\Sigma}f^...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Smoothness of the radius of convergence

Let $(x\mapsto a_n(x))_n$ be a sequence of smooth functions defined on some fixed interval $I$. Consider the power series $\sum_{n\geq 0}a_n(x)t^n$ and denote by $R(x)$ its radius of convergence. Does ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Sufficient and necessary condition for the continuity of an improper integral

Let $f(\cdot) \in \mathscr{C}\left( \mathcal{D}; \mathbb{R} \right)$ where $\mathcal{D} \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ is open with $0 \in \mathcal{D}$ and $$ f(0) = 0, \quad \forall x \in \mathcal{D}\...
5
votes
2answers
198 views

Does convergence in law to absolutely continuous limit imply convergence in convex distance?

Let $(X_n)$ be a sequence of $\mathbb{R}^d$-valued random variables converging in distribution to some limiting random variable $X$ whose CDF is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Functions that are almost (left-) continuous almost everywhere

Denote the Lebesgue measure on $[0, T]$ as $\lambda(\cdot)$. Call a measurable function $f : [0, T] \to \mathbb{R}$ almost left-continuous almost everywhere if there exists an $A \subseteq [0, T]$ ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Continuity of solution of a parabolic PDE w.r.t. system parameters

If we have a system of PDE of the form: $$\begin{cases} \dfrac{\partial y}{\partial t}(t,x)=D\Delta y+F(t,x,f(x),y) ,\ (t,x)\in (0,T)\times\Omega\\ \dfrac{\partial y}{\partial \nu}(t,x)=0,\ (t,x)\in (...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Several definitions of Approximate continuity of real functions

I found the definition of approximate continuity stated as follows: A function $f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is approximately continuous at $x_0$ iff there exists a set $A\in \mathcal L$ such that $x_0\...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

On a continuous function as a substitute of the prime-counting function in the second Hardy–Littlewood conjecture satisfying certain asymptotics

It it well-known that the prime-counting function $\pi(x)$ satisfies the prime number theorem and that were in the literature two related conjectures to this arithmetic function, these are: the ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Topologies and Borel $\sigma$-fields on disjoint unions

Consider a set of functions $\mathcal{F}$ on $E$ where $E \subset\mathbb{R}^k$ - e.g. the class of $L_1$ functions on $[0,1]$ - and endow it with a suitable metric $d$ that makes it Polish. Consider ...
2
votes
2answers
624 views

Supremum of continuous functions and essential supremum of continuous functions

Suppose that $(X,d)$ is a Polish metric space and $A$ is a set of continuous bounded functions $f:X\to \mathbb{R}$. Suppose that $\mu:X\to[0,1]$ is a Borel probability measure. Define $$\sup A:X\to ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

Continuity of subharmonic functions

There is a result saying that the set where a subharmonic function defined on an open set of $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ ($m\geq2$) is discontinuous is a polar set. Could someone give me a reference for this ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Maximum theorem with linear constraints. On parametric continuity of in optimization

Given \begin{align} s(\theta)= &\text{arg min}( g( \boldsymbol{x}) ) \\ \text{subject to }& \boldsymbol{A}(\theta) \boldsymbol{x} = \boldsymbol{b}(\theta) \\ &c_1 \le x_i \le c_2 , ...
-2
votes
1answer
329 views

Injective uniformly continuous function $f:\mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}\to \mathbb{Z}$? [closed]

We say that a function $f: \mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}\to \mathbb{Z}$ is uniformly continuous if there is an integer $K\geq 1$ such that whenever $(x,y),(x',y')\in \mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}$ with $|...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

“Uniformly continuous” environment sum of a bijection $\varphi:\mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{Z}$

Given any function $f: \mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}\to \mathbb{Z}$ we define the environment sum of $(x,y)\in\mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z}$ with respect to $f$ by $$\text{es}_f(x,y) = \sum\{f(x', y'): |(...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What are the various kinds of graphs that can be defined on $C(X)$

I was considering the space $C(X)$ where $X$ is a topological space and $C(X)$ is the set of all continuous functions from $X$ to $\Bbb R$. What are the various kinds of graphs that can be defined on ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Continuity of a constrained parameterized convex optimization problem

Consider the parameterized optimization problem: \begin{align} \boldsymbol{s}(p)= &\arg \min_{ \boldsymbol{x}} \quad g( \boldsymbol{x})\\ \text{s.t. } & \boldsymbol{A}(p) \textbf{x} = \...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

Continuity of the Restriction Map Between Function Spaces [closed]

Let $X,Y,Z$ be Hausdorff spaces and suppose that $Z\subset X$. Endow $C(X,Y)$ and $C(Z,Y)$ with the compact-open topologies and define the map $\rho$ as \begin{align} \rho:&C(X,Y)\rightarrow C(Z,...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Continuity of the derivations from semisimple Banach algebras

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $X$ a Banach $A$-bimodule. It is known that if $A$ is a $C^*$-algebra, then by Ringrose theorem every derivation $D:A\rightarrow X$ is continuous. Also, a famous ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Norm closure of $C_b^1(\mathbb{R})$

I want to determine what the closure of $C_b^1(\mathbb{R})$, the space of continuous differentiable functions with bounded derivative, with respect to the supremums norm is. I think that $\overline{...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Continuity of a parameterized convex optimization problem

I have a parameterised optimization problem: \begin{align} \boldsymbol{S}(p)= &\arg \min_{ \boldsymbol{x}} g( \boldsymbol{x})\\ \text{s.t. } & \boldsymbol{A}(p) \textbf{x} = \...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Can a bijection between function spaces be continuous if the space's domains are different?

It is well-known that any bijection $\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ cannot be continuous. But suppose we have the two spaces $A = \{f(x):\mathbb{R^2}\rightarrow \mathbb{R} \}$ and $B = \{f(x):\...
1
vote
1answer
549 views

Smallest Lipschitz Constant of a Differentiable Function [closed]

Let $X \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ be compact and convex. Moreover, let $f:X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a differentiable map with $\sup_{x \in X} \|\nabla f(x)\| = K < \infty$, where $\|\cdot\|$ ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Supremum of an almost surely continuous random process

I was learning this proposition and now I have a question, how to prove it for an almost surely continuous process? I would be very grateful for any tips.
5
votes
1answer
83 views

continuity of certain map which is defined on a Stonean space

Let $G$ be a discrete group which acts continuously on a Stonean space $\Omega$. Consider the map $f\colon \Omega\to \{0,1\}^G$ sending $x\in \Omega$ to $\chi_{G_x}$, where $\chi_{G_x}$ denotes the ...
0
votes
1answer
167 views

An extension for lower semi continuous lower bounded real valued functions class

Let $(X,d)$ be a complete metric space. I need some explanations about the class of all functions like $f$ which have $f:X \to \mathbb{R}\cup\{ +\infty\}$, be a lower bounded and, for all $y \in X$ we ...