Questions tagged [examples]

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5
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0answers
75 views

Real-world example of a Banach *-algebra with a nonzero *-radical

Is there a real-world example of a Banach *-algebra with a nonzero *-radical (intersection of kernels of all *-representations)? Textbooks give examples of finite-dimensional algebras with degenerate ...
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1answer
112 views

Proofs by Schubert calculus and combinatorics

Do you know some examples proved by two different methods: 1. Schubert calculus, 2. combinatorial method.
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2answers
51 views

Counterexample for absolute summability of autocovariances of strictly stationary strongly mixing sequence

Suppose $(X_i)_{i\in\mathbb{Z}}$ is a strictly stationary, strongly (i.e. $\alpha-$)mixing sequence of real random variables. If we have $\mathbb{E}[|X_1|^{2+\epsilon}]<\infty$ for some $\epsilon&...
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1answer
149 views

about simple non-abelian 2-generated group [closed]

Does there exist a simple non-abelian 2-generated group $G$ and two elements $a, b \in G$, such that $\langle \{a, b\} \rangle = G$, $a^2 =1$ and $\forall c, d \in G$ $\langle \{c^{-1}bc, d^{-1}bd \} \...
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2answers
798 views

Contrasting theorems in classical logic and constructivism

Is it possible there are examples of where classical logic proves a theorem that provably is false within constructivism? Is so what are some examples? What are some examples of most contrasting ...
1
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1answer
203 views

Examples of faithful functors not injective on objects

As is well-known, a faithful functor need not be injective on objects. What are some good examples to illustrate this point?
7
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3answers
350 views

Examples of complicated parametric Jordan curves

For test purposes I need parametric Jordan curves that are complicated in the sense of having many inflection points and ideally no symmetries. When doing online search I always land at complex ...
7
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3answers
526 views

What's an illustrative example of a tame algebra?

A finite-dimensional associative $\mathbf{k}$-algebra $\mathbf{k}Q/I$ is of tame representation type if for each dimension vector $d\geq 0$, with the exception of maybe finitely many dimension vectors ...
7
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0answers
106 views

Horizontal categorification: Two questions

According to the nlab, horizontal categorification is a process in which a concept is realized to be equivalent to a certain type of category with a single object, and then this concept is generalized ...
18
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0answers
280 views

Infinitely generated non-free group with all proper subgroups free

Is there any example of group $G$ satisfying the following properties? $G$ is non-abelian, infinitely generated (i.e. it is not finitely generated) and not a free group. $H< G$ implies that $H$ is ...
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0answers
57 views

On a continuous function as a substitute of the prime-counting function in the second Hardy–Littlewood conjecture satisfying certain asymptotics

It it well-known that the prime-counting function $\pi(x)$ satisfies the prime number theorem and that were in the literature two related conjectures to this arithmetic function, these are: the ...
1
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1answer
238 views

Examples of “irregularities” in mathematics, other than prime numbers [closed]

Prime numbers are the prime example (no pun intended) for something that arises apparently without describable patters; we know that infinitely many exist, that gaps between them can be arbitrarily ...
10
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1answer
367 views

Examples of proofs using induction or recursion on a big recursive ordinal

There are many proofs use induction or recursion on $\omega$, or on an arbitary (may be uncountable) ordinal. Are there some good examples of proofs which use a big but computable ordinal? The ...
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10answers
10k views

What are examples of (collections of) papers which “close” a field?

There is sometimes talk of fields of mathematics being "closed", "ended", or "completed" by a paper or collection of papers. It seems as though this could happen in two ways: A total characterisation,...
4
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2answers
284 views

Is there a Borel-measurable function which maps every interval onto $\mathbb R$?

Using AC, one easily defines a function $F:\mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ such that the $F$-image of any real interval $(a,b)$ ($a<b$) is equal to $\mathbb R$. (Equivalently, the $F$-preimage of any real ...
3
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1answer
102 views

What is a non-trivial example of an unbounded subdifferential?

Let $f: X \to [ -\infty, \infty]$ be some function, Can someone provide a non-trivial example where the subdifferential evaluated at a point $x$, $$\partial f(x)$$ is "unbounded"? (trivial examples ...
-1
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1answer
121 views

Mathematical Proofs [closed]

Create an example of a function $f: \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f(f(f(\mathbb{R}))) = f(f(\mathbb{R})) \neq f(\mathbb{R})$
12
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1answer
570 views

Manifolds with nonwhere vanishing closed one forms

I am trying to find examples of closed manifolds $M$ admitting a nowhere vanishing closed one form. I am wondering if there are any examples beyond $N\times S^1$.
1
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1answer
79 views

Original examples of functions of slow increase in the spirit of Jakimczuk

I believe that it is possible to prove that $$f(x)=e^{\operatorname{Ai}(x)}\log x$$ is a function of slow increase in the spirit of the definition given by the author of [1], where $\operatorname{Ai}(...
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0answers
99 views

Symmetric products of varieties and projective bundles

Given a smooth projective geometrically connected curve $C$, a symmetric product of $C$ has the structure of a projective bundle over the Jacobian of $C$ (e.g. see Symmetric powers of a curve = ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Example of an integer $n_0$ such that $1+\sum_{k=2}^{n_0} \zeta(k)^s=0$ has repeated roots

After I was studying the exercise Problem 4.20 from [1] I was inspired to ask about next problem, where $\zeta(k)$ denotes, for integers $k>1$, particular values of the Riemann zeta function. And $...
2
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1answer
104 views

Example of evaluation of $\int_0^1\left(\sum_{k=0}^n (f(x))^k\right)^{\alpha}dx$, for some choice of $f(x)$ satisfying certain requirements

Let $0<\alpha\leq\frac{1}{2}$ a fixed real number. I wondered if it is possible to evaluate the sequence of definite integrals $$\int_0^1\left(\sum_{k=0}^n (f(x))^k\right)^{\alpha}dx\tag{1}$$ for ...
12
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1answer
358 views

Which knot invariants have no known diagram-independent descriptions?

Many knot invariants in knot theory are discovered by finding a property of knot diagrams which is invariant under the three Reidemeister moves. Now in principle, any knot invariant can be described ...
1
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1answer
209 views

Examples of Steffensen's inequality at undergraduated level studies

I've known few days ago the known as Steffensen's inequality, see the article Steffensen's inequality from Wolfram MathWorld and the cited bibliography. It seems that there are applications (I don't ...
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0answers
36 views

Example of a sequence of logarithmically convex functions on $\mathbb{R}$ and for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$ in the spirit of one evoked in an article

To ask this question I was inspired in some words, if I understand well, from the authors of a preprint on arXiv in section 4.1, that I believe that is [1], to ask next question. We consider the ...
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1answer
77 views

What can be an interesting problem of differential equations involving the definition of the Gudermannian function? [closed]

In this post I denote the Gudermannian function as $$\operatorname{gd}(x)=\int_0^x\frac{dt}{\cosh t}$$ and its inverse as $\operatorname{gd}^{-1}(x)$, please see if you need it the definitions, ...
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0answers
49 views

Examples of geometrical interpretations for sequences of particular values of Dirichlet series

The remark [1] (in Spanish) shows a geometric interpretation (linking two sequences) of particular values of a given Dirichlet series, that are $\zeta(k)$ and $\zeta(2k)$. I wondered about if it is ...
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0answers
20 views

A linear map satisfying the given property

Let $A$ and $B$ be two Banach algebras such that $B$ is a Banach $A$-bimodue and $T:A\rightarrow B$ a linear map satisfying $T(aa')=aT(a')+T(a)a'+T(a)T(a')$ for all $a,a'\in A$. If the algerba ...
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0answers
48 views

Examples for a Golomb's result, and rationals as $\sum_{n\geq 1}\frac{|G_n|}{P(n)}$, where $G_n$ are Gregory coefficients and $P(x)$ a polynomial

After I was stuying the first pages of a chapter of the book [1], in particular the statement of Corollary 10.3 and its proof, I wondered what can be interesting examples of irrational numbers that ...
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0answers
70 views

Eventually non vanishing tors

Let $A$ be a commutative $k$-algebra, for $k$ a field of characteristic $0$. Let $Perf_{A}$ denote the dg category of cohomologically graded $A$-modules and let $M\in Perf_{A}$ be a classical perfect ...
12
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1answer
631 views

Examples of hyperbolic groups

What are some other classes of word-hyperbolic groups other than the finite groups, fundamental groups of surfaces with Euler characteristics negative and virtually free groups?
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0answers
34 views

Lattices with no roots and spread out shells

I am looking for lattices with the following properties: The lattice has no roots. The norm (squared length) of the second shortest vectors should be at least twice as large as the norm of the ...
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0answers
86 views

Trivial fine Selmer group in the cyclotomic extension

In explicit examples that I have seen worked out, it appears that when the fine Selmer group is finite in the cyclotomic extension it is in fact trivial. Is there any reason to expect that this ...
4
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1answer
285 views

Very canonical constructions

You have two categories $C_1$ and $C_2$. We call a map of the classes $\mathrm{Ob}(C_1)\rightarrow \mathrm{Ob}(C_2)$ a construction. Sometimes you can find a functor $C_1\rightarrow C_2$ inducing this ...
4
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1answer
180 views

A “concrete” example of a one-sided Hopf algebra

I came to know from the paper Left Hopf Algebras by Green, Nichols and Taft that one may consider a Hopf algebra whose antipode satisfies only the left (resp. right) antipode condition. To be more ...
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0answers
152 views

Explicit computations with crystalline cohomology

I am currently studying crystalline cohomology and while all the talk about crystalline topoi is nice, I would like to see some explicit computations. What are some references on this subject which ...
9
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0answers
151 views

Examples of automorphic representations to keep in mind

I have recently started studying the automorphic science and find it somewhat hard to form intuition. Can we have a list of examples of automorphic representations that you usually use to test a new ...
21
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7answers
1k views

Big list of comonads

The concept of a monad is very well established, and there are very many examples of monads pertaining almost all areas of mathematics. The dual concept, a comonad, is less popular. What are ...
6
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1answer
225 views

Example of a manifold with positive isotropic curvature but possibly negative Ricci curvature

Is there any example of a manifold with a positive isotropic curvature but it possibly obtains a negative Ricci curvature at some point and the direction? If we see the definition of the positive ...
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0answers
83 views

Equal volume and projections

Given three unit vectors $u_1,u_2,u_3$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, can we find some body $K \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ (probably convex) such that the following three things hold (1) $|P_{u_1^\perp}K|=|P_{u_2^\...
0
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2answers
355 views

When was the generalization easier to prove than the specific case? [duplicate]

I distinctly remember from my long-ago undergraduate math that there were some interesting cases where a solution (proof) was sought for some specific thing but it wasn't easy to find - and in a few ...
7
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1answer
243 views

Factoring $\frac{1}{1-rx}$ into an infinite products of polynomials

I am looking for examples of sequences of polynomials $(p_{k}(x))_{k=1}^{\infty}$ with positive integer coefficients where $p_{k}(0)=1$ for all $k\geq 1$ and where there is a positive integer $r$ ...
10
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1answer
231 views

Intuition behind orthogonality in category theory, and origin of name

In category theory, two morphisms $e:A\to B$ and $m:C\to D$ are said to be orthogonal if for any $f:A\to C$ and $g:B\to D$ with $m\circ f=g\circ e$, there exists a unique morphism $d:B\to C$ such that ...
1
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0answers
78 views

An example of a Banach algebra with a specified property

I asked this question (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3076735/an-example-of-a-banach-algebra-satisfying-given-conditions) but unfortunately no one answered it. Please help me to find an ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Example of convex functions fulfilling a (strange) lower bound

I am reading a preliminary version of a paper which focuses on some minimization problems connected to a class of integral functionals. Reading the assumptions of one of the theorems I cannot convince ...
7
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0answers
282 views

Does anyone use non-sober topological spaces?

Recall that a sober space is a topological space such that every irreducible closed subset is the closure of exactly one point. Is there any area of mathematics outside of general topology where non-...
8
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1answer
469 views

Explicit examples of Azumaya algebras

I'm trying to understand the Brauer group of a scheme better. I know how to compute $\text{Br}(X)$ as an abstract group in some cases, but don't have a good idea of what the individual Azumaya ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

An example of a measurable random process with non-measurable integral

Let $ \xi _t(\omega), t\in[0,\infty)$, be a random process and let $ \xi _t(\omega)\in \{\mathfrak F_t\}$ be some filtration. Even if $ \xi _t(\omega) $ is $ \mathfrak F_t $ measurable then $\int_0^...
9
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2answers
929 views

Examples of set theory problems which are solved using methods outside of logic

The question is essentially the one in the title. Question. What are some examples of (major) problems in set theory which are solved using techniques outside of mathematical logic?
1
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2answers
118 views

Definition and examples of operator-stable distributions

I was trying to understand the basic ideas of the operator-stable distributions. I found the papers by Hudson and Sato. However, unfortunately, I am being unable to understand the mathematical ...

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