Lie Groups are Groups that are additionally smooth manifolds such that the multiplication and the inverse maps are smooth.

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Why is a Lie group homomorphism from SO(3) to SU(2) always trivial? [migrated]

The Lie group $SU(2)$ is a double cover of $SO(3)$.$SU(2)$ is simply connected as a manifold,and $SO(3)$ is $RP^3$ .But why must a Lie group homomorphism from $SO(3)$ to $SU(2)$ be trivial? i.e. the ...
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79 views

Isomorphism between $\mathbb R^3$ and the the Heisenberg group [on hold]

What is the isomorphism between $\mathbb R^3$ and $\mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ as a group (the Heisenberg group), provided with the law $$(z,t).(w,s) = (z+w, t+s+\Im m(z\bar{w})\, ); \quad z,w\in ...
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2answers
151 views

How to write $\mathbb{C}[G/U_-]=\oplus_{\lambda} V_{\lambda}$ explicitly?

Let $G=GL_n$ and $U_-$ the set of all lower unipotent triangular matrices. Then by Gauss Decomposition, we have $G = U_-B$, where $B$ is the set of all upper triangular matrices. The group $U_-$ acts ...
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159 views

Maps from $S^3$ to $S^3$ [closed]

As a physicist, I apologize for imprecise language. I am interested in maps from $S^3$ to $S^3$ (identical to the group $SU(2)$). Since $S^3$ is threedimensional, there is some similarity to maps ...
3
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48 views

Are rays in Carnot groups straight?

A famous open problem in Geometric Control Theory and in the study of sub-Riemannian manifolds is whether constant-speed length minimizers in a sub-Riemannian manifold are always smooth (see also this ...
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2answers
386 views

From Weyl groups to Weyl groupoids?

I'm trying to find a framework where the choices in the classical construction of a root system of a semi-simple lie algebra are not needed. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple lie algebra. ...
5
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1answer
149 views

Cohomology ring of a fiberwise join

I am very interested in the cohomology ring of the following construction. Let $f: Y\to X$ be a map between (connected) topological spaces. Suppose that the image of the map $f^*:H^*(X) \to H^*(Y)$ is ...
4
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1answer
245 views

A criterion for orbits of complex reductive group to be closed

I am having some trouble understanding Nakajima's proof of the Kempf-Ness theorem in [1]. At the end (proof of Proposition 3.9(6)), his argument is basically the following: Let $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ be a ...
5
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2answers
94 views

References for metrics in matrix groups

I am studying a very concrete matrix group with a riemaniann (right invariant) metric for solving a question on Applied Math. I need explicit formulas for the distance between two matrices, geodesics ...
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1answer
500 views

Does $E_8$ know $Spin(7)$?

One way to define the compact group $Spin(7)$ is as the stabilizer of a certain 4-form on Euclidean $\mathbb R^8$ (see e.g. this MO question). This 4-form can be defined in various ways. For ...
9
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2answers
277 views

Representation viewpoint on Chern Weil (cohomology computations done with rep theory?)

Let $G$ be a compact lie group. Chern-Weil theory tells us that there's a homomorphism: $$H^{*}(BG;\mathbb{R}) \to (Sym^{\bullet} \mathfrak{g^*})^G$$ Which in our case is an isomorphism since $G$ ...
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33 views

Integrable modules and comodules

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Do we have the following result: $V$ is an integrable $U(\mathfrak{g})$-module if and only if $V$ is a $\mathbb{C}[G]$-comodule? ...
7
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1answer
391 views

what is the universal cover of GL(2,R)?

In the theory of Bridgeland stability conditions one has an action of the universal cover $G'$ of $G = GL^+(2,\mathbb R)$. What is G'? I know there is concrete description in terms of pairs ...
4
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1answer
163 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any ...
2
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0answers
64 views

Eigenvalues of the imaginary part of the Symplectic action on Siegel upper half plane

Let $A,B\in M_n(\mathbb{R})$ and $U=A+iB$ unitary. $R=diag(r_1,r_2,…,r_n)$ is a diagonal matrix with $r_i>0, \forall i $. I need to calculate $\det(Ae^{-R}A^T+Be^{R}B^T)$. This matrix ...
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50 views

Try to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras

I am trying to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras. In the book Lectures on quantum groups, Page 20, Theorem 22 says that given a Poisson Lie group, we can construct ...
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123 views

intuitive connection between The KdV equations and the Virasoro bott group

I posted this on stack exchange but had no joy, perhaps someone here can answer : The Euler Arnold equation expresses equations (usually from mathematical physics) as geodesic equations on a Lie ...
9
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1answer
281 views

A careful roadtrip from locally symmetric spaces to algebra

I'm trying to break the classification of locally riemannian symmetric spaces to little steps to make it more comprehensible (and s.t. the technical details can be verified without drowning ...
4
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0answers
55 views

Harmonicity on semisimple groups

I asked this on Math.SE and got no answer, so I'll try my luck here. Let $G$ be a semisimple real Lie group, $U(\mathfrak{g})$ its universal enveloping algebra, let $\Omega$ be the Casimir element in ...
2
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47 views

Order of metaplectic operator

I have a weak background on this subject. Suppose $S$ be a $2m \times 2m$ symplectic matrix of order $n$. Suppose $W_S$ be the corresponding metaplectic operator on $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^m)$, the ...
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Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...
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318 views

Tameness in $\mathbb{R}^{n^2}$ of the subset consisting of matrices of positive determinant

The Lie group $GL(n)$ being a manifold is locally path-connected. Consider its connected component of the identity $C\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{n^2}$. What is a good way of showing that $C$ is a tame ...
2
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1answer
75 views

multiplicity-free action on $SO(n+1)/SO(n-1)$

I'm trying to show that the Lie group $G=SO(n+1) \times SO(2)$ acts multiplicity-free on the cotangentbundle $T^* (SO(n+1)/SO(n-1))$. That means: 1) There exists an ...
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70 views

Notation clash between a representation and spectral radius

I am currently writing a paper where I need talk both about a representation of a semisimple Lie group (usually denoted by $\rho$), and about spectral radii of linear maps (also usually denoted by ...
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1answer
77 views

Transitivity of $Spin(7)$ in triples of vectors

I have a simple question: transitivity of $Spin(7)$ in triples of orthogonal vectors. Let $Spin(7)\subset SO(8)$ act on $\mathbb{R}^8$, and $e_1,e_2,e_3$, $v_1,v_2,v_3$ be two triples of mutually ...
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1answer
63 views

Zariski open set in orthogonal grassmanian [closed]

I am confused about the following question. Consider $\mathbb C^4$ endowed with nondegenerate symmetric bilinear form ...
6
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1answer
392 views

What is this Lie algebra?

Consider two matrices $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ which are both diagonal in the standard basis and non-zero. If we consider the new matrix $\tilde{B} := FBF^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is the `quantum' ...
4
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141 views

Do I understand the Chevalley Restriction Theorem correctly? [migrated]

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group with Lie algebra $\frak g$, and let $\frak h$ be a Cartan subalgebra with Weyl group $W$. The Chevalley Restriction Theorem states that the restriction map ...
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1answer
125 views

Expressing $SO_8$ element as product of $L_u$ and $R_u$ for unit octonions $u$

Welcome octonions friends ! Long time ago when I travelled through octonion land, I conjectured that every $SO_8$ element can be expressed as product $L_a L_b R_c R_d$ for unit octonions $a$, $b$, ...
4
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1answer
129 views

When this Ad-invariant function on a Lie algebra is zero?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Haar measure $dg$ and (finite-dimensional real) Lie algebra $\frak g$. Endow $\frak g$ with an $\hbox{Ad}$-invariant norm $\|\cdot\|_{\frak g}$ so that $\frak g$ ...
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6answers
629 views

Automorphism group of real orthogonal Lie groups

I would like to know what is the "outer-automorphism group" $Out$ of $SO(p,q)$ and $O(p,q)$, where $p+q >0$. My working definition of $Out$ is as follows: Let us denote by $Aut(G)$ the ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Vector fields, diffeomorphism subgroups and lie group actions

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Since any vector field is complete we get a $1$-parameter subgroup for each vector field. Consider the following generalization: Let $\{X_j\} \in Vect(M)$ be a ...
4
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1answer
182 views

Does there exist finite dimensional irreducible representation of Euclidean or Poincare group in which translation and rotation both act nontrivially?

Does there exist any finite dimensional irreducible rep. of Euclidean or Poincare group in which translation and rotation both act nontrivially? Let me firstly clarify my question. For example, we ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Projections of orbifolds

A while back I came across orbifolds, in particular the quotients $SU(2)/U(1)\cong S^2$, $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1)\cong \mathbb{C}P^2$ and $SU(3)/(U(1)\times U(1))$. The way I needed them, was as an ...
7
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1answer
98 views

Symmetries of the flag variety

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal B=G/B$ be the associated Flag variety. Is it true that the obvious map $$ \mathfrak g\to \Gamma ...
3
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140 views

The homotopy type of the mapping space $Map_{B\rho}(BS^1,BG)$? for $G$ a compact Lie group

Given a homomorphism $\rho:S^1\rightarrow G$ with $G$ a compact Lie group there is an induced map of classifying spaces $B\rho:BS^1\rightarrow BG$. What is known about the homotopy type of the mapping ...
5
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1answer
212 views

What is meant by a Lie group acting by affine transformations?

This question is a continuation of this one, where I did not receive a complete answer so am moving to MO. I am trying to understand a paper by JP Szaro that was referred to there, and in particular, ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Characterizing left invariant and right-$O_n$ invariant distances on $GL_n$

Consider the group $GL_n(\mathbb{R})$ with its standard topology. It is not hard to show that there exists Riemannian metrics on it which are left-$GL_n$ and right-$O_n$ invariant. (In fact it's ...
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67 views

False optima for control on Lie groups?

Consider the equation $\frac{d Y_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B) Y_t$ evolving on a compact semi-simple Lie group $G$ where $\frak{g}$ is the Lie algebra of $G$ and $A,B \in \frak{g}$ and: $J:G \rightarrow ...
1
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1answer
83 views

Two nilmanifolds of the same Lie group

By a nilmanifold I mean a quotient $M =\Gamma \backslash G$ of a connected, simply-connected nilpotent real Lie group $G$ by the left action of a maximal lattice 􀀀, i.e. a discrete cocompact ...
4
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1answer
73 views

Locally nilpotent algebraic section of tangent bundle is complete?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V$ be an algebraic vector field (i.e. an algebraic section of the tangent bundle). If $V$ is locally nilpotent, meaning that ...
4
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1answer
130 views

Difference between the Laplacian and the sub-Laplacian of a Lie group

Given a Lie group $G$, what is the difference between the Laplacian $\Delta$ and the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ of $G$. And what are the properties that we lose when going from sub-Laplace to ...
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A Lie group associated to a matrix via semi direct product [migrated]

Assume that $A \in M_{n}(\mathbb{R}) $ is a matrix. Then $A$ generates a one parameter (with parameter $t\in \mathbb{R}$) family of group automorphisms of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with $x\mapsto ...
5
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1answer
113 views

Existence of lattices in reductive Lie groups

What is known about existence of lattices in reductive Lie groups? The best results I know about existence of lattices in connected Lie groups are either about semisimple groups or nilpotent groups ...
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2answers
326 views

Can two rational rotations $F_2 = \langle A, B \rangle \to SO(3)$ efficiently approximate the $3 \times 3$ identity matrix?

Let $A,B$ be two rational rotations: $$ A = \left[\begin{array}{rcc} \frac{3}{5} & \frac{4}{5} & 0 \\ -\frac{4}{5} & \frac{3}{5} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right] ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Orientability of orbit type strata of Lie group actions

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group that acts on a smooth, finite dimensional, oriented manifold $M$, and suppose that such action preserves orientation, i.e., for each $g\in G$, the diffeomorphism $\mu_g$ ...
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1answer
186 views

Connected subgroups of $SL(2,C)$

Where can I find a list of all connected real Lie groups inside the 6-dimensional real Lie group $SL(2,C)$, up to conjugacy? How can one verify that a partial list is complete? I found on wikipedia a ...
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1answer
189 views

What are the finite subgroups of $\operatorname{Sp}_{2n}(\mathbb{Z})$?

I've read the following question: Finite subgroups of ${\rm SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ (reference request) and it made me wonder. It's easy to see that ...
0
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1answer
69 views

full set of invariant functions on manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting properly on $M$. Let $k$ be the codimension of a maximal dimensional $G$-orbit in $M$. Is it always possible to construct $k$ functions $f_1, ...
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2answers
99 views

Any analysis on phase of eigenvalue of unitary matrix?

I understand that there are invariant Haar measure for eigenvalues of unitary matrix. I further understand that absolute value of eigenvalues of unitary matrix is 1. But, I could not find any analysis ...