**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### homeomorphism type of punctured real projective spaces

Let $\mathbb{R}P^m$ be the $m$-dimensional real projective space and let $\mathbb{R}P^m\setminus\{*\}$ be the punctured space. I observe:
$\mathbb{R}P^2\setminus\{*\}$ is homeomorphic to a (open) ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Interior periodic points of area preserving homeomorphisms of a pair of pants

A celebrated result of Franks shows that any area preserving homeomorphism of the closed annulus $A$ with at least one periodic point (possibly along the boundary) has infinitely many interior ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### asymptotic behavior of minimum dilatations on punctured surfaces

Let $l_{g,n}$ be the logarithm of minimum dilatation for pseudo-Anosov homeomorphisms on surface of genus $g$ with $n$ punctures. Let $n$ be fixed and $g$ varies. Is the asymptotic behavior of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Is it true that all sphere bundles are some double of disk bundle?

Let's consider a smooth sphere bundle over a smooth manifold with structure group is equal to the diffeomorphism group of sphere. Then, can we say that this is a double of some disk bundle? Thank you ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Does every dimension $n\geq4$ admit a manifold with an exotic smooth structure?

It is known that $\mathbb{R}^4$ has exotic smooth structures, and there are many such examples in higher dimensions, such as the famous 7-sphere. My (probably very naive) question is, for every ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Are two equivariant maps between aspherical topological spaces homotopic?

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be continuous, X,Y pathwise connected and aspherical (i.e. trivial higher homotopy groups). Then $\pi_1(X)$ acts on the universal cover of $X$ via deck transformations, and on ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

297 views

### Classification of fake (quaternionic, octonionic) projective spaces

If $X$ is a closed $n$-manifold, a fake $X$ is another closed manifold homotopy equivalent to $X$. There is some interest in classifying manifolds (up to, say, homeomorphism) homotopy equivalent to a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

541 views

### Geometric or topological results from group theory

Do you know interesting examples of purely geometric or topological results which can be proved using group theory? To make precise what I have in mind, let us consider the two following examples:
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

43 views

### Change of length of curve when Fenchel-Nielsen length coordinate increase

Let $F$ be a hyperbolic surface of finite type. Suppose $\alpha$ is a simple closed geodesic and $\beta$ is any closed geodesic intersecting $\alpha$. Consider a Fenchel-Nielsen coordinate of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

61 views

### Sequence of translation surfaces and length of saddle connections

A sequence of translation surfaces $(X_n,\omega_n)$ is said to "go to infinity" if it leaves every compact set in the space of translation surfaces as $n$ goes to infinity. I know that this is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Prove that a metric space is intrinsic

Let $(X,d)$ be a general locally compact metric space (in particular not a Riemannian manifold). Suppose we don't know if $(X,d)$ is complete. To prove $(X,d)$ is intrinsic. I have to compute the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Points of failure in definition of X- and A-moduli spaces for arbitrary G

In their work [0] on defining notions of higher Teichmüller space for local systems on surfaces, Fock and Goncharov require split reductive Lie groups, and sometimes also require simple-connectedness. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

205 views

### Addition of two homology classes is zero in construction of Poincare Sphere

I ask here the question since it hasn't been answered in
Math Stack Exchange.
I am working through Greenberg and Harper, Lecture notes on Algebraic Topology, and I am having trouble with one ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Does the link of a hypersurface singularity determine its analytic type?

Consider a hypersurface $V(f) \subseteq \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ with an isolated singularity at the origin. If $L := V(f) \cap S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ is the link of $V(f)$ (with $S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Morse function on slicing disk complement determines ribbon?

It is well-known that given a ribbon knot and the corresponding slicing disk in the 4-ball, the distance function (maybe squared) to the origin defines a Morse function in the complement of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Non-Haken hyperbolic 3-manifolds without nonorientable surfaces

It is well known that there exist infinitely many (non homeomorphic) non-Haken closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds. These can be obtained for example doing Dehn surgery on the figure eight knot complement. ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Holomorphic contractibility of GL(H)?

Kuiper's theorem is well-known to give the triviality of the homotopy groups of ${\rm GL}(\mathcal{H})$ for $\mathcal{H}$ a (separable) infinite-dimensional complex Hilbert space. Work of Palais later ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

147 views

### Looking for examples of large hyperbolic two-generator knots or 3-manifolds

We say a knot $K$ in $S^3$ is small if its exterior contains no closed properly embedded incompressible surfaces and we say $K$ is large otherwise.
Does anyone know of an example of a large ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Triangulation with simplices of same volume

Let $M$ be a Riemannian smooth compact manifold.
It is known that $M$ has a triangulation, for any dimension. But do we know if there exists a triangulation such that all simplices have same volume ?
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### “structure group” for fibration

Regarding "fibration" as a homotopy analogue of "fiber bundle",I want to see parallel notions of "structure group" and "fiber change" in "fibration".
Does it make sense to talk about "structure ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Can we use the “size” of smooth structure set to predict the information geometry or other topological information?

The "size" can mean the number of elements or the diameter of the set of smooth structures. Y. Shikata defined a distance function on it and proved that it is a distance. He then used it to prove that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### What is the Heegaard Floer Homology of a connect sum of $S^2 \times S^1$s?

There are many conjecturally-equivalent three-manifold Floer homologies, of which my understanding is the most-computable is Heegaard Floer homology.
What is the (Heegaard) Floer homology of a ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

544 views

### Is there a smooth manifold which admits only rigid metrics?

Does there exist a (finite dimensional) smooth manifold $M$, such that every Riemannian metric on $M$ has no isometries except the identity?
Of course, such a manifold must not admit a diffeomorphism ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Is there a degree one map from a product $B\times S^1 \to \#_n S^2 \times S^1$ for any n

For any $n \geq 1$, let $\Sigma_n$ denote the closed orientable surface of genus n. In http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors showed that for any $n$, there is a degree two, $\pi_1$-surjective, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Are square tiled surfaces dense in the moduli space of translation surfaces?

I'm reading the survey "An introduction to Veech surfaces" by Pascal Hubert and Thomas Schmidt.
At page 19 they state "In any fixed stratum, the set of square-tiled surfaces of that stratum is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Does $\#_n S^2×S^1$ really admit a map of non-zero degree from $B×S^1$?

In Proposition 4 on page 6 of this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors claim to produce a degree 2 $\pi_1$-surjective map $f$ between $M=S^1 \times \Sigma_2$ and $N=\#_2 S^2 \times S^1$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Is the number of intervals you get by slicing the closed region under a nice graph continuous from below?

Let $I$ be a closed interval in $\mathbb{R}$, and let $f:I \to \mathbb{R}$ be a bounded function, smooth except at finitely many points (piece-wise smooth). There are also only finitely many critical ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Can a surface group act on a finite-valence simplicial tree?

Question. Let $S$ be a closed surface of genus $> 1$. Can $\pi_1(S)$ act faithfully and minimally on a simplicial tree of finite valence? Here "minimal" means that there is no invariant sub-tree.
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Are there non-smoothable homotopy/homology spheres?

A homotopy sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ which is homotopy equivalent to $S^n$.
A homology sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ such that $H_i(M) \cong H_i(S^n)$ for all $i$.
Note, by ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

693 views

### Why is it true that if two 4-manifolds are homeomorphic then their squares are diffeomorphic?

Near the top of the second page of this paper, it is claimed that if two 4-manifolds $X$ and $Y$ are homeomorphic, then their squares $X \times X$ and $Y \times Y$ are diffeomorphic. Why is this true? ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Laplace eigenvalue and floer theory

I'm trying to study the spectrum operator via Floer Theory. The idea is to consider the Rayleigh quotient as an operator on the Hilbert space $W^{1,2}$ and to study it's negative gradient flow.
Any ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Extending a symplectomorphism of a surface with boundary, properly embedded in a 4-disk, to the ambient space

Let $S$ be a surface with boundary that is properly embedded, via a map $f$
say, inside a $4$-disk. When is the embedding isotopic to the identity? --
All embeddings and isotopes are in the symplectic ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Elements of infinite order in the topological mapping class group

Let $M$ be a closed topological manifold, and let $\operatorname{MCG}(M):=\operatorname{Homeo}(M)/\operatorname{Homeo}_0(M)$ denote the topological mapping class group of $M$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Are knots determined by their complements within a homotopy class?

Suppose $M$ is a closed 3-manifold and $K_1,K_2$ are two homotopic knots in $M$. That is, they are two embeddings $f_1,f_2\colon S^1 \to M$ such that there exists a homotopy $h\colon S^1 \times [0,1] ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$).
Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$,
the open ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Biholomorphic neighborhoods of the boundary of Stein domains

Let $(X_1,J_1)$ and $(X_2,J_2)$ be Stein domains with the same contact boundary $(Y,\xi)$. Under what conditions does there exist a biholomorphism between a neighborhood of their respective boundaries ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### $H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Images of the $3$-dimensional solvable geometry

This is more of a mathematical art question. Most people are familiar with the mathematical movie "Not Knot", which explores a hyperbolic $3$-manifold. My question is: are there any images along the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Locally nilpotent algebraic section of tangent bundle is complete?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V$ be an algebraic vector field (i.e. an algebraic section of the tangent bundle). If $V$ is locally nilpotent, meaning that ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

305 views

### Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question:
Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial?
What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

249 views

### Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring
of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$
is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Groups with infinitely many finite conjugacy classes

I've been coming across the condition "IMFCC: having infinitely many finite conjugacy classes" often in recent times and I was wondering if there is any serious difference between having "IMFCC" and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Just how close can two manifolds be in the Gromov-Hausdorff distance?

Suppose that we have two compact Riemannian manifolds $(M,g)$ and $(N,h)$. Define the Gromov-Hausdorff distance between them in your favorite way, I'll use the infimum of all $\epsilon$ such that ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Primitive log-divergent graphs and convergence of Feynman amplitudes

To a connected graph $G$, quantum field theory attaches the integral
$$
I_G=\int_{\sigma} \frac{\Omega_G}{\Psi_G^2}
$$ where $N_G$ is the number of edges of the graph, $\sigma$ is the simplex of ...

**30**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why do people study representations of 3-manifold groups into $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$?

Varieties of representations and characters of $3$-manifold groups in $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ have been intensively studied. They have provided tools to identify geometric structures on manifolds, and are ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Detecting a module for the free group algebra on a finite quotient

Let $F_2$ be the free group on two generators $x,y$ and let $R$ be the group algebra $\mathbf{Q}[F_2]$. Let $a,b,c$ be integers. Then define a right $R$-module
$M = R / (ax + by + c) R$.
I am ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### relation between representations of homology class

Let X be a topological space, for its homology class [f], we can alway construct a simplicial complex K_f by gluing "cancelling boundary pairs" of f and an induced continuous map f' from K_f to X. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Compatibility of spherical and hyperbolic geometry for fibred knots

Hyperbolic knots and links have a lovely peculiarity that you can always find a position for them in $S^3$ making two groups the same, one defined using the spherical geometry of $S^3$, and the other ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Fibered knots vs Heegaard genus

We call a knot $K$ in a 3-manifold $M$ fibered if $M\backslash K$ fibers over $S^1$ with fibers $\Sigma$ and such that $K$ is ambient isotopic to the boundary of the compactified fiber ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### A “direct” proof that hyperbolic groups are not amenable

I am looking for a proof that a finitely generated hyperbolic groups is non-amenable [unless it is virtually cyclic] which is as "metric/combinatoric" as possible.
Here are the two proofs I am aware ...