# Questions tagged [3-manifolds]

A three-manifold is a space that locally looks like Euclidean three-dimensional space

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### Properly embedded surfaces in handlebodies are compressible or boundary compressible?

I've read in a couple of different places (a paper and a blog) the following fact: if $F$ is a surface, properly embedded in a three-dimensional handlebody of genus at least two, then $F$ is either ...
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### Reference request and prerequisites for understanding the Sphere Theorem and the Loop Theorem in 3-manifold theory

As part of my directed studies project, my advisor has suggested that I completely understand the proof of the Sphere Theorem and the Loop Theorem in 3-manifold theory and explain it to him. I have ...
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### Mappings of reducible 3 manifolds with boundary

In section 3 of his paper "Mappings of reducible 3 manifolds" McCullough, proves that every self-homeomorphism of a reducible 3 manifold can up to isotopy be written as a composition of ...
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### 0-surgery on a fibered hyperbolic ribbon knot

Does there exist a fibering hyperbolic ribbon knot such that the 0 surgery is exceptional? If so does there exist such an example where the result of 0-surgery is Seifert fibered? I tried looking at ...
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### Problem 3.14 from Kirby's list

In his famous list of Problems in Low-Dimensional Topology, Kirby states the following as Problem 3.14 (B), which is attributed to Thurston: Conjecture: Suppose $G$ (an arbitrary group I suppose) ...
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### Is the square of a primitive cohomology class always primitive?

Let $M$ be a closed manifold (in my case $\dim M=3$). Take $\alpha\in H^1(M;\mathcal{Or})$, where $\mathcal{Or}$ is the orientation local system for $M$ with coefficients $\mathbb Z$. Suppose $\alpha$ ...
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### Determinant of SU(N) elements, and radius of associated manifold

I'm wondering if the fact $SU(2)$ group elements have $det = 1$ is connected with the radius of the unitary $S^{3}$ manifold associated. The context is demonstration of dU being an Haar invariant ...
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### Every surface of sufficiently large genus separates

Let $M^3$ be a smooth closed orientable manifold. Does there exist a non negative integer $g_0$ such that every closed orientable embedded surface $\Sigma \subset M$ of genus $g \geq g_0$ represents ...
138 views

### Do taut foliations leafwise branch covering S^2 yield foliations by circles?

In this paper, Danny Calegari shows that taut foliations in (let's say closed for simplicity) 3-manifolds are precisely those which admit a map $f: M \to S^2$ which restricts to a branched cover on ...
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### Dual surfaces of a first cohomology class of a 3-manifold

Let $M$ be closed 3-manifold and $\alpha\in H^1(M;\mathbb Z_2)$ an arbitrary element. (In my case we know that $M$ is non-orientable and $\alpha^3=0$.) It is well known that there is a closed 2-...
1 vote
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### About the classification of simply connected homogeneous 3-manifolds

I've read somewhere (but cannot locate the source) that the following classification holds: simply connected homogeneous 3-manifolds are either isometric to $S^2 \times \mathbb{R}$ or to a metric Lie ...
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### Under what conditions can an orientable Riemannian 3-manifold be defined implicitly?

Under what conditions can an orientable Riemannian 3-manifold $\Sigma$ be defined implicitly? What I mean by implicitly is that there exists a smooth function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}^m$, such ...
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### Contact structures associated to taut foliations

Eliashberg and Thurston showed that a taut foliation may be deformed to tight (positive and negative) contact structures. Vogel proved that for a taut foliation without torus leaves, the associated ...
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### Small examples of exceptional hyperbolic Dehn Filling of hyperbolic manifolds

For experimental purposes, I would like to have a small (i.e. triangulated with few tetrahedra) example of a manifold $M$ with the following properties: $M$ is a hyperbolic manifold with finite ...
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### 4-manifold obtained from a ribbon disk exterior by attaching a 2-handle is simply-connected if its boundary is a homology sphere

I am reading Lemma 2.1 of this paper (https://arxiv.org/pdf/2012.12587.pdf) and I can't see why $W$ is simply-connected. Here is the situation: Let $K$ be a ribbon knot in $S^3$; it bounds a ribbon ...
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### Integral homology $S^1\times S^2$'s smoothly bounding integral homology $S^1\times B^3$'s

Suppose we are given a compact orientable 3-manifold $M$ which is an integral homology $S^1\times S^2$. Then is there a way to determine whether $M$ bounds a smooth compact orientable 4-manifold which ...
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### Pullback of $w_1$ for 3-manifolds

Given closed $3$-manifolds $M$ and $N$ and an element $\alpha\in H^1(M;\mathbb{Z}_2)$, when does there exist a map $f:M\to N$ such that $\alpha=f^*(w_1(N))$?
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### The works of González-Acuña and Duchon from 70s and 80s

I would like to access the following two works of González-Acuña from around nineteen-seventies: González-Acuña, F. Dehn’s construction on knots. Bol. Soc. Mat. Mexicana (2) 15 (1970), 58–79. and ...
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### Uniqueness of the set of decomposing spheres in prime decomposition of a 3-manifold

At the end of Section 1.1 of 3-manifold groups it is written that "the decomposing spheres are not unique up to isotopy, but two different sets of decomposing spheres are related by ‘slide ...
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### Conjugacy of topological actions on aspherical three manifolds to isometric actions

Edited: Due to work of Raymond and Scott, there exist diffemorphisms (of certain three-dimensional nil-manifolds) whose $n$th power is diffeotopic to the identity, but which are not themselves ...
Let $f:M\to N$ be a smooth map between smooth 4-manifolds with boundary. When does $f$ map boundary of $M$ to boundary of $N$ upto homotopy i.e. when there is a map $F:M\to N$ homotopic to $f$ such ...