Questions tagged [dimension-theory]

Hausdorff dimension, box dimension, packing dimension and similar concepts.

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Dimension of Cartesian products

Is there a notion of dimension such that for all Borel sets $A,B\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{n}$ we have $$ \dim(A\times B)=\dim(A)+\dim(B)?$$ For topological, Minkowski, packing and Hausdorff dimension this ...
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125 views

Embedding CW-complexes into infinite-dimensional topological vector spaces

Sometimes it is desirable to embed CW-complexes into real vector spaces, to use a simple linear algebra to work with them. Result on embedding into Euclidean spaces are well known, check Hatcher‘s ...
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Selection theorems and homeomorphism groups

All spaces are separable metrizable. Let $f:X\to Y$ be a continuous open mapping from a Polish space $X$ onto a zero-dimensional space $Y$. By the Michael selection theorem (zero-dimensional version), ...
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Hausdorff dimension and critical exponent of words

What is the Hausdorff dimension of the subset $S_c \subset [0,1]$ of points such that the critical exponent of their binary expansion is $c$? It's clear that $\dim_H S_{\infty}=1$, but what can be ...
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Investigating a 1/2 -dimensional sphere and defining a fractional Euclidean space

A small note I'm a new member on MO and I'm not sure if this question fits in here. If not, please don't be too hard on me. I am transferring a question I asked on MSE in here, because the user who ...
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Increasing a nowhere dense set in $\mathfrak E_{\mathrm{c}}$

Let $X$ be a closed nowhere dense subset of the complete Erdos space $$\mathfrak E_{\mathrm{c}}=\{x\in \ell^2:x_n\notin \mathbb Q\text{ for all }n<\omega\}.$$ Can you always find a closed nowhere ...
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Equidimensional Morphism

I am reading the paper "Relative Cycles and Chow Sheaves" due to Suslin and Voevodsky. Here we have the following definition: Definition 2.1.2. A morphism of schemes $p:X\rightarrow S$ is ...
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Isotopy Classes and Embeddability of Products in $\mathbb{R}^2$

On MSE I asked if the plane contains an uncountable collection of mutually disjoint copies of the Warsaw Circle; it seems to be false, and is probably already known but I'm not sure that anybody has ...
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1answer
75 views

Control on dimension of image

Let $f:E\rightarrow F$ be a map between Banach spaces E and F; E finite dimensional (>0) and F infinite dimensional. Let $F$ be equipped with its weak topology and suppose that $f$ is strong-weak ...
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37 views

Closed set with full box dimension and non-full Hausdorff dimension

Tried posting this on math.SE first but didn't get any responses. Is there an example of a closed set $E \subseteq [0,1]$ such that $\dim_B(E) = 1$ and $\dim_H(E) < 1$? Here $\dim_B$ is box (...
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On the dimension of the projected rank $r$ matrix space

In $d$-dimensional complex number space $\mathbb{C}^{ d}$, we can define the rank at most $r$ matrix space $$ S=\{A|\ \mathrm{rank}(A)\leq r\}\subseteq \mathbb{C}^{d\times d}. $$ The dimension of ...
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Existence of stable spaces

An element $X$ of a class of topological spaces is called the stable space for that class if for every space $Y$ in the class we have that $X\times Y$ is homeomorphic to $X$. Note that a stable space ...
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118 views

Subset of $\mathbb R$ with equal Fourier, Hausdorff and Minkowski dimensions

It is a standard fact that for $0\leq s\le1$, there is a compact set $C\subseteq [0,1]$ with Hausdorff and Minkowski dimensions $s$ (by modifying the construction of a Cantor set). It is also a ...
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Can someone please help me understand the concept of twins? [closed]

I am unable to understand Lemma 2.3 of Carmen Hernando, Mercè Mora, Ignacio M. Pelayo, Carlos Seara, David R. Wood, Extremal Graph Theory for Metric Dimension and Diameter, Electronic J. ...
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Which metrizable spaces can be embedded into the countable power of $\omega$ with the cofinite topology?

Let $\omega_{cf}$ be the countable space $\omega=\{0,1,2,3,\dots\}$ endowed with the cofinite topology $$\tau_{cf}=\{\emptyset\}\cup\{U\subseteq\omega:\omega\setminus U\mbox{ is finite}\}.$$ It is ...
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Minkowski (box-counting) dimension of generalized Cantor set

I'm trying to solve this problem. For $0<\alpha, \beta<1,$ let $K_{\alpha, \beta}$ be the Cantor set obtained as an intersection of the following nested compact sets. $K_{\alpha, \beta}^{0}=[0,...
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219 views

Is the Hilbert cube the countable union of punctiform spaces?

Recall that a (separable) metric space is called punctiform, if all its compact subspaces are zero-dimensional. While "natural" spaces would seem to be punctiform if they already themselves ...
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How to understand the “boundary” of subscheme, as defined in “An elementary characterisation of Krull dimension”

In An elementary characterisation of Krull dimension and A short proof for the Krull dimension of a polynomial ring, Coquand, Lombardi, and Roy give an elementary characterization of Krull dimension, ...
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A natural $\mathbb Q\times \mathbb P$ subset of $\mathbb R$?

I would like a simple description of a dense subset of $\mathbb R$ which is homeomorphic to $\mathbb Q\times \mathbb P$. Preferably the description will be of an algebraic nature, and perhaps the set ...
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What is the analog of the symmetrized Jacobi matrix for delay equations?

For a linear system of ODEs in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ (with the usual inner product), say $\dot{V}(t) = A(t) V(t)$, we know that if $\xi_{1},\ldots,\xi_{k} \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $V_{j}(t)=V_{j}(t,\xi_{j})$...
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156 views

$\varepsilon$-net of a $d$-dimensional unit ball formed by power set of $V = \{+1, 0 -1\}^d$

I have a set of $d$-dimensional vectors $V = \{+1, 0, -1\}^d $. Then $P(V)$ constitutes the power set of $V$. I now construct a set of unit vectors $V_{\mathrm{sum}}$ from the power set $P(V)$ such ...
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Unknown work of Nöbeling on topological/Hausdorff dimension

Let $\mathcal{H}^n$ denote the Hausdorff measure, $\dim_H X$ the Hausdorff dimension, and $\dim X$ the topological dimension of $X$. A well known result of Szpilrajn (He changed his name to ...
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What is special to dimension 8?

Dimension $8$ seems special, as the partial list below might indicate. Is there any overarching reason that dim-$8$ is "more special" than, say, dim-$9$? Surely it isn't it, in the end, simply because ...
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83 views

Perfect images of complete Erdős space

Let $\mathbb P$ denote the space of irrational numbers. In an answer to this question, Taras Banakh showed that the perfect images of $\mathbb P$ are precisely the Polish spaces with no compact ...
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1answer
183 views

Quotients of the irrationals

Everyone knows that there is a closed equivalence relation $\sim$ on the Cantor set $C$ such that each non-trivial equivalence class has exactly $2$ points and $[0,1]\simeq C/\sim$. Thus a closed ...
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Fourier dimension of radial set

In his 1967 article "Sur un theoreme de R. Salem", Gatesoupe proved that if a set $A\subset [0,1]$ has Fourier dimension $\alpha$ then the set $\tilde A:=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n: |x| \in A\}$ has Fourier ...
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414 views

The “core” of complete Erdős space

This question is about the Erdős spaces: $\mathfrak E=\{x\in \ell^2:x_n\in \mathbb Q\text{ for all $n<\omega$}\}$; and $\mathfrak E_c=\{x\in \ell^2:x_n\in \mathbb P\text{ for all $n<\omega$}\}...
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782 views

Is the complement of a zero-dimensional subset of the plane path-connected?

Let $X$ be a zero-dimensional subset of the plane $\mathbb R ^2$. Is $\mathbb R ^2\setminus X$ necessarily path-connected? I feel the answer must be yes but I need a reference. If it helps, assume $...
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1answer
141 views

A classification of $G_{\delta\sigma}$ zero-dimensional spaces?

Among separable metrizable spaces: Cantor set is the unique compact zero-dimensional space without isolated points. $\mathbb Q$ is the unique countable space without isolated points $\mathbb R \...
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Real Rank of $M_n(A)$

The real rank for C*-algebras was defined by Brown-Pedersen in [1] as a noncommutative analog of covering dimension. Given a unital C*-algebra $A$, its real rank $\mathrm{rr}(A)$ is the smallest ...
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886 views

A set whose Hausdorff dimension gradually changes?

Can there be a set whose Hausdorff dimension gradually changes? For instance, a set of real numbers contained in an interval, whose Hausdorff dimension is 0 at the beginning and 1 closer to the end, ...
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1answer
719 views

Why are homeomorphism groups important?

For a compact metric space $X$ let $\mathcal H(X)$ denote the set of homeomorphisms in the compact-open topology (also generated by sup metric). It is known that $\mathcal H(X)$ is a Polish ...
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140 views

Separating a countable closed set from a point

Let 𝑋 be a separable metrizable space. An intersection of clopen subsets of $X$ is called a C-set. Question. If each singleton of $X$ is a C-set, $A\subseteq X$ is closed and countable, $x\in X\...
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408 views

Is there an almost strongly zero-dimensional space which is not strongly zero-dimensional

A Tychonoff space $X$ is called strongly zero-dimensional if each functionally closed subset $F$ of $X$ is a $C$-set, which means that $F$ is the intersection of a sequences of clopen sets in $X$. A ...
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1answer
188 views

One-dimensional compacta as projective limits

Let $X$ be a (not necessarily metrizable) Hausdorff compact space of covering dimension = 1. Is it possible to express $X$ as a filtering projective limit of finite graphs? Here finite graphs ...
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Dimension of Alexandrov space which is homeomorphic to a manifold

Let $M^n$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $n$. Let $M$ given a metric with curvature bounded below in the sense of Alexandrov which induces the original topology of $M$. It is true that the ...
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1answer
437 views

Dimension of a topological space equals the supremum of the dimension of open subsets in an open cover

For a topological space $X$ which is covered by a family of open subsets $\{U_i\}$, show that $\dim(X)=\sup (\dim(U_i))$. I understand that $\dim(X)\geq \sup(\dim(U_i))$, so it only suffices to show ...
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Examples of essentially sub-linear functions

A dimension function is an increasing, continuous function $% f:\mathbb R_{+}\rightarrow \mathbb R_{+}$ such that $f(r)\to 0$ as $r\to 0$. Say that a dimension function $f$ is essentially sub-linear ...
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1answer
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Hausdorff outer measure is finite if $\sum_{j = 1}^m |f(x_i)-f(x_{i-1})|^s \le c$ [closed]

Let $f:[0,1] \to \mathbb{R}, G = graph(f)$. If $\sum_{j = 1}^m |f(x_i)-f(x_{i-1})|^s \le c$ for all partitions $0 = x_0< \ldots < x_m = 1 $ then $H^s(G) < \infty$ What technique can I use to ...
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258 views

Covering lemmas in Hochman's ''On self-similar sets with overlaps and inverse theorems for entropy''

I am confused about the covering lemmas in the captioned work and really hope to get some ideas here. Firstly it is lemma 3.7. (Image of Lemma 3.7) (for convenience here is the lemma of this lemma (...
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198 views

Box dimension of the graph of an increasing function

This Hausdorff dimension of the graph of an increasing function shows that: Let $f$ be a continuous, strictly increasing function from $[0,1]$ to itself with $f(0)=0, f(1)=1$. Then $dim_H \; G = ...
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Existence of subset with given Hausdorff dimension

Let $A\subseteq \mathbb{R}$ be Lebesgue-measurable and let $0<\alpha<1$ be its Hausdorff dimension. For a given $0<\beta <\alpha$ can we find a subset $B\subset A$ with Hausdorff ...
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484 views

Topological dimension of the image of continuous surjective functions

Consider two topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ and $(Y,\omega)$ and a continuous surjective function $f\colon X\to Y$. Let $\mathrm{dim}(X)$ and $\mathrm{dim}(Y)$ denote the Lebesgue covering dimension ...
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1answer
183 views

Graded Grothendieck Group and Hilbert Polynomial

I was wondering if any of the arguments from elementary dimension theory of local noetherian rings could be simplified with knowledge of the Grothendieck group. Let $A$ be a noetherian graded $K$-...
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1answer
175 views

Real rank 0 implies stable rank 1 on $C^\ast$-algebras?

A $C^\ast$ algebra has defined stable rank (https://www.univie.ac.at/nuhag-php/bibtex/open_files/2079_Rieffel-StableRank.pdf) and real rank (https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/82123484.pdf), which are ...
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70 views

Set with modified lower box counting dimension strictly less than Hausdorff dimension

Please, can someone give (as simple as possible) example of the set for which modified lower box counting dimension is strictly smaller than Hausdorff dimension?
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118 views

Infinite Noetherian ring of dimension $1$ in which distinct non-zero ideals have distinct and finite index

Let $R$ be an infinite commutative ring with unity such that every non-zero ideal has finite index. Then $R$ is Noetherian, every non-zero prime ideal is maximal , and I can also show that $R$ is an ...
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1answer
391 views

A question on dominant morphism of affine schemes

Let $A \subseteq B$ be a ring extension where $A,B$ are both finitely generated $\mathbb C$-domain of the same Krull dimension. Also assume $A$ is regular (i.e. $A_{ \mathfrak p}$ is regular local ...
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906 views

If $\text{dim}(X \times X) = 2\text{dim}(X)$, does $\text{dim}(X^n) = n\text{dim}(X)$?

I have been learning some (topological) dimension theory and have gotten through most of the basic material, at this point, and am about to start looking at papers. In particular, I want to get ...
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1answer
119 views

Understanding equivalent condition for covering dimension

Let dim $X$ denote the Lebesgue covering dimension for a topological space $X$. Now a result in common books concerning dimension theory states the following: If $X$ is a normal topological space, ...