# Questions tagged [duality]

Use for questions regarding duality of mathematical object, i.e. dual spaces, objects with two possible interpretations etc.

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### Weak*-separability of the unit ball of $X’$ and density characters and cardinalities of $X$ and $X’$

(This question has also been asked on Math StackExchange.) Let $X$ be a Banach space, $X’$ be its continuous dual such that its unit ball is weak*-separable. I’ve been wondering what can be said about ...
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### Complemented subspaces of a dual Banach space

Let $\kappa$ be an infinite cardinal number and by $\mathcal{B}(\kappa)$ denote the class of all Banach spaces of density $\kappa$. My question reads as follows: Does there exist $\kappa$ for which ...
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### Duality for finite quotient groups of finitely generated free abelian groups

$\newcommand{\Z}{{\Bbb Z}} \newcommand{\Q}{{\Bbb Q}} \newcommand{\Hom}{{\rm Hom}}$ The following lemma is certainly known. Lemma (well-known). Let $B$ be a lattice (that is, a finitely generated ...
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### Is it possible to deduce Poincaré duality from duality of polytopes?

I'm having trouble understanding Poincaré duality, as it seems unmotivated. Here for instance: https://math.stackexchange.com/a/14469/454016 Poincaré duality is explained through a duality of ...
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### Isbell duality between algebras and sheaves

nLab says on Isbell duality, the following: A general abstract adjunction $(\mathcal{O} \dashv \operatorname{Spec}) : \mathrm{CoPresheaves} \leftrightarrows \mathrm{Presheaves}$ relates (higher) ...
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### Riesz representation theorem for duals of spaces of continuously differentiable functions

Let $k$ be a positive integer. I am looking for a possibly exhaustive reference discussing representation of dual spaces of $C^k_b(\mathbb{R}^d)$, $C^k_0(\mathbb{R}^d)$, or at least $C^k(K)$ for ...
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### On the Euler characteristic of a Poincaré duality space

Background. Suppose that $M$ is an oriented, connected, closed manifold of dimension $d$ with fundamental class $\mu \in H_d(M;\Bbb Z)$. Let $\Delta : M \to M \times M$ be the diagonal map. Then the ...
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### Is $(K^*)^{**}=(K^{**})^*$ for any cone $K$?

I'm considering the dual cone $K^*$ of a non-convex cone $K$. I came up with a theory that $K^{**}$ is the closure of convex hull of $K$. Then I wonder whether $(K^*)^{**}=(K^{**})^*$ holds for any ...
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### Does Grothendieck duality hold without taking RHom?

I asked this very basic question about Grothendieck Duality on the Stack--exchange some time ago, without any replies. I'm therefore asking the question here to test my luck. Let $f:X\to Y$ be a ...
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### Confusion about the (Grothendieck–Poincaré) double dual of reflexive differentials vs usual differentials on a normal Cohen–Macaulay scheme

$\DeclareMathOperator\Hom{Hom}$Let $\mathcal{A}$ be an abelian category, my question is about the case when $\mathcal{A}$ is the category of quasi-coherent sheaves on a scheme $X$. There is a fully ...
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### Unifying two definitions of $L^\infty$

Let $X$ be a locally compact Hausdorff space and $\mu$ a Radon measure on $X$. Definitions: A subset $E\subseteq X$ is called locally Borel if $F \cap E$ is Borel for every Borel set $F\subseteq X$ ...
There is a Serre dualizing complex $S_X\in D^b Coh(X)$ for any scheme $X$ of finite type. For proper schemes, it is characterized as the sheaf defining the right adjoint to derived global sections, ...