# Questions tagged [chern-simons-theory]

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57
questions

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123 views

### Equivariant Venice Lemma

In the paper J. Simons and D. Sullivan. Structured vector bundles define differential K-theory, one of the key ideas is the so called Venice Lemma, which essentially can be stated as
Theorem: For ...

**4**

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**0**answers

152 views

### Does Dijkgraaf-Witten theory have a time-reversal symmetry?

By having a time-reversal symmetry I mean that there is a local anti-unitary symmetry (representing the non-trivial element of $Z_2$) of the state-sum construction (or, if you want, of the associated ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Importance of the principal bundle in Chern-Simons theory

This is a very basic beginners question about Chern-Simons theory. The configurations that we sum over to get the partition function are given by a Lie-algebra valued 1-form $A$ on a topological 3-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Gauge invariance of Chern-Simons functional integral for a 3-manifold with boundary

I am trying to understand how the functional integral for Chern-Simons theory for a possibly non-compact 3-manifold with boundary is made gauge invariant.
For a compact 3-manifold, $M$, without ...

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48 views

### Possibility of defining Chern character form in terms of odd Chern Character form?

Given a complex vector bundle $E\to X$ with a connection $\nabla^E$ and an automorphism $U$ of $E\to X$, one can define an odd Chern character form $\textrm{ch}(\nabla, U)$ in terms of Chern character ...

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102 views

### 3d Chern-Simons TQFT of gauge group (E8)$_1$ = SO(16)$_1 \otimes$ a trivial spin TQFT = Cartan E$_8$ matrix

In this post, we like to relate the following 3 bosonic TQFTs that can be defined on generic non-spin manifold $M^3$.
Given a non-abelian Chern-Simons (CS) TQFT of a gauge group $G$ and the $k$ named ...

**2**

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**1**answer

190 views

### The exterior derivative of a certain differential form on the space of connections of a surface

Let $Y$ be a closed oriented $2$-dimensional manifold, $G$ a Lie group and $Q \to Y$ a principal $G$-bundle with a given section $q.$ Denote by $\mathcal{A}_Q$ the space of connections on $Q,$ and by $...

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205 views

### What is variation of the Chern-Simons functional, and why can it be calculated as follows?

Let $G$ be a Lie group. Assume that we have an Ad-invariant bilinear symmetric form $$\langle-,-\rangle : \mathfrak{g} \times \mathfrak{g} \to \mathbb{C}.$$ Given a smooth manifold $X,$ we let $\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### The existence of the extension of a non-trivial line bundle

In Three Dimensional Gravity Revisted, Witten studied the Abelian Chern-Simons theory in three dimensions.
Let $W$ be a three dimensional manifold. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a non-trivial line-bundle over ...

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118 views

### Chern-Simons and framing dependence$.$

I posted this question to physics.SE last week (cf. here), but it got not attention. I hope it is not too trivial to post it here.
According to ref.1, the correlation functions of a Chern-Simons ...

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289 views

### Eta-Invariant and Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Index Theorem

In Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial (equation 2.16), Witten used a formula relating the APS eta-invariant to the Chern-Simons action. Witten claimed that it is derived from the Atiyah-Patodi-...

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130 views

### Variation Formula of APS $\eta$-Invariant and Chern-Simons Theory

In Perturbative Expansion of Chern-Simons Theory with Noncompact Gauge Group, the author proved the variation formula of the APS $\eta$-invariant. I have a few questions about their proof. I will ...

**5**

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217 views

### Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge groups G

This is related to a previous question, where a nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T. There we ask the general ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### The Precise Meaning of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections?

Questions: I would like to have a precise description of the meanings of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections, such that it is understandable by mathematical physicists and physicists.
For 3d Chern-...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

680 views

### How is Chern-Simons theory related to Floer homology?

Chern-Simons theory (say, with gauge group $G$) is the quantum theory of the Chern-Simons functional
$$CS(A)=\frac{k}{8\pi^2}\int_M \text{Tr}\left(A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A\wedge A \wedge A\right)$$
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### How do I calculate the modular fusion category from a given Lie algebra and level in Chern-Simons theory?

In Chern-Simons theory, one has modular fusion categories that are labelled by a Lie algebra and a "level", e.g. $SU(2)_2$ ("$SU(2)$ level $2$").
Physically this modular fusion category describes the ...

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63 views

### Is there an analog of a Chern-Simons formula for the pfaffian $Pf(F)$ of a $SO(2n)$ curvature $F$?

..something similar to $tr(A \wedge dA + 2/3 * A \wedge A \wedge A)$ for $n = 2$ ?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Why is the Chern Number Invariant under A Continuously Shrinking of the Structure Group?

In Witten's paper Three Dimensional Gravity Revisited and Quantization of Chern-Simons Theory with Complex Gauge Group, he used a fact that for a principal $G$-bundle, the quantization of the Chern ...

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271 views

### What is $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$-Chern-SImons Theory?

I found in physics that Chern-Simons theory is closely related with three dimensional gravity.
From this paper Three Dimensional Gravity Revisited, the author talks about the Chern-Simons for
$$\...

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214 views

### Twisted Chern-Simons, and Twisted Wess-Zumino Term

I am asking this question about Chern-Simons theory from the paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial" by Edward Witten.
Let $M$ be a closed three dimensional manifold, and $P\rightarrow M$ ...

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201 views

### Define the 3d Chern-Simons TQFT on a discrete simplicial complex

Question: What is the challenge and the current status to define the 3d Chern-Simons(-Witten) (CSW) theory on a simplicial complex or on a discrete lattice? (Or is there a no-go or an obstruction ...

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103 views

### tertiary characteristic class: integration of the Chern-Simons form

Let $P \to M$ be a trivial principal circle bundle with connection $A$ over a closed 3-manifold $M$. The Chern-Simons 3-form of the connection is defined by $\mathrm{CS}(A) = A \wedge dA$. Suppose ...

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288 views

### Integrality of the Chern-Simons form and normalization of the action

I'm somewhat confused about normalization of the Chern-Simons action (for arbitrary compact gauge group). If we have a trivial principal bundle we write
$$S(A)=\frac{k}{8\pi^2}\int_M\text{Tr}\left(A\...

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191 views

### Equivalence classes of Wilson lines in $SU(2)_k$ Chern-Simons theory

One basic aspect of the 3D TQFT/2D CFT correspondence that I'd like to understand better is the following. It is often said that the ground states of Chern-Simons theory on a (spatial) torus are in ...

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**2**answers

535 views

### Value of the Chern-Simons functional for flat connections on $S^3/\Gamma$

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of SU(2) and consider the quotient of $S^3$ by $\Gamma$ via its left action. Pick a simply connected compact Lie group $G$ and take a flat connection on this quotient....

**3**

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**1**answer

242 views

### 4-dimensional TQFT with/without requiring spin structure

My questions here are focused on $D$-dimensional topological quantum field theories (TQFTs) which are unitary and which have finite dimensional Hilbert space on a closed spatial manifold $M^{d-1}$. ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Chern-Simons forms, characteristic numbers, and boundary terms?

For any principal $G$-bundle $P \to M$ with principal connection $\omega$, given a $G$-invariant polynomial $p: \mathfrak{g} \to \mathbb{R}$ we can construct a form $p(F_\omega)$ on $P$ which descends ...

**3**

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**1**answer

856 views

### Differential characters, Chern-Simons forms, and differential cohomology

I've read through the classic Chern-Simons paper where they introduce the Chern-Simons forms. These are differential forms whose exterior derivative gives you the characteristic forms for any given ...

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162 views

### Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360).
There, it was mentioned, the ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### $A \wedge A \wedge A$ in Chern-Simons

I am confused with the wedging operations of Lie algebra valued differential forms. Especially, for instance, I have some problems with the Chern-Simons 3-form
$$A \wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A \wedge A \...

**3**

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**1**answer

239 views

### Chern-Simons invariants of 2-bridge knots

2-bridge links $L(p/q)$ are described by the continuous fraction expansion $\frac{p}{q}=\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\right]$, where the $a_i$ are the numbers of twists in the boxes below:
Looking at some ...

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**3**answers

572 views

### 2-bridge knots in the Rolfsen's table

2-bridge knots (aka rational knots) $K(p,q)$ are described by a rational number $\frac{p}{q}$ or likewise its continued fraction expansion $\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_k\right]$.
Has somebody worked out a ...

**6**

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**1**answer

315 views

### Ground State Degeneracy of 2+1D U(1) Chern Simons Theory?

I am a physics graduate student trying to understand more mathematical aspects of gauge theories.
How can I understand ground state degeneracy of a simple Chern Simons Theory: 2+1D U(1) $S= \int_M ...

**8**

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**1**answer

334 views

### Does the limit in the Volume conjecture converge?

The Volume conjecture says that if $J_n(q)$ are the colored Jones polynomials of a knot $K \subset S^3$, then
$$\lim_{N \to \infty} \frac{ 2 \pi}N \left\vert J_N(e^{2\pi i / N})\right\vert = vol(K)$$
...

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2k views

### What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a $3$-...

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2k views

### Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Classical and Quantum Chern-Simons Theory

Please excuse a sloppy question from an old user who hasn't been here in a long time. I think the expertise here is such that it can be answered anyway.
Let $\Sigma$ be a two-manifold and $M$ a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The trace of a wedge product of matrices

I'm trying understand a computation on page 371 of Besse's book on Einstein Manifolds.
I already know the curvature operator $R:\bigwedge^2\to\bigwedge^2$ may be written in block diagonal form ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Gauss linking integral and quadratic reciprocity

In the setting of Mazur's "primes and knots" analogy, prime ideals $\mathfrak p\subset\mathcal O_K$ correspond to "knots" $\operatorname{Spec}\mathcal O_K/\mathfrak p$ inside a "3-manifold" $\...

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630 views

### H^d[U(1)^n,U(1)] of the Borel cohomology and Chern-Simons theory

Firstly I apologize that I am a physicist, with a relatively unrigorous math training. My approach of the problem can be Feynman style. Below $Z$ is the integer $\mathbb{Z}$, and $U(1)$ Abelian group ...

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4k views

### How to understand Chern-Simons action

Hi all. The question I have should be a rather simple one, but I just can't think it through.
So the Chern-Simons action reads
\begin{equation}
S = \int_M {\rm tr} (A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3} A\wedge A ...

**9**

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**4**answers

721 views

### Understand Witten's “QFT and Jones Polynomials” - how does he get to the twisted Dirac operator L_{-}?

Hi,
this is my first post here, so I hope I am asking the question the right way.
I am trying to understand to following piece of algebra:
In his paper, Witten claims that $\int_M Tr(B \wedge DB) + \...

**27**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### The Chern-Simons/Wess-Zumino-Witten correspondence

I have often seen a relationship being alluded to between these two theories but I am unable to find any literature which proves/derives/explains this relationship.
I guess in the condensed matter ...

**9**

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**1**answer

750 views

### Analog of “Spin” Chern-Simons Theory

3-dimensional Chern-Simons theories, with compact gauge group $G$, are determined by $H^4(BG)$. Looking at $U(1)$, with generator $c_1^2\in H^4(BU(1))=\mathbb{Z}$ for 1st Chern class $c_1$, there are ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Set of physical states of FQHE on closed Riemann surface = ?

Disclaimer. One might argue that my question is off topic as it is clearly a question about physics... But I'd like a mathematically phrased answer,
and I expect that only a mathematician can offer an ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

510 views

### Is the quantum dilogarithm related in any way to cohomology of quantum groups?

Is the quantum dilogarithm related in any way to cohomology of quantum groups?
This question is a bit vague, and I don't have any rigorous justification for such a connection, but let me explain why ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

612 views

### Is there a simplicial volume definition of Chern Simons invariants?

Suppose we have some compact hyperbolic 3-manifold $M=\Gamma\backslash\mathbb H^3$. Now we know that the hyperbolic volume of $M$ can be defined as (a constant times) the simplicial volume of the ...

**5**

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**1**answer

639 views

### SL(2,C) Chern-Simons theory in genus 1

In http://projecteuclid.org/DPubS?service=UI&version=1.0&verb=Display&handle=euclid.cmp/1104202513, Witten claims (p. 54) that to quantize the moduli space of flat $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

617 views

### Deriving the Hilbert spaces for Chern-Simons TQFTs with complex gauge group

One method for finding the Hilbert spaces corresponding to surfaces in Chern-Simons TQFT is by geometrically quantizing the phase space, which is just the character variety of the surface. I know that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### Why does the Cheeger--Chern--Simons class descend to H_3(G/B)?

Cheeger and Simons here defined a family of characteristic classes for principal $G$-bundles ($G$ a Lie group). I'm interested in the special case of $\hat c_2:H_3(SL(2,\mathbb C);\mathbb Z)\to\...