Questions tagged [chern-simons-theory]

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3 votes
1 answer
66 views

Explicit examples of Classical, Flat $U(2)$-connections on a torus link complement with non-trivial holonomy

I am looking for non-trivial examples of flat $U(2)$ connections over the complement of a torus link $\mathcal{S}^3-L$ i.e. $\mathcal{A}:\mathcal{S}^3-L \longrightarrow \mathfrak{U}(2)$ such that $F_{\...
8 votes
0 answers
169 views

What does the Chern-Simons invariant of a hyperbolic $3$-manifold mean?

Let $M$ be a closed $3$-manifold and $\rho : \pi_1(M) \to \operatorname{SL}_2(\mathbb C)$ a representation. (Feel free to replace $\rho$ with a flat $\mathfrak{sl}_2$ connection with holonomy $\rho$.) ...
2 votes
0 answers
72 views

On the "integrality condition" of the bilinear form in the Chern-Simons action

Let $G$ be a Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and let $\pi:P\to\mathcal{M}$ be a principal $G$-bundle over a smooth orientable manifold $\mathcal{M}$. Furthermore, let $\langle\cdot,\cdot\...
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

What does it mean for correlation functions to be dominated by the vacuum block for a 2D CFT?

In a 2D CFT, correlation functions dominated by the vacuum block have no conical defects. You can calculate the OPE and determine the correlation function using the D-S equations and cancel out UV ...
8 votes
2 answers
361 views

Formula for the anomalies of spin Chern-Simons theories?

$\newcommand{\SH}{\mathit{SH}}\newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb Z}$Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\lambda\in H^4(BG;\Z)$. The data $(G, \lambda)$ determine a 3d topological field theory called Chern-Simons ...
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1 vote
1 answer
153 views

Is there a combinatorial way to determine the coefficients of the universal finite-type invariant on a given knot?

There are various (equivalent?) descriptions of a universal finite-type knot invariant, e.g. https://arxiv.org/abs/q-alg/9603010. They take the form of formal power series valued in Feynman diagrams (...
7 votes
1 answer
198 views

Can the Chern-Simons invariant of a cusped hyperbolic $3$-manfiold be defined mod $\mathbb Z$?

For a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$, the Chern-Simons invariant $CS(M)$ can be defined as an element of $\mathbb R/\mathbb Z$. When $M$ is cusped it can still be defined, but is now only defined ...
5 votes
0 answers
160 views

References for computing $n$-point correlations in Chern-Simons theory

I am interested in learning how to compute $n$-point correlation functions in Chern-Simons theory, thought of as a TQFT (similar to Witten's work linking that theory to knot theory). I am mostly ...
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9 votes
0 answers
271 views

What is the current state of research in Chern-Simons theory?

I'm a PhD student in mathematical physics looking for some orientation. As asked in the title, I would like to know the current state of research in Chern-Simons theory. More specifically, what are ...
3 votes
1 answer
371 views

Derive how the level quantization for 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals?

Let us consider abelian and non-abelian 3d quantum Chern-Simons theory path integrals: abelian Chern-Simons theory on non-spin manifolds --- $$ \int [DA]\exp(i \frac{k}{2\pi} \int_X (A \wedge dA )) ...
6 votes
0 answers
218 views

Equivariant Venice Lemma

In the paper J. Simons and D. Sullivan. Structured vector bundles define differential K-theory, one of the key ideas is the so called Venice Lemma, which essentially can be stated as Theorem: For ...
4 votes
0 answers
206 views

Does Dijkgraaf-Witten theory have a time-reversal symmetry?

By having a time-reversal symmetry I mean that there is a local anti-unitary symmetry (representing the non-trivial element of $Z_2$) of the state-sum construction (or, if you want, of the associated ...
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11 votes
1 answer
552 views

Importance of the principal bundle in Chern-Simons theory

This is a very basic beginners question about Chern-Simons theory. The configurations that we sum over to get the partition function are given by a Lie-algebra valued 1-form $A$ on a topological 3-...
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5 votes
1 answer
489 views

Gauge invariance of Chern-Simons functional integral for a 3-manifold with boundary

I am trying to understand how the functional integral for Chern-Simons theory for a possibly non-compact 3-manifold with boundary is made gauge invariant. For a compact 3-manifold, $M$, without ...
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1 vote
0 answers
78 views

Possibility of defining Chern character form in terms of odd Chern Character form?

Given a complex vector bundle $E\to X$ with a connection $\nabla^E$ and an automorphism $U$ of $E\to X$, one can define an odd Chern character form $\textrm{ch}(\nabla, U)$ in terms of Chern character ...
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4 votes
0 answers
162 views

3d Chern-Simons TQFT of gauge group (E8)$_1$ = SO(16)$_1 \otimes$ a trivial spin TQFT = Cartan E$_8$ matrix

In this post, we like to relate the following 3 bosonic TQFTs that can be defined on generic non-spin manifold $M^3$. Given a non-abelian Chern-Simons (CS) TQFT of a gauge group $G$ and the $k$ named ...
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2 votes
1 answer
356 views

The exterior derivative of a certain differential form on the space of connections of a surface

Let $Y$ be a closed oriented $2$-dimensional manifold, $G$ a Lie group and $Q \to Y$ a principal $G$-bundle with a given section $q.$ Denote by $\mathcal{A}_Q$ the space of connections on $Q,$ and by $...
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4 votes
0 answers
303 views

What is variation of the Chern-Simons functional, and why can it be calculated as follows?

Let $G$ be a Lie group. Assume that we have an Ad-invariant bilinear symmetric form $$\langle-,-\rangle : \mathfrak{g} \times \mathfrak{g} \to \mathbb{C}.$$ Given a smooth manifold $X,$ we let $\...
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5 votes
1 answer
209 views

The existence of the extension of a non-trivial line bundle

In Three Dimensional Gravity Revisted, Witten studied the Abelian Chern-Simons theory in three dimensions. Let $W$ be a three dimensional manifold. Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a non-trivial line-bundle over ...
4 votes
0 answers
182 views

Chern-Simons and framing dependence$.$

I posted this question to physics.SE last week (cf. here), but it got not attention. I hope it is not too trivial to post it here. According to ref.1, the correlation functions of a Chern-Simons ...
13 votes
0 answers
971 views

Eta-Invariant and Atiyah-Patodi-Singer Index Theorem

In Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial (equation 2.16), Witten used a formula relating the APS eta-invariant to the Chern-Simons action. Witten claimed that it is derived from the Atiyah-Patodi-...
6 votes
0 answers
187 views

Variation Formula of APS $\eta$-Invariant and Chern-Simons Theory

In Perturbative Expansion of Chern-Simons Theory with Noncompact Gauge Group, the author proved the variation formula of the APS $\eta$-invariant. I have a few questions about their proof. I will ...
5 votes
0 answers
333 views

Chern-Simons theory with non-compact gauge groups G

This is related to a previous question, where a nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T. There we ask the general ...
  • 10k
10 votes
1 answer
639 views

The Precise Meaning of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections?

Questions: I would like to have a precise description of the meanings of the Moduli Space of Flat Connections, such that it is understandable by mathematical physicists and physicists. For 3d Chern-...
  • 10k
18 votes
1 answer
1k views

How is Chern-Simons theory related to Floer homology?

Chern-Simons theory (say, with gauge group $G$) is the quantum theory of the Chern-Simons functional $$CS(A)=\frac{k}{8\pi^2}\int_M \text{Tr}\left(A\wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A\wedge A \wedge A\right)$$ ...
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7 votes
2 answers
288 views

How do I calculate the modular fusion category from a given Lie algebra and level in Chern-Simons theory?

In Chern-Simons theory, one has modular fusion categories that are labelled by a Lie algebra and a "level", e.g. $SU(2)_2$ ("$SU(2)$ level $2$"). Physically this modular fusion category describes the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
71 views

Is there an analog of a Chern-Simons formula for the pfaffian $Pf(F)$ of a $SO(2n)$ curvature $F$?

..something similar to $tr(A \wedge dA + 2/3 * A \wedge A \wedge A)$ for $n = 2$ ?
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1 vote
1 answer
216 views

Why is the Chern Number Invariant under A Continuously Shrinking of the Structure Group?

In Witten's paper Three Dimensional Gravity Revisited and Quantization of Chern-Simons Theory with Complex Gauge Group, he used a fact that for a principal $G$-bundle, the quantization of the Chern ...
8 votes
0 answers
423 views

What is $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$-Chern-SImons Theory?

I found in physics that Chern-Simons theory is closely related with three dimensional gravity. From this paper Three Dimensional Gravity Revisited, the author talks about the Chern-Simons for $$\...
9 votes
0 answers
308 views

Twisted Chern-Simons, and Twisted Wess-Zumino Term

I am asking this question about Chern-Simons theory from the paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial" by Edward Witten. Let $M$ be a closed three dimensional manifold, and $P\rightarrow M$ ...
17 votes
1 answer
668 views

Define the 3d Chern-Simons TQFT on a discrete simplicial complex

Question: What is the challenge and the current status to define the 3d Chern-Simons(-Witten) (CSW) theory on a simplicial complex or on a discrete lattice? (Or is there a no-go or an obstruction ...
  • 10k
4 votes
0 answers
137 views

tertiary characteristic class: integration of the Chern-Simons form

Let $P \to M$ be a trivial principal circle bundle with connection $A$ over a closed 3-manifold $M$. The Chern-Simons 3-form of the connection is defined by $\mathrm{CS}(A) = A \wedge dA$. Suppose ...
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6 votes
0 answers
376 views

Integrality of the Chern-Simons form and normalization of the action

I'm somewhat confused about normalization of the Chern-Simons action (for arbitrary compact gauge group). If we have a trivial principal bundle we write $$S(A)=\frac{k}{8\pi^2}\int_M\text{Tr}\left(A\...
11 votes
0 answers
322 views

Equivalence classes of Wilson lines in $SU(2)_k$ Chern-Simons theory

One basic aspect of the 3D TQFT/2D CFT correspondence that I'd like to understand better is the following. It is often said that the ground states of Chern-Simons theory on a (spatial) torus are in ...
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7 votes
2 answers
600 views

Value of the Chern-Simons functional for flat connections on $S^3/\Gamma$

Let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of SU(2) and consider the quotient of $S^3$ by $\Gamma$ via its left action. Pick a simply connected compact Lie group $G$ and take a flat connection on this quotient....
3 votes
1 answer
375 views

4-dimensional TQFT with/without requiring spin structure

My questions here are focused on $D$-dimensional topological quantum field theories (TQFTs) which are unitary and which have finite dimensional Hilbert space on a closed spatial manifold $M^{d-1}$. ...
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8 votes
1 answer
526 views

Chern-Simons forms, characteristic numbers, and boundary terms?

For any principal $G$-bundle $P \to M$ with principal connection $\omega$, given a $G$-invariant polynomial $p: \mathfrak{g} \to \mathbb{R}$ we can construct a form $p(F_\omega)$ on $P$ which descends ...
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Differential characters, Chern-Simons forms, and differential cohomology

I've read through the classic Chern-Simons paper where they introduce the Chern-Simons forms. These are differential forms whose exterior derivative gives you the characteristic forms for any given ...
  • 5,473
7 votes
0 answers
232 views

Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360). There, it was mentioned, the ...
9 votes
3 answers
2k views

$A \wedge A \wedge A$ in Chern-Simons

I am confused with the wedging operations of Lie algebra valued differential forms. Especially, for instance, I have some problems with the Chern-Simons 3-form $$A \wedge dA + \frac{2}{3}A \wedge A \...
3 votes
1 answer
291 views

Chern-Simons invariants of 2-bridge knots

2-bridge links $L(p/q)$ are described by the continuous fraction expansion $\frac{p}{q}=\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\right]$, where the $a_i$ are the numbers of twists in the boxes below: Looking at some ...
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5 votes
3 answers
882 views

2-bridge knots in the Rolfsen's table

2-bridge knots (aka rational knots) $K(p,q)$ are described by a rational number $\frac{p}{q}$ or likewise its continued fraction expansion $\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_k\right]$. Has somebody worked out a ...
  • 9,926
6 votes
1 answer
475 views

Ground State Degeneracy of 2+1D U(1) Chern Simons Theory?

I am a physics graduate student trying to understand more mathematical aspects of gauge theories. How can I understand ground state degeneracy of a simple Chern Simons Theory: 2+1D U(1) $S= \int_M ...
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8 votes
1 answer
373 views

Does the limit in the Volume conjecture converge?

The Volume conjecture says that if $J_n(q)$ are the colored Jones polynomials of a knot $K \subset S^3$, then $$\lim_{N \to \infty} \frac{ 2 \pi}N \left\vert J_N(e^{2\pi i / N})\right\vert = vol(K)$$ ...
21 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is Chern-Simons theory expected to assign to a point?

Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected?) Lie group and let $k \in H^4(BG, \mathbb{Z})$ be a cohomology class. Witten showed, at a physical level of rigor, that this data determines a $3$-...
21 votes
3 answers
3k views

Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...
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22 votes
1 answer
1k views

Classical and Quantum Chern-Simons Theory

Please excuse a sloppy question from an old user who hasn't been here in a long time. I think the expertise here is such that it can be answered anyway. Let $\Sigma$ be a two-manifold and $M$ a ...
  • 13.2k
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

The trace of a wedge product of matrices

I'm trying understand a computation on page 371 of Besse's book on Einstein Manifolds. I already know the curvature operator $R:\bigwedge^2\to\bigwedge^2$ may be written in block diagonal form ...
  • 351
20 votes
1 answer
2k views

Gauss linking integral and quadratic reciprocity

In the setting of Mazur's "primes and knots" analogy, prime ideals $\mathfrak p\subset\mathcal O_K$ correspond to "knots" $\operatorname{Spec}\mathcal O_K/\mathfrak p$ inside a "3-manifold" $\...
  • 17.7k
9 votes
2 answers
813 views

H^d[U(1)^n,U(1)] of the Borel cohomology and Chern-Simons theory

Firstly I apologize that I am a physicist, with a relatively unrigorous math training. My approach of the problem can be Feynman style. Below $Z$ is the integer $\mathbb{Z}$, and $U(1)$ Abelian group ...
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