# Questions tagged [matching-theory]

For questions about matchings in graph theory. A matching on a graph is a set of edges such that no two edges share a common vertex.

80 questions
1answer
43 views

### Number of distinct perfect matchings/near perfect matchings in an induced subgraph

Consider a Class 1 graph with degree $\Delta\ge3$ and the induced subgraph formed by deleting a set of independent vertices of cardinality $\left\lfloor\frac{n}{\Delta}\right\rfloor$. Then, what is ...
1answer
58 views

### All even order graphs with $\Delta\ge\frac{n}{2}$ is Class 1

Are all even order graphs with maximum degree $\ge\frac{|V(G)|}{2}$ Class 1(edge-colorable(chromatic index) with $\delta(G)$ colors)? Here, $|V(G)|$ detnotes the number of vertices in the graph. I ...
0answers
46 views

### Matching (graph theory) [closed]

There are 8 blocks, consisting of two cubes (black and white), and a platform for constructing special things. One of the blocks is glued to the platform as shown in the picture to the left. How many ...
1answer
69 views

### Hall theorem with non-saturating matching

Hall's marriage theorem states that given a bipartite graph $G=(X+Y,E)$, if there is no $X$-saturating matching, there there exists $W\subseteq X$ such that $|W|>|N_G(W)|$. Is the following ...
0answers
263 views

### Has this notion of vertex-coloring of graphs been studied?

In a study of a quantum physics problem, I came about an apparently very natural type of vertex colorings of a graph. The colors of the vertex $v_i$ is inherited from perfect matchings $PM$ of an edge-...
0answers
59 views

### Graph pattern matching

Given a weighted, oriented, connected graph with $10^7$ vertices and $10^{10}$ edges I need to implement the algorithm for searching various patterns on this graph for less than polynomial time. ...
0answers
152 views

### Can we represent partitions by mutually parallel lines in the plane?

Lately I have become interested in the following idea: Suppose $n$ is a positive integer and $[n]=\{1,2,3,...,n\}$. Suppose we have 3 distinct partitions $b$, $g$, and $r$ of $[n]$. Assume that the ...
1answer
138 views

### Graphs with exactly $n$ perfect matchings

Is there for every $n\in\mathbb{N}$ a connected, simple, undirected graph $G_n=(V_n,E_n)$ such that $G_n$ has exactly $n$ perfect matchings?
1answer
84 views

### Connected infinite graphs in which all matchings are “small”

Is there a countable, simple, connected graph $G=(\omega, E)$ such that $\text{deg}(v)$ is infinite for all $v\in \omega$, and for all matchings $M\subseteq E$ the set $V\setminus (\bigcup M)$ is ...
1answer
78 views

### Maximal matchings in connected graphs

Let $n\in\mathbb{N}$ be a positive integer. Is there a connected graph $G$ such that $G$ cannot be coloured with less than $n$ colours, and every two maximal matchings have non-empty intersection? (I ...
2answers
105 views

### Graphs in which all maximal matchings intersect

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple, undirected graph. A matching is a set $M\subseteq E$ consisting of pairwise disjoint edges. We say $M$ is maximal if it is maximal amongst all matchings in $G$ with respect ...
2answers
73 views

### Vertex cover number vs matching number

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite, simple, undirected graph. A matching is a set $M\subseteq E$ of pairwise disjoint edges. A vertex cover is a set $C\subseteq V$ of vertices such that $C\cap e \neq \emptyset$...
0answers
61 views

### Matchings in infinite, not necessarily bipartite, graphs

Aharoni, Nash-Williams, and Shelah have extended the famous marriage theorem for finite bipartite graphs due to Hall to arbitrary graphs. Is there a similar generalization of Tutte's theorem on ...
1answer
103 views

### A weaker version of Dirac's theorem

This is related to Dirac's theorem. For any finite, simple, undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ let $\delta(G)$ denote the minimal degree of all vertices. Are there positive integers $n,c\in\mathbb{N}$ with ...
0answers
14 views

### Reducing the Dimension of Rectangular Assignment Matrices

Question: Given a weighted complete bipartite graph $K_{m,n}(U,V,E)$, $m^2\lt n$, are there any counter examples to the assumption, that the edges of the minimum weight maximal bipartite ...
1answer
441 views

### Graphs with only disjoint perfect matchings, with coloring

The following purely graph-theoretic question is motivated by quantum mechanics. Definitions: A bi-colored graph $G$ is an undirected graph where every edge is colored. An edge can either be ...
1answer
214 views

### Bijection between noncrossing matchings on $2b$ points and Standard Young Tableaux of size $2 \times b$

I'm currently reading a review article called Dynamical Algebraic Combinatorics: Promotion, Rowmotion, and Resonance by Jessica Striker. In this article, Striker writes that there is a ''nice'' ...
2answers
183 views

### A direct proof that every $r$-colored complete graph on $n=(r+1)m-(r-1)$ vertices has a monochromatic matching of size $m$?

Cockayne and Lorimer ("The Ramsey number for stripes" 1975) prove that in every $r$-colored complete graph on $n=\sum_{i=1}^rm_i+m_1-(r-1)$ vertices, where $m_1\geq \dots\geq m_r\geq 1$, has a ...
1answer
340 views

### Infinite graphs with large degree but no perfect matching [duplicate]

Is there an example of an infinite connected, simple, undirected graph $G = (V,E)$ such that every vertex has $|V|$ neighbors, but $G$ does not have a perfect matching (that is, a set $M\subseteq E$ ...
0answers
112 views

### Forcing $A_1x,\dotsc,A_Kx$ to lie in a proper subspace

(This is a re-worked version of a question I asked several days ago.) Let $J$ be the all-one matrix with $m$ rows and $n$ columns, and suppose that $J=A_1+\dotsb+A_K$ is a decomposition of $J$ into a ...
1answer
70 views

### Matching and minimal degree

Let $n\in\mathbb{N}$ be a positive integer and let $G =(V,E)$ be a connected simple undirected graph with $|V| = 2n$. Is it true that if for the minimal degree $\delta(G)$ we have $\delta(G) \geq n$, ...
1answer
184 views

### Perfect matchings in infinite graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an infinite graph such that $|V| = \kappa$ for some infinite cardinal $\kappa$, and every $v\in V$ has degree $\kappa$. Does $G$ have a perfect matching?
1answer
112 views

### Does the Hadwiger-Nelson graph have a perfect matching?

The Hadwiger-Nelson graph on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is defined to be $(\mathbb{R}^n,E_n)$ where $$E_n = \big\{\{x,y\}: x,y\in \mathbb{R}^n \text{ and } |x-y|=1\big\},$$ where $|\cdot|$ denotes the Euclidean ...
1answer
50 views

### Hall type theorem for saturations of subsets of bipartite graphs

Let $X,Y$ be a bipartite graph and $X',Y'$ be two subsets of the vertices. Is there a Hall type theorem for the existence of matchings saturating both subsets simmultaneously? Clearly necessary ...
0answers
68 views

1answer
175 views

### Induced matching number

Definition: A $\textit{matching}$ in a graph $G$ is a subgraph consisting of pairwise disjoint edges. If the subgraph is an induced subgraph, the matching is an $\textit{induced matching}$. The ...
1answer
159 views

### Is greedy matching algorithm with normalized edge weights a 2-approximation

Given a weighted, undirected, bipartite, graph $G(V,E)$. All edge weights are assumed to be non-negative. Let $d(u)$ be the degree of vertex u. Let $c(u,v)$ be the cost of edge $(u,v)$. Goal: compute ...
1answer
235 views

### Fastest algorithm for counting perfect matchings in a general graph

Let $G(V,E)$ be a undirected graph. I am interested in the fastest known algorithm for counting the number of perfect matchings in $G(V,E)$ (which is known to be in $\#P$). In particular, what is the ...
1answer
129 views

### Unique matching completion

Assume we have bridgeless cubic graph $G(V, E)$, $n=|V|$. By Petersen's theorem, every such graph has a perfect matching. Moreover, given any edge in $G$ there exists a perfect matching containing ...
2answers
1k views

### Graphs with only disjoint perfect matchings

Let $G(V,E)$ be a graph. I am searching for graphs with only disjoint perfect matchings (i.e. every edge only appears in at most one of the perfect matchings). Examples: Cyclic graph $C_n$ with even ...
2answers
281 views

1answer
753 views

### Number of perfect matchings in bipartite graph with given minimum degree

Let $G$ be a spanning subgraph of $K_{n,n}$ with minimum degree $\delta(G) \geq n/2$. It's easy to show using Hall's theorem that $G$ has a perfect matching, and the example of two disjoint copies of ...
1answer
1k views

### 2-approximation algorithm for Minimum Maximal Matching (MMM) problem

I'm looking to find a 2-approximation algorithm (pseudocode) for the minimum maximal matching problem. I tried to find one but I did not manage. I want to use it to implement a program in java. Can ...
0answers
110 views

### Induced matchings in a bipartite graph with every matching having the same number of edges

Suppose $n,k$ are positive integers such that $k\mid n$. Consider a bipartite graph $H=(A,B,E)$ such that $|A|=|B|=n$ and the edge set $E$ consists of the union of $m(H)$ induced matchings with every ...
1answer
130 views

### Are Bipartite Matching and General Matching Really Different Problems?

Questions: Have there been attempts to either prove or disprove, that every general matching problem can be transformed into a bipartite matching problem, from whose solution the solution of ...
2answers
280 views

### Problems and Algorithms Requiring Non-Bipartite Matching

While the importance of the non-bipartite matching problem itself from an algorithmic and complexity point of view is well known, applications of non-bipartite matching are hard to find. I did an ...
0answers
111 views

### On Schrijver's lower bound for the number of perfect matchings

Schrijver's lower bound gives the number of perfect matchings in a $k$-regular bipartite graph as $\Big(\frac{(k-1)^{k-1}}{k^{k-2}}\Big)^n$. What is the corresponding lower bound for minimum-degree $k$...
0answers
545 views

### Is there an efficient algorithm to find all the maximum matching in any tree?

A matching in a graph (G) is a set of mutually non-adjacent edges of (G). A maximum matching is a matching of maximal cardinality. A tree is an acyclic connected graph. Is there an efficient ...
0answers
70 views