# Questions tagged [von-neumann-algebras]

Subtag of [tag:oa.operator-algebras] for questions about von Neumann algebras, that is, weak operator topology closed, unital, *-subalgebras of bounded operators on a Hilbert space.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Extension of a von Neumann algebra by a von Neumann algebra

I asked this question at MSE now I repeat it at MO:
Let $A,B,C$ be $3$ unital $C^*$ algebras. Assume that we have the following short exact sequence of $C^*$-algebras:
$$0\to A\to C\to B\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Topology of normal states of a von Neumann algebra

Is the topological space defined on the set of normal states of a von Neumann algebra equipped with a weak*-topology, first countable?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Are these kinds of “crossed product” studied?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting in a Hilbert space $H$, and let $\rho$ be a representation of a group $G$ on a Hilbert space $K$. Define $M\rtimes_\rho G$ to be a von Neumann algebra acting in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### About crossed product of the group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a group with a normal subgroup $N$. If $K$ is a field, then it is well known in ring theory that $K[G]\cong K[N]*(G/N)$ ($*$ stands for the crossed product). Do we have such an isomorphism ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Fundamental group and group measure space construction

Let $N$ be a type ${\rm II}$ factor, with trace $\tau$. Consider its fundamental group$$ \mathcal{F}(N)= \{ \tau(p)/\tau(q) \ | \ p,q \text{ non-zero finite projections in } N \text{ and } pNp \simeq ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Group $C^*$ vs group von-Neumann algebras

Let $\Gamma$ be a countable (discrete) group (in what follows, make additional assumptions as you wish). Let $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ and $W^*_r(\Gamma)$ be the reduced $C^*$-algebra respectively the reduced ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Cartan subalgebra and group measure space construction

Let $N$ be a ${\rm II}_1$ factor. A maximal abelian self-adjoint subalgebra (MASA) is a $*$-subalgebra $A \subset N$ such that $A' \cap N = A$. It is called a Cartan subalgebra if moreover $\mathcal{N}...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Examples of isomorphic W* algebra with non-homeomorphic weak topology

Due to the uniqueness of the predual, a W* algebra, when realized as a von Neumann algebra in any way, always has a unique, well-defined ultraweak (or $\sigma$-weak) topology. The same can be said ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

152 views

### Commutative direct summands of C*-algebras

I have a question about commutative direct summands of $C$*-algebras.
Let $A$ be a $C$*-algebra (with unit) and suppose that its bidual $A^{**}$ has a commutative direct summand, that is, $A^{**}=B\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

136 views

### When is $\inf_{n\geq0}x^n\neq0$?

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra acting on a Hilbert space $H$. Let $x$ be a positive element of $M$ with $\|x\|=1$. So, $(x^n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ is a decreasing sequence of positive elements and $y:=\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Unitary element of the group algebra

Let $G$ be a torsion free group. Are unitary elements of $\mathbb CG$ studied? By unitary element I mean an element $\alpha$ in $\mathbb CG$, such that $\alpha^*\alpha=1$? Do the triviality of unitary ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Does this element belong to $\mathbb CG$?

Let $G$ be a torsion-free group. Let $\alpha$ be a symmetric element of $\mathbb CG$, i.e. $\alpha^*=\alpha$, with $\|\alpha\|_1=\sum|\alpha(g)|<1$, so $\beta:=\sum_{n\ge 0}(-1)^n\alpha^n$ is an ...

**24**

votes

**3**answers

647 views

### What does it mean for a category to admit direct integrals?

Given an infinite countable group $G$, the category of unitary representations of $G$ admits direct integrals.
Namely, given a measure space $(X,\mu)$ and a measurable family of unitary $G$-reps $(H_x)...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### To what extend can a von Neumann algebra be determined by its projection lattice structure?

Let $ M, N $ be von Neumann algebras, $ P $ (resp. $Q$) the projection lattice of $M$ (resp. $N$). Any isomorphism $ \varphi : M \to N $ on the level of involutive algebras induces an isomorphism $ \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### why can index be larger either the trace goes smaller or larger in index $\ge 4$ case?

I am studying the index of subfactor and basic construction recently. Suppose $M=\mathcal{R}$ to be the infinite hyperfinite II1 factor. For projection $p\in \mathcal{R}$, $p\mathcal{R}p$ is also a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

289 views

### Topology of state space in von Neumann algebras

What are the sufficient conditions for a von Neumann algebra to have a first countable set of states with respect to the weak * operator topology?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Support size of a zero divisor

Let $G$ and $\mathbb C[G]$ be a torsion free group and its group algebra. Is there a function $f:\mathbb N\rightarrow\mathbb R$, with $\lim_nf(n)=\infty$ such that if $0\neq\alpha,\beta\in\mathbb C[G]$...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### An example of non trivial projections in a group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group and its group von Neumann algebra. Is there a characterization of non trivial projections in $\text{vN}(G)$? If not, is a certain class of them ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### An analytical zero divisor

Let $G$, $\mathbb C[G]$ and $\text{vN}(G)$ be a torsion free group, it's group ring and group von Neumann algebra, resp.. Let $0\neq\alpha\in\mathbb C[G]$ and $0\neq p\neq1$ is a projection in the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Direct proof a property of hyperstonean spaces

First, let me state some basic facts and definitions for my question. I believe these are well-known among experts working on von Neumann algebras, but let me state them anyway since my question is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### Conditional Expectation for von Neumann algebra

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra and $T: M\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a finite normal faithful tracial map, s.t., if $\phi : M \rightarrow A \cap A^{*}$ is a conditional expectation, (A being a weak ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Is there an adaptation of the theory of standard forms and Tomita-Takesaki theory to the $\mathbb{Z}_{2}$-graded case?

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra acting on a Hilbert space $H$, and suppose that $\Omega \in H$ is a cyclic and separating vector for $A$. Then in Tomita-Takesaki theory one defines an unbounded ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### An example of a sequence of finite projections

Let $A$ be a vn-algebra. Suppose that $x$ is an isometry with $\inf_{n\geq1} x^nx^{*n}=0$ (Note that $x^nx^{*n}$ are all projections). Let $e$ be a (non-zero) finite projection and put $q_n$ to be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### An example of a particular vn-algebra

Let $A$ be a vn-algebra. Let us suppose $e$ is a finite projection in $A$ and $x$ is an isometry (meaning $x^*x=1$) in $A$ such that $e$ does not commute with $x$. Then $\{q_n=x^nex^{*n}\}$ forms a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### The range projection of product of projections

Let $A$ be a von Neumann algebra. Let $p$ be a projection in $A$. Suppose that $e$ is a finite projection. Can we determine all types of vn-algebras in which $p-p\wedge(1-e)$ is a finite projection?...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### On direct integral of states of von Neumann algebras

Suppose we consider a direct integral of GNS states of a measure space in von Neumann algebra, get the new state by direct integral. Does the GNS represenation of the state breaks down into direct ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

43 views

### Subprojections of the sum of mutually orthogonal Abelian projections

Let $f_i$, $i=1,\dotsc,n$, be mutually orthogonal Abelian projections in a von Numann algebra, and let $e\leq\sum f_i$. Is it true that there exist mutually orthogonal Abelian projections $e_j$, $j=1,\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Characterizing fullness of a von Neumann algebra by the topology of its bimodules

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a $\mathrm{II}_1$ factor. Among other characterizations, it is said to be full iff the adjoint map:
$$
\mathrm{Ad}: U(\mathcal{M})/\mathbb{T} \longrightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

86 views

### Does Borel functional calculus commute with *-isomorphism?

I am confused with the underlined equation in the following picture.
I know that a *-isomorphism commutes with continuous functional calculus since every continuous functions on the compact subset of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Trivializing unitary cocycles in abelian von Neumann algebras that are uniformly close to the trivial one

Suppose $M$ is an abelian von Neumann algebra, carrying a (point-ultraweakly) continuous action $G\curvearrowright M$ of a locally compact, second-countable group.
Let $y: G\to\cal U(M)$ be an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### The Hahn-Hellinger Theorem [closed]

People can tell the question is not up to the mark, or research level question, but I felt without understanding the Hahn-Hellinger Theorem properly there is no point talking von Neumann algebras for ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### Isomorphism of preduals implies isomorphism of the $W^*$-algebras or not?

Let $M$ and $N$ are two von Neumann algebras such that their preduals $M_{∗}$ and $N_{∗}$ are isomorphic in the sense of Banach spaces, does it imply M and N are $∗$-isomorphic or not??

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Clarification on predual on existence of separating vector

We know predual of a von Neumann algebra $M$ as a Banach space is independent of Hilbert space where the $M$ is represented. Now the question is if we represent $M$ in $B(\mathcal{H})$, where $M$ has ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Transmission of finite projections

Let $A$ be a Baer*-ring. Let us denote $L(x)$ by the left projection of $x$ (the smallest projection with $L(x)x=x$).
Let $p$ be a finite projection in $A$. Is $L(xp)$ a finite projection for every $...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### How rich the group of unitary elements in a von Neumann algebra to get “Murray-von Neumann” equivalence?

Denote by $\sim$ the "Murray-von Neumann" equivalence in the projection lattice of a von Neumann algebra. It is well known that in a finite von Neumann algebra the equivalence of projections can be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### About separability of von Neumann algebras [closed]

Is a von Neumann algebra always separable in the $\sigma$-weak topology? If not, give a counterexample. Under what conditions will it be separable?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### References for hyperfinite factors

Can I have references of hyperfine $II_1$ factors where I can get structural properties to be studied and more characterizations.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Do these limits exist?

Let $G$ be a (discrete) torsion free group with identity $e$. Recall that for an element $\alpha\in\mathbb C[G]$, the set of complex functions on $G$ with finite support, $\alpha^*\in\mathbb C[G]$ is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

147 views

### On topology in von Neumann algebras

Suppose $M$ is von Neumann algebra, $A$ is $*$-algebra in $M$, further if $(A)_1$, the unit ball of $A$ is strong operator closed, does it implies $A$ is von Neumann algebra? I started proving this ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Schröder–Bernstein for representations of operator algebras

This is claimed in a Wikipedia Article:
If two representations (of a $C^*$-algebra $A$) $\rho$ and $\sigma$, on Hilbert spaces $H$ and $G$ respectively, are each unitarily equivalent to a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### About some positive elements in a group von Neumann algebra

Let $G$ be a (discrete) torsion free group with identity $e$. Recall that for an element $\alpha=\sum a_gg$ in $\mathbb C[G]$ (complex functions on $G$ with compact support), $\alpha^*$ is defined to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

106 views

### On predual of von Neumann algebra

Suppose $T_{n}$ converging $T$ in vN algebra $M$ in weak operator topology, can we conclude $||T_{n}||$ is uniformly bounded? Another question if a linear functional $\varphi$ is continuous in unit ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Properly outer automorphisms on type II$_1$ von Neumann algebras

Let $M$ be a von Neumann algebra with separable predual. Let us assume that $M$ is of type II$_1$, meaning that it is finite but has no type I part. Let $\tau$ be a faithful normal tracial state on $M$...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Obstruction to the existence of a complex-valued determinant function

Let $\mathcal A$ be a Type $II_1$ von Neumann algebra, equipped with a finite trace $\tau: \mathcal A \to \mathbb C$. Further, denote by $\mathcal A^\times \subset \mathcal A$ the group of invertible ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### “Adding” a projection to a von Neumann algebra

This is a question about what happens when you "add" a new projection $p$ to a von Neumann algebra $\mathcal{R}$ to generate a larger v.N. algebra $(\mathcal{R} \cup \{p\})''$.
Suppose that $\mathcal{...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

353 views

### Is the ideal property of $X^{**}$ inheritable to $X$?

Let $X$ be an operator space such that there is a weak$^*$-continuous complete isometry $\phi$ from its second dual $X^{**}$ into a $W^*$-algebra $M$ in which $\phi(X^{**})$ is a (necessarily weak$^*$-...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

111 views

### Type III factor examples?

How to prove the crossed product of $G$ and von Neumann algebra $M$, where $G$ is locally compact group acting on $M$ via free ergodic action and $M$ is type $II_{\infty}$ factor, is type $III$ factor,...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

129 views

### On projection theory for inseparable Hilbert spaces

How can one see that $I$ is an infinite projection in $B(\mathcal{H})$, where $\mathcal{H}$ is an inseparable Hilbert space?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### What is spectral multiplicity for multiplication operators in general von Neumann algebra set up?

When two multiplication operators $M_{f}$ and $M_{g}$ acting on $L^2(X,\mu) $and $L^2(Y,\nu)$ are unitary equivalent? How multiplicity function look like here? What is the spectral multiplicity in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Projections in properly infinite factor

Denote by $\sim$ the "Murray-von Neumann" equivalence in the projection lattice of a von Numann algebra. Let $e$ be a projection in a properly infinite factor. Is it always true that $e\sim 1$ or $1-e\...