# Questions tagged [surgery-theory]

In geometric topology, surgery theory is used to produce one finite-dimensional manifold from another in a 'controlled' way. Originally developed for differentiable (smooth) manifolds, surgery techniques also apply to piecewise linear and topological manifolds. Surgery refers to cutting out parts of the manifold and replacing it with a part of another manifold, matching up along the cut or boundary. This is related to handlebody decompositions.

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### Integer surgery on $S^3$

I know that any compact orientable 3-manifold can be obtained from the three sphere $S^3$ by an integer surgery. I am not sure why the surgery operation is completely determined by Where we map ...
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### Confused about A. Kosinski's description about surgery in his book “differential manifolds”

Please excuse me, if MO is not the proper place for this question. I aksed the same question on M.SE https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/3511134/confused-about-a-kosinskis-description-of-surgery-...
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### Generalized Schoenflies - formalizing step in proof?

[Sorry if the level here is wrong, I asked this on math.SE, but even with a bounty, it got no attention.] I am currently reading Hatcher's 3-Manifolds notes, the part proving Alexander's theorem, ...
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### Rational surgery and attaching $2$-handles

It is well-known fact that integral Dehn surgeries on $3$-sphere $S^3$ are viewed as the result on the boundary of attaching $2$-handles $B^2 \times B^2$ to the $4$-ball $B^4$. Is there an analogue ...
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### Topological Spin manifolds in dimension 4

In his ICM Adress at Nice (Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians Nice, September, 1970, Gauthier-Villars, editeur, Paris 6 e ,1971, Volume 2, pp. 133-163.), Robion Kirby ...
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### Realizing an amalgamated product of groups by splitting a closed manifold along a codimension 1 submanifold

In the paper "A splitting theorem for manifolds" by S.E. Cappell, https://www.maths.ed.ac.uk/~v1ranick/papers/capsplit.pdf the following "inverse" of the Seifert-van Kampen theorem for closed ...
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### Partial converse to Novikov's conjecture

In Jim Davis's paper "Manifold aspects of the Novikov conjecture" (Surveys on surgery theory, vol 1, pages 195-224) he writes down (Theorem 6.5) a sort-of converse to the Novikov conjecture. He writes:...
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### Surgery on $M\times S^1$

I've encountered such a question and I don't know if it's trivial or not. Given a simply connected closed $n$-manifold $M$ ($n\geq 4$), $\pi_1(M\times S^1)\cong\mathbb{Z}$ and it can be killed by ...
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### Classification of fake (quaternionic, octonionic) projective spaces

If $X$ is a closed $n$-manifold, a fake $X$ is another closed manifold homotopy equivalent to $X$. There is some interest in classifying manifolds (up to, say, homeomorphism) homotopy equivalent to a ...
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### Surgery of $S^3$

I have been troubled by this seemingly simple question recently. How do we easily visualize the statement: Surgery of $S^3$ over a trivial unknot gives $S^1 \times S^2$? All I can think of for ...
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### Any PL-homology-manifold is homotopy equivalent to a manifold

Is it true that any compact piecewise linear homology manifold is homotopically equivalent to a (smooth?) manifold of the same dimension? Let me say bit more since my question was wrongly understood. ...
Let $M$ be a $1$-connected, closed, smooth manifold with $dim(M)>4$ and let us set $MCG(M)=\pi_0(Diff(M))$. Dennis Sullivan proved that $MCG(M)$ is commensurable to an arithmetic group. I was ...