The banach-algebras tag has no usage guidance.

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### A certain measure on Banach algebras

According to the comments of Nate Eldredge I did revise the question. In particular I change "$C^{*}$ algebras" to "Banach algebras".
Is there a reference who introduce the following measure on ...

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### Dirac functional embedding [on hold]

I got the following set up:
Let $S \neq \emptyset$ equiped with the discrete topology and let $\ell_\infty(S) = \{f: S \to \mathbb C \mid f \text{ bounded}\}$. Not $\ell_\infty(S)$ with the pointwise ...

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### Compactum of Banach algebra

What is an example of Banach algebra $A$ and a left non-trivial closed ideal $I$ with all of following properties?
There exists a bounded approximate identity in $I$ for $I$ i.e., a net $\{e_\alpha\}...

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### A unital algebra with norm and continuous multiplication is a Banach algebra

In my research in functional analysis, I came across this rather simple result:
For a normed algebra A over $ \mathbb{C} $ with unit, in which multiplication , right and left are both continuous w....

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### Is $L_{\infty}(G)^{**}$ a without order Banach algebra?

A Banach algebra A is without order if for all $x \in A$, $xA=\{0\}$ implies $x=0$, or, for all $x \in A$, $Ax=\{0\}$ implies $x=0$. If $G$ is a compact abelian group then $L_{\infty}(G)$ is a Banach ...

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### Ideals of $L^1(G)$

I want to study the closed ideal structure of $L^1(G)$. Is there a good paper or book which characterizes closed ideals and maximal ideals of $L^1(G)$?

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### Projective tensor product continuous?

For $V$, $W$ Banach spaces, is the canonical morphism $B(V) \times_\pi B(W) \to B(V \hat{\otimes}_\pi W)$ continuous, where $B(V)$ denotes the set of all linear bounded endomorphisms with operator ...

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### A possible norm on a subspace of $C^\infty([0,1])$?

I have posted the following question (with minimal differences) on MSE some days ago, without receiving a satisfactory answer, so let me try here again.
Take the vector space of infinitely ...

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### Does Fourier Algebra of locally compact group separate compact sets of the group?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Consider the left regular representation $\lambda$ over $L^2(G)$. Then according to Eymard, Fourier algebra of $G$, $A(G)$ is the set of all coefficients of $\...

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### is every element in a C* algebra a product of normal elements?

I have the following question and since I am not an expert on C*-algebras, I thought I ask it here:
I know that in general the sum and product of normal elements need not be normal. It is even true ...

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### $p$-operator space structure on Banach algebras

There is an abstract characterization of operator algebras, which says that if $A$ is an operator space that is also an approximately unital Banach algebra, then the following are equivalent:
For ...

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### $C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$

$c_0(C[0,1])$ is the $c_0$-direct sum of countably many $C[0,1]$.How to prove
$C[0,1]$ is Banach-space isomorphic to $c_0(C[0,1])$.
Here,Banach-space isomorphism means a bounded invertible operator ...

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### Unitizations of Banach algebras and matrix norms

Consider the short exact sequence of Banach algebras $0\rightarrow A\rightarrow A^+\rightarrow\mathbb{C}\rightarrow 0$ where $A$ is a Banach algebra without unit and $A^+$ denotes the unitization of $...

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### $K$-Theory of finite dimensional Banach algebras

Is there a finite dimensional Banach algebra $A$ for which $K_{0}(A)$ is a finite group?
I asked this question in MSE but I received no answer
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1624250/...

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### The image of a derivation on a Banach algebra is contained in the kernel of a character

It is known that if $D$ is a continuous derivation on a commutative Banach algebra $\mathcal{A}$, then for any nonzero character $\theta$ on $\mathcal{A}$ we have $D(\mathcal{A})⊆ker\theta $.
...

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### Spectral mapping theorem for polynomials in $z,\overline{z}$ and direct construction of the function calculus for a normal operator

Suppose that $A$ is an element in Banach algebra and $p$ is a polynomial. Then we have an equality $p(\sigma(A))=\sigma(p(A))$ where $p(A)$ has an elementary meaning. This theorem (the spectral ...

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### Spectrum of unitary elements of a Banach algebra

Unitary elements of a Banach space have been defined in this paper as follows:
Let $A$ be a Banach space and $a\in A, \|a\|=1$. Let $S_{a}=\{f\in A':\|f\|=1=f(a)\}$. Then $a$ is said to be (...

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### Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra of a locally compact group semi-simple?

Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Is the Fourier-Stieltjes algebra $B(G)$ semi-simple?

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### Every norm-decreasing algebra morphism $L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ comes from a group representation

In section 8 of this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0611833v3 the author proves the following:
If $E$ is a reflexive Banach space, $G$ a locally compact group and $\pi:L_1(G)\to\mathcal{B}(E)$ a norm-...

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### Definition of a normed ring

A normed ring "should" be a monoid object in the monoidal category of normed abelian groups. There are (at least) two choices of morphisms of normed groups, namely bounded or short homomorphisms, ...

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### comparing norms of tensor product of two Hilbert spaces

Suppose $H_1$ and $H_2$ are two Hilbert spaces with dimension $n$ and $m$, for $ x \in H_1 \otimes H_2$
consider $$\|x\|_\pi = \inf \left\{ \sum_{i=1}^n \|a_i\| \|b_i\| : x = \sum_{i} a_i \otimes b_i ...

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### Is there support for the term “Gelfand algebra”?

In this question Yemon Choi asked whether there is a standard term for Banach algebras for which the submultiplicative law
($\|ab\| \leq \|a\| \|b\|$) is weakened to merely requiring the product to be ...

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### Quotient of a Banach algebra [closed]

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra. Is there a Banach algebra $B$ and a non-trivial closed ideal $I$ of $B$ such that $\frac{B}{I}\cong A$?

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### Semi-simple Banach algebra

Is there an example of an unital commutative semi-simple Banach algebra which it is not amenable?

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### Banach algebraic proof of the Borsuk Ulam theorem

I am wondering whether there exists a proof of the classical Borsuk Ulam theorem
for the Euclidean n-sphere, $n>2$ that is based only on the theory
of Banach algebras. I checked on MR but had no ...

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### Is there a Gelfand-Naimark-like characterization of group algebras $L_1(G)$?

The Gelfand-Naimark theorem establishes that a complex commutative Banach algebra $A$ with an identity and an involution $x\to x^*$ satisfying $\|x x^*\|=\|x\|^2$ is (isometrically isomorphic to) a $C(...

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### Infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebra

Is an infinite topological direct sum of amenable Banach algebras amenable again?
Can you give me a good reference about this notion?
Thanks

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### Ideal in projective tensor product of Banach algebras [closed]

Let $A,B$ be Banach algebras and $A\hat{\otimes}B$ be projective tensor product of them.
Let $S$ be an ideal of $A\hat{\otimes}B$. Are there ideals $I$ of $A$ and $J$ of $B$ such that
$S=I\hat{\...

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### One question about the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$

We know that the tensor product of $L^1(G)$ and a Banach space $A$ is isometric to $L^1(G, A)$, the space of all Bochner-integrable $A$-valued functions on a locally compact group $G$. I am looking ...

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### questions about the proof of the theorem of completely positive order zero maps

I hope my question is ok for mathoverflow. I first asked on math.stackexchange but received no answer and then delated it.
I want to understand the proof of the theorem (which you can find in the ...

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### application of factorization theorem

Young's inequlity tells us that $L^{1}(\mathbb R)\ast L^{p}(\mathbb R) \subset L^{p}(\mathbb R)$ with norm inequality
$$\|f\ast g\|_{L^{p}} \leq \|f\|_{L^1}\|g\|_{L^p};$$
and of course this ...

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### Theory of C* algebras over other fields than the complex numbers

How much of the theory of C*-algebras holds when the complex numbers are replaced by different (algebraically closed) field (possibly with a distinguished ordered subfield that satisfies the same ...

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### Can states on commutative Banach algebras be understood as probability measures?

Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ is a commutative Banach algebra (over $\mathbb{R}$) or commutative Banach *-algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$). Is there always a measurable space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ such that there ...

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### Matrix norm on $L^p$ operator algebras

I have a question about the framework of $L^p$ operator algebras ($1<p<\infty$), i.e. norm-closed subalgebras of $B(L^p(X,\mu))$ for some measure space $(X,\mu)$ (see e.g. http://arxiv.org/pdf/...

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### Characterizations of Wiener algebra

The Wiener algebra $\mathcal W$ is defined as $\text{Fourier}(L^1(\mathbb R))$, i.e. the image by the Fourier transform of $L^1(\mathbb R)$. Riemann-Lebesgue's lemma ensures that
$$
\mathcal W\subset ...

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### Holomorphic functional calculus and idempotents

One of the applications of the holomorphic functional calculus is with regard to idempotents. For instance, if an element $a$ in a unital Banach algebra $A$ has spectrum contained in two balls, each ...

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### Can a finite von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von neumann algebra?

Can a finite (by finite I mean when the projection $1$ is finite) von Neumann algebra be strongly morita equivalent to a properly infinite von Neumann algebra?
(Strong morita equivalence is the same ...

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### Root of positive function in Fourier algebra

Let $G$ be a locally compact group, let $A(G)$ be the Fourier algebra of $G$. We think of $A(G)$ as a subalgebra of $C_0(G)$.
Question 1: Let $f\in A(G)$ be a function that is pointwise positive. ...

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### Sum-epimorphisms and prod-monomorphisms

Sum-epimorphisms
A longer time ago I have introduced the bi-onto maps for the topological category. Let me formulate here its general categorical definition:
DEFINITION ...

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### Inductive/Projective Limits of Topological Algebras

It is common to form inductive/projective limits of Banach/Frechet spaces in order to come up with natural topologies for common vector spaces. For instance,
For $k \ge 0$ and $K_n$ compact ...

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### How do functions operates in a Fourier algebra $A^{q}(\mathbb T)$?

We put , $A^{q}(\mathbb T)= \{ f\in L^{q}(\mathbb T): \hat{f}\in \ell^{q}(\mathbb Z) \}.$
By Helson-Kahane-Katznelson-Rudin Theorem, it follows that,
"Let $F$ be a function on $\mathbb C$ and if $F(f)...

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### Can we obtain a derived category from an additive category? Like a category of Banach modules?

Let $A$ be a Banach algebra, let $A$-mod be the category of left Banach modules (as defined in Helemskii's "Banach and locally convex algebras"), $A$-mod is an additive category, but not abelian ...

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### Can we extend a multiplicative linear functional of a closed left ideal on whole of the algebra?

Let B be a closed left ideal of a Banach algebra A. Also, B has a right approximate identity (in B).
If g is a nonzero multiplicative linear functional on B, can we always extend g to a ...

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### Is $\mathcal{K}(H)$ injective $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module?

Does anyone know if the right Banach $\mathcal{B}(H)$-module $\mathcal{K}(H)$ is injective?
The same question for $\ell_\infty$-module $c_0$. Both these modules are not dual, so standard arguments ...

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### Are norm-continuous representations smooth?

Let $G$ be a real Lie group and $A$ a unital Banach algebra. Let us call a map $\varphi:G\to A$ a (norm-)continuous representation, if it is continuous
$$
x_i\to x\quad\Longrightarrow\quad ||\varphi(...

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### A commutative Banach algebra with an abundance of discountinuous functions

Let $A$ be the algebra of all bounded functions from $[0,\;1]$ to $\mathbb{C}$.
For $f\in A,\;$ $\omega_{f}$ is the standard oscillation function.. Each of the following two (equivalent) norms ...

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### When $C(X)$ is an injective $C(X)$-module? Current answer is erroneous

It is an old question if every injective Banach space is isomorphic as Banach space to $C(X)$-space.
I would like to know if the weakened module version of this question is answered. More precisely: ...

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### C*-Algebras: Dynamics vs. Derivations

Problem
Given a C*-algebra $\mathcal{A}$.
Consider dynamics $\tau:\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$ and $\tau':\mathbb{R}\to\mathrm{Aut}(\mathcal{A})$.
(More precisely, strongly continuous one-...

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### What function space does holomorphic functional calculus give us?

Let $A$ be a unital Banach algebra, $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{C}$, and $A_U:=\{x\in A:\sigma(x)\subset U\}$. Holomorphic functional calculus says that any holomorphic function $f:U\rightarrow\...

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### Non commutative topological manifolds

Assume that $A$ is a Banach algebra with two closed two sided ideals $I$ and $J$ such that $I$ and $J$ are commutative and $A=I+J$. Does this implies that $A$ is commutative? For the $C^{*...