# Questions tagged [conformal-field-theory]

The conformal-field-theory tag has no usage guidance.

134
questions

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votes

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### Computing theta functions of lattices in practice

I am motivated by a problem in 2d CFT to compute "generalized theta functions," expressions of the form
\begin{equation}
\vartheta_{L,u}(\tau) := \sum_{\alpha \in L} u(\alpha) q^{{\langle\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Uses for (Framed) E2 algebras twisted by braided monoidal structure

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathcal{C}}$ $\newcommand{\g}{\mathfrak{g}}$
If $\C$ is a monoidal category (not necessarily a symmetric monoidal category), it's possible to define the notion of an algebra object $...

**22**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Mathematical predictions of AdS/CFT

What sorts of mathematical statements are predicted by the AdS/CFT correspondence?
My "understanding" (term used very loosely) is that this correspondence isn't a mathematically rigorous ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Reference for NIM-rep theory for non-commutative fusion rings?

The literature on nonnegative integer matrix representations (NIM-reps) seems to be focused on commutative fusion rings, since a primary motivation there is for rational conformal field theory (RCFT). ...

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votes

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83 views

### $e^{2\pi ic_{-}/8}$ and $e^{2\pi ic_{-}/24}$ in unitary modular category (UMC)

Background
Unitary modular categories (UMC) do not capture the central charge $c_{-}$ of the topological quantum field theory (TQFT). However, there is a relation that fixes,
$c_{-}\bmod
8$:
\begin{...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### Intuition behind contragredient module of a VOA

Let $(V,Y)$ be a vertex operator algebra, and $V'$ be the graded dual of its underlying vector space. The contragredient module structure on $V'$ is given by $Y'$ defined by the formula:
$$\langle Y'(...

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votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Intuition for conformal nets

I was planning on reading the work of Arthur Bartels, Christopher L. Douglas and André Henriques on the 3-category of conformal nets as discussed in these papers: Coordinate-free nets, Conformal ...

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votes

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182 views

### Tsuchiya-Ueno-Yamada's proof that sheaves of conformal blocks are locally free

I'm referring to Tsuchiya-Ueno-Yamada's (TUY hereafter) celebrated paper Conformal Field Theory on Universal Family of Stable Curves with Gauge Symmetries. One of the main goals of their paper is to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

108 views

### Zhu's $V/C_2(V)$ algebra

As an example, take the Virasoro algebra, i.e. $V$ is spanned by elements of the form $L_{-2}^{k_1} \cdots L_{-n}^{k_{n-1}} \Omega$ where $\Omega$ is the vacuum and $n \geq 2$. As I understand, we ...

**3**

votes

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108 views

### Twisted screening operators and twisted free-field realizations of $\mathcal{W}_n$ algebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{sl}_{n+1}$ and I am interested in the principal $\mathcal{W}$-algebra of $\mathcal{g}$ at self-dual level i.e. $k=- h ^{\vee} +1$, usually denoted by $\mathcal{W}_n$. Now ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### coset of affine Lie algebra

In many books about conformal field theory, when we talk about a coset $\mathfrak{g}_k/\mathfrak{h}_{k'}$, we would talk about how the modules of $\mathfrak{g}_k$ are decomposed into those of $\...

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votes

**0**answers

317 views

### Differential version of $G\mapsto H^3(G,\mathbb Z)$?

Let $\mathit{cLieGrp}^{\mathrm{inj}}$ be the category of compact connected Lie groups, and injective continuous group homomorphisms.
Is there a reasonable functor (some kind of degree $3$ differential ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Vertex operator algebras and isomorphism of graded vector spaces

I have two vertex operator algebras and I would like to show that as graded vector spaces, they are isomorphic, rather than as algebras.
The issue is I have not found anything in the literature that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Non-stationary Lamé equation and WZW/Virasoro conformal blocks

The non-stationary Lamé equation
$\left(2i \pi \kappa \partial_\tau -\partial_x^2+g(g-1)\wp(x)\right)\psi(x,\tau)=E \psi(x,\tau)$
appears as a BPZ type equation (for the 2 points Virasoro conformal ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### What is the value of the partition function of CFT on a compact conformal manifold?

Is the value of the partition function of a 2d CFT on a compact conformal manifold well defined? Or is there some kind of "anomaly" that makes it dependent on a bulk or some other kind of further ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Monoidal category of irreducible highest weight modules of the Virasoro algebra

I'm trying to see if I can construct a monoidal category $\mathbf{C}$ whose objects are the irreducible unitary highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra.
I am thinking on doing the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

713 views

### The use of Schur's lemma for Lie algebras in physics (CFT)

Anytime a one-dimensional central extension appears in the physics literature, immediately they assume that in any irreducible representation the central charge will be a multiple of the identity, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

705 views

### Holomorphic maps from upper half plane to itself (or equivalently Poincare disc to itself)

Suppose I parametrize complex plane by coordinates,$$z = x+i y,\ \bar z=x-i y$$
then the upper half plane, $\mathbb H_+$ is given by $y>0$. I am looking for chiral coordinate transformations, $f(z)$...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### GKO (or coset) construction - all possible highest weights $h$

I am reading the famous paper "Unitary Representations of the Virasoro and Super-Virasoro Algebras" by Goddard, Kent, Olive.
From a compact simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and a Lie subalgebra $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

180 views

### Orthogonality relations for characters of VOAs?

If $G$ is a finite group, the characters of its irreps satisfy
$$
\langle \chi_1,\chi_2\rangle := \frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g\in G} \chi_1(g)\; \overline{\chi_2(g)} = \delta_{\chi_1,\chi_2}.
$$
Alexei ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Conformal group and cobordism

In this post, I am exploring my thoughts on the implementation of conformal symmetry group structure and cobordism relations.
Namely, I like to know what has been done and explored in the past?
on ...

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votes

**0**answers

135 views

### 3d Chern-Simons TQFT of gauge group (E8)$_1$ = SO(16)$_1 \otimes$ a trivial spin TQFT = Cartan E$_8$ matrix

In this post, we like to relate the following 3 bosonic TQFTs that can be defined on generic non-spin manifold $M^3$.
Given a non-abelian Chern-Simons (CS) TQFT of a gauge group $G$ and the $k$ named ...

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votes

**1**answer

244 views

### $T\bar{T}$ deformation: Stress-energy momentum tensor deformed in CFT and in QFT for various $d$-dimensions

The $T\bar{T}$ deformation is based on the original work of Zamolochikov [1] explored deformations of two-dimensional conformal field
theories (CFT) by an operator that is quadratic in the stress-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Classification of quasi-lisse vertex algebras

Quasi-lisse vertex algebras were introduced by Arakawa and Kawasetsu in Quasi-lisse vertex algebras and modular linear differential equations . They satisfy the property that the normalized character ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Are extensions of regular vertex operator algebras also regular?

Let $U$ be a simple VOA which is self-dual and of CFT type (i.e., $U\simeq U'$, and $U$ has grading $U=\bigoplus_{n\in\mathbb N}U(n)$ with $U(0)$ spanned by the vacuum vector $\Omega$). Let $V$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

355 views

### Simple current extensions in VOA theory and CFTs

I apologize in advance if this is too broad and off-topic here. I have seen some papers in the field of vertex operator algebras (VOA) theory about simple current extensions. As far as I understand ...

**11**

votes

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157 views

### Geometry of Affine Kac-Moody Algebras

I recently asked this question on phys.SE and it was suggested to me to ask it here.
One can reconstruct the unitary irreducible representations of compact Lie groups very beautifully in geometric ...

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votes

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85 views

### GSO projection and $H^d(M, \mathbb{Z}_2)$

This follows up the comment which suggests that asking the later 2nd part of subquestion in "GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-Olive) projection and its Mathematics" as a new different question
GSO (...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Nonlinear sigma models with non-compact groups / target spaces

A nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T.
The target manifold T is equipped with a Riemannian metric g. Σ is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Vector bundle structure of conformal block bundle

My question is about the conformal block bundle, which (following Kohno's "Conformal Field Theory and Topology") is constructed as follows:
Consider the projection map onto the first $n$ coordinates
\...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

759 views

### What are some mathematical consequences of the study of 6D $\mathcal N = (2,0)$ SCFT?

Arguments made in physics apparently predict the existence of a family of six-dimensional $\mathcal N = (2,0)$
superconformal field theories (Wikipedia, nLab, PhysicsOverflow) sometimes called Theory $...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

562 views

### Has the $E_8$-based generating function for squares numbers been proven?

In his 2004 paper Conformal Field Theory and Torsion Elements of the Bloch Group, Nahm explains a physical argument due to Kadem, Klassen, McCoy, and Melzer for the following remarkable identity. Let $...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

506 views

### Is there a discrete lattice analogue of conformal transformations?

There is a simple discrete combinatorial analogue of manifolds and homeomorphisms: Replace manifolds by simplicial complexes and homeomorphisms by Pachner moves. Equivalence classes of manifolds under ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Modular $S$-matrix for an extended affine Lie algebra

This is a refinement of this old question of mine. In order to find an answer, I've been working my way through q-alg/9511026, which contains all the information I need.
In this paper, the authors ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Modular transformation of affine characters of non-simply connected groups$.$

Consider an (untwisted) affine algebra corresponding to a compact and simply-connected Lie group $G$. Under a modular transformation, its characters transform as (cf. 9612078)
$$
\chi_\mu\to\sum_{\nu\...

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votes

**1**answer

405 views

### Compactification of 6d (2, 0) SCFT on 4-manifolds

This question is about the 6d (2, 0) superconformal field theory (also called 'theory X' by some people). This SCFT, which can be considered as a relative quantum field theory (see here for a ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Linear independence of genus-one correlation functions

Let $V$ be a vertex operator algebra with all the good finiteness properties that people usually assume (positively graded, $C_2$-cofinite, $V\cong V'$, etc.)
Let $W$ be a module for $V$, not ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

334 views

### Reference Request: Vertex Algebras

I am currently a graduate student in mathematics with an interest in vertex algebras. I am comfortable with the algebraic aspects and would like to learn more about the geometric aspects. The issue is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Is the “Ramond sector” invariant of a 3-framed lattice always divisible by 24?

For the purposes of this question, a rank-$r$ (integral) lattice is a full-rank discrete subgroup $L \subset \mathbb R^r$ such that $\langle \ell, \ell' \rangle \in \mathbb Z$ for all $\ell \in L$. It ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Moduli spaces for the TCFT map $HH(L) \to GW(X)$

Let $L$ be a Lagrangian submanifold of a closed symplectic manifold $X$. What I gather from Costello (see specifically $\S$2.5 there), is that one expects to have a morphism of closed TCFT's
$\tag{1}...

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votes

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76 views

### Conformal Dimension and Highest Weight States of Coset CFT

I am trying to understand the vertex operator algebras of the following form:
$$\frac{U(M|N)_{k_1}}{U(L)_{k_2}}$$
Where $U(M|N)$ is the unitary supergroup, $U(L)$ is the usual unitary group, and $...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### Annihilation operators in a vertex algebra

Let $V=\bigoplus_{d\in\mathbb N}V(d)$ be a Möbius-covariant vertex algebra with $V(0)=\mathbb C$.
Recall that a vector $v\in V$ is called quasi-primary if $L_1v=0$.
For $v\in V(d)$, we write $Y(...

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votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Section of the spinor bundle over $S^{1}$ that extend to sections of the spinor bundle over $D^{2}$

Let $\mathbb{S} \rightarrow S^{1}$ be the spinor bundle associated to the connected double cover $\text{Spin}(S^{1}) \rightarrow S^{1}$. Let $\mathbb{D} \rightarrow D^{2}$ be the spinor bundle ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Two definitions of conformal inclusion

Assume that $V$ is a vertex operator algebra, and the VOA $V'$ is a vertex subalgebra of $V$. The notion that $V'\subset V$ is a conformal inclusion has different meanings in different literatures. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Limits of a quasiperiodic function with two pseudoperiods

Let $\beta$ be a real number such that $\beta^2\notin\mathbb{Q}$. For any smooth function $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$ that decreases sufficiently at infinity, for example a Gaussian function, let us define
$$
...

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votes

**1**answer

751 views

### 71, the Monster, and c = 24 CFTs

The largest prime in the order of the Monster group is $71$. This number $71$ shows up at various places:
The minimal faithful representation has dimension $196883 = 47.59.71$
The Monster group can ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

431 views

### What is the strongest known RSW result in planar percolation?

One of the weakest estimates conjectured to hold for critical planar percolation models (and proved in many cases) is the so-called RSW estimate. RSW estimate is the statement that the probability of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Does von Neumann density imply strong additivity of a conformal net?

Let $\mathcal A$ be a conformal net, and let $\mathcal J$ be the set of all proper open sub-intervals of $S^1$.
We say that $\mathcal A$ satisfies von Neumann density, if for any representation $\pi$...

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416 views

### Mysterious relationship between central charges of conformal field theories and the Beraha numbers

Background:
Conformal field theories (CFTs) in two dimensions are partially characterized by a so-called central charge (characterizing the central extension of the Virasoro algebra which defines it)....

**33**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Why is conformal invariance only possible for massless theories?

I'm conscious that this isn't necessarily a research level question, but I've asked this question on mathstackexchange, and received no answer. So I'm trying it here.
A usual mantra in field theories ...