The conformal-field-theory tag has no usage guidance.

**25**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What's the supersymmetric analogue of the Monster group?

Bosonic string theory lives in 26 dimensions, and it gives a conformal field theory where the field is a map from a Riemann surface to $\mathbb{R}^{24}$. The Leech lattice $L$ is an even unimodular ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Do we have a braided tensor category for vertex algebra modules by using conformal blocks on an arbitary compact Riemann Surface?

In Huang & Lepowsky's series of papers A theory of tensor products for module categories for a vertex operator algebra, they defined for a rational vertex algebra $V$ the $P(z)$ tensor product of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Self-dual vertex algebras

Let $(V,Y)$ be a self-dual conformal vertex algebra. For instance, it could be the vertex algebra associated to a positive definite, even, unimodular quadratic form. I look for a formula to compute
$$
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### When two vertex (operator) algebras can be patched-up to a full CFT on a genus 0 surface?

Theorem 3 of the nLab article "Full field algebra" states that
Theorem 3. Two vertex operator algebras $V$ may appear as the left and right chiral halfs of a full conformal field theory precisely ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Do all non-degenerate quadratic forms come from positive even lattices?

Let $(G,+)$ be a finite Abelian group. We say $q\colon G\to \mathbb{T}$ is a non-degenerated quadratic form, if $q(-a)=q(a)$ and the symmetric function
$$
b(g,h) =q(g+h)q(g)^{-1}q(h)^{-1}
$$
is a non-...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Extreme unitary minimal models of conformal field theory

Some of the best understood conformal field theories are the 2D unitary minimal models $\mathcal{M}(m+1,m)$ indexed by the integer $m\ge 2$ and with central charge
$$
c=1-\frac{6}{m(m+1)}\ .
$$
I ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Relation between quantum affine algebras and W-algebras

In the paper, there is a concept $qq$-characters for W-algebras $W_{q_1,q_2}$. The usual $q$-character is defined for quantum affine algebra in the paper. A $q$-character can be obtained from a $qq$-...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Fourier series of a Wightman field

From a proof that 2D Wightman CFT leads to a vertex algebra [1]:
Let
$$
Y(a,z):=\frac{1}{(1+z)^{2\Delta_a}}\Phi_a\left(i\frac{1-z}{1+z}\right),\quad\text{with}\quad |z|<1.
$$
Here $\Delta_a\ge 0$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### q-Virasoro and q-Heisenberg algebras

The literature has definitions (seemingly plural, though they might be linked) of a $q$-deformed Virasoro algebra. But is there any link of these to a $q$-deformed Heisenberg algebra? (Classically ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

263 views

### Understanding Segal's definition of conformal field theory

I have a fundamental problem in understanding Segal's definition of a conformal field theory:
On the one hand his monoidal CFT-functor is a formalization of the fact that, physically, the integrand ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

778 views

### How should a mathematician approach the physics literature concerning percolation?

I would like to read some of the physics literature on two-dimensional percolation, however in attempting this I have run into two problems. (1) Physics papers on percolation are (relatively) hard ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### central charge and Calabi-Yau dimension

I would like to know if there is any setting where the two notions of
central charge of 2D conformal field theories,
Calabi-Yau dimension of fractionally Calabi-Yau categories
can be understood as ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Conformal welding of annuli

This question is similar to that stated in Conformal Welding Reference:
Let $\Sigma$ be a 1-dim compact connected complex manifold with boundary $\partial \Sigma= \partial\Sigma^+ \cup \partial\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Is there an E8 symmetry in the zero-field Ising model?

In the paper On classification of modular tensor categories by Rowell, Stong and Wang, they list the Ising modular category $I$ as having 3 objects $1$, $\sigma$ and $\psi$, with fusion rules $\sigma^...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Choice of framing in Gravitational Chern Simons

I was trying to understand formula(2.21) in Witten's paper "Quantum Field Theory and Jones Polynomial"(link: https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.cmp/1104178138) (Page 360).
There, it was mentioned, the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Quantum dimension in SU(N) level k Kac-Moody algebra

The CFT of the SU(N) level k Kac-Moody current algebra has many Kac-Moody primary fields. I wonder if any one has calculated the quantum dimensions of those Kac-Moody primary fields.
I know that, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

156 views

### Distinct 2D RCFTs with the same underlying MTC

A 2d rational conformal field theory (RCFT) gives rise to a modular tensor category (MTC) equipped with a Frobenius algebra object (see, for example, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0204148).
Is there an ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

261 views

### Analogues of the Monster for central charges different from 24

One way to define the Monster group is to consider a conformal field theory (CFT) corresponding to central charge $c=24$ and look at the automorphism group of its vertex operator algebra. For one of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

750 views

### Neveu-Schwarz and Ramond sector in the free fermion CFT

My question is about the Neveu-Schwarz and the Ramond sector in the free fermion CFT.
The setup is as follows.
We consider two dimensional Minkowski space with a point removed $M = \mathbb{R}^{1, 1}-\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Verlinde Formula and Theta Function Identities

The paper Fusion rules and modular transformations in 2D conformal field theory by Erik Verlinde mentions a simple case of rational conformal field theory, where the fusion algebra is just $(\mathbb{Z}...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### minimal energy of affine Lie algebra reps

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra.
Let $\widetilde{L\mathfrak g}$ be the universal central extension of $L\mathfrak g:=\mathfrak g[t,t^{-1}]$. Let $V_\lambda$ be a positive energy ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

574 views

### Free Boson Correlator $ \langle X(z)X(w) \rangle =- \ln |z - w| $

In physics papers, the massless free boson has a definition involving an action:
$$ S(X) = \frac{1}{8\pi} \int d\sigma^2\, \partial X \overline{\partial X}$$
The random functions $X(z)$ are ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### 2d Ising model in conformal fields theory and statistical mechanics

I am not completely sure that this question is appropriate for this mathematical site. But since in the past I did get on MO couple of times nice answers to rather physical questions, I will try. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### In what condition is a conformal flat manifold flat?

$g^{\mu\nu}(x)=\Omega^{2}(x)g'^{\mu\nu}(x)$ is a conformal transformation.
If $g'^{\mu\nu}$ is flat, what kind of $\Omega(x)$ is choosed can make $g^{\mu\nu}$ flat.
We can think about any dimension $n$...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

936 views

### Interpreting the CS/WZW correspondence

It is understood that there is a correspondence between the 3d Chern-Simons topological quantum field theory (TQFT) and the 2d Wess-Zumino-Witten conformal quantum field theory (CQFT). A good summary ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

454 views

### $\text{Rep}(D(G))$ as representation category of a vertex operator algebra

The category of representations $\text{Rep}(D(G))$ of the quantum double of a finite group is well-known to be a modular tensor category. Can these modular tensor categories also be obtained as ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Vertex Operators with nonlinear terms in Conformal Field Theory

Suppose that we have a simple theory described by the following Hamiltonian
$$
H=\sum_{k>0}k a_k^{\dagger}a_k,
$$
where $[a_k,a_{k'}^{\dagger}]=\delta_{k,k'}$. We can usually define the Vertex ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

383 views

### Duality between orbifold and quasi-Hopf algebra (twisted quantum doubles)

A quick Question:
Is there some duality known between the quasi Hopf algebra
$D^\omega(H)$ of a finite group $H$ to an orbifold model (such as
SU(2)/$G$ or SO(3)/$G$ orbifold of some ...

**21**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Verlinde's formula

"Verlinde's formula" predicts the dimension of the space of conformal blocks of a chiral CFT.
Depending on...
• which chiral CFT one considers (does one restrict to WZW models, or not?)
&...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

453 views

### What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold)
Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

383 views

### A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory?
2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories?
(i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

243 views

### The space-time dimension of the N-superstring theory?

Let $\mathfrak{W}$ be the Lie algebra generated by $d_{n} = ie^{in\theta}\frac{d}{d\theta}$ and $\mathfrak{Vir} = \mathfrak{W} \oplus C \mathbb{C}$ its central extension:
$$
[L_m,L_n]=(m-n)L_{m+n}+\...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Are there exactly solvable CFTs?

I am wondering if there are CFTs such that n-point correlation functions in them of the fields (may be the primaries or of some notion of twist fields) is exactly known.
Are there such?
Aren't ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

870 views

### Is this error in this paper of Langlands fixable?

The FQS criterion for the Virasoro algebra was discovered by Friedan, Qiu and Shenker (1), but the mathematicians found their proof insufficient, so that, FQS (2) and Langlands (3), published in the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor.

I have a question about proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor.
In physics there is argument that when the stress-energy tensor is traceless, symmetry,...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

782 views

### Has the conformally field theoretic metric on a Calabi-Yau variety been proved to exist?

Let $(X,g)$ be a compact Kähler manifold. Physics allows us to consider a supersymmetric
sigma model with target $(X,g)$, which is a N=2 two-dimensional field theory.
From the two-dimensional point ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

235 views

### Quantum Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for a module

There is a well-established procedure for quantizing the Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction for an affine Lie algebra. In particular, this paper of de Boer and Tjin describes an algorithm to produce the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### fake Calabi-Yau threefold

(1) What is a "fake Calabi-Yau threefold"? Can I describe as a complex or symplectic manifold with trivial canonical bundle, but no compatible Kahler structure? Some mathematicians actually seem to ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

652 views

### wrapping M5-branes on a Riemann surface

AdS/CFT gives us a way to use geometry to study field theory! I am trying to wrap M5-branes on a Riemann surface $\Sigma_{g}$. In my problem, for a Riemann surface in 11d, the normal bundle is max $SO(...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### pseutotensor category

In the paper B. Bakalov, A.D'Andrea and V.G.Kac, Theory of finite pseudoalgebras, section 3, one finds the following definition of pseudotensor category:
A pseudotensor category is a class of ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

5k views

### Explanations for mathematicians, about the falsifiability (or not) of string theory [closed]

Like many other mathematicians, I think string theory very attractive. This theory has wonderfully influenced many new topics in mathematics (I myself have worked on one of them), but it's not the ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

565 views

### Example for non equivalent rational full CFTs with same modular invariant (partition function)

I am looking for a counter example which shows, that a full rational 2D CFT (with respect to a given chiral subtheory) is not characterized by its modular invariant partition function. People tell me ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

875 views

### What happens to Virasoro at c=25?

The Virasoro algebras $Vir_c$ are a family of infinite dimensional Lie *-algebras parametrized by a real number $c$, called the central charge.¹
I hear that there exist two critical values of the ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

639 views

### Is this a vertex algebroid?… What is vertex algebroid?

A couple of day ago, I was lamenting to a friend about the fact that I have no idea what vertex algebroids are.
During our discussion, I came up with a guess of what a vertex algebroid might be.
I'm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

194 views

### Analytic curve on Riemann surface

Suppose there is a closed analytic curve $C$ on a Riemann surface $S$, that is the image of a map $\gamma$ from the equator $E$ of the Riemann sphere to the surface $S$ which is a restriction of a ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

947 views

### What do correlation functions compute in CFT?

I would like to understand what correlation functions compute in Conformal Field Theory in mathematics. Let me begin with basic definitions. We define a free boson field $\phi(z)$ as a formal power ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### conformal blocks for beginners

I have given now a couple of talks that involve conformal blocks bundles on the moduli stack $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{g,n}$, in front of a public of algebraic geometers but not specialists of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

277 views

### definitions of primary fields

I have come across two similar definitions of primary fields in conformal field theory. Depending on what I am doing each definition has its own usefulness. I expect both definitions to be compatible ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

200 views

### Algebra out of a set of modules of a Lie algebra? Fusion

The problem I faced is how to organize a set of finite-dimensional irreducible representations $U_\alpha$ of some simple Lie algebra $g$ into an Lie algebra $A$ that contains $g$ as a Lie subalgebra ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Why is there a discrepancy between the normalizations of the central terms for the commutation relations of the Virasoro versus Neveu-Schwarz Lie algebras?

Following the standard conventions in the literature, the commutation relations of the Virasoro Lie algebra are given by
$$[L_m,L_n]=(m-n)L_{m+n}+\delta_{m,-n}\frac1{12}(m^3-m)c,$$
$$[c,L_n]=0.$$
...