# Questions tagged [conformal-field-theory]

The conformal-field-theory tag has no usage guidance.

123
questions

**8**

votes

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302 views

### Differential version of $G\mapsto H^3(G,\mathbb Z)$?

Let $\mathit{cLieGrp}^{\mathrm{inj}}$ be the category of compact connected Lie groups, and injective continuous group homomorphisms.
Is there a reasonable functor (some kind of degree $3$ differential ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Vertex operator algebras and isomorphism of graded vector spaces

I have two vertex operator algebras and I would like to show that as graded vector spaces, they are isomorphic, rather than as algebras.
The issue is I have not found anything in the literature that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

75 views

### Non-stationary Lamé equation and WZW/Virasoro conformal blocks

The non-stationary Lamé equation
$\left(2i \pi \kappa \partial_\tau -\partial_x^2+g(g-1)\wp(x)\right)\psi(x,\tau)=E \psi(x,\tau)$
appears as a BPZ type equation (for the 2 points Virasoro conformal ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### What is the value of the partition function of CFT on a compact conformal manifold?

Is the value of the partition function of a 2d CFT on a compact conformal manifold well defined? Or is there some kind of "anomaly" that makes it dependent on a bulk or some other kind of further ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Monoidal category of irreducible highest weight modules of the Virasoro algebra

I'm trying to see if I can construct a monoidal category $\mathbf{C}$ whose objects are the irreducible unitary highest weight representations of the Virasoro algebra.
I am thinking on doing the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

505 views

### The use of Schur's lemma for Lie algebras in physics (CFT)

Anytime a one-dimensional central extension appears in the physics literature, immediately they assume that in any irreducible representation the central charge will be a multiple of the identity, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

468 views

### Holomorphic maps from upper half plane to itself (or equivalently Poincare disc to itself)

Suppose I parametrize complex plane by coordinates,$$z = x+i y,\ \bar z=x-i y$$
then the upper half plane, $\mathbb H_+$ is given by $y>0$. I am looking for chiral coordinate transformations, $f(z)$...

**3**

votes

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90 views

### GKO (or coset) construction - all possible highest weights $h$

I am reading the famous paper "Unitary Representations of the Virasoro and Super-Virasoro Algebras" by Goddard, Kent, Olive.
From a compact simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ and a Lie subalgebra $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Orthogonality relations for characters of VOAs?

If $G$ is a finite group, the characters of its irreps satisfy
$$
\langle \chi_1,\chi_2\rangle := \frac{1}{|G|}\sum_{g\in G} \chi_1(g)\; \overline{\chi_2(g)} = \delta_{\chi_1,\chi_2}.
$$
Alexei ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Conformal group and cobordism

In this post, I am exploring my thoughts on the implementation of conformal symmetry group structure and cobordism relations.
Namely, I like to know what has been done and explored in the past?
on ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### 3d Chern-Simons TQFT of gauge group (E8)$_1$ = SO(16)$_1 \otimes$ a trivial spin TQFT = Cartan E$_8$ matrix

In this post, we like to relate the following 3 bosonic TQFTs that can be defined on generic non-spin manifold $M^3$.
Given a non-abelian Chern-Simons (CS) TQFT of a gauge group $G$ and the $k$ named ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### $T\bar{T}$ deformation: Stress-energy momentum tensor deformed in CFT and in QFT for various $d$-dimensions

The $T\bar{T}$ deformation is based on the original work of Zamolochikov [1] explored deformations of two-dimensional conformal field
theories (CFT) by an operator that is quadratic in the stress-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### Classification of quasi-lisse vertex algebras

Quasi-lisse vertex algebras were introduced by Arakawa and Kawasetsu in Quasi-lisse vertex algebras and modular linear differential equations . They satisfy the property that the normalized character ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Are extensions of regular vertex operator algebras also regular?

Let $U$ be a simple VOA which is self-dual and of CFT type (i.e., $U\simeq U'$, and $U$ has grading $U=\bigoplus_{n\in\mathbb N}U(n)$ with $U(0)$ spanned by the vacuum vector $\Omega$). Let $V$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

290 views

### Simple current extensions in VOA theory and CFTs

I apologize in advance if this is too broad and off-topic here. I have seen some papers in the field of vertex operator algebras (VOA) theory about simple current extensions. As far as I understand ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Geometry of Affine Kac-Moody Algebras

I recently asked this question on phys.SE and it was suggested to me to ask it here.
One can reconstruct the unitary irreducible representations of compact Lie groups very beautifully in geometric ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### GSO projection and $H^d(M, \mathbb{Z}_2)$

This follows up the comment which suggests that asking the later 2nd part of subquestion in "GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-Olive) projection and its Mathematics" as a new different question
GSO (Gliozzi-Scherk-...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Nonlinear sigma models with non-compact groups / target spaces

A nonlinear σ model (NLSM) describes a scalar field Σ which takes on values in a nonlinear manifold called the target manifold T.
The target manifold T is equipped with a Riemannian metric g. Σ is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Vector bundle structure of conformal block bundle

My question is about the conformal block bundle, which (following Kohno's "Conformal Field Theory and Topology") is constructed as follows:
Consider the projection map onto the first $n$ coordinates
\...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

612 views

### What are some mathematical consequences of the study of 6D $\mathcal N = (2,0)$ SCFT?

Arguments made in physics apparently predict the existence of a family of six-dimensional $\mathcal N = (2,0)$
superconformal field theories (Wikipedia, nLab, PhysicsOverflow) sometimes called Theory $...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

547 views

### Has the $E_8$-based generating function for squares numbers been proven?

In his 2004 paper Conformal Field Theory and Torsion Elements of the Bloch Group, Nahm explains a physical argument due to Kadem, Klassen, McCoy, and Melzer for the following remarkable identity. Let $...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

473 views

### Is there a discrete lattice analogue of conformal transformations?

There is a simple discrete combinatorial analogue of manifolds and homeomorphisms: Replace manifolds by simplicial complexes and homeomorphisms by Pachner moves. Equivalence classes of manifolds under ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Modular $S$-matrix for an extended affine Lie algebra

This is a refinement of this old question of mine. In order to find an answer, I've been working my way through q-alg/9511026, which contains all the information I need.
In this paper, the authors ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Modular transformation of affine characters of non-simply connected groups$.$

Consider an (untwisted) affine algebra corresponding to a compact and simply-connected Lie group $G$. Under a modular transformation, its characters transform as (cf. 9612078)
$$
\chi_\mu\to\sum_{\nu\...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

374 views

### Compactification of 6d (2, 0) SCFT on 4-manifolds

This question is about the 6d (2, 0) superconformal field theory (also called 'theory X' by some people). This SCFT, which can be considered as a relative quantum field theory (see here for a ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Linear independence of genus-one correlation functions

Let $V$ be a vertex operator algebra with all the good finiteness properties that people usually assume (positively graded, $C_2$-cofinite, $V\cong V'$, etc.)
Let $W$ be a module for $V$, not ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

292 views

### Reference Request: Vertex Algebras

I am currently a graduate student in mathematics with an interest in vertex algebras. I am comfortable with the algebraic aspects and would like to learn more about the geometric aspects. The issue is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Is the “Ramond sector” invariant of a 3-framed lattice always divisible by 24?

For the purposes of this question, a rank-$r$ (integral) lattice is a full-rank discrete subgroup $L \subset \mathbb R^r$ such that $\langle \ell, \ell' \rangle \in \mathbb Z$ for all $\ell \in L$. It ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Moduli spaces for the TCFT map $HH(L) \to GW(X)$

Let $L$ be a Lagrangian submanifold of a closed symplectic manifold $X$. What I gather from Costello (see specifically $\S$2.5 there), is that one expects to have a morphism of closed TCFT's
$\tag{1}...

**5**

votes

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74 views

### Conformal Dimension and Highest Weight States of Coset CFT

I am trying to understand the vertex operator algebras of the following form:
$$\frac{U(M|N)_{k_1}}{U(L)_{k_2}}$$
Where $U(M|N)$ is the unitary supergroup, $U(L)$ is the usual unitary group, and $...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

268 views

### Annihilation operators in a vertex algebra

Let $V=\bigoplus_{d\in\mathbb N}V(d)$ be a Möbius-covariant vertex algebra with $V(0)=\mathbb C$.
Recall that a vector $v\in V$ is called quasi-primary if $L_1v=0$.
For $v\in V(d)$, we write $Y(...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### Section of the spinor bundle over $S^{1}$ that extend to sections of the spinor bundle over $D^{2}$

Let $\mathbb{S} \rightarrow S^{1}$ be the spinor bundle associated to the connected double cover $\text{Spin}(S^{1}) \rightarrow S^{1}$. Let $\mathbb{D} \rightarrow D^{2}$ be the spinor bundle ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Two definitions of conformal inclusion

Assume that $V$ is a vertex operator algebra, and the VOA $V'$ is a vertex subalgebra of $V$. The notion that $V'\subset V$ is a conformal inclusion has different meanings in different literatures. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Limits of a quasiperiodic function with two pseudoperiods

Let $\beta$ be a real number such that $\beta^2\notin\mathbb{Q}$. For any smooth function $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$ that decreases sufficiently at infinity, for example a Gaussian function, let us define
$$
...

**22**

votes

**1**answer

711 views

### 71, the Monster, and c = 24 CFTs

The largest prime in the order of the Monster group is $71$. This number $71$ shows up at various places:
The minimal faithful representation has dimension $196883 = 47.59.71$
The Monster group can ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

377 views

### What is the strongest known RSW result in planar percolation?

One of the weakest estimates conjectured to hold for critical planar percolation models (and proved in many cases) is the so-called RSW estimate. RSW estimate is the statement that the probability of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Does von Neumann density imply strong additivity of a conformal net?

Let $\mathcal A$ be a conformal net, and let $\mathcal J$ be the set of all proper open sub-intervals of $S^1$.
We say that $\mathcal A$ satisfies von Neumann density, if for any representation $\pi$...

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votes

**0**answers

363 views

### Mysterious relationship between central charges of conformal field theories and the Beraha numbers

Background:
Conformal field theories (CFTs) in two dimensions are partially characterized by a so-called central charge (characterizing the central extension of the Virasoro algebra which defines it)....

**33**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Why is conformal invariance only possible for massless theories?

I'm conscious that this isn't necessarily a research level question, but I've asked this question on mathstackexchange, and received no answer. So I'm trying it here.
A usual mantra in field theories ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

161 views

### Wightman axioms to Vertex algebra, the inspiration for the infinitesimal translation operator T?

In section 1.1, 1.2 of Kac's book Vertex Algebras for Beginners, he deduces the axioms of vertex algebras (or more precisely, right chiral algebras) from the Wightman axioms for $2$d CFT.
Denote $\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### VOA affine algebras

What is the difference between decomposition of tensor product
of affine algebra VOA modules and their fusion product decomposition?
I heard that for the former central extension parameter is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Variation of the Green function with respect to the metric

Consider a (closed) Riemann surface and let $G(x,y)$ be the Green function of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. We can informally identify $G$ with the two-point correlation function for the Gaussian ...

**9**

votes

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227 views

### Equivalence classes of Wilson lines in $SU(2)_k$ Chern-Simons theory

One basic aspect of the 3D TQFT/2D CFT correspondence that I'd like to understand better is the following. It is often said that the ground states of Chern-Simons theory on a (spatial) torus are in ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Strong additivity of the conformal net of an affine simple Lie algebra

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a complex simple Lie algebra, $l$ be a natural number, and $V=V^l(\hat g)$ be the vertex operator algebra of the affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak g}$ at level $l$. We know that $...

**14**

votes

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318 views

### What is the mathematical name for the anomaly for an action of a group on a lattice conformal field theory?

Suppose $V$ is a (bosonic) chiral conformal field theory which is "holomorphic" in the sense that its category of vertex modules is trivial. (The definition of "chiral conformal field theory" might be ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

476 views

### Lagrangian formulation of the Ising model as a conformal field theory

An important example of conformal field theory is the 2d Ising model, more precisely its scaling limit when the size of the lattice goes to zero. I am not an expert in the field, but this is the only ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

157 views

### Large spin expansion of affine $\mathfrak{su}(2)_k$ characters

There is a problem I am trying to solve for some time now which in a few words boils down to computing the coset characters for
$$
\frac{\mathfrak{su}(2)_k\oplus\mathfrak{su}(2)_\ell}{\mathfrak{su}(2)...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

195 views

### The Hitchin connection as a twisted D-module?

The famous Hitchin connection is a flat projective connection on the (projectivization of) the vector bundle of non-abelian theta functions, over the moduli space of curves $\mathcal{M}_g$. There are ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### Conformal blocks in genus zero

In section 10.4 of "Vertex Algebras and Algebraic Curves", Ben-Zvi & Frenkel (second edition), the authors claim that for any vertex algebra V, the space of one-pointed conformal blocks with ...

**28**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What's the supersymmetric analogue of the Monster group?

Bosonic string theory lives in 26 dimensions, and it gives a conformal field theory where the field is a map from a Riemann surface to $\mathbb{R}^{24}$. The Leech lattice $L$ is an even unimodular ...