Lie algebras are algebraic structures which were introduced to study the concept of infinitesimal transformations. The term "Lie algebra" (after Sophus Lie) was introduced by Hermann Weyl in the 1930s. In older texts, the name "infinitesimal group" is used. Related mathematical concepts include Lie ...

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2
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4 views

References for metrics in matrix groups

I am studying a very concrete matrix group with a riemaniann (right invariant) metric for solving a question on Applied Math. I need explicit formulas for the distance between two matrices, geodesics ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Integrable modules and comodules

Let $G$ be a semisimple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. Do we have the following result: $V$ is an integrable $U(\mathfrak{g})$-module if and only if $V$ is a $\mathbb{C}[G]$-comodule? ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

A finiteness property for semi-simple algebraic groups

Let $G$ be a semi-simple algebraic group over a field $K$, I am considering a question about whether there exists a finite set of semi-simple $K$-subgroups, say $H_1,...,H_r$, such that for any ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Are there nilpotent Manin Triples?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie bialgebra and denote by $\mathfrak{d}$ the double of $\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. $\mathfrak{d}$ is a Manin triple. Are there known examples or conditions on $\mathfrak{g}$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Try to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras

I am trying to understand the relation between Poisson Lie groups and Lie bialgebras. In the book Lectures on quantum groups, Page 20, Theorem 22 says that given a Poisson Lie group, we can construct ...
-3
votes
0answers
31 views

Nilpotent Lie algebra [on hold]

Lemma: Let $T$ be a maximal torus on $\mathfrak{g}$, $\{x_1,\ldots,x_l\}$ a $T$-msg (minimal system generator), $\lambda_i$ the weight of $x_i$ . The dimension of $T$ is equal to the rank of ...
5
votes
2answers
173 views

“Diagonalizing” Littlewood-Richardson coefficients

Let's consider the Littlewood-Richardson coefficients $c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}$ so that \begin{equation} V_\mu \otimes V_\nu = \bigoplus_\lambda V_\lambda^{\oplus c^{\lambda}_{\mu \nu}} \end{equation} ...
4
votes
0answers
55 views

Harmonicity on semisimple groups

I asked this on Math.SE and got no answer, so I'll try my luck here. Let $G$ be a semisimple real Lie group, $U(\mathfrak{g})$ its universal enveloping algebra, let $\Omega$ be the Casimir element in ...
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0answers
43 views

Nilpotent Lie algebra (definition) [closed]

Help! Does someone know the exact definition of a minimal system of generators of a Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$? I looked on the net but found nothing.
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 $ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic?

I want to know why the sub-Laplacian $\Delta_{sub}= X^2 + Y^2$ on the Heisenberg group $H^3 = \mathbb C \times \mathbb R$ is sub-elliptic but not elliptic, where $X$ and $Y$ are the left-invariant ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

multiplicity-free action on $SO(n+1)/SO(n-1)$

I'm trying to show that the Lie group $G=SO(n+1) \times SO(2)$ acts multiplicity-free on the cotangentbundle $T^* (SO(n+1)/SO(n-1))$. That means: 1) There exists an ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

The Jacobi identity of a Lie algebra?

Let $g$ be a finite dimensional real Lie algebra and $(,)$ be a nondegenerate invariant symmetric bilinear form on $g$. Let $r\in g\bigotimes g$ be a skew-symmetric solution of the MCYBE. We may ...
6
votes
1answer
385 views

What is this Lie algebra?

Consider two matrices $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ which are both diagonal in the standard basis and non-zero. If we consider the new matrix $\tilde{B} := FBF^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is the `quantum' ...
4
votes
0answers
141 views

Do I understand the Chevalley Restriction Theorem correctly? [migrated]

Let $G$ be a complex semisimple Lie group with Lie algebra $\frak g$, and let $\frak h$ be a Cartan subalgebra with Weyl group $W$. The Chevalley Restriction Theorem states that the restriction map ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

When this Ad-invariant function on a Lie algebra is zero?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Haar measure $dg$ and (finite-dimensional real) Lie algebra $\frak g$. Endow $\frak g$ with an $\hbox{Ad}$-invariant norm $\|\cdot\|_{\frak g}$ so that $\frak g$ ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Unclear asymmetry in Lie-algebra module structure on space of linear transformations Hom(V,W)

Let $L$ be a (finite dimensional) Lie-algebra. Let $V, W$ be finite-dimensional vector spaces. If $V,\; W$ are in addition $L$-modules (see, e.g., 6.1 in Humphreys Introduction to Lie Algebras), then ...
28
votes
1answer
776 views
+250

Roadmap to Geometric Representation Theory (leading to Langlands)?

I believe there has been at least one question similar to this one and yet I still think this particular question deserves to have a thread of its own. I'm becoming increasingly fascinated by stuff ...
18
votes
6answers
622 views

Automorphism group of real orthogonal Lie groups

I would like to know what is the "outer-automorphism group" $Out$ of $SO(p,q)$ and $O(p,q)$, where $p+q >0$. My working definition of $Out$ is as follows: Let us denote by $Aut(G)$ the ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Vector fields, diffeomorphism subgroups and lie group actions

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold. Since any vector field is complete we get a $1$-parameter subgroup for each vector field. Consider the following generalization: Let $\{X_j\} \in Vect(M)$ be a ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

(Co-) Homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras

What is actually known about the (co-) homology of free nilpotent Lie Algebras over $\mathbb{C}$ and coefficients also in $\mathbb{C}$? I.e. the nilpotent Lie Algebras that one gets by a quotient of a ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Lie algebras whose derivation algebra is nilpotent

Let $L$ be a Lie algebra and denote by $\mathrm{Der}(L)$ the derivation algebra of $L$. If $L$ is finite-dimensional, then a theorem of Leger and Togo (Duke Math. J. $\bf{26}$ (1959), 623 – 628, DOI: ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Action of orthogonal group on the free Lie algebra

This question is somewhat related and inspired by this post of professor Montgomery. The free Lie algebra $L(V)$ generated by an $r$-dimensional vector space $V$ is, in the language of ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

filteration for Leibniz algebras [closed]

Let $L$ be restricted Lie algebra, we define p-filteration $$ L=L_{1} \supseteq L_{1} ... \supseteq L_{n}... $$, satisfying the following conditions: $ [L_{i},L_{j}] \subseteq L_{i+j}$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Projections of orbifolds

A while back I came across orbifolds, in particular the quotients $SU(2)/U(1)\cong S^2$, $SU(3)/(SU(2)\times U(1)\cong \mathbb{C}P^2$ and $SU(3)/(U(1)\times U(1))$. The way I needed them, was as an ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

Symmetries of the flag variety

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb C$, and let $\mathcal B=G/B$ be the associated Flag variety. Is it true that the obvious map $$ \mathfrak g\to \Gamma ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

False optima for control on Lie groups?

Consider the equation $\frac{d Y_t}{dt} = (A + w(t)B) Y_t$ evolving on a compact semi-simple Lie group $G$ where $\frak{g}$ is the Lie algebra of $G$ and $A,B \in \frak{g}$ and: $J:G \rightarrow ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Cartan subspaces for general algebraic representations

So I feel like asking the following likely open-ended question: What good generalizations of the notion of Cartan subspace do we have? To be precise, let $G\curvearrowright V$ be an algebraic ...
-1
votes
0answers
29 views

Existence of Ad-invariant bilinear form gives a certain Lie algebra homomorphism [migrated]

Let $G_1 \subset G$ be Lie groups and $\mathfrak{g}_1, \ \mathfrak{g}$ the corresponding Lie algebras. Assume that there is a non-degenerate bilinear form $\langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle$ on ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Automorphism group of Lie algebra of bounded operators

What is the automorphism group of the complex Lie algebra of bounded operators on a complex Hilbert space, with the commutator as Lie bracket? What for the real Lie algebra of bounded antihermitian ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Commuting nilpotent matrix collection

For every large enough $m\in\Bbb N$ are there $c=\alpha m$ (for some fixed $\alpha>0$) square matrices $A_1,\dots,A_c$ that commute with each other with nonzero product ($\forall ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Poincaré-Birkhoff-Witt theorem for Leibniz algebras

Leibniz algebras can be seen as a non-skew-symmetric generalization of Lie algebras. I have already taken a look at some papers related to Leibniz algebras and extending main results of Lie algebras ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly?

In the paper, Stolin classifies all quasi-Frobenius subalgebras of $sl_3$. How to write down solutions of Yang-Baxter equations for $sl_3$ explicitly using these quasi-Frobenius subalgebras? Thank you ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Lie algebra (co)homology of the Lie algebra of differential operators

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety (or a complex manifold) over $\mathbb C$. Let $D(X)$ be its algebra of differential operators. Mostly I am interested in algebraic differential operators, but the case ...
5
votes
0answers
81 views

Analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{so}(n)$ algebras to real $n$?

In a 1988 paper "The Lie algebras $\mathfrak{gl}(\lambda)$ and cohomologies of Lie algebras of differential operators", Feigin defined the analytic continuation of $\mathfrak{sl}(n)$ algebras (over ...
4
votes
0answers
138 views

Affine Steinberg groups vs Steinberg groups over Laurent polynomials

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\Phi$ be a finite (also called spherical) reduced irreducible root system of rank $\geq 2$. I will denote by $\mathrm{St}(\Phi,R)$ the Steinberg group of type $\Phi$ ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Is there a name for a noncommutative generalization of Poisson algebra?

Is there a name for an associative algebra which is further endowed with a Lie algebra structure such that the Leibniz rule holds, i.e., $$[a, b \circ c]=[a,b]\circ c+b\circ [a,c], \hspace{15mm}(*)$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Irreducible representations in BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ over (finitely) direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebra

Let $\mathfrak{g} = \oplus_i^k\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$ be a direct sum of general linear Lie superalgebras $\mathfrak{gl}(m_i|n_i)$'s with the Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h} = \oplus_i^k ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Diagonal invariants of $SO(n)$

Consider a Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ (I am mostly interested in the case $\mathfrak g=so(n)$), its universal enveloping algebra $U$ and its center $C$. There is an adjoint action of $\mathfrak g$ on ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Characterization of restricted weights of representations of real semisimple Lie groups

I need to use the following theorem: Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple real Lie algebra, $\Sigma$ a set of restricted roots for $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\rho$ be any finite-dimensional representation of ...
30
votes
1answer
534 views

Is there a geometric construction of hyperbolic Kac-Moody groups?

Just as the theory of finite-dimensional simple Lie algebras is connected to differential geometry and physics via the theory of simple Lie groups, the theory of affine Lie algebras was connected to ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Curves in $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ with specific property

Consider a curve $\gamma_s= U_s^{\dagger} b U_s$ in $\mathfrak{su}(n)$ where $U_s$ is a smooth curve on $SU(n)$ (starting at $U_0 = \mathbb{I}$) and nonzero $b\in \mathfrak{su}(n)$ and $s \in[0,T]$ ...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

Can we count the number of simple modules for a reduced enveloping algebra?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group over a field of positive characteristic $p$, which I'll assume to be very good for $G$. Then the Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is restricted and each simple ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

A Hom-Tensor identity - $\text{Hom}_{R}(P,B)\otimes _SC \cong \text{Hom}_{R}(P,B \otimes_S C) $

let $R,S$ be associative algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathcal{C} \subseteq$ $R$-Mod be a full abelain subcategory of $R$-Mod which is the category of $R$-modules. Let $B$ and $C$ be, a ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

Nilpotency of Lie Algebra from Structure Constants

Suppose we have a Lie algebra with structure constants $$\mathrm{d}e^i=\sum_{j<k}a_{ijk}e^j\wedge e^k$$ for some coefficients $a_{ijk}$. In this setting, how may be checked (perhaps ...
26
votes
1answer
504 views

Why do the adjoint representations of three exceptional groups have the same first eight moments?

For a representation of a compact Lie group, the $n$th moment of the trace of that representation against the Haar measure is the dimension of the invariant subspace of the $n$th tensor power. The ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

Replacement for Lie-algebra complements

All groups are linear algebraic over some fixed field $k$. I believe that it is true that, in characteristic $0$, if $G'$ is a reductive subgroup of $G$, then there is a $G'$-invariant complement to ...
6
votes
3answers
291 views

Simple lie algebras, (almost-)simple groups of Lie type

Take an algebraic group $G$ defined over a finite field $K$. Suppose its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is simple. It should follow that $G$ is almost-simple. (By this I mean not that $G(K)$ is simple -- ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Whitehead's lemma (Lie algebras) for reductive Lie algebras [closed]

Whitehead's lemma (Lie algebras) is: Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $V$ a finite-dimensional module over it and $f$: $\mathfrak{g} \to V$ a linear ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Are all the Lie bialgebra structure on $sl_n$ coboundary?

In the case of $sl_2$, there are three Lie bialgebra structures. We have three cobrackets $\delta: sl_2 \to \Lambda^2 sl_2$. Each $\delta$ can be written as $\delta=d r$ for some matrix $r$. Therefore ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Picard scheme analogy with Lie algebra

I'm far from an expert, but its classic to study for a smooth, proper scheme over a field Pic(X) its Picard scheme and to note from deformation theory that the tangent space at the identity of Pic(X) ...