# Questions tagged [smoothness]

The smoothness tag has no usage guidance.

**8**

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### Can smoothness of curves into a convenient locally convex vector space be tested with just a dense subspace of the dual?

Let $E$ be a (Hausdorff) locally convex vector space (from now on just "lcs" for short). We say that $E$ is convenient (also called locally complete, Mackey-complete or $c^\infty$-complete) if, given ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### The stalk local nature of formal smoothness

Under finite presentation hypothesis on $X/S$, I believe it should be possible to define formal smoothness using only artin local rings as the test rings. What would a reference for this fact be?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Smoothness of a curve vs. smoothness of the squared distance from the curve to points on Riemann manifolds

I know that the squared distance function from a point $p$ on a Riemann manifold $M$ is smooth in a n-hood of $p$. Therefore for a smooth curve $c:\mathbb{R}\to M$ the concatenation $d(p,\cdot)^2\circ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Path algebras are formally smooth

In Ginzburg's notes Lectures on Noncommutative Geometry, he claim that the path algebra of a quiver is formally smooth (See Section 19.2).
I have two questions. First, how to show this claim and ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

165 views

### How much smoothness does the tennis ball theorem need?

The tennis ball theorem states that a smooth-enough curve that bisects the surface area of a sphere must have at least four inflection points. There are plenty of sources on this but most of them are ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

452 views

### Bertini's theorem over non-algebraically closed field

Let $K$ be a non-algebraically closed (infinite) field of characteristic $0$ and $X$ a smooth, projective $K$-variety. Does there exist an ample invertible sheaf $\mathcal{L}$ on $X$ such that a ...

**8**

votes

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235 views

### Criterion for smooth functions [duplicate]

Let $f:\mathbb{R}→\mathbb{R}$ a real-valued function and $m,n∈\mathbb{N}^∗$ coprime, i.e. greatest common divisor of m and n is 1, and define $f^m:=f\cdot f\cdot\ldots\cdot f.$
Show that
$$f^m,f^n\in ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### How should I try to imagine exotic smoothness in R4?

I am trying to wrap my mind around the concept of exotic smoothness in (and only in) $\mathbb{R}^4$.
I have some mathematical literature, but can anyone point to a semi-intuitive, semi-visual example?...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

187 views

### Uniqueness of tangent space given local injectivity of orthogonal projection onto it

Definition. Let $X\subset \mathbb R^n$ be a locally Euclidean subset. Say it has a tangent space at $p\in X$ if there exists a linear subspace $V\leq \mathbb R^n$ satisfying the following conditions.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

76 views

### Estimate for de Bruijn function with small fixed smoothness bound

Let $\Psi(x,B)$ denote the number of $B$-smooth numbers less than $x$. Wikipedia gives the following "good estimate" for small, fixed $B$:
$$\Psi(x,B) \sim \frac{1}{\pi(B)!} \prod_{p\le B}\frac{\log ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Elegant / Canonical way to Extend Integer Iterates of a Function to a Real Parameter

Any map $f \colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ induces a "composition map"
$$f^\circ\colon \mathbb{R} \times \mathbb{N} \to \mathbb{R},$$
where
$$f^{\circ n}(x) = \underbrace{f \circ \dotsb \circ f}_{...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Formal smoothness implies local freeness of the sheaf of relative differentials

What is the least restrictive finiteness assumptions guaranteeing that for a formally smooth morphism of schemes $f:X\rightarrow Y$, the sheaf of relative differentials $\Omega _{X/Y}$ would be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Smoothing in linear hyperbolic equations

This is a bit fuzzy, but I've somewhere read or heard something like:
"For linear hyperbolic equations smoothing in time leads to smoothing in space"
Is this in any sense true?
References, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### Unitary representations of finite dimensional Lie groups on infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces

I am interested in the proofs of continuity of some standard unitary representations appearing in Physics. Additionally, I am interested in the integration of finite-dimensional Lie algebras of skew-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

164 views

### Gevrey estimate of derivatives

Let $\phi$ be the $C^\infty$ function defined on $\mathbb R_+^*$ by $e^{-t^{-2}}$ and by $0$ on $\mathbb R_-$.
Question: I think that there exists $\rho>0$ such that
$$
\forall t\in \mathbb R,\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### Smoothness of the solution of 1D diffusion equation

How do I show that the solution of 1D diffusion equation is smooth for all t>0? I do know that in order to show a nonlinear PDE, for example Burger's equation, develops corners (instead of smooth ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### A differentiable isometry is smooth?

I posted this question in MSE but got no response (even after giving a bounty), so I am trying here.
Let $M,N$ be smooth $d$-dimensional Riemannian manifolds.
Suppose $f:M \to N$ is a differentiable ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Smoothness in von Neumann algebra of measurable functions

Let $A=L^{\infty}(M)$ be an algebra of essentially bounded measurable function on manifold $M$. Let $D$ be a first order elliptic differential operator acting on some hermitian bundle $S$ over $M$ (...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Isomorphic algebras determine diffeomorphic manifolds

It is a kind of folklore but I would like to see the proof of the following fact: given two smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ if we assume that the algebras $C^{\infty}_0(M)$ and $C^{\infty}_0(N)$ are ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Smoothness of a projective variety via the derived category

Let $X$ be a smooth projective integral variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $Y$ be a (not necessarily smooth) projective integral variety over $k$.
Assume that $D^b(X) \cong D^b(Y)$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Continuation of a smooth function, whose every derivative is strictly monotonic

Let $f$ be a function defined on $(-\infty, a]$ such that every derivative of $f$ is strictly monotonic. Does it guarantee uniqueness of a smooth continuation $g$ of $f$ to the whole real line, where ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Holomorphic symplectic form on the moduli space of Higgs bundles

I have the following problem: consider the moduli space $\mathcal{M}:=\mathcal{M}_X(n, 0)$ of semistable Higgs bundles of rank $n$ and degree $0$ on a compact Riemann surface $X$ of genus $g\geq2$. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

675 views

### Derivatives of $C^{\infty}$ non analytic function

Question: Given $f\in C^{\infty}$ which is not analytic on a bounded domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}$. What can we say about the sequence $\lbrace f^{(m)} \rbrace _{m=1}^{\infty} $? Specifically - ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Are metric isometries smooth at the boundary?

Let $M,N$ be smooth Riemannian manifolds with boundary (In particular, we assume the boundaries are smooth).
Suppose we have a map $\phi:M \to N$ which satisfies the following properties:
$$(1) \, \,...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

486 views

### smooth functional to detect whether a function has a zero

Does there exist a function $F : C^\infty(\mathbb{R}, [0, \infty)) \to \mathbb{R}$ with the following properties:
$F(f) = 0$ if and only if there exists an $x \in [0,1]$ such that $f(x) = 0$.
$F$ is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Smooth dependence on parameters of invariant manifolds

This may be considered a followup question to smooth dependence of stable manifold on parameters. In particular, I would like to know in more detail how smooth parameter dependence of a (generalized) ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Confusion with formally unramified = immersion and formally smooth = submersion

From this MO question I learned to tentatively think of formally unramified arrows as immersions and of formally smooth arrows as submersions.
I'm trying to semi-formally handwave myself into ...

**16**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Smoothness of the closest point on a submanifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, and let $S \subseteq M$ be a compact submanifold.
Assume that for each $p \in M$, there exist a unique closest point on $S$, i.e a unique point $\tilde s(...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

153 views

### Quotient of two smooth functions extension

Assume we are given smooth functions $f, g: U \to \mathbb{C}$, where $0 \in U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is open and $0 \in g^{-1}(0) \subset \{x_n = 0\}$. Furthermore, suppose that $\nabla g \neq 0$ on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Uniqueness of smooth compactification upto a smooth morphism

By a $k$-variety, we will mean a separated scheme of finte type over a field $k$. Let $k$ be of characteristic 0. Given a smooth quasi-projective $k$-variety $X$, there is a projective $k$-variety $\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### Extension of functions from geodesically convex compact sets in a Riemannian manifold

In the paper Extension operators for spaces of infinite differentiable Whitney jets (J. reine angew. Math. 602 (2007), 123—154, DOI:10.1515/crelle.2007.005) by Leonhard Frerick, a convenient condition ...

**1**

vote

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99 views

### Smoothness of the incicence correspondence associated to the join of two varieties

Let $Y\subseteq X\subsetneq\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be smooth projective varieties, and let
$$
S_{X,Y}=\overline{\{(x,y,z)\in X\times Y\times \mathbb{P}^{N}:x\neq y, z\in\langle x,y\rangle\}}.
$$
Can we ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### Unit sphere of a norm is a submanifold implies the norm is smooth?

Let us call a norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$ smooth if its restriction $\| \cdot \|:\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{ 0 \} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth map.
Suppose the unit sphere of a norm $\| \cdot \|$ is an ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

309 views

### Composition algebra of Gevrey function for $s<1$

Let $g,f$ be real-valued functions defined on the real line. Let $s$ be a real number.
Assuming that $g,f$ are both in the Gevrey class $G^{s}$, it is true that $g\circ f$ belongs to $G^{s}$ if $s\ge ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

360 views

### Bertini-type theorem in positive characteristic [closed]

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a morphism of finite type of irreducible schemes over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. Assume that $Y$ is non-singular. Let $x \in X$ be a closed point and $T_xf:...

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286 views

### Blow up along a section of a smooth morphism

Let $C$ be a ground locally notherian and quasiprojective scheme. Let $\pi:S\to B$ be a $C$-morphism of finite type $C$-schemes. We call $\pi$ a $C$-smooth morphism if the morphisms $S\to C$ and $B\to ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

99 views

### Smoothness of a power of smooth non-negative function [closed]

Let $f$ be a non-negative infinitely smooth function on the real line. Is it true that for any constant $\alpha$ the function $f^\alpha$ is infinitely smooth?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

110 views

### Set of smooth curves on the Hilbert scheme is open. H

Let $H = Hilb_{d,g,r}$ be the Hilbert scheme of genus $g$ curves of degree $d$ in proyective space $\mathbb{P}^r$, over an algebraically closed field $k$.
Is it true that the set of points of $H$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

199 views

### Separability and smoothness

Let $A \subseteq B$ be commutative noetherian rings.
I have found the following claim: "Separability implies smoothness" with the following explanation:
"The natural thing is to prove that a separable ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### Do locally convex topological vector spaces embed into diffeological spaces?

The nLab casually remarks that locally convex tvs embed into diffeological spaces by (discussion around) a corollary in Kriegl and Michor, namely 3.14, but this deals with Boman's theorem and results ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

141 views

### Differentiability of polytope shadow areas

Let $P$ be an opaque convex polyhedron containing the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
and let $S$ be an origin-centered sphere strictly containing $P$: $S \supset P$.
For a point $x$ on $S$, let $\sigma(x)$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Smooth bivariate functions identifiable under permutations

Consider a "smooth" $f : [0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$ and let $\pi : [n] \to [n]$ be a permutation of $[n] =\{1,\dots,n\}$. Let us define
$$
A^{f,\pi} := \Big( f\Big(\frac{\pi(i)}{n},\frac{\pi(j)}{n}\Big) \...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

66 views

### Glueing smooth functions give a smooth function if reparametrized [closed]

Given $\mathbf{r}:(t_0-\varepsilon, t_0+\varepsilon)\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a $C^{1}$ application, with $\mathbf{r}'(t)=(0,0)\Longleftrightarrow\ t=t_0$, and
$$\mathbf{r}(t)=\begin{cases} \mathbf{r}_1 (t)...

**2**

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**0**answers

63 views

### Compute the smoothing of functions

Given a function $g:R^d\rightarrow R$, which is not necessarily continuous, I want to compute the "smoothing" of $g$, i.e.,
$G(\vec{y})=\int_{R^n} g(\vec{x}) f_{\vec{y}, \sigma}(\vec{x}) d\vec{x} $
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Dominating affine varieties over $k$ with affine smooth varieties over $k$

Given a geometrically integral affine variety $X:=\mathrm{Spec}(K[X_1,\ldots, X_n])/(f_1,\ldots, f_m)$ over a possibly imperfect field $K$, does there always exist an affine variety $\tilde{X}$ ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

694 views

### How singular can the Stein factorization of a proper map between smooth varieties be?

A little bit of motivation (the question starts below the line): I am studying a proper, generically finite map of varieties $X \to Y$, with $X$ and $Y$ smooth. Since the map is proper, we can use the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Are the fibers of this morphism geometrically regular?

Let $A\rightarrow B$ be a local morphism of complete noetherian rings making $B$ a formally smooth $A$-algebra. Does the induced morphism $\textrm{Spec}(B)\to\textrm{Spec}(A)$ have geometrically ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Gluing submanifolds along their common boundary

This might be too elementary for this site, but I asked first on math.stackexchange and didn't get an answer even after offering 250 bounty points.
Let $M$ be a smooth $m$-manifold and $N_1$, $N_2$ ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

896 views

### on the local structure of schemes

Let $X$ be an integral finite type scheme over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $x\in X$, such that there exists a neighborhood $U$ of $x$, such that the sheaf of differentials $\Omega^{1}_{U}$ decomposes into:
$\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

270 views

### Smoothness and smoothness over formal neighborhood

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a locally finitely presented map. Let $x\in X$ and $y=f(x)$.
We assume that the map on the level of fomal neighborhoods $X_{x}\rightarrow Y_{y}$ is formally smooth, can we find ...