Questions tagged [convex-polytopes]

Convex polytopes are the convex hulls of a finite set of points in Euclidean spaces. They have rich combinatorial, arithmetic, and metrical theory, and are related to toric varieties and to linear programming

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0answers
31 views

How to characterize the action of the central inversion on the face lattice of a polytope?

Given a centrally symmetric polytope $P\subset\Bbb R^d$. The central inversion $-I$ induces an automorphism $\phi$ on the face lattice $\mathcal F(P)$ of $P$. Question: Is there a way to see that ...
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Confining a polytope to one side of an affine hyperplane

Judging whether one convex polytope is inside of another when both are expressed as a system of linear inequalities seems to be a complex problem. This answer on math.stackexchange.com claims the ...
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“Baues poset” of shellings of simplicial polytope?

Let me start with some background I want to use as analogy. Consider a (convex) polytope $P$ and its set of triangulations. Among all the triangulations, a well behaved subset are the regular ones: ...
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On number of facets in projected polytopes of certain sparseness

$\DeclareMathOperator\Set{Set}$ Let $Set=\{x\in\mathbb Z^{n}:\exists y\in\mathbb Z^m\text{ satisfying } A[x,y]'\leq b\}$ where $A$ has $r=km$ rows and $k=O(1)$. I am trying to write $$ Set=\{x\in\...
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Can solutions to Thomson's problem have pentagons?

Thomson's problem asks for the minimum energy configuration for $N$ electrons on a sphere (refs: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomson_problem, https://sites.google.com/site/adilmmughal/...
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Decomposition of Polyhedral - An example

There is no doubt that clear examples consolidate the understanding of concepts being learnt. I am new to finding the structure and decomposition of a polyhedra. Suppose that we have the system $$ \...
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1answer
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Check if a point is in the interior of the convex hull of some other points in high dimensions, and lower-bounding the largest enclosed ball [closed]

Given $m$ points $P=\{p_0, p_1, ..., p_m\}$ in high dimensions (e.g. 100), it is known that computing (or even representing) their convex hull $\text{conv}(P)$ is generally intractable due to the ...
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Partitions of convex planar regions into zonogons

A zonogon is a centrally symmetric convex polygon. Are there convex non-zonogons that can be partitioned into a finite number of (convex) zonogons? Same as 1 with the pieces allowed to be nonconvex ...
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151 views

Iterating projections to random halfspaces

Consider the following process: Start with a set $S = \mathbb R^n$. Repeat $L$ times: choose a random orthonormal basis $u_1, \ldots, u_n$, and consider the cone $C = \{ \sum \alpha_i u_i : \alpha_i \...
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Additional symmetries of the Traveling Salesman Polytope

Given the complete graph $K_n=(V,E)$, the Traveling Salesman Polytope is a convex polytope in $\Bbb R^E$ obtained as the convex hull of the indicator vectors of (edge-sets of) Hamiltonian cycles in $...
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Anchor sets for lattice polygons: Part I

Suppose $V=\{(x_1,y_1), (x_2,y_2),\dots,(x_v,y_v)\}$ is a vertex set of lattice points satisfying $$0=x_1<x_2<\dots<x_v \qquad \text{and} \qquad y_1>y_2>\cdots>y_{v-1}>y_v=0.$$ ...
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Are zonotopes determined by their edge-graph?

General polytopes are not determined by their edge-graph (up to combinatorial equivalence). But I came accross the statement that zonotopes are determined in this way. Question: Is this true? And ...
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154 views

Cohomology ring of a hypersurface in toric variety

Let $X^n$ be a smooth projective toric variety corresponding to a simple polytope $P$. It is well known that the cohomology ring $H^*(X)$ can be described in terms of combinatorics of faces of $P$. ...
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If there are eigenvectors with largest components $i$ resp. $j$, then is there an eigenvector with two largest components $i$ and $j$?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a connected (finite simple) graph with vertex set $V=\{1,...,n\}$ and let $\theta_2\in\Bbb R$ be the second-largest eigenvalue of its adjacency matrix. I wonder about the following ...
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Ehrhart period collapse for $123\ldots k$-avoiding Birkhoff polytope?

For $1 \leq r \leq n$, let $\mathcal{B}^n_r$ denote the polytope of all real matrices $$ \pi = \begin{pmatrix} \pi_{1,1} & \pi_{1,2} & \cdots & \pi_{1,n} \\ \pi_{2,1} & \ddots & \...
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Existence of a fundamental domain for the convex hull of group action on a rational polytope

Let $P \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a compact rational polytope (the affine space spanned by $P$ may not be $\mathbb R^n$). Let $G \subset {\bf GL}(n,\mathbb Z)$ be an arithmetic group. Let $$C = {\rm Conv}...
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1answer
74 views

State-of-the-art article on “uniform 5-polytopes?”

I would like to read article(s) that provide the “state of the art” on the following open problem: “Enumerate all convex uniform 5-polytopes.” This problem is posted on the “Open Problem Garden” (http:...
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Are there centrally-symmetric self-dual polytopes in dimension $d> 4$?

A convex polytope $P\subset\Bbb R^d$ is centrally symmetric if $-P=P$. It is self-dual (or better, self-polar?) if its polar dual $P^\circ$ is congruent to $P$, that is, there is a map $X\in\mathrm O(\...
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Attached convex “hulls”

Let $\mathcal{P}$ a finite set of points of a Euclidean $\mathbb{E}^n$ and take the union $\mathrm{U}(\mathcal{P})$ of all closed half-spaces defined by $n$ elements of $\mathcal{P}$ that contain only ...
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What are midway sections of simplices?

This is a (slightly modified) crosspost. Subsequent edit - coordinates are changed to obtain simpler expressions; the existing answer is not affected. There is a family of convex polytopes: $P_n$ is $...
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Constructing a $0/1$ polytope from an abstract simplicial complex

Let us fix $\Delta$ a finite simplicial complex, and label the vertices of $\Delta$ as $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$. For each $F\in \Delta$ let us consider the point in $\mathbb{R}^n$ given by: $$e_F := \sum_{i\...
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Minimum Euclidean squared norm in the convex hull of points with rational coordinates

This is probably known, but I have not located a reference. Let $P$ be the convex hull of $k$ points in $\mathbb R^n$ with rational coordinates. Consider the Euclidean square norm function $F:P\to\...
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1answer
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Is there a polytope with an essentially unique shape?

More percisely: Question: Is there a (convex) polytope that has a unique realization up to, say, projective transformations? I suppose I have to assume that it has more than $d+2$ vertices/facets if ...
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1answer
684 views

Two questions on the permutohedron

The $n$-dimensional permutohedron $P_n$ is the polytope given by the convex hull of all the possible permutations of the vector $(1,2,\dots,n+1)\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. So it has $(n+1)!$ vertexes. I ...
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If a polytope is centrally symmetric and combinatorially equivalent to a zonotope, is it a zonotope?

A zonotope is a polytope whose 2-faces are centrally symmetric. Question: If a polytope $P$ is centrally symmetric and combinatorially equivalent to a zonotope, is it itself a zonotope?
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Is there more than one pseudo-Catalan solid?

This question was asked on MSE a year ago. Motivation for this question can be found in other MSE questions here, here or here. Convex solids can have all sorts of symmetries: the platonic solids are ...
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1answer
257 views

An example in symplectic geometry

$\DeclareMathOperator\SU{SU}$Let $M$ be a coadjoint orbit of dimension 6 of $\SU(3)$, and let $T$ be the maximal torus in $\SU(3)$. If we denote $\mu : M \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$ the moment map ...
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Maximal number of visible vertices

Let $P$ be a three-dimensional convex polytope with $N$ faces; $O$ a point outside $P$. What is the maximal number $f(N)$ of vertices of $P$ which may be seen from $O$?
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Edges in the convex hull of the union of random polygons

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two convex polygons in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Given $a > 0$, denote by $aP$ its image under the dilation by $a$ centered around the origin (i.e. the polygon obtained by replacing each ...
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Conditions on $a_i,b_i$ for $i =1,\ldots,n$, so that $\arg\max_{\|x\| \le 1}\min\{a_i^\top x + b_i\mid i = 1,\ldots,n\} \subseteq \{\|x\| < 1\}$

Let $A$ be an $n \times m$ matrix with rows $ a_1,\dots,a_n \in \mathbb R^m$ and let $b=(b_1,\dots,b_n)$ be a vector in $\mathbb R^n$. Let $\mathbb B_m$ be the centered closed unit-ball in $\mathbb R^...
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1answer
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If $C_1\subseteq C_2$ are two closed convex cones that are pointed with $\partial C_1\subseteq \partial C_2$ then is $C_1=C_2$?

Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be two proper full dimensional closed convex cones in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are pointed. Suppose that $C_1\subseteq C_2$ and that the boundary of $C_1$ is contained in the boundary ...
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1answer
61 views

Mass distributions for high dimensional simplex and cross polytope

In this question, it is shown that the radial mass distribution of an $n$-cube (i.e. the probability density for the distance from a point selected uniformly from within an $n$-cube to the cube's ...
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1answer
91 views

Exact volume calculation of a polytope is NP hard under which restrictions?

Computing the exact volume of a polytope given in half space representation seems to be NP-hard. One paper I found proved it is hard for rational coefficients. (However, the paper itself was behind a ...
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How to find the dimension of the polar cone of a convex cone generated by some given vectors

Suppose we have access to a generating set $\{v_1, ..., v_k\}\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ of the convex cone $C=cone(v_1, ..., v_k)$, where $cone(\cdot)$ is the conical hull (i.e. nonnegative span) of ...
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How to correctly state Cauchy's rigidity theorem?

Cauchy's rigidity theorem is usually cites briefly as Any two (convex, 3-dimensional) polyhedra with pairwise congruent faces are themselves congruent. As a more formal generalization to general ...
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The area of cross-section of polyhedron or polytope

Consider a polyhedron or polytope $P$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $F$ be a bounded face of $P$. Now we shift and rotate this polyhedron such that $F$ lies on the hyperplane $\{t=0\}$, and $P\subseteq\...
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Which polytopes can be deformed while keeping their edge-lengths?

Let $P\subset\Bbb R^d$ be a convex polytope (a convex hull of finitely many points). Lets call it flexible, if it can be continuously deformed while keeping its combinatorial type, and keeping its ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there a non-orthogonal linear deformation of a polytope that preserves edge-lengths and vertex-origin-distances?

Is there a polytope $P\subset\Bbb R^d$ (convex hull of finitely many points, not contained in a proper affine subspace), and a linear, but non-orthogonal transformation $T\in\mathrm{GL}(\Bbb R^d)\...
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109 views

How does a map from permutahedra to associahedra factor through multiplihedra?

Let $P_i$ denote permutahedra, $K_i$ associahedra and $J_i$ multiplihedra. In their famous paper on operadic diagonals, Saneblidze and Umble use a projection $p_i: P_i \to K_{i+1}$ which factors as $...
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2answers
189 views

Integer decomposition property with a partial order

Let $\mathcal{P}$ be a convex lattice polytope in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We say that $\mathcal{P}$ has the integer decomposition property (or "is IDP") if for all $k\in \mathbb{N}$ and $\alpha \in ...
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1answer
79 views

Solid angles at points in an orthosimplex

Given a point ${\bf x} = (x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)$ in the orthosimplex $K = \{(x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n)\ : \ 0 \leq x_1 \leq x_2 \leq \dots \leq x_n \leq 1\}$, what proportion of a ball of radius $\epsilon$ ...
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1answer
585 views

Can every simple polytope be inscribed in a sphere?

It is known that not every convex polytope (even polyhedron, e.g. this one) can be made inscribed, that is, we cannot always move its vertices so that all vertices end up on a common sphere, and the ...
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29 views

Distance to the “boundary” of a polyhedral complex

Suppose I have a polyhedral complex $\{P_1, \ldots, P_k\}$ and let $S := \cup_{i = 1}^k P_i$. I am interested in a function which measures the distance from a point $x \in S$ to the "boundary&...
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3answers
247 views

Minimal data required to determine a convex polytope

Let $P\subset \Bbb R^d$ be a convex polytope. Suppose that I know its combinatorial type (aka. the face-lattice), the length $\ell_i$ of each edge, and the distance $r_i$ of each vertex from the ...
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1answer
319 views

Curve with no embedding in a toric surface

I am looking for a smooth proper curve $C$ such that there does not exist any closed embedding $C \to S$ where $S$ is a (normal projective) toric surface. Since $C$ is smooth I believe it suffices to ...
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1answer
229 views

Separating a lattice simplex from a lattice polytope

Let $P\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a convex lattice polytope. Do there always exist a lattice simplex $\Delta\subset P$ and an affine hyperplane $H\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ separating $\Delta$ from the convex ...
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116 views

Probability of landing inside the convex hull of previously sampled points

Let $\{X_i\}_{0\leq i\leq\infty}$ be i.i.d. random vectors in $\mathbb{R^d}$. I would like to show that the probability of one point being in the convex hull of the others goes to one with the number ...
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37 views

Source request: Optimal bounds on signings of points from a convex body

I recently came across an old survey of problems in discrete geometry: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c350/f4d4a9466fa6708d99ec1187c63d89bed20f.pdf Problem 2.1 from the list caught my eye. It states ...
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1answer
98 views

Polytope with most faces

Fix $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$ with $m \ge n+1$. Take $m$ points in general position in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $P$ be their convex hull. What is the maximal number of (external, codimension-one) faces that $...
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1answer
89 views

Is the following generalization of the Caratheodory theorem true?

The colorful Carathéodory theorem (Bárány, 1982) considers $d+1$ "colors" $X_1,\ldots,X_{d+1}\subseteq \mathbb{R}^d$, and a point $x$ in the convex hull of each color ($x\in \text{conv}(X_i)$...

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