# Questions tagged [critical-point-theory]

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### Diagrams for critical points

In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030) pages 13 and 15 we have : for case "d&...
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### configurations of three saddles on one level

In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030) page 13 we have : There are sixteen ...
1 vote
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### Gap to fill in the Aubin–Ekeland proof of the mountain-pass theorem

Working through the proof of the mountain-pass theorem given in Applied Nonlinear Analysis by Aubin & Ekeland, at what seems to be a critical point of the proof (the top of page 274) they refer to ...
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### Is a function looking like a cubic cusp globally equivalent to the cubic cusp?

Let's consider a family of smooth odd functions $\phi_v(u)\colon \mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}$, which ,looks like' a family of functions $f_y(x)=x^3-yx$ in the vicinity of $(0,0)$: $\phi_v(u)$ has no ...
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### Definition of Euler-Lagrange equation and properties, where can I find?

I'm studying a paper and in the introduction appears the following: It is well known that existence of critical points and solvability of Euler-Lagrange equations are related, and there is and ...
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### Finding the critical points of a degree $5$ Blaschke product

The derivative of a degree $5$ polynomial $p\in\mathbb{C}[z]$ is a degree four polynomial $p'\in\mathbb{C}[z]$, and as such, the zeros of $p'$ may be found explicitly using the quartic formulae. One ...
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### C^1 fractals in statistical mechanics

It is well-known--even famous--that the Schramm-Loewner curves appear as domain boundaries between phases at second-order critical points like the critical Ising model or percolation in two dimensions....
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### Polynomial with subset of critical points and values prescribed

Motivated by this question I wish to pose the following question: Given $k$ points $(x_1, y_1), \ldots (x_k, y_k)$ with (WLOG) $x_i < x_{i+1}$, can we find a polynomial $p(x)\in\Bbb R[x]$ ...
114 views

### When is a critical value of a map contained in the interior of the image?

Let $M^n$ be a compact manifold, and $F\colon M \to \mathbb{R}^n$ a smooth map. The inverse function theorem implies that every regular value of $F$ lies in the interior of $F(M)$, hence every point ...
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### Measure of the Attractor of Critical Points of a Manifold

Let $f: \mathbb{R}^d \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function and consider the $d$-manifold $M = \{(x, f(x)): x \in \mathbb{R}^d\} \subset \mathbb{R}^{d+1}$. Let $P$ be a property of some subset ...
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### Tubular neighborhoods in the proof of the Morse homology theorem

I have a question regarding the proof of the Morse homology theorem given by D. Salamon in "Morse theory, the Conley index and Floer homology". The full text can be found here: http://www.mtm.ufsc.br/...
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### Categorizing saddle points of real multivariate polynomials

I have a multivariate polynomial function of N variables $f(x_1,x_2,…,x_N) = x_1 x_2 x_3 .. x_N \left( 1 + \sum_i^N (a_i x_i^2 - x_i) \right)$, where $a_i > 0$ are real positive numbers. By ...
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### Failure of Palais-Smale Condition C and the Mini-Max Principle

To get a thorough analysis of the critical point structure of a smooth function $f:M\to\mathbb{R}$ on a smooth Hilbert manifold $M$, a compactness assumption gets us far. That assumption is Condition ...