# Questions tagged [critical-point-theory]

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### Is there a flaw in this proof of the validity of the Palais-Smale condition?

In Chapter 3 of his monograph (available on Researchgate), Kavian applies the Mountain Pass Theorem to a semilinear elliptic equation. To this aim, he needs to check that a functional satisfies the ...
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### Minimizing sequence $\implies$ Palais–Smale sequence

Set $F:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ a $C^2$-function that is bounded from below. Set $x_n$ a minimizing sequence, i.e., $F(x_n)\to \alpha = \inf F$. I want to prove that under the assumption of ...
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### Laplacian variational problem with asymptotically quadratic term

Consider the functional $$J= \int_\Omega |\nabla u|^2 - \int_\Omega F(u),$$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain. The problem has been solved for example if $F$ is (1) subquadratic, or (2) ...
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### Differences among various index theories in critical point theory

Index theories help characterize critical points of functionals having certain symmetries. What are the differences (regarding problems they can be applied to) between for example these ones? the ...
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### Generalized Sard's lemma

Let $f: X \to \mathbb{R}$ be a $C^{1,1}$ (that is $C^1$ with Lipschitz differential) function on a manifold $X$. Suppose that $f$ is smooth at all points of a subset $C \subset \text{Crit}f$ of ...
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### Is there an upper bound on the number of critical points of a spherical harmonic on a local scale?

Take a spherical harmonic $y_d$ of degree $d$ on the sphere $\mathbb{S}^2$ and a spherical disk of radius $\frac{1}{d^2}$ centered at any point (let's say the north pole). Is there an upper bound, ...
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### Pullback of Morse form satisfies Palais Smale

Let $(\alpha,g)$ be a Morse-Smale pair on a closed smooth manifold $M$, i.e. $\alpha$ is a Morse form and $g$ a Riemannian metric on $M$ such that stable and unstable manifolds of the gradient vector ...
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### Smoothing a periodic function of two variables

Let $F \colon \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a $C^{1}$-function 1-periodic in each variable, so it can be considered as a function on the flat torus $\mathbb{T}^2 = \mathbb{R}^2 / \mathbb{Z}^2$. We ...
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### Critical values of analytic functions of several variables

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^d\to \mathbb{R}$ be real analytic. Define $S=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^d, \nabla f (x)=0\}$. Is it true that for any compact set $K\subset \mathbb{R}^d$, $f(S\cap K)$ is a finite set ?
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### Height function on 2-torus with only 3 critical points

It is well-known that a Morse function on $T^2$ has at least $4$ critical points, but also that there exist functions $f\colon T^2\to\mathbb R$ with only 3 critical points (the least possible number ...
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### Existence of at least one positive solution for semilinear biharmonic equation with critical exponent

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$, $N\geq 5$. Now assume the biharmonic problem with singular term as follow \begin{cases} ‎\Delta^2u=‎‎\lambda ‎‎\dfrac{u}{|x|^4}‎‎+u^{‎p}‎ & \mathrm{in}‎\hspace{...
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### Estimation of the number of local extrema

I have a question about a simple proposition, I suppose that this is something well-known or a special case of something well-known: Let $D\subset\mathbb{R}^{2}$ be the closed unit disk in the plane ...
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### Lusternik-Schnirelmann Theorem

In various paper i found this: But i don't find this theorem of Lusternik-Schnirelmann, have you an idea where i can find this theorem, the condition? Thank you.
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### Set of critical values is compact [closed]

Let $M\subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be a compact manifold with $\partial M=\emptyset$ and let $f: M\rightarrow S^p$ be a smooth map. I want to unerstand the proof of the following lemma which occurs in ...
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### Gauss--Lucas type theorem for tracts and higher derivatives of a polynomial

The Gauss--Lucas Theorem states that all zeros of derivative of a degree $n$ complex polynomial $p(z)$ are contained in the convex hull of the zeros of $p$. By iteration, this implies that the zeros ...
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### What is the analog of “monotonic” for scalar functions on surfaces?

"monotonic" is well defined for functions $f(x)$, where e.g. $x\in[0,1]$ and $f(x)\in\mathbb{R}$. The quality I particularly care about is that if $f(x)$ is monotonic then it will not have any local ...
Let $f$ be a $C^1$ functional on a Hilbert space $X$, and $Y$ a closed subspace of $X$. Suppose the restriction of $f$ on $Y$ has a critical point $x_0 \in Y$. Q: Is $x_0$ a critical point of $f$?
### Do the focal points of a submanifold $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^k$ form a closed subset?
Let $M$ be a submanifold in an euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^k$, and $\nu(M)$ the normal bundle to $M$, let us denote $\phi$ the restriction to $\nu(M)$ of the exponential map for $\mathbb{R}^k$. A ...