The curvature tag has no usage guidance.

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### Special spheres: principal curvatures with different signs

For $\varepsilon > 0$, we say that a closed, connected and oriented immersed hypersurface $M^n$ of a riemannian manifold $(N^{n+1},g)$ is $\varepsilon$-convex whenever all principal curvatures of $...

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### Positive and non-negative sectional curvature of semi-riemannian metrics

I am currently studying the techniques related to geometry of positive and non-negative sectional curvature of Riemannian metrics. In particular, I have done some work with Cheeger deformations. I ...

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94 views

### Flatness in a neighborhood of a point condition

Suppose that we have a Riemannian Manifold $(M,g)$ whose
curvature vanishes in an open neighborhood U of a point p.
When does this imply that the metric is Flat ?
In particular, does it happen ...

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481 views

### How do we compute the even cohomology $H^{2i}(Q)$ of the affine hyperquadric?

Consider the affine hyperquadric $Q:=\biggl\{(z_1,...,z_{n+1})\in\mathbb{C}^{n+1}\biggl|\sum_{i=1}^{n+1}z_i^2=1\biggr\}\cong TS^n$.
What is a reasonable Kähler metric for $Q$ (induced by the ...

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89 views

### Comparison principle for viscosity solution

I am currently reading the paper "The Inverse Mean Curvature Flow and the Riemannian Penrose Inequality" written by Gerhard Huisken and Tom Ilmanen.
https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.jdg/1090349447
I ...

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### Small perimeter-minimizing disks on curved surfaces

Suppose that I have a smooth curved surface, and I choose an arbitrary point $Q$ on that surface. Say the Gaussian curvature at that point is $K$. What I am wondering is, is there an expression for ...

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348 views

### $S^3 \setminus S^1$ doesn't have hyperbolic structure

I need to prove that $M = S^3 \setminus S^1$ doesn't admit any metric of constantly negative sectional curvature s.t. $M$ is complete respect for this metric. I know that it is consequence of famous ...

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130 views

### total mean curvature for singular surface

(a) The total mean curvature of a smooth oriented surface $S$ is defined as $$\iint_S H dA$$ where $H$ is the mean curvature (defined w.r.t. a choice of continuous unit normals on $S$.) Is there a ...

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419 views

### A kind of “Curvature tensor” for higher dimensional tensors

I begin my question with a multilinear question then I will consider two local smooth analogies:
Assume that $\alpha$ is a real valued symmetric $k$-tensor, that is a $k$-linear map $\alpha:\...

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147 views

### holonomy of connection on gerbes

I am reading this notes of Hitchin to understand about gerbes. He defines gerbe by giving a collection of $2$ cocycles $g_{\alpha\beta\gamma}:U_\alpha\cap U_\beta\cap U_\gamma\rightarrow S^1$ with ...

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207 views

### Minakshisundaram-Pleijel zeta function identity

Let $\zeta(M,s)$ be the Minakshisundaram-Pleijel zeta function, which encodes the eigenvalues of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Where can I find a proof or reference of the following identity? If $M$ ...

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### Is there a convex three-dimensional body with constant width and only finitely-many equilibria? Or: do spheroform gömböcök exist?

Mathematical questions. The mathematical (and 'gravity'-free) formulation of the question in the title is given by the following questions:
Q1. Does there exist $(a,b)\in\omega^2\setminus\{(0,0)\}$ ...

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### A reference for Poincaré's type inequality for vector fields

$\newcommand{\M}{\mathcal{M}}$
$\newcommand{\TM}{T\mathcal{M}}$
$\newcommand{\Ric}{\operatorname{Ric}}$
$\newcommand{\Volg}{\operatorname{Vol}_g}$
I would like to find a reference for the following ...

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257 views

### Locally Riemannian Connection

Let $\Gamma^a{}_{bc}=\Gamma^a{}_{cb}$ be a symmetric connection whose curvature is $$R^a{}_{bcd}=\partial_c\Gamma^a{}_{bd}-\partial_d\Gamma^a{}_{bc}+\Gamma^a{}_{ec}\Gamma^e{}_{bd}-\Gamma^a{}_{ed}\...

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198 views

### Second fundamental form and embeddings

Let $\Sigma$ be a smooth hypersurface of a $d$ dimensional smooth Riemannian manifold $(\mathcal M, G)$;
we may see $G_x$ as a mapping from $T_x(\mathcal M)$ into $T_x^*(\mathcal M)$ so that
$$
\...

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276 views

### Riemannian vs Non-Riemannian curvature

If you neither know the metric nor the holonomy group, how do you recognize a curvature tensor is Riemannian?
I assume a curvature, by definition, satisfies Bianchi identities. I know it is ...

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154 views

### Fary-Milnor Theorem : Help following a proof on page 9

I am studying Fary-Milnor Theorem on total curvature of knots and I am stuck in a proof. He is proving on page 9:
The Total curvature of a tame knot cannot equal the curvature of its type
k(C) := ...

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169 views

### Location of the endpoints of two parametric curves

I have two curves, $C_1$ and $C_2$ parametrized by $\theta$, the angle of the outward normal with the X-axis.
$C_1$ is given by the following equations (say $r = 0.2$):
\begin{align*}
\frac{dx}{d\...

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133 views

### Measure of distance between two curves described by their curvature

I have two curves both of which start at $(0,0)$. They satisfy the following equations:
$
\begin{align*}
\frac{dx}{d\theta} &= -\frac{\sin \theta}{\kappa(\theta)} \\
\frac{dy}{d\theta} &= \...

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### How do conformal maps affect curvature?

Let $(\overline{M}^{n+1}, \langle \cdot, \cdot \rangle)$ be a riemannian manifold with riemannian connection $\overline{\nabla}$ and consider $M^n \subset \overline{M}$ an orientable hypersurface with ...

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### Regarding a proof in the surgery theorem by Gromov and Lawson

I have a question regarding a proof in the article The classification of simply connected manifolds of positive scalar curvature written by Gromov and Lawson. The precise reference is:
Gromov, ...

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404 views

### Constant Gaussian curvature surfaces in 3-space containing lines

How can one construct surfaces in $\mathbb R^3$ of constant negative Gaussian curvature containing a line in $\mathbb R^3$? (this question is inspired by this MSE post).

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### Mean curvature upper bounds and area, or geodesic curvature upper bounds and length

Let $M$ be a closed manifold with non-torsion $\pi_2$, and $A$ a non-trivial free homotopy class of a map $f: S^2 \to M$.
Let $S$ be the set of (immersed) class $A$ surfaces in $(M,g)$ with mean ...

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### Integral of Gaussian curvature multiplied by mean curvature

Let $M$ be a 3-manifold with positive definite metric $g$, and let $S\subset M$ be an oriented 2-surface. For $x\in S$ let $K(x)$ be the Gaussian curvature and $H(x)$ be the mean curvature of $S$ at ...

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### Surgery and Curvature on Foliation

Let $X$ be an oriented closed smooth $4$-manifold. Suppose that $TM$ admits a foliation $\mathcal F$ of dimension two, and admits a positvescalar curvature.
Q: If we do the surgery on $X$ to reduce ...

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169 views

### Which differential forms commute with the curvature form?

Consider a vector bundle, $E \to M$, with connection, $\nabla$, and curvature $2$-form, $F$ on $M$. For $E$-valued differential forms on $M$, $\Omega(M, E)$, we have an exterior covariant derivative, ...

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### Curvature $\geq-1$ but not $\geq1$

(Edited again)
In the following, for brevity, I will say that $$X\ \ \mathrm{has}\ \ \kappa_{\mathrm{max}}=k$$ if $X$ is a compact ($n$-dimensional with $n\geq2$, with empty boundary) Aleksandrov ...

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176 views

### Under what condition the covariant derivative of Ricci operator along Killing vector field vanish?

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $V$ a unit Killing vector field on it. Under what condition on curvature tensor the following equation hold:
$$\nabla_VQ=0,$$
where $Q$ is the Ricci operator ...

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### Flat Riemannian metrics adapted to quadratic vector fields with center

Assume that $P(x,y),Q(x,y)\in \mathbb{R}[x,y]$ are two polynomials of degree $2$ with $P(0,0)=Q(0,0)=0.$
Suppose that the vector field $$\begin{cases} x'=P(x,y)\\ y'=Q(x,y) \end{cases}$$ has a center ...

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339 views

### Limit cycles of quadratic systems and closed geodesics(Finitness of $H(2)$)

This question is inspired by this answer to the question Finding a 1-form adapted to a smooth flow.
Assume that $V$ is a polynomial vector field of degree $2$ as follows:$$\begin{cases} x'=P(...

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### Reference for parallel transport around loop and its relation to curvature

It is a well known fact that the geometric meaning of a linear connection's curvature can be realized as the measure of a change in a fiber element as it is parallel transported along a closed loop.
...

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248 views

### Riemannian Manifolds of Bounded Curvature

I am a complete newbie Riemannian Geometry with a particular application in mind so please excuse a lack of rigor in the question.
Suppose I have a manifold with sectional curvature everywhere ...

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### Mean curvature vector approximated for the discrete Laplace Beltrami Operator

"It is known that, for a curvature continuous surface, if the curve $\gamma$ shrinks to the point $v_i$, the (line) integral converges to the mean curvature $\kappa(v_i)$ of the surface at the point $...

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### Relation of pseudo-torsion with curvature in degenerate plane

Question: I'd like to know if there is some reference or reasonable way to develop curve theory in a plane with degenerate metric $(\Bbb R^2, {\rm d}s^2 ={\rm d}x^2)$.
Context: In Lorentz-Minkowski ...

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### Derivation of the volume preserving mean curvature flow

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Picture above is from
Huisken, Gerhard, The volume preserving ...

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### Kernel of a non-integrable connection

The Riemann-Hilbert correspondence states that the kernel of an integrable (zero curvature) connection is a local system. Here, a connexion on a vector bundle $E$ over a manifold $X$ is a morphism of ...

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### Geometric interpretation of energy-momentum tensor and Lagrangian associated to a soliton equation

I have a question for you.
BACKGROUND
Consider an immersion $F\,:\;\mathscr S\;\longrightarrow\;\mathbb E^3$ of a surface $\mathscr S$ in the $3$-D euclidean plane $\mathbb E^3$ with canonical ...

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173 views

### Modified Willmore energy and surfaces with infinitesimally narrow necks

Disclaimer: This is a copy of a question that I asked on the Mathematics Stack Exchange. It was suggested to me there that the question was worth asking over here.
There is an open problem in ...

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400 views

### Who first proved that a vanishing Riemann tensor is sufficient for the existence of Euclidean coordinates?

Riemann famously introduced the notion of what we now call a Riemannian manifold and introduced the Riemann curvature tensor $R_{ijk}{}^l$, showing that it is an obstruction the local existence of ...

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### Do curvature differences obstruct a.e orientation-preserving isometries?

Is there an example of a pair $M,N$ of connected, oriented equidimensional Riemannian manifolds with the following properties:
$M$ is everywhere non-flat, $N$ is flat.
There exist a map $f:M \to N$ ...

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787 views

### A kind of surfaces

Is there a way* to prove that a Bonnet Surface $S$ in isothermal coordinates in $R^3$ with mean curvature ($H$) and Gaussian curvature ($K$) both non-constant and where $(H^2-K)=c$, (with c positive ...

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### Limit of curvature near lightlike points

Let $\alpha \colon I \to \Bbb R^2_1$ be a regular curve and $t_0 \in I$ be such that $\alpha$ is lightlike at $t_0$, and not lightlike at $]t_0-r,t_0[$ for some $r>0$. Then, in that interval the ...

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### Surfaces in isothermal coordinates and particular PDE

From Brioschi's formula, if we have a surface in isothermal coordinates were $g_{ij}=E(u,v)*\delta_{ij}$ is the metric tensor, the gaussian curvature is:
$K=-\frac{1}{2E}[\frac{\partial}{\partial u}(...

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### “Correct” definition of signed curvature in Minkowski plane

We know that for $n\geq 2$ the de Sitter space $\mathbb{S}^n_1(r)$ and the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n(r)$ have constant curvature $1/r^2$ and $-1/r^2$, respectively.
Looking at references such as ...

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### Conformal Transformations that are Ricci Positive Invariant

Is there any known class of conformal transformations $\phi : M \to M$ of a riemannian/semi-riemanian manifold $(M,g)$ that have the property: $g$ is ricci-positive iff $\phi^* g$ ricci positive?
...

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### Determining the rate of spread of geodesics when the sectional curvature is zero

I have posted this question in mathSE a few weeks ago (and proposed a bounty) but so far got no response.
In the book Riemanian geometry (by do-Carmo), the following result is proved (Corollary 2.9 ...

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### Bounds on Christoffel symbols

Let $\Omega$ be an open connected subdomain of a Riemannian manifold $M$ with boundary such that $\Omega$ is $\epsilon$ close to the boundary of $M$. Moreover, $\partial\Omega$ has two boundary ...

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### Positive combinatorial curvature - upper bound for maximal number of vertices

$Thm.:$ Let $G$ be a finite graph embedded in a sphere with $n \geq 580$ vertices and $3 \leq deg(x) < \infty $ and everywhere positive combinatorial curvature $K_G(x) > 0$ for all $x \in V(G)$,...

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### Evolution of $W_+$ and $W_-$ under the Ricci flow

In dimension $4$ the Weyl operator $W$ splits in two parts
$$W_+:\Lambda^{2}_{+} \to \Lambda^{2}_{+}$$
and
$$W_-:\Lambda^{2}_{-} \to \Lambda^{2}_{-}.$$
(a) Has there been a study of the evolution ...

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273 views

### Curvature of singular Riemannian metric

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n>1$ and $g$ a flat Riemannian metric on $M$. Consider $f:M\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^+$ a continuous function which doesn't have continuous first ...