Questions tagged [periodic-functions]

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2
votes
0answers
72 views

Negative eigenvalue for a periodic Sturm-Liouville problem

Let $f \in C^{\infty}([0, 2\pi])$ be a smooth function and consider the following periodic Sturm-Liouville problem: $$\begin{cases} u''(x) + f(x)u(x) = - \lambda u(x) \\ u(0) = u(2\pi) \\ u'(0) = u'(2\...
3
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1answer
278 views

What is the big-O time complexity of computing $1/N$ to $\log_{2}(N)$ bits of precision?

I am considering large integer values of $N$ (100 or more digits in base-$10$). In my algorithm, I need to be able to compute the reciprocal of $N$ with enough precision that the repetend will have ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Can all (inverse) trigonometric functions with periodic iterates be characterized?

I wonder whether all (composites of) trigonometric and inverse trigonometric functions with periodic functional iterations can be found. In order to specify what I mean by that, let's introduce some ...
3
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2answers
162 views

When is the periodisation of a function continuous?

Consider a function $f\in\mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R})$, where $\mathcal{C}_0(\mathbb{R})$ denotes the space of bounded continuous functions vanishing at infinity. I am interested in the $T$-periodisation ...
4
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0answers
67 views

The space of periodizable tempered distribution

The periodization operator $\mathrm{Per}$ is defined for a Schwartz function $\varphi \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ as \begin{equation} \mathrm{Per} \{ \varphi \} (x) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} \varphi( ...
2
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1answer
92 views

$x '(t) + g (x (t)) = f (t),\quad \forall t\in \mathbb R$ have periodic solution $\iff\; \frac 1T \int_0 ^ T f (t) dt \in g (\mathbb R) $

I have a research work concerning the equation: $$x '(t) + g (x (t)) = f (t),\quad \forall t\in \mathbb R$$ f and g are defined and continuous in $\mathbb R$ and with values ​​in $\mathbb R$. ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Almost periodicity of Bessel functions

We know that a periodic function (e.g. a trigonometric function) has the property $$ f(x+n\Lambda)=f(x) \qquad n\in\mathbb Z $$ A Bessel function is not exactly periodic, because the value of the ...
3
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0answers
89 views

An elliptic function built from a log-theta-function integral?

I'm studying the apparent ellipticity of $$\Theta(z,a):=\frac{\exp(\tfrac2a\int_0^a\ln\vartheta(x+z)\,dx)}{\vartheta(z)\vartheta(z+a)},\tag1$$with $a$ is a free parameter and \begin{align}\vartheta(z)&...
0
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0answers
151 views

What functions can one try employing to fit an apparently doubly-periodic real function over $[0,1]$?

I have a cosine-like data curve over $x \in [0,1]$ that I can rather well-fit by a function of the form $a \cos{2 \pi x} +b$. Although good, the fit is still lacking, in that the residuals from the ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Mean of a periodic velocity field and trajectory displacement bound

Suppose $u(t,x)$ is a smooth velocity field on $[0,\infty)\times \mathbb{R}$ and periodic in space, i.e., $u(t,0)=u(t,1)$ $\forall t$. Assume that $\int_0^1 u(t,x) \,dx = c$, independent of time. Let $...
3
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1answer
171 views

Smoothing a periodic function of two variables

Let $F \colon \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a $C^{1}$-function 1-periodic in each variable, so it can be considered as a function on the flat torus $\mathbb{T}^2 = \mathbb{R}^2 / \mathbb{Z}^2$. We ...
9
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1answer
423 views

Periodic function $f$ for which $f(x^2)$ is periodic too

There is the following question which was asked multiple times on Math.SE (e.g. here and here) without any final result: Question: Is there a periodic function $f:\Bbb R \to\Bbb R$ of smallest ...
3
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0answers
99 views

Probability of Intersection of Randomly Shifted Pulses

Defining a function $f_{a,T}:\mathbb R \to \{0,1\}$ to be $T$-periodic ($\forall x: f_{a,T}(x)=f_{a,T}(x+T)$), with $a\in[0,T]$ such that $\forall x\in [0,T] : f_{a,T}(x)= 1 \iff x\in [0,a]$. Given ...
4
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0answers
356 views

Evaluating an integral of a periodic function. It's positive?

My purpose is to show that this integral  \begin{equation} I_t(x)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{\cosh^2(u)}{2x}}\,e^{-\frac{u^2}{2 t}}\,\cos\left(\frac{\pi\,u}{2t }\right)\,\cosh(u)\,du\,\,,\,\,x,...
0
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0answers
23 views

Difference between $W^{k,p}([0,1]^d)$ and $W^{k,p}(\mathbb{T}^d)$

Let $\mathbb{T}^d \sim \mathbb{R}^d/\mathbb{Z}^d$. I know that $$W^{k,2}(\mathbb{T})\equiv\{f\in W^{k,2}([0,1]); f^{(i)}(0) = f^{(i)}(1), i = 0, \ldots, k-1\}.$$ Are there similar characterizations ...
14
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2answers
674 views

A conjecture about $\lfloor n!\cdot q/e\rfloor-\,!n\cdot q$

I was thinking about this question asked at Math.SE, when I came up with the following conjecture. For every $q\in\mathbb Q$ consider a sequence $s_n^{(q)}$ (terms within the sequence are indexed by $...
1
vote
0answers
167 views

Quantification of the extent of periodicity in a time series using fractal analyses

I need metrics to quantify and compare the extent of periodicity between any two given time series, considering the time series were "almost periodic". By "almost periodic" I mean: if I were to take ...
8
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1answer
631 views

Does there exist a nonconstant, periodic, real analytic function with period 1 and rational Maclaurin coefficients?

Does there exist a nonconstant, real analytic function $f \colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is periodic with period 1 and whose Maclaurin coefficients are all rational? (The function $\...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Periodic functions over different lattices in $\mathbb R^d$ are linearly independent [closed]

I have the following claim that I think have been proved by someone, but I can not find the reference, hence I would like to ask for help. Here is the claim: Let $f_1, \ldots, f_n$ be continuous ...
5
votes
1answer
640 views

Besicovitch Almost Periodic Functions a subspace of what?

The common example of a nonseparable Hilbert space comes from the collection of Besicovitch almost periodic function spaces. Starting with $L^p_{\text{loc}}(\mathbb{R})$ we look at those elements ...
4
votes
1answer
215 views

Under what conditions can interval exchanges be approximated by periodic maps?

Under what conditions can an interval exchange be approximated by periodic maps? (in the weak topology for the Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$ ). Are there non-trivial examples of periodically ...
1
vote
1answer
228 views

Convergence of a sum to the integral

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a 1-periodic function. I am looking about the conditions on $(a,b)\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that we have the property : $$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{\ell=0}^{n-1}f(a+b\...
1
vote
1answer
492 views

Discretizing a cosine function?

I'd like to start by noting that for some fixed natural $N$ basis functions for my system will be generated by $f(k,x)$ as defined and explained here or in numerous other sources: $$f(k,x) = \sqrt2 \...
1
vote
2answers
996 views

Is there a periodic function without minimum period such that all the possible periods are irrationals? [closed]

Let $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ be a periodic function. We say $f$ is without minimum period if, $\forall t$ such that $f(x+t)=f(x)\forall x$, there is a $t'$ such that $0<t'<t$ and $f(x+t')=f(x)\...
0
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1answer
261 views

Least common period of a finite sum of exponentials

Hello, I have come across the function $f(t) = \sum_{j=1}^n c_j e^{2 \pi i a_j t}$ with $c_j \in \mathbb{C}$, $c_j\neq 0$ and $a_j\in\mathbb{R}$, $a_j \neq 0$ for $j=1,...,n$, and the $a_j$ ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What is $\sum (x+\mathbb{Z})^{-2}$?

This is a simple question, but its been bugging me. Define the function $\gamma$ on $\mathbb{R}\backslash \mathbb{Z}$ by $$\gamma(x):=\sum_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}\frac{1}{(x+i)^2}$$ The sum converges ...