# Questions tagged [periodic-functions]

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22
questions

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### Dual space of a periodic Sobolev space $H^m([0,2\pi]^n)$

For $m \in \mathbb{N}$ let $H^m([0,2\pi]^n)$ be the periodic Sobolev space on $\mathbb T^n=\mathbb R^n/(2\pi\mathbb Z^n)$ equipped with the norm
$$
\|u\|_{H^m} = \left(\sum_{k \in \mathbb{Z}^n} (1+|k|^...

**3**

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173 views

### Almost periodicity of Bessel functions

We know that a periodic function (e.g. a trigonometric function) has the property
$$
f(x+n\Lambda)=f(x) \qquad n\in\mathbb Z
$$
A Bessel function is not exactly periodic, because the value of the ...

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33 views

### Asymptotic dispersion of a periodic Sturm–Liouville problem

From a physical problem of waves in periodic waveguides, I obtain the following Sturm–Liouville equation:
$$
\left(\frac{d^2}{dx^2}-k^2+\omega^2\ V(x)\right)\psi(x)=0
$$
where $V(x+L)=V(x)>0$ is a ...

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68 views

### An elliptic function built from a log-theta-function integral?

I'm studying the apparent ellipticity of $$\Theta(z,a):=\frac{\exp(\tfrac2a\int_0^a\ln\vartheta(x+z)\,dx)}{\vartheta(z)\vartheta(z+a)},\tag1$$with $a$ is a free parameter and \begin{align}\vartheta(z)&...

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149 views

### What functions can one try employing to fit an apparently doubly-periodic real function over $[0,1]$?

I have a cosine-like data curve over $x \in [0,1]$ that I can rather well-fit by
a function of the form $a \cos{2 \pi x} +b$. Although good, the fit is still lacking,
in that the residuals from the ...

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28 views

### Mean of a periodic velocity field and trajectory displacement bound

Suppose $u(t,x)$ is a smooth velocity field on $[0,\infty)\times \mathbb{R}$ and periodic in space, i.e., $u(t,0)=u(t,1)$ $\forall t$. Assume that $\int_0^1 u(t,x) \,dx = c$, independent of time. Let $...

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148 views

### Smoothing a periodic function of two variables

Let $F \colon \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a $C^{1}$-function 1-periodic in each variable, so it can be considered as a function on the flat torus $\mathbb{T}^2 = \mathbb{R}^2 / \mathbb{Z}^2$. We ...

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409 views

### Periodic function $f$ for which $f(x^2)$ is periodic too

There is the following question which was asked multiple times on Math.SE (e.g. here and here) without any final result:
Question: Is there a periodic function $f:\Bbb R \to\Bbb R$ of smallest ...

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98 views

### Probability of Intersection of Randomly Shifted Pulses

Defining a function $f_{a,T}:\mathbb R \to \{0,1\}$ to be $T$-periodic ($\forall x: f_{a,T}(x)=f_{a,T}(x+T)$), with $a\in[0,T]$ such that $\forall x\in [0,T] : f_{a,T}(x)= 1 \iff x\in [0,a]$.
Given ...

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331 views

### Evaluating an integral of a periodic function. It's positive?

My purpose is to show that this integral
\begin{equation}
I_t(x)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{\cosh^2(u)}{2x}}\,e^{-\frac{u^2}{2 t}}\,\cos\left(\frac{\pi\,u}{2t }\right)\,\cosh(u)\,du\,\,,\,\,x,...

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22 views

### Difference between $W^{k,p}([0,1]^d)$ and $W^{k,p}(\mathbb{T}^d)$

Let $\mathbb{T}^d \sim \mathbb{R}^d/\mathbb{Z}^d$. I know that $$W^{k,2}(\mathbb{T})\equiv\{f\in W^{k,2}([0,1]); f^{(i)}(0) = f^{(i)}(1), i = 0, \ldots, k-1\}.$$
Are there similar characterizations ...

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**2**answers

652 views

### A conjecture about $\lfloor n!\cdot q/e\rfloor-\,!n\cdot q$

I was thinking about this question asked at Math.SE, when I came up with the following conjecture.
For every $q\in\mathbb Q$ consider a sequence $s_n^{(q)}$ (terms within the sequence are indexed by $...

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154 views

### Quantification of the extent of periodicity in a time series using fractal analyses

I need metrics to quantify and compare the extent of periodicity between any two given time series, considering the time series were "almost periodic". By "almost periodic" I mean: if I were to take ...

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**1**answer

603 views

### Does there exist a nonconstant, periodic, real analytic function with period 1 and rational Maclaurin coefficients?

Does there exist a nonconstant, real analytic function $f \colon \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is periodic with period 1 and whose Maclaurin coefficients are all rational?
(The function $\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Periodic functions over different lattices in $\mathbb R^d$ are linearly independent [closed]

I have the following claim that I think have been proved by someone, but I can not find the reference, hence I would like to ask for help. Here is the claim:
Let $f_1, \ldots, f_n$ be continuous ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

580 views

### Besicovitch Almost Periodic Functions a subspace of what?

The common example of a nonseparable Hilbert space comes from the collection of Besicovitch almost periodic function spaces. Starting with $L^p_{\text{loc}}(\mathbb{R})$ we look at those elements ...

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212 views

### Under what conditions can interval exchanges be approximated by periodic maps?

Under what conditions can an interval exchange be approximated by periodic maps? (in the weak topology for the Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$ ).
Are there non-trivial examples of periodically ...

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vote

**1**answer

227 views

### Convergence of a sum to the integral

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a 1-periodic function. I am looking about the conditions on $(a,b)\in\mathbb{R}^2$ such that we have the property :
$$\frac{1}{n}\sum_{\ell=0}^{n-1}f(a+b\...

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**1**answer

424 views

### Discretizing a cosine function?

I'd like to start by noting that for some fixed natural $N$ basis functions for my system will be generated by $f(k,x)$ as defined and explained here or in numerous other sources:
$$f(k,x) = \sqrt2 \...

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vote

**2**answers

953 views

### Is there a periodic function without minimum period such that all the possible periods are irrationals? [closed]

Let $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ be a periodic function. We say $f$ is without minimum period if, $\forall t$ such that $f(x+t)=f(x)\forall x$, there is a $t'$ such that $0<t'<t$ and $f(x+t')=f(x)\...

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258 views

### Least common period of a finite sum of exponentials

Hello,
I have come across the function
$f(t) = \sum_{j=1}^n c_j e^{2 \pi i a_j t}$
with $c_j \in \mathbb{C}$, $c_j\neq 0$ and $a_j\in\mathbb{R}$, $a_j \neq 0$ for $j=1,...,n$, and the $a_j$ ...

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votes

**5**answers

2k views

### What is $\sum (x+\mathbb{Z})^{-2}$?

This is a simple question, but its been bugging me. Define the function $\gamma$ on $\mathbb{R}\backslash \mathbb{Z}$ by
$$\gamma(x):=\sum_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}\frac{1}{(x+i)^2}$$
The sum converges ...