# Questions tagged [compactness]

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91
questions

**6**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Does a compact Lie group have finitely many conjugacy classes of maximal Abelian Lie subgroups?

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group. An Abelian Lie subgroup $A \leq G$ is a maximal Abelian Lie subgroup if, for any Abelian Lie subgroup $A'$ such that $A \leq A' \leq G$, then $A' = A$.
Of course any ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Compact spaces whose compactness does not come from a product of compact spaces

For the (Hausdorff) compact spaces I can think of, compactness is established either using a product of compact spaces (including the Heine-Borel Theorem, the Banach-Alaoglu Theorem, Stone-Čech ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Compact embedding of space of signed Radon measures into Sobolev space $W^{-1,q}$ from Evans paper; Does it work in one space dimension?

Background: I work on a PDE problem where I have some approximating sequence of measure-valued functions and I need to compactly embed it into some negative Sobolev space $W^{-m,q}$ on the bounded ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### Existence of injective compact operators

We know that if $X$ is a separable Banach space, then for every infinite dimensional Banach space $Y$, there exists an injective compact operator from $X$ to $Y$.
My query is for every Banach ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Spectral Theorem for compact self-adjoint operators on real Hilbert spaces [duplicate]

Is the spectral theorem for self-adjoint compact operators on a Hilbert space also true if the Hilbert space is real (instead of complex)?
Wikipedia says this is true.
However, it seems to me that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Reeb stability counterexample: foliation in $S^{n-2}\times S^1\times S^1$ with non-diffeomorphic leaves

Reeb's global stability theorem requires the foliation to be of codimension 1. As a counterexample, in "Geometric theory of foliations", Camacho and Lins Neto present the following.
Consider the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Is the separability of the space needed in the proof of the Prohorov's theorem?

The Section 5 of the book:
Billingsley, P., Convergence of Probability Measures, 1999,
studies Prohorov's theorem. A short reminder is given below.
Let $\Pi$ be a family of probability measures on ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Can I get away without using Arzela-Ascoli?

I am currently thinking of function-valued random variables. In order to prove a result, I need to approximate by (function-valued) step functions. This naturally leads to the idea of chopping up the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### On weak compactness of the unit ball in a reflexive Banach space

It is a well known result in functional analysis that a Banach space $X$ is reflexive if and only if the unit ball is weakly compact (compact in the weak topology). This result is also known as ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### About the finished, $\aleph_0$…-compactness

Definitions :
$(E,d)$ a metric space is finished-compact if any covering of $E$ by open, we can extract a finite subcover
$(E,d)$ is $\aleph_0$-compact if for any infinite covering of $E$ by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### A non-condensing operator with a power condensing

Let $\alpha$ to be the Kuratowski measure of non-compactness, in a Banach space $E$.
It's very easy to prove that $\alpha (D_1\times D_2)\leq \alpha (D_1)+\alpha (D_2)$, where $D_1$ and $D_2$ are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

96 views

### Subspaces of compact spaces and quotients of Hausdorff spaces

Let $\operatorname{Top}$ be the class of topological spaces. Furthermore, let $\mathcal{U}\subset\operatorname{Top}$ and $\mathcal{V}\subset\operatorname{Top}$ classes satisfying the following ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

486 views

### CG spaces from the perspective of sheaves over compact Hausdorff spaces

A compactly generated space is a space $X$ such that $f : X \rightarrow Y$ is continuous if and only if $K \rightarrow X \stackrel{f}{\rightarrow} Y$ is continuous for each compact hausdorff space $K$....

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Bounded ball measure on compact metric space

Fix $c>1$. Let $(X,d)$ be a separable compact metric space, does there necessarily exist a Borel probability measure $\nu$ on $(X,d)$ such that
$\operatorname{sup}_{x \in X,r>0}\frac{\nu(\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Finite sub-covering of ball in Hilbert space

Let $H$ be a separable Hilbert space, $B$ the closed unit ball in $H$, and $(x_n)$ be a dense sequence in $B$, $(e_n)$ be an orthonormal basis, and $\varepsilon>0$. Then $B$ is covered by the (...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Compactness of a special kind of Integral operators

Let $(S(t))_{t>0}$ be a continuous operator from $L^2(0,1)$ to its self and Let $K$ be the operator $$\eqalign{
& K:{L^2}(0,1) \to {L^2}(0,1) \cr
& f: \to (Kf)(x) = \int\limits_0^1 {k(...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

301 views

### Compact quasi-coherent sheaves

Let $X$ be a scheme. What are the compact objects in the category of quasi-coherent $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules? All references seem to discuss the derived category but I need the abelian category.

**7**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Compactness of set of indicator functions

Let $\chi_A(x)$ denote an indicator function on $A\subset [0,1]$. Consider the set
$$K=\{\chi_A(x): \text{ A is Lebesgue measurable in }[0,1]\}.$$
Is this set compact in $L^\infty(0,1)$ with respect ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### Compact operator

Let $k:[0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$ be a measurable function. Define $K:L^2([0,1])\to L^2([0,1])$ to be the operator:
$$
(Kf)(x) = \int_0^1\int_0^1 f(z) k(x,y) \mathbf{1}_{x\leq z\leq y} \ \mathrm{d}z \mathrm{d}...

**1**

vote

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48 views

### Continuous injection of metric ball into Euclidean ball

This is a follow-up to this post.
Suppose that $(X,d_X)$ is a compact metric space with (finite) metric-capacity, defined by
$$
\kappa_X(\epsilon)\triangleq\sup\left\{
k : \exists x_0,\dots,x_k \...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Approximation argument in geometric flows

I'm studying by myself Mean Curvature Flow and I'm reading the paper "Interior estimates for hypersurfaces moving by mean curvature" by Klaus Ecker and Gerhard Huisken and I'm stuck in the following ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### When Stone–Čech compactification is totally disconnected

A topological space $X$ is totally disconnected if the connected components in $X$ are the one-point sets, and a topological space, $X$ is called completely regular exactly in case points can be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Uniqueness of limits and compactness implies closure

It is not difficult to prove that in a Hausdorff topological space every compact set is closed, and almost trivial that if in a topological space X every compact set is closed then X is T1. As ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Approximation of deterministic problems in the PDEs with the stochastic ones

A lot of problems in PDE theory are solved in the following way:
The original problem is quite hard and we can't solve it, so we make the approximation problem that we can solve. Than we go back and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### “Compactness in Measure” in Function Spaces

In Chapter 4.9 of the book "Measures of Noncompactness and Condensing Operators" (Vol. 55 of Operator Theory: Advances and Applications), the authors mention the property "compactness in measure". ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Compact images of nowhere dense closed convex sets in a Hilbert space

Let $B=-B$ be a nowhere dense bounded closed convex set in the Hilbert space $\ell_2$ such that the linear hull of $B$ is dense in $\ell_2$.
Question. Is there a non-compact linear bounded operator ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Weak*-convergence of signed measures

Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space and let $M(X)$ denote the space of signed measures that is naturally dual to $C(X)$, the space of continuous functions on $X$. I am interested whether the ...

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votes

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193 views

### A ZFC-example of a countably compact paratopological group which is not a topological group

Problem. Does there exist a ZFC-example of a countably compact Hausdorff paratopological group which is not a topological group?
(The problem posed 27 May 2015 by Alexander Ravsky on page 9 of Volume ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

176 views

### Extending homeomorphisms between compact metric subsets

Let $X$ be a compact metric, second countable space with finite covering dimension. Let $A,B$ be two closed subsets of $X$. Assume that $h:A\to B$ is a homeomorphism.
Is it possible to extend $h$ to a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

152 views

### Compact embedding result

Let $\tau$ and $\ell$ be positive numbers. We know that the space $H^2(0,\ell)\cap H^1_0(0,\ell)$ is compactly embedded into $L^6(0,\ell)$. Now, is the space $L^2(0,\tau;H^2(0,\ell)\cap H^1_0(0,\ell))$...

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votes

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520 views

### Does point-wise weak convergence give weak convergence in $L^2(I;X)$?

Let $X$ be a separable reflexive Banach space, $F$ be a locally Lipschitz nonlinear operator on $X$ that is weakly continuous on $X$, and $u_n$ are $u_n$ weakly converges to $u$ on $L^2(0,T;X)$. Now, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

47 views

### Does $K^{1/2} (t,s)$ inherit the continuity of $K(t,s)$?

Assume that $K(t,s)$ is a (1) symmetric, (2) continuous, and (3) positive definite kernel on $[0,1] \times [0,1]$. The spectral decomposition of $K(t,s)$ is:
$$
K (t,s) = \sum_{i=1}^\infty \lambda_i \...

**5**

votes

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225 views

### Pullback of Morse form satisfies Palais Smale

Let $(\alpha,g)$ be a Morse-Smale pair on a closed smooth manifold $M$, i.e. $\alpha$ is a Morse form and $g$ a Riemannian metric on $M$ such that stable and unstable manifolds of the gradient vector ...

**3**

votes

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83 views

### Compact generation of the category of D-modules on moduli stack of principal bundles for algebraic groups?

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0. Let $X$ be a connected smooth complete curve over $k$. Consider the moduli stack $\mathrm{Bun}_G$ of principal $G$-bundles on $X$ for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

97 views

### Extend a bundle “trivially”

Suppose I have a fibre bundle $E\to B$ with compact fibre. Furthermore, $B$ is open in a larger, compact space, e. g. $B\subseteq B'$. I want to get a map $E'\to B'$ (not a bundle any more!) with
$E'|...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Li-Yorke chaos: the non compact case

1) Is there any notion of Li-Yorke chaos for non compact (metric) spaces $X$ and non continuous transformation $f:X \rightarrow X$? Could you bring some references?
2) I mean, why are so important ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Is there a compactification with nontrivial connected remainder?

Question: Let $X$ be a continuum and $p \in X$. Under what conditions does there exist a compactification $\gamma (X-p)$ with $\gamma (X-p) - (X-p)$ connected and nondegenerate?
Throughout, $X$ is a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Weak compactness of order intervals in $L^1$

Let $(\Omega,\mu)$ be a measure space, say $\sigma$-finite for the sake of simplicity, and let $L^1 := L^1(\Omega,\mu)$ denote the real-valued $L^1$-space over $(\Omega,\mu)$.
For all $f,h \in L^1$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### Upper bound for KL divergence on compact space

Let $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mu)$ be a probability space and let $Q$ be the uniform distribution on $(\Omega, \mathcal{F})$ such that $q = dQ / d\mu$ exists. Then the KL-divergence for some probability ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

252 views

### Riemannian manifolds: every compact subset is contained in a connected relatively compact open subset [closed]

While working on some problem (not relevant here), it turned out to be convenient to be able to enclose arbitrary compact subsets in "nicer" compact subsets, hence the question:
if $(M,g)$ is a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Checking finite subcover property on dense subset

Let $X$ be a topological space with a dense subset $D\subseteq X$. Suppose that every open cover of $X$ has a finite subfamily which covers $D$. Can I conclude that $X$ itself is compact?
The answer ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

872 views

### What are compact objects in the category of topological spaces?

Let $\mathscr C$ be a locally small category that has filtered colimits. Then an object $X$ in $\mathscr C$ is compact if $\operatorname{Hom}(X,-)$ commutes with filtered colimits.
On the other hand, ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Masas in SAW*-algebras

I asked this question three years ago at MSe but it has no response; let me try here.
Pedersen distilled the following class of C*-algebras which he termed SAW*-algebras (Journal of Operator Theory, ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Covering compactness in the weak sequential topology

Let $X$ be a real Banach space. Apart from the norm topology, we can consider the following weak topologies on $X$:
the weak toplogy, defined as the initial topology with respect to $X^*$. In other ...

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votes

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331 views

### When is a Nemytskii map between Sobolev spaces compact?

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function with bounded derivative. Define the Nemytskii map $F:H^1(\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$ by $F(u)(x) := f(u(x))$. Here $\Omega$ is a bounded smooth ...

**8**

votes

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541 views

### On the definition of locally compact for non-Hausdorff spaces

It seems that there are different conventions in the literature as to what is a locally compact space (when the space is not supposed Hausdorff).
The two main non equivalent definitions I've seen ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

405 views

### Noncompactness of the Sobolev embedding in the critical exponent case

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb R^n$ be a bounded domain with a Lipschitz boundary and $n > p \ge 1$.
It is well known that up to the critical exponent $p^* = pn/(n − p)$, i.e. $q < p^*$, the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

611 views

### A topology on $\Bbb R$ where the compact sets are precisely the countable sets

QUESTION.
In there a topology on $\Bbb R$ where the compact subsets are precisely the countable subsets?
I am trying to create a counterexample to a certain claim, and I found that what I need ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

481 views

### Is there a non-metrizable topological space for which any countably compact subset is compact?

The title is the question : Is there a non-metrizable topological space for which any countably compact subset is compact ?
EDIT : non-metrizable and Hausdorff

**5**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Corson-Lindenstrauss : Weakly compact sets as intersection of finite unions of cells

A theorem of Corson and Lindenstrauss in:
Corson, H. H. and Lindenstrauss, J. “On weakly compact subsets of Banach spaces”. In: Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society 17.2 (1966), pp. 407–...