# Questions tagged [curves-and-surfaces]

A surface is a generalization of a plane which needs not be flat, that is, the curvature is not necessarily zero. This is analogous to a curve generalizing a straight line

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### Cross product of two infinitesimal bendings

Let $M$ be a smooth (embedded or immersed) surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $Z_1,Z_2$ be two vector fields along $M$, thought of as $\mathbb{R}^3$-valued functions, satisfying the following differential ...
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### Singularities of arithmetic surface

I have a problem understanding the discussion of example 8.3.54 in Liu's Algebraic Geometry and Arithmetic Curves. The setting is the following: We have a DVR with uniformiser $t$, characteristic of ...
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### Can every smooth space curve be realized as an origami curved crease?

Many years ago, Ron Resch told me that he proved that every smooth simple space curve $C$ could be realized as a curved crease $\gamma$ in the interior of a piece of paper. He never published this (as ...
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### Smoothness of ruled surface (asymptotic) parameterisations

A ruled surface $S$ shall be defined as surface consisting of straight line segments. It is commonly known (cf. [BER, p.362] or [STR, p.93] - bibliography at the end) that a ruled surface allows for a ...
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### Why is $H$ the standard notation for mean curvature?

I am curious about the origin of the notation $H$ to denote the mean curvature of a surface in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. I suppose that the symbol $K$, which is commonly used to denote the Gaussian curvature, ...
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### Essential simple closed curves in a torus [closed]

Definition: By a closed curve in a surface $S$ we will mean a continuous map $S^1 \to S$. We will usually identify a closed curve with its image in $S$. A closed curve is called essential if it is not ...
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### About isotopy of simple close curve

In the Primer mapping class group by farb Margalit. We have : Proposition 1.10 Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be two essential simple closed curves in a surface $S$. Then $\alpha$ is isotopic to $\beta$ if ...
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### The classification of developable surfaces: Are these statements equivalent?

This is a cross-post from MSE (https://math.stackexchange.com/q/4330772/242708). I thought to know very well the answer to the classification problem for developable surfaces, so I sought for some ...
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### An equivalent characterization of conical surfaces

Consider an $n-1$ dimensional surface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. If the tangent plane at any point of this surface always passes through the origin, can we show that the surface must be a conical surface? I ...
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### Is the Moebius strip Riemannian homogeneous?

Let $M$ be the Moebius band. In other words, the total space of the nontrivial line bundle over the circle. Can we equip $M$ with a metric such the the isometry group acts transitively? My ...
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### Let $\gamma(s)$ be a unit speed planar curve with $\kappa(s)$ as its curvature. Now what is $\int \frac{1}{\kappa}ds$?

Let $\gamma(s)$ be a unit speed planar curve with $\kappa(s)$ as its curvature. Now what is $\int \frac{1}{\kappa}ds$ and geometrically which things it represents?
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### What is the status of Jordan's theorem in constructive mathematics in the language of locales?

By constructive mathematics in this matter we mean intuitionistic ZF (*). In the language of locales, the Jordan curve can be defined as $f\colon S^1 \to X$ such that "if $U \cap V = \varnothing$,...
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### Separability of graph component embeddings

I have an undirected graph. I also have an embedding of the graph in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Assume that the graph has 2 connected components. I want to know whether there exists a plane (or better - any ...
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### Can we define surface integral on 'bad surface'?

We can define a surface integral on a piecewise smooth surface, but if the surface is not piecewise smooth can we use measure theory to generalize the definition of surface integral? And does Stokes ...
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### How can I find the area of a rectangle created by the spiral r=theta at a certain theta? [closed]

I would like to have a function that gives the area of a rectangle at a certain theta of the spiral r=theta. The height of the rectangle is the y value of the point on the spiral and the base of the ...
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### understanding the definition of subgroup of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group

Definition. Let $\widehat{G T}^{1}$ be the set of elements $f$ in the derived subgroup $\hat{F}_{2}^{\prime}$ of $\hat{F}_{2}$ such that $x \mapsto x$ and $y \mapsto f^{-1} y f$ extends to an ...
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### Pushing figures into holes

Let $\gamma_1,\gamma_2:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}^2$ - smooth curve, $\gamma_i(0)=\gamma_i(1)$, $X_1$ and $X_2$ are the areas bounded by the corresponding curves. . Suppose we have an $X_1$-shaped hole, and ...
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### Geometric/Algebraic intersection numbers of curves on surfaces

I have the following problem, and struggling to find some references. Suppose I start with a homology class of a curve on a closed genus $g$ surface h=(a_{1},b_{1},\dots,a_{g},b_{g})\in H_{1}(\...
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### Coordinates for Laminations: geometric versus shear

Let $S$ be an orientable surface with a triangulation T. A lamination $\ell$ is a simple closed curve on $S$, up to isotopy. We will assume that $\ell$ is drawn in such a way that it intersects the ...
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### Chord of fixed length traveling around a Jordan curve

Let $C$ be a Jordan curve with nice enough properties whenever necessary (e.g. smooth, or just rectifiable, perhaps). I am interested in knowing how long can a chord be that "traverses" the ...
Given $n$ distinct points $\mathbf{x} = (\mathbf{x}_1, \ldots, \mathbf{x}_n)$ in the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$, I associate a real analytic map: $f_{\mathbf{x}}: S^1 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ with the following ...
I'm trying to find asymptotics for an oscillatory integral on $\mathbb{S}^{n-1}$, for which my advisor said I should use stationary phase arguments. The particular, he claims that: If $\lambda\gg 1$...