# Questions tagged [spherical-geometry]

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### Inner Products of Elements in Spherical Cap [closed]

I am interested in understanding what is the lowerbound on the inner products of two elements of a sphere. Based on my intuition in dimension 2, I come up with the following conjecture. I appreciate ...
• 139
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### Given a collection of vectors $x_1,\ldots,x_k$, which inner products $\langle x_i,x_j\rangle$ are needed to uniquely determine all inner products

Given a collection of vectors $x_1,\ldots,x_k$, which inner products $\langle x_i,x_j\rangle$ need to be known to uniquely determine all inner products? I'll begin with the specific case I am ...
• 351
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• 139
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• 31
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### Integral over $S^{n-1}$ [duplicate]

What is the values of the following integral: $$\int_{w \in S^{n-1}} e^{i\lambda< x,w >} dw.$$ where $\lambda\in\Bbb R, i^2=-1,x\in\Bbb R^n;<,>$ the inner product scalar on $\Bbb R^n$ ...
1 vote
268 views

### Probability that three vectors of a unit sphere lie on one side of a hyperplane if angle between the vectors are given

As the title says, How to find the probability of vectors a, b, c, on some unit sphere, all lies on same side of some hyperplane passing through the origin. Information present are the angles between ...
• 23
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### The mean of positive points on a unit $n$-sphere $S^n$

My question is similar to The mean of points on a unit n-sphere $S^n$. I have a unit $n$-sphere $S^n$ and a set $P$ of points lying on its surface. I use geodesic distance metric $d(p,q)=\arccos(pq^T)$...
• 123
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### Prove that $(v^Tx)^2−(u^Tx)^2\leq \sqrt{1−(u^Tv)^2}$ for any unit vectors $u, v, x$

I believe I found a complicated proof by bounding the spectral norm $||uu^T-vv^T||^2_2:=\max_{||x||=1}|(u^Tx)^2-(v^Tx)^2|$. Using the fact that $dist(x,y):=\sin|x-y|$ is a distance function over unit ...
• 143
1 vote
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### When are ellipsoids in a convex hull of a sequence with prescribed growth rate?

I am currently reading Dudley's 'Uniform Central Limit Theorems' and found two sections which together would have an interesting geometric interpretation for ellipses in Hilbert spaces. I would like ...
• 1,243
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### Spherical harmonics, $\frak{sl}_2$, and algebra gradings

Let $S^2$ be the usual $2$-sphere considered as the quotient $S^3/S^1$, and denote by $\operatorname{Pol}(S^2)$ the algebra of polynomial functions on $S^2$. We can decompose $\operatorname{Pol}(S^2)$ ...
• 131
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### Spherical harmonic expansion of a power function

Let $f$ be an even continuous function on the sphere $S^{n-1}$. Find a relation of the spherical harmonic expansion between coefficients of $f^n$ and those of $f$.
• 109
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### References Request: A paper Tanno's equation

I need a paper which wrote by Tanno where he prove that a equations $f_{ijk} + k(2f_{k}g_{ij} + f_{i}g_{jk} + f_{j}g_{ik})$ can be solved if and only if on sphere. But I can not find it on Internet ...
• 47
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### Is there a nice orthogonal basis of spherical harmonics?

Recall that a function is harmonic if its Laplacian is zero. Let $\mathrm{Harm}(n,k)$ denote the vector space of $n$-variate harmonic polynomials that are homogeneous with degree $k$. When working ...
• 7,593
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### Is there a spherical analogue of polar duality for spherical complexes?

Let $P$ be a spherical complex, which essentially means a tiling of a sphere, let us say the $(d-1)$-dimensional sphere $\mathbb{S}^{d-1}$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ to fix notation, where each cell is a ...
• 5,051
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### Maximal distance between $2d+1$ points on the $(d-1)$-sphere

If one arranges $2d$ points on the sphere $\mathbf S^{d-1}\subset\Bbb R^d$ at the vertices of the crosspolytope, then one can achieve a minimal spherical distance of $\pi/2$ between any two points, ...
• 12.8k
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### Minimizing expected mutual distances in spherical regions

Suppose I take the unit sphere in $d$ dimensions, and I take some subset $A$ of the sphere of fixed relative volume $V$. Now from this set $A$ I draw two vectors, uniformly at random, and I look at ...
• 733
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### Maximizing $\iiint|(x-z)\times(y-z)|d\mu d\mu d\mu$ over probability measures on the unit sphere

This is a follow-up question to the one asked here (the unit circle case). What probability measure(s) maximize the quantity $\iiint_{\mathbb{S}^2}|(x-z)\times(y-z)|d\mu(x)d\mu(y)d\mu(z)$? The ...
• 3,177
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### Maximizing $\iiint|(x-z)\times(y-z)|d\mu d\mu d\mu$ over probability measures on the unit circle

What probability measure(s) maximize the quantity $\iiint_{\mathbb{S}^1}|(x-z)\times(y-z)|d\mu(x)d\mu(y)d\mu(z)$? The answer appears to be uniform measure, since informally it appears better to have ...
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