# Questions tagged [projective-varieties]

In algebraic geometry, a projective variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ is a subset of some projective $n$-space $\mathbb P^n$ over $k$ that is the zero-locus of some finite family of homogeneous polynomials of $n + 1$ variables with coefficients in $k$, that generate a prime ideal, the defining ideal of the variety

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### Finite subschemes of projective bundles

$\DeclareMathOperator\Spec{Spec}\DeclareMathOperator\Proj{\mathbf{Proj}}$Let $S$ be a Noetherian scheme and $X$ finite $S$-scheme. The finite morphism $X \to S$ is projective in the sense of the ...
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### Isomorphism of varieties in $\mathbb{C}$ implies isomorphism over finite fields

Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are algebraic varieties over $\mathbb{Z}$ (add your favourite hypotheses, like smooth or affine if needed). Denote by $X_k$ and $Y_k$ their base-change to varieties over a ...
1 vote
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### Affinization map of cotangent bundle is proper/projective?

Given a cotangent bundle of a projective variety $Y=T^*X,$ do we know that its affinization map, $$Y \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}(H^0(Y,\mathcal{O}_Y))$$ is proper or projective?
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### Image and fibers of "nearly proper" morphisms

Let $X$ be a quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$, we say it is "nearly proper" if $X=Y-Z$ for some projective variety $Y$ and a closed subset $Z\subset Y$ of codimension at least two. ...
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### Universal hyperplane section and nondegeneracy of general hyperplane section

I have a question about Exercise 18.11 In Harris' book Algebraic Geometry, on page 231: Give a proof of the nondegeneracy of the general hyperplane section of an projective irreducible nondegenerated ...
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### How dense is the set of rational points of a variety?

General question: Let $W$ be a proper subvariety of an irreducible affine variety $V/K$. Under what conditions do we know that $W(K)$ is a proper subset of $V(K)$? If $K$ is finite, then one can bound ...
1 vote
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### Linear span of tangential variety

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^N$ be a projective variety of dimension $n$. Let us denote with $TX=\bigcup_{x \in X}\mathbb{T}_xX$ the tangential variety, where $\mathbb{T}_x X$ is the projective tangent ...
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### Linear system giving the projective embedding of the tangential variety

I was looking for a detailed explanation of a standard construction involving the projective tangential variety but I'm not able to find it anywhere, so maybe here some expert can enlight me on this ...
188 views

### Cartan–Remmert reduction of an algebraic variety

Let $V$ be a normal connected algebraic (say, quasi-projective) variety over complex numbers. Assume that underlying complex analytic space $V^\text{an}$ is holomorphically convex, and thus admits the ...
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1 vote
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### Lower bound of degree of ruled surface in $\mathbb P^n$

I have a question of Complex Algebraic surface in Beauville. Let $S\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a (birationally) ruled surface of degree $d$ lying in no hyperplane. Show that $d\geq 2 n-2$ if $S$ is not ...
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### What does a character of a scheme mean?

Here is a soft question I met in the book Introduction to Grothendieck Duality Theory by Altman and Kleiman. In Chapter I the proposition 2.1 uses a term called "a character of $X$" where $X$...
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### Varieties connected by curves in projective spaces of small dimension

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^N$ be an irreducible complex variety. Fix an integer $a\geq 2$ and call $P_a$ the following property: given $x_1,\dots,x_a\in X$ general points there exists an irreducible ...
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### Irreducibility of plane algebraic curves

Given a plane algebraic curve $$y^n + a_1(x)y^{n-1} + \dots +a_{n-1}(x) + a_n(x)y = 0,$$ with a branch point $P_0=(0, y_0)$ of order $n$. Can we prove that this curve is irreducible? What if the ...