# Questions tagged [mapping-class-groups]

Topology of groups of automorphisms of surfaces, and high dimensional analogues.

274
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### Stable cohomology of mapping class group with coefficients in $H^{\otimes n}$

Let $\text{Mod}_g$ be the mapping class group of a closed oriented genus-$g$ surface $\Sigma_g$ and let $H = H_1(\Sigma_g;\mathbb{Q})$. Fix some $r \geq 0$. It is known that the cohomology group $H^...

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### Why we define subgroup of Grothendieck-Teichmüller group?

$\newcommand{\GT}{\mathrm{GT}}$In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030., we have:
...

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### Why do we define the pants complex and the pants decomposition? [closed]

Why do we define the pants complex?
I learned for the first time in A Presentation for the mapping class group of a closed orientable surface (by A. Hatcher and W. Thurston)
that we have definition of ...

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1
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### 2-orbifolds that I expect to be hyperbolic, but they're nonnegatively curved

I'm considering some complex 1-dimensional/real 2-dimensional orbifolds that I expect to be hyperbolic. However, some of them seem to be Euclidean or spherical. Any thoughts what's going on here? Here ...

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### What is the current status of the question of whether or not the mapping class group has Kazhdan's Property (T)?

$\DeclareMathOperator\Mod{Mod}$Let $\Mod(S)$ be the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface $S$ of genus at least $3$. My question is easy to state: is it currently known whether or not $\...

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2
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### Fixed-point free diffeomorphisms of surfaces fixing no homology classes

One of my graduate students asked me the following question, and I can't seem to answer it. Let $\Sigma_g$ denote a compact oriented genus $g$ surface. For which $g$ does there exist an orientation-...

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### Relation between TQFT representations and factorizable sheaves

I am interested in the comparison between two different constructions which, as far as I can tell, are both supposed to produce rigorous constructions of Wess–Zumino-Witten conformal blocks.
More ...

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### configurations of three saddles on one level [duplicate]

In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030) page 13 we have :
There are sixteen ...

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1
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### Why do we have sixteen possible configurations of three saddles on one level?

In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030) page 13 we have :
There are sixteen ...

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0
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### About two surgeries on a collection of circles

in this paper (A. Hatcher, W. Thurston, A presentation for the mapping class group of a closed orientable surface) page 4 we have :
There are five essentially distinct possibilities, corresponding to ...

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2
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### Mapping Out(F_n) to the mapping class group

Let $\mathrm{Out}(F_g)$ denote the automorphism group of a free group, and $\mathrm{Mod}_g$ the mapping class group of a closed oriented genus $g$ surface. Is there a map, as indicated with the dashed ...

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1
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### Isotopic homeomorphisms of surface induces same map on the space of ends

Let $\Sigma$ be a non-compact orientable connected two-manifold without boundary. Let $f,g\colon \Sigma\to \Sigma$ be two homeomorphisms. Suppose there is a homotopy $H\colon \Sigma\times [0,1]\to \...

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### definition of isotopy of pants decomposition

What is definition of isotopy of pants decomposition in the following paper ?
when two pants decompositions is isotopic? Also why we say cut system what is definition of system ?
In Hatcher, Allen; ...

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1
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### What is definition of branched covering?

What is definition of branched covering in the page 10 of following paper ?
In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. ...

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### Can Whitehead manifold admit a properly discontinuous cocompact group action?

Can classical contractible manifolds such as Whitehead manifold admit a properly discontinuous cocompact group action?
Here "properly discontinuous" doesn't have to be fixed point free, but ...

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### What is mean of action of group on tower?

What is mean of action of group on tower ?in the page 17 of following paper (action on teichmuller tower )
In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class ...

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### What is "inn" in this paper?

In Hatcher, Allen; Lochak, Pierre; Schneps, Leila, On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups, J. Reine Angew. Math. 521, 1-24 (2000). ZBL0953.20030.,in the page 18 we have:
$$
\begin{aligned}
...

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### Positive vs negative Dehn twist monoids

Given a bounded surface $S$ and a mapping class $h$, construct the open book 3-manifold $(S,h)$. If $h$ lies in the positive monoid of the mapping class group, then $(S,h)$ supports a tight contact ...

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### Mapping class group and pure mapping class group (and their generating sets)

$\DeclareMathOperator\Mod{Mod}\DeclareMathOperator\PMod{PMod}\DeclareMathOperator\Homeo{Homeo}$I am very confused about the definition of mapping class group and pure mapping class group (and their ...

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### Measured geodesic laminations have either discrete or Cantor set local cross-sections

I'm reading through Kerckhoff's paper "The Nielsen Realization Problem": https://www.jstor.org/stable/2007076.
In section 1, after he defines measured geodesic laminations, he makes the ...

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### Stabilizer of the action of the mapping class group on a pants decomposition

$\DeclareMathOperator\Mod{Mod}$Let $S$ be a surface and $P=\{a_1,...,a_n\}$ be a pants decomposition of $S$. Denote by $\Mod(S)$ the mapping class group of $S$.
Define the stabilizer of $\Mod(S)$ on $...

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### Mapping class group and pure mapping class group

"A Primer on Mapping Class Groups" wrote
Let $\mathrm{Homeo}_+(S, \partial S)$ denote the group of orientation-preserving
homeomorphisms of $S$ that restrict to the identity on $\partial S$....

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### $ \mathbb{R}P^n $ bundles over the circle

Is every $ \mathbb{R}P^{2n} $ bundle over the circle trivial?
Are there exactly two $ \mathbb{R}P^{2n+1} $ bundles over the circle?
This is a cross-post of (part of) my MSE question
https://math....

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1
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### About Alexander method in mapping class group

The Alexander Method in Farb and Maraglit's "A Primer on Mapping Class Groups"
For a surface $S$ with marked points, we say that a collection $\left\{\gamma_{i}\right\}$ of curves and arcs ...

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1
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### About isotopy of simple close curve

In the Primer mapping class group by farb Margalit. We have :
Proposition 1.10 Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be two essential simple closed curves in a surface $S$. Then $\alpha$ is isotopic to $\beta$ if ...

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### Proof of homotopic essential simple close curves are isotopic

In the " A Primer on Mapping Class
Groups
Benson Farb and Dan Margalit"
We have :
Proposition 1.10 Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be two essential simple closed curves in a surface $S$. Then $\...

4
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1
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325
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### About isotopy and homotopy

In the " A Primer on Mapping Class
Groups
Benson Farb and Dan Margalit"
We have :
Proposition 1.10 Let $\alpha$ and $\beta$ be two essential simple closed curves in a surface $S$. Then $\...

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0
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### what are definitions of born or die (birth-death point) and crossing point?

in this paper we have :
A presentation for the mapping class group of a closed orientable surface.by Hatcher.W.Thurston
...(a) $f_{t_{0}}$ has exactly one degenerate critical point, of the form $f_{t}(...

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### Example of maximal multicurve complex

in this paper we have :
" On the Teichmüller tower of mapping class groups By Allen Hatcher at Ithaca, Pierre Lochak at Paris and Leila Schneps."
Definition. The maximal multicurve complex $...

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0
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### definition of generic function

what is definition of generic function in following paper ? i need a reference for definition generic function .
"A. Hatcher, W. Thurston, A presentation for the mapping class group of a closed ...

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### Representing Outer Automorphisms by Outer Matrix Conjugation for MCG?

Let $S$ be closed hyperbolic surface. The Dehn-Neilson theorem $\Gamma \approx Out(\pi_1)$ identifies the mapping class group of $S$ with the outer automorphism group of the surface group $\pi_1=\pi_1(...

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### Is action of MCG on the curve complex computable for closed surfaces? [Yes: Birman Exact Sequence]

$\DeclareMathOperator\MCG{MCG}$Let $\Gamma=\MCG(S_{g, 0,0 })$ be mapping class group of closed hyperbolic surfaces. Let $V=C^0(S)$ be the set of vertices of the simplicial curve complex. We are ...

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### why Alexander method gives us a finite combinatorial problem?

The Alexander Method in Farb and Maraglit's "A Primer on Mapping Class Groups"
For a surface $S$ with marked points, we say that a collection $\left\{\gamma_{i}\right\}$ of curves and arcs ...

2
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0
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### Virtual cohomological dimension of mapping class group and braid group of punctured surfaces

$\DeclareMathOperator\MCG{MCG}\DeclareMathOperator\vcd{vcd}\DeclareMathOperator\cd{cd}$Let $B_{k}(S_{g}),$ $\MCG(S_{g};k)$ and $\MCG(S_{g}))$ denote the braid group, the mapping class group (relative ...

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### Inequivalent free $\Bbb Z/n\Bbb Z$-actions on orientable compact bordered surface

Let $S_{g,b}$ denote the orientable connected compact surface of genus $g$ with $b$ boundary components. A group homomorphism $\varphi\colon G\to \text{Homeo}^+(S_{g,b})$ is said to be free $G$-...

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### understanding the definition of subgroup of the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group

Definition. Let $\widehat{G T}^{1}$ be the set of elements $f$ in the derived subgroup $\hat{F}_{2}^{\prime}$ of $\hat{F}_{2}$ such that $x \mapsto x$ and $y \mapsto f^{-1} y f$ extends to an ...

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### Mapping class group and surgery theory

Given a smooth manifold $M$ of dimension $n$ and a diffeomorphism $\phi: M \to M$, we can construct a smooth cobordism of dimension $(n+1)$ from $M$ to $M$ by gluing $M \times [0,1]$ with itself by $\...

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### Ideal triangulation of hyperbolic 3-manifold with generic mapping class group

I am from physics background so I apologize in advance if my question is trivial.
Kojima proves for every finite group $G$, there is a hyperbolic 3-manifold such that its mapping class group equals $G$...

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### Arc complex characterization of braids with trivial closure

A braid $\beta\in B_n,$ the braid group with $n$ strands, viewed as the mapping class group $\mathrm{Mod}(\mathbb{D}_n)$ of the disk with $n$ punctures is trivial if and only if $\beta$ acts trivially ...

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### Manifolds with trivial mapping class group and large $H^1$?

Are there smooth closed manifolds $M^n$ in every dimension $n \geq 3$ with trivial mapping class groups and with $H^1(M^n;\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z})$ arbitrarily large?
I am under the impression that &...

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### Image of the pure braid group under the Artin presentation into the automorphism group of the nilpotent quotient of a free group?

As I know, it is unknown that the image of the mapping class group of the surface and its Johnson filtration under the higher Johnson homomorphisms.
There are a relationship between the mapping class ...

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### Mapping class groups of Haken Seifert 3-manifolds (not small)

This is a somewhat broad question. I would like to get an idea of what is known about mapping class groups (MCG) of a Seifert manifold $M$, in particular how to systematically compute it.
I want to ...

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### Classification of genus 1 Lefschetz fibration over a disk with 6 singular fibers

For a genus 1 Lefschetz fibration over a sphere, there is a good classification in B. Moishezon, Complex surfaces and connected sums of complex projective planes. In this case, the number $K$ of ...

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### Do different decompositions of Dehn twists induce the same cobordisms between mapping tori?

Suppose $Y=T^2\times I/f$ is a mapping torus, where $f$ is a diffeomorphism of $T^2$. Suppose $c$ is a curve on $T^2\times \{1\}$ with surface framing and suppose $D_c$ is the positive Dehn twist ...

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### Presentations of mapping class groups in dimension $3$

For any closed oriented surface $M$, its mapping class group $MCG(M)$ can be generated by Dehn twists along certain curves on $M$. A presentation for the group $MCG(M)$ was found in [1] and then ...

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### Mapping class group of a twisted I-bundle over $RP^2$

$\DeclareMathOperator\Mod{Mod}\DeclareMathOperator\Homeo{Homeo}$Let $\Mod(M)=\pi_0(\Homeo(M))$ be the mapping class group of a manifold, possibly with boundary (I'm including the orientation reversing ...

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### Index of the mapping class group $\Gamma_{g,n}$ inside $\text{Out}(\Pi_{g,n})$

Let $\Sigma_{g,n}$ denote an $n$-punctured surface of genus $g$, with $2g+n-2 > 0$. Let $\Pi_{g,n}$ be its fundamental group (for some choice of base point), and let $\Gamma_{g,n}$ denote its pure, ...

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### Can a hyperbolic three-manifold have 𝑛 toric boundary components?

I'm wondering if I can construct a class of hyperbolic three-manifolds with $n$ toric boundaries. My idea is to take a bordered hyperbolic Riemann surface $\Sigma_{g,n}$, of genus $g$ with geodesic ...

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### Braid groups and Kazhdan's property (T)

In Nica's dissertation Group actions on median spaces, we can read the following assertion:
Braid groups do not contain infinite subgroups satisfying Kazhdan's property (T).
This is used in order to ...

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### Why is the mapping class group of a surface with nonempty boundary torsion-free?

On page 201 of Farb and Margalit's Primer on Mapping Class Groups, they explain why the mapping class group $\mathrm{Mod}(S)$ is torsion-free when $\partial S \neq \varnothing$. Here is my ...