# Questions tagged [embeddings]

The embeddings tag has no usage guidance.

177
questions

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### Does $c$ in the embedding inequality $\|P^\kappa_t \|_{L^p \to L^{p'}} \le c t^{-\frac{d(p'-p)}{2pp'}}$ depend on $\kappa$?

For any $\kappa>0$, we consider the Gaussian heat kernel
$$
p^\kappa_t (x) := (\kappa \pi t)^{-\frac{d}{2}} e^{-\frac{|x|^2}{\kappa t}},
\quad t>0, x \in {\mathbb R}^d.
$$
Let $L^0 := L^0 (\...

5
votes

1
answer

252
views

### Different flavours of Vassiliev Conjecture

There is something that puzzles me about "Vassiliev's Conjecture". I am sure I am missing some detail which is obvious to the community, since there are several tightly related kind of ...

0
votes

0
answers

35
views

### Is a RKHS defined using a feature map over another RKHS bigger than the latter RKHS?

I am interested in learning more about what happens when 'composing' two reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS).
Let $\phi\in C(\mathbb{R})$ and $X=[-1,1]^d$. Suppose we have two RKHSs with the ...

4
votes

0
answers

207
views

### stating large cardinal axioms in ZF

Can I ask whether there is a good reference for how to state the standard large cardinal axioms in the context of $ZF$? My concern is that it seems that the usual proof that embeddings defined from ...

1
vote

0
answers

109
views

### Do cycle graphs embed isometrically in spheres?

I recently came across, what seems to be a folklore. Namely, that cycle graphs embeds isometrically into spheres $S^n(r)$, for some $n\in \mathbb{N}_+$ and some $r>0$. However, I could not track ...

3
votes

0
answers

65
views

### Is every weakly $1$-dimensional space embeddable in the plane?

A $1$-dimensional (separable metric) space $X$ is weakly $1$-dimensional if $$\Lambda(X)=\{x\in X:X\text{ is 1-dimensional at }x\}$$
is zero-dimensional (i.e. the space $\Lambda(X)$ has a basis of ...

4
votes

2
answers

319
views

### Knot theory in handlebodies of arbitrary genus

It is well known that not all graphs embed on the plane (e.g. the graph $K_{3,3}$). However, every finite graph embeds into a surface of some genus. One can think of this procedure as starting with a ...

0
votes

1
answer

92
views

### How to construct this embedding of semi-infinite cylinder into itself?

In order to remove a double point $q=g(p_1)=g(p_2)$ of a immersion $g:M^n\to\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ of a non-compact connected manifold with dimension $n\geq2$, Whitney suggets that it can be taken an ...

6
votes

0
answers

130
views

### Metric spaces containing a topological disc

It is well-known that every connected, locally connected compact metrizable space $X$ contains an arc, that is, a subspace homeomorphic to $[0,1]$. Are there topological properties we can add to these ...

4
votes

0
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51
views

### Which cellular embeddings of Eulerian graphs have bipartite duals?

It is well-known that a plane graph $G$ is Eulerian if and only if its (geometric) dual $G^*$ is bipartite.
I am interested in generalisations of this result to cellular embeddings of Eulerian graphs ...

5
votes

3
answers

520
views

### If a polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ has local intersections, does it also have more global intersections?

Consider a simplicial complex $K$. A piecewise linear map $f: K \to \mathbb{R}^n$ is an almost-embedding if $f(\sigma) \cap f(\tau) = \emptyset$ for any two disjoint simplices $\sigma,\tau$ in $K$.
...

0
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0
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47
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### Sufficient conditions to ensure that a function $P(x,y) := \langle \pi(x),\pi(y)\rangle$ can be represented as $P(x,y) = \phi(\langle x,y\rangle)$

Let $n$ be a positive integer. Give a nonempty collection $\mathcal S$ of subsets of $[n] := \{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, define an nonlinear dot-product by
\begin{eqnarray}
\langle x,y\rangle_{\mathcal S} := \...

2
votes

1
answer

141
views

### Sufficient condition for the union of two submanifolds to be a submanifold

I have two smoothly embedded orientable surfaces $S_1,S_2\subset S^3 \times [0,1]$ with boundary such that
$(i)$ $S_1\cap S_2$ is a smoothly embedded surface without boundary and
$(ii)$ $\overline{...

4
votes

0
answers

116
views

### Applications of Strong Whitney Embedding

I am looking for applications of the strong Whitney's embedding theorem that have an advantage over weak theorems. That is, applications where it's important that the dimension of the Euclidian space ...

4
votes

0
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255
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### Does this "join-like complex" of $K_5$ and $K_3$ embed in $\Bbb R^4$?

Consider the following 2-dimensional CW-complex: its 1-skeleton is $K_8$, which we write as an edge-disjoint union $K_5\cup K_{5,3}\cup K_3$.
Then for any two edges $ab\in E(K_5)$ and $cd\in E(K_3)$ ...

2
votes

0
answers

100
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### How to express Kunen's inconsistency, Reinhardt and Wholeness axioms, by single sentences?

Working in $\sf NBG, $ can we express the property of a class being set theoretically definable, by a single sentence? Like for example, the following way:
$$\operatorname {std}(X) \iff \exists x_1 \...

-3
votes

1
answer

61
views

### Sobolev embedding [closed]

I was trying to understand Sobolev embedding, some results about this topic are not clear to me.
My question is the following:
what are the condition on $p_1 , \alpha_1, p_2 $and $\alpha_2$ for
$W^{...

4
votes

0
answers

218
views

### Can we have full choice prior to Reinhardt cardinals?

Working in $\sf ZF + Reinhardt \ cardinal$, can we have full choice over all stages $V_{\alpha < \kappa}$ where $\kappa$ is the Reinhardt cardinal, i.e., the critical point of the elementary ...

1
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0
answers

58
views

### Can this method let choiceless large cardinals be smaller than cardinals compatible with choice?

Recall question "Can we have this sequence where choice fails and returns?"
Can that theory be extended with requiring the $\mathcal V_n$'s to fulfill a choiceless large cardinal extension ...

2
votes

1
answer

303
views

### Can we interpret Reinhardt cardinals this way?

To the language of set theory add a primitive unary predicate $\operatorname {Universe}$ and a primitive total unary function $j$. Add all axioms of $\sf ZF$ in the language of this theory, i.e. the ...

1
vote

2
answers

249
views

### Can we iteratively reflect on self elementary embeddable stages of the cumulative hierarchy?

Is it possible to iterate elementary embeddability and reflect on those stages that are elementary embeddable to themselves?
The following is a formal capture of that idea:
To the language of $\sf ZF$...

8
votes

1
answer

983
views

### Is there a form of choice that can elude Kunen's inconsistency theorem?

When it is said that Kunen inconsistency theorem proves that given $\sf ZFC$ no elementary embedding can exist from the universe to itself. Most references quote full choice in stating that result, ...

0
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0
answers

100
views

### Name for homotopy totalization of Goodwillie tower (in embedding calculus)

Let $M,N$ be a manifold and consider the presheaf of spaces $\textrm{Emb}(-, N)$ on the open sets of $M$. Classical embedding calculus produces a goodwillie tower
$$ \ldots \rightarrow T_{k+1} \textrm{...

0
votes

1
answer

77
views

### Hadamard submanifolds of $k$-fold product of hyperbolic plane

Let $\kappa>0$ and $d,k$ be a positive integers with $k\ge d$. For $k\in \mathbb{Z}^+$ large enough, can one find a geodesically complete and simply connected $d$-dimensional Riemannian ...

5
votes

0
answers

130
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### What is the minimum $n$ for which $\Bbb H^3$ can be isometrically embedded in $\Bbb R^n$ as a bounded set?

Consider the hyperbolic $3$-space $\Bbb H^3$ (i.e., the unique, simply-connected, $3$-dimensional complete Riemannian manifold with a constant negative sectional curvature equal to $-1$). The Nash ...

3
votes

1
answer

251
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### If we add stratified\acyclic replacement to the wholeness axiom, would that increase its consistency strength?

If we add to the wholeness axiom, the axiom of stratified\acyclic replacement, what would be the consistency state and strength of the resulting theory?
The wholeness axiom $\sf WA$, introduced by ...

7
votes

1
answer

315
views

### Can we have mutual elementary embeddability between distinct transitive sets?

Is it consistent with $\sf ZFC$ to have mutual elementary embeddability between distinct transitive sets?
Formally, is the following theory consistent? $${\sf ZFC} + \exists M \exists N: M,N \text { ...

5
votes

1
answer

164
views

### How to formalize this isotopy?

I'm studying the H-Cobordism theorem following the Lectures of John Milnor, and in the proof of the Whitney trick for cancel pairs of self-intersection points I have the next problem with an isotopy ...

0
votes

0
answers

46
views

### Symmetrically $3d$ embeddable graphs with high girth

Let a symmetrically $3d$ embeddable graph be a graph that can be embedded into $3d$ so that the embedding is arc-transitive, which means that every vertex-edge pair with the vertex incident to the ...

4
votes

0
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82
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### Mostow-Palais equivariant embedding for manifolds with corners

Let $M$ be a compact smooth manifold and let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group acting on $M$. According to an old theorem of Mostow and Palais, there exists a $G$-equivariant embedding of $M$ into ...

4
votes

0
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172
views

### Explicit formula for embedding of real projective spaces into Euclidean spaces

I am interested in representing vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ in a sign-invariant and efficient manner. That is, I am looking for a function
$$f:\mathbb{R}^{n+1}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^d$$
such that for $v\...

5
votes

1
answer

211
views

### Space of spacelike embeddings as infinite-dimensional manifold

Consider a four-dimensional Lorentzian manifold $(\mathcal{M},g)$ and a $3$-dimensional compact manifold $\Sigma$, such that there exists a spacelike embedding $i:\Sigma\to\mathcal{M}$ so that $h:=i^{\...

2
votes

0
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53
views

### Normalizing self-intersections of immersions $f:M^n\to\mathbb{R}^{2n}$

In the proof of the strong Whitney embedding theorem, given a self-transverse immersion $f:M^n\to\mathbb{R}^{2n}$ of a compact manifold $M^n$ (thus, with only finitely many double points), a key for ...

3
votes

1
answer

182
views

### Adding a self-intersection point to an immersion

I'm currently working on strong Whitney's embedding theorem, using Adachi's notes on Embeddings and Immersions. But I am stuck on a statement that Adachi comments without proof about adding a unique ...

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0
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110
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### Embedding (Kronecker product) preserves the structure?

In PGL$_{n}(\textbf{C})$, conjugacy classes of toral involutions can be represented by $$s_{i} = \begin{pmatrix}
-I_{i} & 0\\
0 & I_{n-i}
\end{pmatrix}.$$ for $1 \leqslant i \leqslant [n/2]$. ...

8
votes

1
answer

363
views

### Whitney embedding theorem for Hölder manifolds

According to a result of Whitney any $C^r$-manifold, $r\geq 1$, is $C^r$-homeomorphic to a smooth embedded submanifold of some Euclidean space; see Theorem 1 in
Hassler Whitney, "Differentiable ...

1
vote

0
answers

94
views

### Exists $G$-equivariant embedding with faithful representation of $G$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero and $G$ a reductive group over $k$. Furthermore, let $X$ be a projective $k$-variety with a $G$-action. Then we know, for example from Mumfords book about GIT,...

5
votes

1
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773
views

### Can a smooth manifold be realised as the image of a smooth function?

Consider, $M$, a smooth $m$ dimensional submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$. Does there exist a smooth map $X: \mathbf{R}^m\to\mathbf R^n$ such that $M=X(\mathbf R^m)$?
$X$ may have points at which the ...

1
vote

2
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183
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### Ricci scalar of submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$

Let $M$ be an $n-m$ dimensional sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$ defined by the following set of equations:
\begin{equation}
f_1(\vec x)=0, \\
\vdots \\
f_m(\vec x)=0,
\end{equation}
where $\vec x$ are ...

2
votes

1
answer

199
views

### Volume of submanifold as integral of delta-function

Let $M$ be an $n-m$ dimensional sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$ defined by the following set of equations:
\begin{equation}
f_1(\vec x)=0, \\
\vdots \\
f_m(\vec x)=0,
\end{equation}
(where $\vec x$ are ...

3
votes

0
answers

160
views

### Volume of sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$

Let $M$ be an $n-m$ dimensional sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$ defined by the following set of polynomial equations:
\begin{equation}
P_1(\vec x)=0, \\
\vdots \\
P_m(\vec x)=0,
\end{equation}
(where $\...

3
votes

1
answer

158
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### Topologically embed Klein bottle into $\mathbb{R}^4$ projecting to usual "beer-bottle" surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$

(Originally asked in 2018 at https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2946505/topological-embedding-of-klein-bottle-into-mathbbr4-that-projects-to-usual?noredirect=1#comment9514257_2946505;cross-...

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1
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199
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### Does a smooth relative curve $X/S$ embed into $\mathbb{P}^3_S$?

Suppose that $\pi:X\to S$ is a smooth projective morphism of relative dimension 1. If $S$ is the spectrum of an algebraically closed field, then it is known that $X$ embeds into $\mathbb{P}^3_S$.
...

3
votes

0
answers

148
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### Constant in Naor and Neiman's Assouad Theorem

In Naor and Neiman's Assouad embedding theorem - "Assouad’s theorem with dimension independent of the snowflaking" Revisita Mathematica, the authors derive quantitative estimates on the ...

3
votes

0
answers

87
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### Is the thickening of a PL 2-disc in $\Bbb R^4$ a 4-ball?

Let $D\subset\Bbb R^4$ be a PL-embedded 2-dimensional disc. Let $N=D+K$ be a thickening of the disc, where $K$ is some sufficiently small 4-dimensional PL-ball and "$+$" means Minkowski ...

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0
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135
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### Realization of a subgroup in a maximal subgroup of a classical group

$\DeclareMathOperator\Sp{Sp}\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}$In the finite group $G = \operatorname{PGL}_8(5)$, there is an elementary abelian $2$-subgroup $E$ of rank 5. $E = A_{1} \times A_{2} $ where $...

4
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153
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### In how far does the Whitney trick work in the piecewise linear setting in $\Bbb R^4$?

I usually read about the Whitney trick in the context of smooth manifolds, but I wonder in how far it works in the piecewise linear (PL) category as well. I have a specific setting in mind that I will ...

3
votes

1
answer

109
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### Holomorphic/Symplectic embedding of Riemann surfaces

Let $\Sigma_g$ denote a Riemann surface and let $X$ denote the complex surface $\Sigma_g \times \Sigma_g$. Then can there exist holomorphic embeddings of $\Sigma_l$ into $X$ for $l < g$?
What about ...

3
votes

0
answers

103
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### Isometric embeddings of $c_0$ into metric spaces

Are there any nice and useful criteria or theorems which assert when a given metric space $M$ contains an isometric (not necessarily linear) copy of the Banach space $c_0$ or its unit ball $B_{c_0}$? (...

4
votes

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207
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### To what extent is the Nash embedding not unique?

Consider a smooth Nash embedding, $f$, of a Riemannian manifold $Σ$ into Euclidean space $\mathbb R^n$. To what extent is this embedding not unique?
It is clear that the set of all such embeddings ...