# Questions tagged [metric-embeddings]

The metric-embeddings tag has no usage guidance.

58
questions

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### Embedding a graph into Euclidean space

I want to find a map $v\mapsto \tilde v$ from the vertex set of a connected infinite graph $\Gamma$ to a Euclidean space that meets the following two conditions:
there is $\varepsilon>0$ such that ...

1
vote

1
answer

255
views

### Bilipschitz embedding of the unit ball of $c_0$ into $\ell_1$

This is a follow-up to this question of mine.
It is well-known that the Banach space $\ell_1$ does not contain any isomorphic copies of $c_0$. One can even go further and show that $\ell_1$ does not ...

2
votes

1
answer

155
views

### Volume of submanifold as integral of delta-function

Let $M$ be an $n-m$ dimensional sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$ defined by the following set of equations:
\begin{equation}
f_1(\vec x)=0, \\
\vdots \\
f_m(\vec x)=0,
\end{equation}
(where $\vec x$ are ...

3
votes

0
answers

154
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### Volume of sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$

Let $M$ be an $n-m$ dimensional sub-manifold of $\mathbf R^n$ defined by the following set of polynomial equations:
\begin{equation}
P_1(\vec x)=0, \\
\vdots \\
P_m(\vec x)=0,
\end{equation}
(where $\...

5
votes

1
answer

183
views

### Isomorphic embedding of $l^n_{\infty}$ into $l_1^m$?

Given $n$, is there a $C(n)$-isomorphic embedding of $l^n_{\infty}$ into $l^m_1$ for sufficiently large $m$ and $C(n)<<\log(n)$?
For $n=2$ this can done with $m=2$. There are some results about $...

4
votes

1
answer

187
views

### Johnson-Lindenstrauss over torus?

The Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma is a famous result in dimensionality reduction — Given $m$ points in $\mathbb{R}^N$, and $\varepsilon >0$, there exists a quasi-isometry $f : \mathbb{R}^N\to\mathbb{...

3
votes

0
answers

139
views

### Constant in Naor and Neiman's Assouad Theorem

In Naor and Neiman's Assouad embedding theorem - "Assouad’s theorem with dimension independent of the snowflaking" Revisita Mathematica, the authors derive quantitative estimates on the ...

4
votes

0
answers

199
views

### To what extent is the Nash embedding not unique?

Consider a smooth Nash embedding, $f$, of a Riemannian manifold $Σ$ into Euclidean space $\mathbb R^n$. To what extent is this embedding not unique?
It is clear that the set of all such embeddings ...

7
votes

3
answers

298
views

### Hyperbolic space embeds into Wasserstein space

Fix a positive integer $n$, let $\mathbb{H}^n$ be the $n$-dimensional hyperbolic space, $r>0$, $x\in \mathbb{H}^n$ and consider the closed (compact) geodesic ball $B_{\mathbb{H}^n}(x,r)$. Are ...

3
votes

1
answer

226
views

### Explicit formula for embedding Cayley graph of free group into hyperbolic space

The problem is to embed Cayley graph of free group with $n\geq2$ generators (the same as Bethe lattice with coordination number $2n$) into any model of $\mathbb{H}^2$ (we have no model preference, the ...

3
votes

0
answers

71
views

### Finite approximations to the Kuratowski/Fréchet embedding

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact doubling metric space with doubling constant $C>0$. Let $\{\mathbb{X}_n\}_{n=0}^{\infty}$ be a sequences of finite subsets of $X$ with
$$
\left\{B\left(x_k,\frac1{n}\right)...

12
votes

2
answers

973
views

### Are hyperbolic spaces actually better for embedding trees than Euclidean spaces?

There is a folklore in the empirical computer-science literature that, given a tree $(X,d)$, one can find a bi-Lipschitz embedding into a hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$ and that $n$ is "much ...

1
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0
answers

76
views

### Best estimate on doubling constant of a finite metric space

Let $(X,d)$ be a finite metric space. Clearly, $(X,d)$ is a doubling metric space but is there a 'best' estimate of $(X,d)$'s doubling constant?
Probability based on its cardinality, diameter, and ...

5
votes

2
answers

181
views

### Rozendorn's Article

I'm researching the isometric dips of the hyperbolic plane and in particular I'm interested in reading the results of Rozendorn who proved that the hyperbolic plane is isometrically immersed in $\...

2
votes

0
answers

86
views

### Almost Lipschitz embedding of compact metric measure spaces into Euclidean spaces

Let $(X,d)$ be a compact metric space, $m$ be a metric outer-measure on $X$. Are there 'mild conditions' on $X$ ensuring the existence of a positive integer $N\geq 3$ such that there exist $x_1,\dots,...

7
votes

1
answer

182
views

### Does there exist a countable metric space which is Lipschitz universal for all countable metric spaces?

Is there a countable metric space $U$ such that any countable metric space is bi-Lipschitz equivalent to a subset of $U$? How about $c_{00}(\mathbb{Q})$ where $\mathbb{Q}$ is the rational numbers? ...

1
vote

0
answers

69
views

### intuition about Gaussian processes over a finite space

In a paper that I am reading the authors defines $\mathbb P(n,q)$ the space of covariance tensors for $\mathbb R^q$-valued Gaussian processes on an abstract finite space $K=\{x_1,\dots,x_n\}$. In his ...

2
votes

0
answers

78
views

### Kernels with finite dimensional feature spaces

Suppose $x,y \in \mathbb{R}^n$ for some given fixed n.
Consider a kernel $K(x,y) = f(\langle x, y \rangle)$, I'd like to know which functions $f$ admit a finite dimensional feature map. In other words,...

6
votes

1
answer

402
views

### When is a metric space a snowflake?

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space. For any $0<\epsilon<1$, we call the metric space $(X,d^{\epsilon})$; where $d^{\epsilon}(x,y)\triangleq (d(x,y))^{\epsilon}$ the $\epsilon$-snowflake of $(X,d)$.
...

6
votes

1
answer

287
views

### Why $(\mathrm{Lip}([0,1]^2))^*$ is finitely representable in 1-Wasserstein space over the plane?

In "Snowflake universality of Wasserstein spaces"" by Alexandr Andoni, Assaf Naor, and Ofer Neiman, they have the following notation:
For a metric space X they write $\mathcal{P}_1(X)$ ...

4
votes

1
answer

193
views

### Bi-Hölder embeddings of finite metric spaces

This is a reference request. There is a large body of work, I'm familiar with, that describes the existence of bi-Hölder embeddings of finite metric spaces into Euclidean space (such as this ...

5
votes

0
answers

151
views

### Correspondence between Riemannian metrics and Euclidean embeddings

Given a sufficiently smooth manifold M,
a Riemannian metric on M induces an isometric embedding into Euclidean space by Nash's theorem, (non-canonically, non-uniquely)
an embedding of M into ...

3
votes

1
answer

131
views

### Banach embedding of finite dimensional spaces

Recall that: let $0<r<s<2$, then $\ell_r$ uniformly contains a subspace isomorphic to $\ell_s^m$, $m\ge 1$ (see [JS]).
I am wondering whether are any result for the case when $r>s>2$?
...

3
votes

0
answers

96
views

### An explicit (maybe algebraic) isometric embedding of the double torus with constant curvature K = -1

The following question is related to this previous question, Canonical immersion of the double torus:
Is there any known explicit (maybe algebraic) isometric embedding of a genus 2 surface endowed ...

2
votes

0
answers

76
views

### Dense embeddings into Euclidean space

The question is a follow-up on this old post. Fix a positive integer $d$ and consider $\mathbb{R}^d$ with its usual Euclidean topology. Given a metric space $(X,\delta_X)$, what conditions are ...

10
votes

0
answers

771
views

### Two questions around the $abc$-conjecture

Let $d(a,b) = 1-\frac{2 \gcd(a,b)}{a+b}$, $d_{ABC}(a,b) = 1-\frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be two metrics on natural numbers.
The abc-conjecture can be formulated using these two metrics as:
For ...

2
votes

0
answers

114
views

### Is the matrix $\mu_f(X_i \cap X_j)$ positive definite?

Let $X_1,\ldots, X_n$ be finite subsets of some larger finite set $Z$.
Let $f:Z \rightarrow \mathbb{R}_{>0}$ be any function, and define a (counting) measure $\mu_f(X) = \sum_{x \in X} f(x)$ for a ...

2
votes

0
answers

122
views

### Partitions of unity with arbitrary Lip-constants

Lets make things simple. Suppose we have a compact metric space $(X,d)$ and then some Lipschitz partition of unity exists, say a collection $\mathcal{F}=\{f_n\}$ subordinate to some open cover $\...

2
votes

0
answers

121
views

### Embedding a binary subspace to $l_2$ in a much lower dimension

I'm trying to find a way to embed a binary linear subspace of dimension $n$ (a linear code) to the Euclidian space while reducing the dimension significantly.
The subspace (or code) contains points ...

6
votes

0
answers

213
views

### Is this function embeddable in Euclidean space?

Let $X = \{v_1,\ldots,v_n\}$ be a set of vectors non-zero vectors $v_i \ge 0$ and such that the vectors are pairwise linear independent. Define a function on this set $X$:
$$d(v,w) = 1-\frac{2 \...

34
votes

6
answers

2k
views

### Trigonometry / Euclidean Geometry for natural numbers?

Let $d(a,b) = 1 - \frac{2\gcd(a,b)^3}{ab(a+b)}$ be a metric on natural numbers without $0$.
The metric space $X = \{x_0,x_1,\cdots,x_n\},n>2$ is isometric embeddable in $\mathbb{R}^n$ if and only ...

3
votes

0
answers

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### "Hoelder conjugate" version of the Johnson-Lindenstrauss transform

A variation of the well-known Johnson-Lindenstrauss transform (JLT) asserts that for $x_1,\ldots,x_m\in\mathbb{R}^n$ there exists a linear transformation $A:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^k$ with $k=\...

5
votes

1
answer

483
views

### Fast Bourgain embedding (or similar embeddings)?

Currently I am working on applications of Bourgain Embedding (or similar embeddings of finite metric spaces to $l_2$) to automatic feature engineering for machine learning/data science ( http://www....

0
votes

1
answer

76
views

### Lower Estimate of A Lipschitz Map

Suppose that $(X,d_X)$ and $(Y,d_Y)$ are complete doubling metric spaces and let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a non-constant Lipschitz map. Then can does there exist a lsc function
$\rho:(0,\infty)\...

0
votes

0
answers

117
views

### Green's Function for Fractional Laplacian on the Union of Two Balls

I have two disjoint open intervals $B_1, B_2 \subset \mathbb{R}$, and variables $0 < s < 1$ and $t \in B_1 \cup B_2$. I want to solve:
$$r_{B_1 \cup B_2}(\Delta^{s} f) = \delta_t$$ for $f$. ...

5
votes

2
answers

874
views

### Isometric embedding of a genus g surface

Can a genus $g$ surface with constant negative curvature and $g>1$ be isometrically embedded in $\mathbb{R}^4?$

3
votes

1
answer

207
views

### Suppose that a metric space allows David–Semmes regular map to some Euclidean space. Does it allow bi-Lipschitz embedding into some Euclidean space?

I want to ask about the progress on Question 8 from "Thirty-three yes or no questions about mappings, measures, and metrics" by Juha Heinonen and Stephen Semmes. Is it still open? If yes, ...

2
votes

0
answers

115
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### Inclusion of convex polytopes and embedding from $\ell_2$ to $\ell_\infty$

I would like to dig deeper into the problem posted Probability that a convex shape contains the unit ball:
If you pick n points uniformly at random from the surface of a d
dimensional sphere of ...

7
votes

0
answers

192
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### Do manifolds with non-negative Ricci curvature allow bi-Lipschitz embeddings into Euclidean spaces?

QUESTION: Let $n$ be a natural number. Is it true that there exist $N(n), D(n) > 0$ such that any complete $n$-dimensional Riemannian manifold of nonnegative Ricci curvature can be embedded into $N$...

6
votes

1
answer

170
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### Embedding Turing machine [closed]

I have some questions about Turing machines. Is there an embedding method where you embed Turing machines, finite automata into continuous space or graphs? Or are there geometrical approaches to ...

2
votes

2
answers

243
views

### Johnson-Lindenstrauss Lemma on $S^{d-1}$

Consider the Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma in the case where we can assume the $n$ input points $x_i$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ are actually located on the sphere
$$S^{d-1}(r):=\{u=(u_1,\ldots,u_{d}): u_1^2+\...

1
vote

0
answers

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### Expectation of a combinatorial extremal random variable?

Consider the finite set $\chi(D)$ of all sets of integer points in $\Bbb Z^n$ around origin which have distance at most $D$ from each other and pick a set $\mathcal P(D)$ from set of sets $\chi(D)$ ...

2
votes

0
answers

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### Totally distance non-preserving transformations

JL lemma (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johnson%E2%80%93Lindenstrauss_lemma)
guarantees if you have a set of $K$ points in $\Bbb R^N$ a random transformation guarantees that the set can be projected ...

4
votes

2
answers

288
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### Finitely isometrically persistent metric spaces

The goal of this question is to develop further the discussion
initiated in Under which conditions is it possible to find points with same distances under bi-Lipschitz map. The mentioned question was ...

12
votes

1
answer

547
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### Is $\ell_p$ $(1<p<\infty)$ finitely isometrically distortable?

Let $Y$ be a Banach space isomorphic to $\ell_p$, $1<p<\infty$. Is it true that any finite subset of $\ell_p$ is isometric to some finite subset of $Y$?
It seems to me that it is an interesting ...

32
votes

0
answers

880
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### Isometric embeddings of finite subsets of $\ell_2$ into infinite-dimensional Banach spaces

Question: Does there exist a finite subset $F$ of $\ell_2$ and an infinite-dimensional Banach space $X$ such that $F$ does not admit an isometric embedding into $X$?
There are some results of the ...

4
votes

1
answer

593
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### Embedding graphs into hyperbolic spaces

Do we know of a characterization as to when does a graph have a "good" embedding into a hyperbolic space? (And does having such an embedding have a spectral or wavelet analysis signature?)
I don't ...

14
votes

3
answers

720
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### Does every CAT(0) space embed in a measurable integral of $\mathbb{R}$-trees?

Question 1. Does every CAT(0) space embed isometrically inside an integral of $\mathbb{R}$-trees?
Here an integral of $\mathbb{R}$ trees means the set of functions from a measure space $\mathcal{F}$ ...

20
votes

1
answer

900
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### Canonical immersion of the double torus

It is easy to check that the immersion $\mathbb{T}^2=\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{S}^1\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}^4$, $(\alpha,\beta)\longmapsto(\cos\alpha,\sin\alpha,\cos\beta,\sin\beta)$ induces the ...

8
votes

1
answer

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### Embedding Euclidean buildings into products of trees

A Euclidean building has a natural metric space structure. (A definition of Euclidean building can be found on Wikipedia, or, more expansively, in Section 4 of Kleiner-Leeb.)
Question: Is it true ...