# Questions tagged [heat-equation]

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148
questions

**2**

votes

**1**answer

50 views

### Explicit solution of a free boundary problem for heat equation

Consider the free boundary problem
$$
\min\{u_t - u_{xx} -1, u \} = 0 \qquad \text{ in } (0,T)\times (-1,1) \\
u(0,\cdot) = 0 \qquad \text{ in } (-1,1)\\
u(\cdot, -1) = u(\cdot, 1) = 0 \qquad \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Approach to solve a coupled system of PDE (heat transfer in cylindrical coordinates)

I have the following two PDEs, which describe steady-state coupled heat transport between an externally heated axisymmetric solid body (Eq. 1, $T(r,z)$) and a fluid (Eq. 2, $t(z)$) flowing inside it:
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Backward uniqueness for a heat equation with a drift

Consider heat equation with a drift (=reaction-diffusion equation)
$$
\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}=\frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2}+f(t,u(t,x)), \quad t\ge0,\, x\in [0,1]
$$
with periodic or ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Ancient Heat equation and Liouville's theorem

I encounter a difficulty when proving the bounded solution of ancient heat equation implying constant function. Suppose $u(t,x)$ is the solution of ancient heat equation:
\begin{equation}
u_{t} = \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### The solutions of the heat equation from $0$ datum

Consider the initial value problem
$$ \partial_t u = \Delta u$$
$$ u(0,x) = 0$$
for the heat equation in $\mathbb R^n$, where $u: [0,T] \times \mathbb R^n \to \mathbb R$ is a smooth solution up to the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Possible flaw in the proof of the Eells-Sampson theorem on harmonic maps in Nishikawa's book

Background:
I am reading the book Variational Problems in Geometry by Seiki Nishikawa. The main purpose of this book is to prove the existence of harmonic maps $M\to N$ between two compact Riemannian ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Heat-Flow on continuous differential forms and the Feller peroperty

Let (M,g) be a complete Riemannian manifold. It is well known that the Laplace operator is essentially self-adjoint on $C^\infty_c(M)$. This extends to the (de Rahm) Laplace operator on forms. Thus in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Solution to Heat Equation By Projection

Let $X\subseteq C(\mathbb{R}\times [0,\infty))$ be the collection of all solutions to the IV heat equation
$$
\partial_t u(t,x) = \partial^2 u(t,x) \qquad u(0,x)=p(0,x),
$$
for some fixed $p\in C^2(\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Biharmonic heat flow on compact manifolds

Consider $\partial _t u (t,x) = -\partial _x ^4 u$ on a compact manifold, or even a special specific one like the torus.
Are there any estimates on the Green function (bihamornic heat kernel), for ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Lack of exponential $L^2_{t,x}$ decay for a heat equation with growing coefficients

Edit: I have changed the nature of the question, but in order to have a better idea of what I can expect for the original problem (see below).
Given $T>0$ and $n \in \bf Z$, consider the following ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

202 views

### Reference request: Long-term behaviour of the heat equation for bounded initial data

Let us consider the heat equation
\begin{align*}
\frac{\partial}{\partial t}u(t,x) & = \Delta u(t,x), \\
u(0,x) & = f(x)
\end{align*}
on the whole space $\mathbb{R^d}$. If $f \in L^p := L^...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

93 views

### The complex roots of $\left(\Gamma(\kappa s)+2^{1-s} \pi^{-s}\cos\left(\frac{\pi s}{2} \right)\Gamma(s)\,\Gamma(\kappa(1-s))\right)$

Question:
With $\kappa \in \mathbb{R}, \kappa \ge 1$, the function:
$$\Upsilon(s,\kappa) = \Gamma(\kappa s)\zeta(s)+\Gamma\left(\kappa(1-s)\right) \zeta(1-s)$$
could be rewritten as:
$$\Upsilon(s,\...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### A kind of heat equation on a foliated 3D manifold whose leaves are invariant under the flow of a vector field

Assume that $\mathcal{F}$ is a foliation of a $3$ dimensional compact Riemannian manifold $M$ which is invariant under flow of a transversal non vanishing vector field $X$. Let $\Delta_{\...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

278 views

### One dimensional heat equation with boundary conditions

Consider the heat equation
$$u_t = u_{xx}$$
for $t \ge 0$, $0 \le x \le L$, given boundary conditions
$$u(0,t) = u(L,t) = f(t)$$
and an initial condition
$$u(x,0) = g(x)$$
for some continuous ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Long time existence for heat flow in Corlette-Donaldson Theorem

I'm having some minor confusion about the proof of the Corlette-Donaldson Theorem found here (Theorem 3.14)
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.4203.pdf
For completeness, the statement is as follows.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

75 views

### A question about positivity preserving property of semigroup of Laplacian

Sry this the second question from the following article, I am asking in this week.
At page 6 (126), 3th line, of the following article.
THE HEAT EQUATION WITH A SINGULAR POTENTIAL
the authors say ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### Diffusion equation solution using Laplace transform [closed]

Consider the operator
$$
L=k\frac{\partial ^{2}}{\partial x^{2}}-\frac{\partial }{\partial t}
$$ with domain $D(L)={u} \in \Bbb R \times [0,+\infty )$, initial value $u(x,0)=g(x), \forall x\in \Bbb R$...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Convolution and approximate heat kernel

I have the following question: Let $A, B\in C^\infty((0,\infty)\times M\times M)$, where $M$ is a compact manifold. Define
\begin{align}
(A*B)(t,x,y) = \int_0^t\int_M A(t-s,x,z)B(s,z,y)dzds
\end{align}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Feynman-Kac formula for domains with boundary

As far as I know (I am not an expert), any solution of the heat equation on $\mathbb{R}^n$ or on a closed Riemannian manifold with the given initial condition can be presented in terms of stochastic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Measurability of the heat semigroup in $L^\infty$

Let $S(t)$ be the $C_0$-semigroup generated by the Laplacian operator with Dirichlet boundary condition in $L^2(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded open subset of $R^n$.
It is known that $S(t)$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

177 views

### Gaussian upper heat kernel bounds on closed Riemannian manifolds

Let $M$ be a closed Riemannian manifold, and let $h(t, x, y)$ denote the heat kernel on $M$. We know that there exists short time upper Gaussian heat kernel bounds of the following kind:
$$
h(t, x, y) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### May the heat kernel of a connection Laplacian vanish?

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold and $E \to M$ be a Hermitian bundle. If $\nabla$ is a Hermitian connection on $E$, one may define the Laplacian $L = \nabla^* \nabla$, and then consider its Friedrichs ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### 3D Homogenous Laplace equation with integral boundary conditions

I have the 3D Laplace equation:
$$\nabla^{2} T_w = 0$$
where $\nabla^{2}=(\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial x^2}+\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial y^2}+\frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial z^2})$ defined on $x \in [0,...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### large time behavior for the Neumann problem for the heat equation

I am interested in the large time asymptotic behavior of parabolic equations. For instance, let $\Omega$ be a regular bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ . Let $g \in C(]0,+\infty[ \times \partial\...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Bounded solution for parabolic equation

Let $\Omega_T=(0,T) \times \Omega$, where $\Omega$ a bounded smooth domain of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $T>0$. Let $a\in L^\infty(\Omega)$ and consider the heat equation
$$u_t=\Delta u + a(x)u, \;\; (t,x)\...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Do eigenfunctions determine the geometry of a manifold? If so, do finitely many suffice?

Let $X$ be a smooth, Riemannian manifold. It is known that the geometry of $X$ can be recovered from its heat kernel $k_{t}(x,y)$, using Varadhan's Lemma: $\displaystyle\lim_{t \to 0} t \log k_{t}(x,y)...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Ratio of solutions to two heat equations

Let $u(x,t)$ and $v(x,t)$ respectively solve the two one-dimensional heat equations with different (real) diffusion coefficients on the same domain $D$ and the same initial & boundary conditions, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Fundamental solution of parabolic PDE with variable coefficients

Let us consider the parabolic operator
$$
\mathcal{L} = \partial_t - \nabla_x \cdot(a(x)\nabla_x)
$$
over a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$. The coefficient matrix $a(x)$ is elliptic and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### The heat kernel in Hermitian bundles over Riemannian manifolds

In "Heat Kernels and Dirac Operators" by Berline, Getzler and Vergne, the authors construct a (unique) heat kernel associated to any generalized Laplacian in a vector bundle over a Riemannian manifold....

**2**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Heat kernel on Riemannian manifold

The idea to construct a heat kernel is first construct a parametric in a small neighbourhood. Then use a bump function to extend it. And do convolution iteratively. (Reference: Laplacian on a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### Quick question on the constants involved in heat kernel upper bounds

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold without boundary, and let $\Delta$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$. It is known that for small $t$, let's say, $0< t < t_0(M, g)$, the heat ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### One question about the $\eta$ invariant

This question is from the paper, The Analysis of Elliptic Families
II. Dirac Operators, Eta Invariants, and the Holonomy Theorem, Commun. Math. Phys. 107, 103-163 (1986) --- Proposition 2.8.
Suppose ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Gradient blowup for the 1-dim heat equation near an irregular boundary point

I'm trying to estimate the rate of boundary gradient blow-up for the 1-dim heat equation near an irregular boundary point.
Let $b(t) := (1-t)^\alpha$, $\alpha < 1/2$. Let $u(t,x)$ solve the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Analytical testcase for 2D/3D anisotropic Diffusion (Heat Kernel)

I want to verify and compare different Discretizations of the anisotropic diffusion equation in 2D / 3D image of my testsetting.
I want to verify and compare different Discretizations of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Heat kernel and convergence

Let $(M_i,g_i,x_i)$ be a sequence of stochastically complete pointed Riemannanian manifolds ($x_i$ being the marked point on $M_i$) of injectivity radius uniformly bounded from below, Gromov-Haussdorf ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Heat equation, free boundary and dynamic programming

I have a dynamic programming problem with an underlying diffusion $$ d X_t = \mu \, dt + d b_t$$
where $b_t$ is a standard brownian motion.
The HJB equation for the value function $v(x,t)$ I get is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### What is the generator of the heat semigroup on non-complete manifolds?

If $M$ is a complete Riemannian manifold, it possesses a unique self-adjoint positive operator $-\Delta$ on $L^2(M)$. If $M$ is not complete, though, it is known that the Laplace-Beltrami operator $-\...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Davies' definition of elliptic operators in “Heat Kernels and Spectral Theory”

I am trying to find my way through Davies' book, and one of the difficult points is his choice of what "elliptic operator" means in his text. This is the first time that I encounter some of the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Gaussian bounds for the heat kernel of regular domains in Riemannian manifolds

In "Heat Kernels and Spectral Theory" Davies constructs upper and lower bounds for the kernels associated to Dirichlet elliptic operators on regular domains of $\mathbb R^n$. Has anybody done the same ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

423 views

### $L^p$-norm under the heat flow

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold.
Assume that $u_0$ is a positive smooth function on $M$ and let $u_t = e^{t \Delta} u_0$ be the solution to the heat equation on $(M, g)$ with initial ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Functional decaying under the heat flow (?)

Let $(M, g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $a$, $p$ be two real numbers greater than $1$.
For any positive function $v$, I set
$$
J(v) = \int_M \left|\nabla(v^a)\right|^p d\mu^g.
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### schauder regularity heat equation

Let $m \in \mathbb{N}\setminus \{0,1\}$, $\alpha \in ]0,1[$.
Let $\Omega$ be a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ of class $C^{m,\alpha}$.
It is known that if $f \in C^{\frac{m-2+\alpha}{2},m-2+\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Parabolic (heat) PDE Green's function spatial asymptote at infinity

Consider a general parabolic partial differential equation with its spatial dimensions on $R^n$, such as a heat equation, with the diffusion coefficient dependent on the spacial variables. Does its ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Critical spaces and energy estimate in NS equation [closed]

There is a ‘rescaling transformation’ that is particularly significant for
the Navier–Stokes equations when they are posed on the whole space, but is
also important in the local regularity theory.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Inhomogeneous heat kernel estimates

I am looking for existence results on inhomogeneous linear heat equations. Concretely, I have the equation
$$ \frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(t, x) = \Delta_t u(t, x), ~~~~~u(0, x) = u_0(x)$$
where $\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### The uniqueness of fundamental solution on $\mathbb R^n$?

Let $p_t(x,y)$ be a non-negative fundamental solution to the heat equation on $\mathbb R^n$ which satisfies for all $y\in \mathbb R^n$:
$(i) (\partial_t -\Delta_x )p_t(x,y)=0, \text{ }t>0, x\in \...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

232 views

### Heat kernel asymptotic expansion on complete noncompact manifold

I was wondering if there is any reference for the asymptotic expansion of heat kernel on a complete noncompact manifold. That is,
\begin{align}
H(x,q,t) \sim \frac{e^{-\frac{d^2(q,x)}{4t}}}{(4\pi t)^{...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Parabolic Regularity with Neumann B.C

Consider the parabolic problem in the cylinder of base $B$, the unit ball,
$$
\partial_t u -\text{div}\left( A(x) D u +F(t,x)\right)=0 \text{ in } (0,T)\times B,
$$
with $(ADu +F)\cdot \nu=0$ on $(0,T)...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Reference request : maximal regularity for the heat equation on the torus

Fix $d\geq 1$ and $1<p,q<+\infty$. I am searching for a reference concerning the following result.
There exists a constant $C=C(d,p,q)$ such that, for any
$u\in\mathscr{C}^\infty(\mathbb{R}...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### Laplacian on squashed spheres

Is anything known about the Laplacian on squashed spheres $S^{2n-1}_\omega$, where the ambient $C^n$ coordinates satisfy
$$ 1= \sum_{i=1}^n \omega_i |z_i|^2 $$
for fixed real numbers $\omega_i$? for ...