# Questions tagged [4-manifolds]

A smooth 4-manifold is a 4-manifold with a smooth structure. In dimension four, in marked contrast with lower dimensions, topological and smooth manifolds are quite different.

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### The Kirby diagram of a manifold glued along the lens space $L(p,1)$

Suppose $K$ is a knot in $S^3$ with any framing and $m=m_0$ is its meridian with $-1$ framing. Suppose $m_1,\dots,m_{p-1}$ are unknots with framings $-2$, such that $m_{i-1}$ and $m_i$ are linked as a ...
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### Questions about a paper by Laudenbach and Poénaru

I am working on the 1972 paper A Note on 4-Dimensional Handlebodies by F. Laudenbach and V. Poénaru, and I had two questions. I will use their notations to simplify things, since the paper is very ...
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### Involutions on $D^4$ with a fixed arc

By a theorem of Livesay, the 3-sphere has a unique (up to equivariant diffeomorphism) smooth involution with exactly two fixed points. Thinking of $S^3$ as the unit sphere in $\mathbb{R}^4$, this ...
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### Integer surgeries along links yielding lens spaces

Does there exist an integer $N$ such that any lens space $L(p,q)$ can be obtained by integer surgery from $S^3$ along a link $L$ with at most $N$ components? EDIT: I have worked out the comment by ...
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### 3-balls with the same boundary in $S^4$ differ up to diffeomorphism

I am looking at this recent paper by Budney and Gabai and I am confused by a certain sentence in it. Theorem 4.7 states that if $\Delta_1$ and $\Delta_2$ are two 3-balls smoothly embedded in $S^4$ ...
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### Index of Dirac operator and Chern character of symmetric product twisting bundle

I am having trouble understanding a couple of lines of computation from Theorem 13.30 in Besse's Einstein Manifolds text We are twisting the spinor bundle (on Einstein 4-manifold) $\Sigma$ with an ...
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### Self diffeomorphism of $S^2\times S^2$

The main question is motivated from the answer of this question https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2481200/finite-groups-gs-which-acts-freely-on-s2-times-s2 Is it true that every self ...
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### Topological mapping class groups of 4-manifolds

It is a classical result of Quinn that for a simply-connected closed $4$-manifold $X$ the isometries of its intersection form are in one-to-one correspondence with $\pi_0 \text{Homeo}(X)$. (Isotopy ...
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### Gauss-Bonnet-Chern Theorem [closed]

I am currently doing an undergraduate project about Gauss-Bonnet-Chern Theorem. Is there any particular books/papers regarding the application of the theorem in the theory of general relativity?
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### Homotopy type of a $4$-manifold with finite fundamental group (paper by S. Bauer)

I'm studying Stefan Bauer's paper The homotopy type of a 4-manifold with finite fundamental group. In: tom Dieck T. (eds) Algebraic Topology and Transformation Groups. Lecture Notes in Mathematics,...
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### Genus 2 3-manifolds bounding only $X^4$ with $b_2(X^4)$ big?

The genus of a closed orientable 3-manifold $M^3$ is the minimum genus among all Heegaard splitting surfaces for $M$. Every such 3-manifold bounds a compact 4-manifold. Let $I(M)$ denote the ...
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### A 4-manifold with a special non-free circle action?

Let $X$ be an oriented closed 4 manifold, with a nontrivial orientation-preserving circle action. Question Is there an example such that $X/S^1$ is an orbifold (not a manifold), with a trivial first ...
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### The effect of the Hodge $\star$ operator on the symplectic structure of a Kahler $4$ manifold

Let $(M,\omega, J, g)$ be a $4$ dimensional Kahler manifold. Put $\omega'=\star \omega$ where $\star$ is the Hodge operator associated the metric $g$. Is $(M,\omega ')$ a symplectic manifold? Is it ...
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### $\exists X$?(No basis for $H_2(X)$ contains spheres)

Does there exist a smooth simply connected closed 4-manifold $X$ with the property below? Every smooth basis for $H_2(X)$ contains a surface with genus $\geq 1$. I understand that in general the ...
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### (Non-)Orientability of non-triangulable manifolds

We heard and learned from Mike Miller's answer to Not all manifolds can be triangulated: In which dimensions? that "All orientable 5-dimensional manifolds are triangulable. In dimensions at least ...
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### Flat scalar curvature on 4 manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a closed(oriented) Riemannian 4 manifold. It is well-known that, if $scal^g\geq0$ and not identically zero, then $M$ admits a PSC metric by conformal transformation. Q Is $T^4$ the ...
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### Obtaining the bounding 4-manifold from the Heegaard diagram

It is well known that any orientable closed 3-manifold $M$ admits an Heegaard splitting $M = H_1\cup H_2$ where $H_i$ is an handlebody of genus $g$. It is also well known that such an $M$ is the ...
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### Example of two exotic closed 4-manifolds s.t. SW(X)=0

I am interested in seeing examples of two closed 4-manifolds $X_1,X_2$ such that $SW(X_i)=0$ and they are homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic. So far in the literature I've only found examples which ...
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### Are triangulations with common refinements PL-homeomorphic?

Do there exist simplicial triangulations $K_1$ and $K_2$ of a topological manifold $M$ such that $K_1$ and $K_2$ have a common subdivision but they are not PL-homeomorphic? Ideally, I would like an ...
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### A user guide to the theory on Corks

I am trying to digest the meanings of the corks from the both: algebraic topology and geometry topology perspectives. Studying corks is important for understanding the exotic phenomenon of 4-...
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Let $L = K_1 \cup K_2 \subset S^3$ be a two component framed link with $lk(K_1,K_2) = 1$. Let $\hat{L}$ denote the set of all links obtained by handlesliding $L$ around an an arbitrary number of ...
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### Are there exotic twisted doubles of 4-manifolds?

Take a smooth 4-manifold $X$ whose boundary has a diffeomorphism $\tau: \partial X \to \partial X$ that extends to a homeomorphism but not a diffeomorphism of $X$. (By Matveyev and Curtis-Freedman-...
### Relation between the Casson-Gordon invariants $\sigma(M, \chi)$ and $\sigma_r(M, \chi)$
Setting: There are two objects in knot theory that are commonly referred to as the Casson-Gordon invariants: the invariant $\sigma$, and the invariant $\tau$ (see for example A. Conway’s notes ...