# Questions tagged [differential-forms]

A differential form $ \omega$ is a section of the exterior algebra $\Lambda^* T^* X$ of a cotangent bundle,

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### When is this differential form harmonic?

Let $(M^3, g)$ be a (closed) Riemannian manifold and let $u: M \to S$ be a harmonic function, where $S$ is a closed orientable surface. If $\omega$ is a $2$-form on $S$, what are sufficient conditions ...

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### Tischler's Theorem on nonvanishing $1$-forms on open manifolds

I have been trying to find a generalized version of the following theorem due to D. Tischler,
Theorem 1. Let $M^n$ be a closed $n$-dimensional manifold. SUppose $M^n$ admits a nonvanishing closed $...

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### Differential forms on standard simplices via Whitney extension vs diffeological structure

The standard simplices $\Delta^n \subset \{\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}\mid x_0 + \ldots + x_n =1 \} =: \mathbb{A}^n$ carry two natural sorts of smooth differential forms:
Those differential forms ...

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### Reference request for a notion of $L^p$ norm of a one-form

I'm looking for a definition of $L^p$ norm for 1-forms on $\mathbb{R}^n$, with $n\geq1$. The first idea that I had was to set
$$
\left\Vert\omega_kdx^k\right\Vert_p:=\sum_{k=1}^n\left\Vert\omega_k\...

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### Heat-Flow on continuous differential forms and the Feller peroperty

Let (M,g) be a complete Riemannian manifold. It is well known that the Laplace operator is essentially self-adjoint on $C^\infty_c(M)$. This extends to the (de Rahm) Laplace operator on forms. Thus in ...

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### A question on the nature of the vortex number

In the Yang-Mills-Higgs (also called magnetic Ginzburg-Landau) model in the plane the energy has the form
$$
E(A,\phi)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}\left(|(d-iA)\phi|^2+\frac{1}{2}F_{jk}F_{jk}+\frac{1}{4}(1-|\...

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### Kinds of differentials and algebraic groups

This Wikipedia article mentions that the analogues of differentials of the first/second/third kind for algebraic groups are abelian varieties/algebraic tori/linear algebraic groups. I guess ...

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### Odd differential forms

In de Rham's classical book "Variétés Différentiables"
de Rham, Georges, Variétés différentiables. Formes, courants, formes harmoniques. 3e éd. revue et augmentée, Publications de l’Institut de ...

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### On boundary-value problems for differential forms on a manifold

Let $M$ be a simply-connected $d$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with boundary (for simplicity assume a ball). Consider the boundary value problem for $\omega\in\Omega^k(M)$,
$$
d\omega = \alpha
\...

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### One-Forms in Functional Space?

I am presently reading this paper on covariant phase space and I have difficulty understanding the following formalism developed:
In the paper (section $2.2$, pg. $12$), the authors have introduced ...

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### Characterizing the set of transformations on integrable 1-forms that keep integrability

Let's assume I have a vector of integrable 1-forms whose coefficients can be collected in a Matrix $\mathbf{A}\in\mathcal{K}^{m\times n}$ where $\mathcal{K}$ is the set of meromorphic functions, i.e., ...

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### A cohomology associated to a vector field on a Riemannian manifold

Edit: Accoring to the comment of Asura Path I revise the question.
Let $X$ be a vector field on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. So we have a $1$-form $\beta$ with $\beta(Y)=\langle Y,X\...

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### Leafwise de Rham cohomology (A true definition of differential forms along leaves)

For a foliated space $(M, \mathcal{F})$, one associate a leafwise de Rham cohomology. This cohomology and trace-class operators on this cohomology and trace interpretations for closed orbits of ...

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### Why is the integral of the tautological 1-form equal to the action?

I am having a hard time to understand why the integral of the tautological 1-form is the action of the system.
The tautological one form is defined by :
\begin{align}
\theta_{(q,p)} : T_{(q,p)}T^*Q &...

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### Exact differential forms in characteristic $p>0$

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Suppose $1< e_i <p$ for $i=1,2, \ldots, n$ are integers ($n \ge 2$). What are the conditions on the $e_i$'s so that the ...

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### Computation of equivariant 3 form

I want to how an equivariant 2-form and equivariant 3- form look like i,e.,
Let M be a complex Manifold say $ S^4 \subset C^3$ and a compact lie group $S^1$ acting on it via the action $\exp{i\theta}....

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### The Construction of a Basis of Holomorphic Differential 1-forms for a given Planar Curve

Working over the complex numbers, consider a function $F\left(x,y\right)$ and a curve $C$ defined by $F\left(x,y\right)=0$.
I know that to construct the Jacobian variety associated to $C$, one ...

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### Vanishing product of a closed and coclosed form on a Riemannian manifold

For a (compact) Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, can it happen that for a non-zero form $\text{d}^*\omega$, and a smooth function $f$ such that $\text{d}f \neq 0$, we can have
$$
\text{d}f \wedge \text{d}^...

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### Extended Abel-Jacobi theorem

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $u$ a meromorphic function on $X$ with divisor supported on a set of points $\{P_1, ..., P_n\}$, and $f$ a meromorphic function on $X$ such that $f$ has no pole ...

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### Is this a 2-cyclic cocycle ? Does it have a nontrivial geometric interpretation?

Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Inspired by the $2$-cyclic cocycle defined in page 20 of the book "Non-commutative geometry" by Alain Connes, we consider the following $3$-linear map on the ...

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### Theorems similar to Tischler fibering theorem

Tischler theorem states that the existence of a nowhere vanishing closed $1$-form in a compact manifold $M$ implies that the manifold fibers over $S^1$. Do you know any other diffential topology ...

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### Computing relative cohomology class of differential form

When dealing with a top degree differential form $\mu$ in a manifold $M$, a way of "computing" its cohomology class is integrating it through the whole manifold. For instance, if the integral $ \int_M ...

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### Residues of $\frac{1}{\prod_{i=1}^n (x-P_i)^{e_i}}$

This is a problem occurring in my research about deformations of $\mathbb{Z}/p^n$-covers over a ring of power series. Given an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, suppose $1< ...

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### Condition on a differential form arising from the theory of elasticity

Let $D$ be the unit $n$-ball (for concreteness). Let $\beta\in\Omega^1(D;R^n)$ be an $R^n$-valued one-form, having full rank (viewed as a section of $T^*D\otimes R^n$). Under what conditions on $\beta$...

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### Can every De Rham cohomology class be represented by a closed form $\alpha$ with $L_X \alpha=0$

Assume that $M$ is a manifold and $X$ is a vector field on $M$.
Is it true to say that every closed form is De Rham-cohomologue to a closed form $\alpha$ with $L_X \alpha =0$?

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### Hodge Laplacian in local coordinates

On a Riemannian Manifold $M^n$, the Hodge Laplacian is defined on k-forms by $\Delta\omega=\operatorname{d}\operatorname{d}^*\omega+\operatorname{d}^*\operatorname{d}\omega$. For 0-forms, e.i. smooth ...

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### How does one compute the space of algebraic global differential forms $\Omega^i(X)$ on an affine complex scheme $X$?

In 1963 Grothendieck introduced the algebraic de Rham cohomolog in a letter to Atiyah, later published in the Publications Mathématiques de l'IHES, N°29.
If $X$ is an algebraic scheme over $\mathbb C$...

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### Countability assumption for good covers in Bott-Tu

In chapter II of their text Differential Forms in Algebraic Topology, Bott and Tu construct the Čech-De Rham complex with regards to an open covering indexed by some ordered and countable indexing set....

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### Which differential forms commute with the curvature form?

Consider a vector bundle, $E \to M$, with connection, $\nabla$, and curvature $2$-form, $F$ on $M$. For $E$-valued differential forms on $M$, $\Omega(M, E)$, we have an exterior covariant derivative, ...

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### Simple identity on Lie algebras in a note of Koszul

In a 1947 Comptes Rendus note (T224, p. 448), Koszul makes the following claim (paraphrased, hopefully correctly), which seems like it should have a simple proof I am missing.
Given a compact, ...

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### Restriction of “Spin(7) 4-form” to $\mathbb{R}_+\times S^7$

I asked this question on stackexchange (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/2212226/restriction-of-spin7-4-form-to-mathbbr-times-s7) but was advised to ask again here:
I'm currently reading ...

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### Does the sheaf of locally exact differential forms splitting in positive characteristic

Let k be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>2$, $X$ a smooth projective curve of genus $g>1$ over $k$, and $F_X:X\rightarrow X$ be the absolute Frobenius morphism. Let $B^1_X$ be ...

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### What do the differential k-forms on a product manifold look like?

I am interested in how I could express $\Omega^k( M \times N)$ in terms of $\Omega^i(M)$ and $\Omega^j(N)$ for $i,j = 0,1, \ldots k$. Is there a nice relation?
This question arose in the context of ...

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### What is the geometric significance of the definition of supermanifold?

We know that a supermanifold $M$ is a locally ringed space $(M,O_M)$ which is locally isomorphic to $(U,C^\infty(U) \otimes \wedge W^\ast)$, where $U$ is an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$, $W$ is a ...

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### About Frobenius's theorem for differential forms

My question is about a particular case of Frobenius's theorem that states the complete integrability condition for a Pfaff system. Namely,
when dealing with a system reduced to a single 1-form, the ...

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### Explicit adjunction formula and local top form

I am reading the section 4.2 in Kollar-Mori, where they provide the explicit equations for Du Val Singularities. In the course of the proof, they reduce to studying the equation $x^2+f(x,y)=0$ in a ...

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### Wedge product of entries of a matrix & Volume form of the Siegel metric

Let $A=(a_{ij})$ be an $n\times n$ square matrix, and $\omega(A)=\bigwedge\limits_{i,j=1}^na_{ij}$ be the wedge product of its entries. Then, if $B=UA=(b_{ij})$ for some square matrix $U$, I think one ...

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### Exterior derivative on principal bundle [closed]

In Nakahara's Geometry, Topology and Physics on page 375, he constructs a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\omega$ on a principal bundle $P$ by "lifting" a Lie-algebra-valued one-form $\mathcal A_i$ on an ...

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### Is there a matrix that converts the gradient of every possible function to gradient of other function?

I have already asked this question on math.stackexchange.com
https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1789476/is-there-a-matrix-that-converts-the-gradient-of-any-function-to-gradient-of-othe
Now I ...

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### Interpolating from a Hard Lefschetz class to a Kaehler class

Let $X$ be a compact smooth manifold that admits symplectic and Kaehler structures.
There is a paper by Ugarte, Rudyak, Tralle, and Ibanez, showing how the Lefschetz rank can vary along a path of ...

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### Closed $3$-manifold, $2$-dimensional subbundle of this manifold, is this form exact or not?

Let $M$ be a closed $3$-manifold, and let $\xi$ be a $2$-dimensional subbundle of $TM$. I know the following.
There is a nowhere zero $1$-form $\alpha$ on $M$ with $\alpha(X) = 0$ for any vector ...

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### Volume-minimizing submanifold implies calibrated?

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold of dimension $d$ and $M$ an oriented
submanifold of dimension $p < d$ so that the multiples k⋅M are absolutely minimizing $p$-volume in their integral homology ...

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### Integrability at $z$ of the 2-form $ d\omega=\frac{\partial_{\bar{\zeta}}g(\zeta)}{\zeta-z}d\zeta\wedge d\bar{\zeta} $

Given $g\in\mathcal{C}^1(\bar\Delta)$, and $z\in\Delta$, how can i prove that the 2-form
$$
d\omega=\frac{\partial_{\bar{\zeta}}g(\zeta)}{\zeta-z}d\zeta\wedge d\bar{\zeta}
$$
is integrable in $z$?
At ...

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### Reference for a proof of the fiberwise Stokes theorem

The fiberwise Stokes theorem says that given a differential form on a smooth fiber bundle whose fibers have boundary,
the difference between the fiberwise integral of the differential and the ...

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### Strange problem about triplets of differential forms

Suppose we have the following map:
$$(\Omega^1(\mathbb{R}^n))^3\longrightarrow(\Omega^2(\mathbb{R}^n))^3$$
$$(\alpha,\beta,\gamma)\longmapsto(\mathrm{d}\alpha+\beta\wedge\gamma,\mathrm{d}\beta+\...

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### Differential ideals of Pfaffian forms on jet bundles (Integrability)

(I asked this question on math.stackexchange, but got no reaction in several weeks. So, my conclusion is, that it is harder to answer than I thought, and maybe admissible for the attribute 'research ...

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### differential forms in double field theory

In double field theory, there are 'double differential forms' meaning that the standard 1-forms $d x^i$ generate an algebra over functions depending on both of the double coordinates
$x^i$ and $\tilde ...

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### Non-continuous differentiability for differential forms

Generally when working with differential forms, one assumes that they are continuously differentiable, i.e. $C^r$ for some $1\le r \le \infty$. Under this hypothesis, one can define the exterior ...

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### Anti_symplectic 2-forms

A $2$- form $\alpha$ on a n- manifold $M$ is called anti symplectic if for every $x\in M$, $\{ v\in T_{x} M \mid i_{v} \alpha=0 \}$ is a $n-2$ dimensional subspace of $T_{x}M$. So we obtain a $n-2$ ...

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### Analytic version of the Cartan lemma

Assume that $\beta$ is a real analytic 2-form on an analytic manifold $M$ and $\alpha$ is an analytic non vanishing 1-form on $M$. Assume that $\beta \wedge \alpha=0$. Is there an analytic 1-form $\...