# Questions tagged [differential-forms]

A differential form $ \omega$ is a section of the exterior algebra $\Lambda^* T^* X$ of a cotangent bundle,

A differential form $ \omega$ is a section of the exterior algebra $\Lambda^* T^* X$ of a cotangent bundle,

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Let $M$ be a compact manifold and $\varphi:M\rightarrow M$ a diffeomorphism. The invariant differential forms
$$
\Omega^{k}_{inv}(M)=\{\alpha\in\Omega^{k}(M):\varphi^{*}\alpha=\alpha\}
$$
form a ...

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I am puzzled if we can establish differential relations about anti-self-dual 2-forms on the Kähler space similar to ones for self-dual forms?
Let $(\mathcal{M},g,J,\omega = J^{(1)})$ be a Kähler space....

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$\DeclareMathOperator\Jac{Jac}$
Let $\Omega$ an open star shaped subset of $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $f : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^d$ a differentiable vector field. For $x \in \mathbb{R}^d$, we denote ...

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I am currently learning about the theory of Normal Cycles which makes use of the language of currents and differential forms. They are defined in the following way
The Lipschitz-Killing curvature form ...

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Let $X$ and $Y$ be K3 surfaces, with Kähler cones $K_X$ and $K_Y$. If $\omega_1,\omega_2$ are Kähler forms on $X,Y$ respectively, $\omega=\pi_X^*\omega_1+\pi_Y^*\omega_2$ is a Kähler form on $X\times ...

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This is a bit of a followup to my previous question Intuition for the volume form - combinatorial definition?. I am looking for a certain combinatorial intuition when it comes to integrating ...

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In page-479 of Visual Complex Analysis, Tristan Needham derives the flux of a vector field in Geometric form:
$$ \nabla \cdot X = \partial_s |X| + \kappa_p |X|$$
The $\partial_s$ is a derivative along ...

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Let $M$ be a closed (i.e., compact without boundary) smooth oriented Riemannian manifold endowed with a regular atlas in the sense of C. Scott [1], i.e., with a finite atlas $\mathcal{A}$ so that for ...

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Let $(M^{2n},\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold of dimension $2n$. Let $L^k_{\omega}:\Omega^q(M)\to \Omega^{q+2k}(M)$ be the map given by $L^k_{\omega}(\alpha)=\alpha\wedge\omega^k$. Then is it true ...

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We say that a $\mathscr{H}^{m}$-measurable set $M\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is $m$-rectifiable if there are countably many Lipschitz maps $f_j:\mathbb{R}^m\to \mathbb{R}^n$ and a $\mathscr{H}^m$-null set $...

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In the case of the $(1, -1, -1, -1)$ metric, a bivector (or a 2-form) $F$ decomposes uniquely as the sum of two orthogonal simple bivectors if $F^2 \ne 0$.
I have the impression that it is very little ...

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Let $(M,g)$ be a closed Riemannian manifold. Fix a point $m\in M$ and a $2$-form $\omega$ at $m.$ Take a curve $\gamma$ in $M$ such that $\gamma(0)=m.$ Now we can get a $2$-form along $\gamma$ by ...

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In [1] (section 3), C. Scott introduces the following concept of regular atlas for closed $C^\infty$-smooth Riemannian manifolds. He says:
When referring to a coordinate system $(U,\phi)$ as regular, ...

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I am currently reading through differential geometry as a mathematics graduate.
Can somebody give me a brief explainer on the purpose of connections?
I could also use explainers on differential forms. ...

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Cross-posted from MSE.
I know that De Rham cohomology reveal some properties of the topology of smooth manifolds by finding closed differential $k$-forms $\mathsf{d}\omega=0$ that are not exact $\...

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Let $f:X\to Y$ be a submersion between orientable smooth manifolds of respective dimensions $n,p$ and let $j:M=f^{-1}(y)\hookrightarrow X$ denote the inclusion of some fibre of $f$.
My naïve (I am ...

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Let
$$
X
\xrightarrow{f}
Z
\xleftarrow{g}
Y
$$
be smooth manifolds and smooth maps (smooth = $C^\infty$),
and
$$
X
\xrightarrow{K}
Y
$$
be a continuous map such that $f=g\circ K$.
Let $\...

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It is a classical result that the vector space of holomorphic differentials on a compact Riemann surface of genus $g$ has dimension $g$. I am wondering if there is a way of visualizing this wonderful ...

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This question has also been posted on MSE, but maybe here is the right place to obtain an answer.
Let $(M^3,g)$ be a compact connected oriented Riemannian $3$-manifold with nonempty boundary. The ...

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If $X\longrightarrow S$, where $S=\operatorname{Spec}(k)$, is a proper smooth morphism of dimension $p$ between $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ schemes with Frobenius $F$, then there is an exact pairing $\wedge:\...

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This may be a simple question, but I decided to post it here (not just on MSE) because it is very related to a research topic: capillary surfaces.
Let $(M^3,g)$ be a Riemannian $3$-manifold with ...

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I'm reading the article of equivariant cohomology with generalized coefficients by Kumar and Vergne and I have this question from that article
Let G be a compact lie group with lie algebra $\mathfrak{...

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It is well known that electromagnetic field is a 2-form and Maxwell's equation can be reformulated in language of differential forms.
What is the Poynting vector in this language?

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Let $\omega,\eta$ be two 1-forms on a manifold $M$. I'm interested in an expression for
$$
\delta(\omega\wedge\eta)
$$
where $\delta$ is the co-differential operator $\Lambda^2(M)\to\Lambda^1(M)$. ...

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Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field $k$ of characteristic zero equipped with a point $e\in X(k)$. There is Albanese morphism $a:X\to \mathrm{Alb}\,X$ which is initial among pointed ...

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Suppose that $S$ is a compact orientable surface. In this case, the top de Rham cohomology space $H^2(S)\cong \mathbb{R}$, with the isomorphism given by integration on $2$-forms along $S$.
Now, one ...

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How can we explicitly calculate the norm of a differential form?
For example let $(X, \omega) $ be a complex manifold such that locally
$$
\omega(z) =i\sum_{k,j} h_{k, j} (z) dz_k\wedge d\overline {...

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Let $f,g:\mathbb{R}^m \to \mathbb{R}^n$ be two smooth functions and let $k$ be a strictly positive integer. Write $f \sim_k g$ if at each point in the domain, the determinants of all $k \times k$ ...

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Let $(M^3, g)$ be a (closed) Riemannian manifold and let $u: M \to S$ be a harmonic function, where $S$ is a closed orientable surface. If $\omega$ is a $2$-form on $S$, what are sufficient conditions ...

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I have been trying to find a generalized version of the following theorem due to D. Tischler,
Theorem 1. Let $M^n$ be a closed $n$-dimensional manifold. SUppose $M^n$ admits a nonvanishing closed $1$-...

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The standard simplices $\Delta^n \subset \{\mathbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^{n+1}\mid x_0 + \ldots + x_n =1 \} =: \mathbb{A}^n$ carry two natural sorts of smooth differential forms:
Those differential forms ...

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Let (M,g) be a complete Riemannian manifold. It is well known that the Laplace operator is essentially self-adjoint on $C^\infty_c(M)$. This extends to the (de Rahm) Laplace operator on forms. Thus in ...

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In the Yang-Mills-Higgs (also called magnetic Ginzburg-Landau) model in the plane the energy has the form
$$
E(A,\phi)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^2}\left(|(d-iA)\phi|^2+\frac{1}{2}F_{jk}F_{jk}+\frac{1}{4}(1-|\...

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This Wikipedia article mentions that the analogues of differentials of the first/second/third kind for algebraic groups are abelian varieties/algebraic tori/linear algebraic groups. I guess ...

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In de Rham's classical book "Variétés Différentiables"
de Rham, Georges, Variétés différentiables. Formes, courants, formes harmoniques. 3e éd. revue et augmentée, Publications de l’Institut de ...

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Let $M$ be a simply-connected $d$-dimensional Riemannian manifold with boundary (for simplicity assume a ball). Consider the boundary value problem for $\omega\in\Omega^k(M)$,
$$
d\omega = \alpha
\...

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I am presently reading this paper on covariant phase space and I have difficulty understanding the following formalism developed:
In the paper (section $2.2$, pg. $12$), the authors have introduced ...

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Edit: Accoring to the comment of Asura Path I revise the question.
Let $X$ be a vector field on a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$. So we have a $1$-form $\beta$ with $\beta(Y)=\langle Y,X\...

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For a foliated space $(M, \mathcal{F})$, one associate a leafwise de Rham cohomology. This cohomology and trace-class operators on this cohomology and trace interpretations for closed orbits of ...

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I am having a hard time to understand why the integral of the tautological 1-form is the action of the system.
The tautological one form is defined by :
\begin{align}
\theta_{(q,p)} : T_{(q,p)}T^*Q &...

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Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$. Suppose $1< e_i <p$ for $i=1,2, \ldots, n$ are integers ($n \ge 2$). What are the conditions on the $e_i$'s so that the ...

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I want to how an equivariant 2-form and equivariant 3- form look like i,e.,
Let M be a complex Manifold say $ S^4 \subset C^3$ and a compact lie group $S^1$ acting on it via the action $\exp{i\theta}....

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Working over the complex numbers, consider a function $F\left(x,y\right)$ and a curve $C$ defined by $F\left(x,y\right)=0$.
I know that to construct the Jacobian variety associated to $C$, one ...

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For a (compact) Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$, can it happen that for a non-zero form $\text{d}^*\omega$, and a smooth function $f$ such that $\text{d}f \neq 0$, we can have
$$
\text{d}f \wedge \text{d}^...

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Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, $u$ a meromorphic function on $X$ with divisor supported on a set of points $\{P_1, ..., P_n\}$, and $f$ a meromorphic function on $X$ such that $f$ has no pole ...

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Let $S$ be a surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Inspired by the $2$-cyclic cocycle defined in page 20 of the book "Non-commutative geometry" by Alain Connes, we consider the following $3$-linear ...

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Tischler theorem states that the existence of a nowhere vanishing closed $1$-form in a compact manifold $M$ implies that the manifold fibers over $S^1$. Do you know any other diffential topology ...

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When dealing with a top degree differential form $\mu$ in a manifold $M$, a way of "computing" its cohomology class is integrating it through the whole manifold. For instance, if the integral $ \int_M ...

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This is a problem occurring in my research about deformations of $\mathbb{Z}/p^n$-covers over a ring of power series. Given an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$, suppose $1< ...

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Let $D$ be the unit $n$-ball (for concreteness). Let $\beta\in\Omega^1(D;R^n)$ be an $R^n$-valued one-form, having full rank (viewed as a section of $T^*D\otimes R^n$). Under what conditions on $\beta$...