# Questions tagged [riemann-surfaces]

Riemann surfaces(Riemannian surfaces) is one dimensional complex manifold. For questions about classical examples in complex analysis, complex geometry, surface topology.

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### fundamental domains in H^2 containing large balls

I would like to construct a genus $g$ surface regularly tiled by triangles (for example by 238 triangles). Edmunds-Ewing-Kulkarni prove that the only obstruction to doing this is Euler characteristic ...

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### Poincaré metric on the Riemann sphere minus more than two points

If we omit more than two points from the Riemann sphere, we will obtain a hyperbolic Riemann surface endowed with a canonical metric descending from its universal cover which is the Poincaré disk. Let ...

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### Complex structures on topological surfaces

I am interested in the number of complex structures on a surface. More precisely, given a genus $g$ surface (topological manifold of real dimension 2) with $n$ punctures $X_{(g,n)}$, how many complex ...

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### Stable extensions by line bundles on Riemann surfaces

Is there a compact Riemann surface $X$ and a line bundle $L$ of negative degree on $X$, such that for any nontrivial extension
$$ 0 \rightarrow L \rightarrow E \rightarrow L^{-1} \rightarrow 0, $$
$E$ ...

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### Generalized Jacobians and modular units

Let $X$ be a proper algebraic smooth curve over a characteristic zero field $k$ and let $J$ be the Jacobian variety of $X$. Let $K$ be the function field of $X$. Assume that we are given $n$ distinct ...

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### The Deligne-Mumford Compactification for Closed Surfaces

I am reading this note on super-Riemann surfaces. In the second paragraph of section 7.4.1 (page 87), there is a statement that I am trying to understand:
The compactified moduli space of closed ...

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### English literature close to “Algébre et Théories Galoisiennes” by Régine and Adrien Douady

I'm currently working on my undergraduate dissertation. I'm working on covering sapces of Riemann surfaces so my supervisor asked me to read the book I mention in the title: "Algébre et Théories ...

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### Embedding open connected Riemann Surfaces in $\mathbb{C}^2$

This question arises in the context of a question asked on MSE: Are concrete Riemann surfaces Riemann domains over $\mathbb{C}$. Part of the answer to that question is the question above which is ...

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### Is every element of $Mod(S_{g,1})$ a composition of right handed Dehn twists?

Let $S_{g,1}$ be the surface of genus $g \geq 1$ and $1$ boundary component. Let $Mod(S_{g,1})$ be the mapping class group in which we allow isotopies to rotate the action on the boundary (...

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### Towards recognizing St. Venant geometrical invariant

Using partial derivative notation we can express Gauss curvature $K$ in cartesian coordinates:
$$\quad p= \partial w/ \partial x, q= \partial w/ \partial y; r=\frac{\partial ^2w}{{\partial {x} ^2} },...

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### References for Riemann surfaces

I know this question has been asked before on MO and MSE (here, here, here, here) but the answers that were given were only partially helpful to me, and I suspect that I am not the only one.
I am ...

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### Maps between moduli of curves

Let $M_{g,n}$ be the moduli space of $n$-pointed curves, and $M_g[m]$ the moduli space of (unpointed) curves with $m$-level structure.
Fix $m>0$. Is it true that for $n$ large enough, there is a ...

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### Simple Closed Hyperbolic Geodesics on Punctured Spheres

Thinking of $\mathbb {CP^1}$ as the sphere $S^2\subset\mathbb R^3$, we can define the notion of a circle on it to be a subset that is got by a hyperplane section of $S^2$ inside $\mathbb R^3$. This ...

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### Path lifting property of holomorphic unbranched map

Suppose $X$ is a Riemann surface and $ a\in\ X $ suppose $ \phi\in\mathcal O_a $ is a holomorphic function germ at $a.$ According to the theorem 7.8 of Forster's book Lectures on Riemann surfaces on ...

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### Geodesic current supported on a pencil?

Consider a geodesic current $\mu$ on a closed surface $\Sigma$, as defined by Bonahon ("The Geometry of Teichmüller space via geodesic currents"). These are $\pi_1(\Sigma)$-invariant measures on the ...

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### Are mapping class groups of orientable surfaces good in the sense of Serre?

A group G is called ‘good’ if the canonical map $G\to\hat{G}$ to the profinite completion induces isomorphisms $H^i(\hat{G},M)\to H^i(G,M)$ for any finite $G$-module $M$. I’ve had multiple academics ...

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### Unramified map of Riemann surfaces

Let $f:S \to T$ be a surjective, unramified, holomorphic map between connected Riemann surfaces. If $S$ is not compact is it always true that $f$ is a covering?
This is of course true if $S$ is ...

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### non-existence of global coordinates

Assume we have a smooth manifold, $M$, of dimension $n$. (An example of interest is the case when $M$ is a compact and orientable Riemann surface of genus $g$, but the question is intended to be broad....

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### Naive question on the Jacobian of a curve

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective curve of genus $g \ge 2$. We know that the Jacobian $J(X)$ of the curve is a principally polarized abelian variety. The principal polarization is induced by the ...

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### How to classify a plane complex curve?

Let $p_1, p_2, t_1, t_2, a \in \mathbb{C}$ be constants. Consider the following plane complex curve in $\mathbb{C}^2$ ($c_1, c_2$ are indetermniates)
\begin{align}
& {p_1}^2 {p_2}^2 c_1 {t_1}^2 ...

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### Reference request: basics about modular curves

Where can I find a reference (with carefully written proofs) for basic facts about modular curves? Namely:
Congruence subgroups
The open modular curve $Y_\Gamma$ admits the structure of a Riemann ...

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### Harder Narasimhan filtration for the endomorphism bundle

Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a compact Riemann surface $X$, and let $$0=E_0\subsetneq E_1\subsetneq \ldots \subsetneq E_n=E$$ be its Harder-Narasimhan filtration: we have $V_i:=E_i/E_{i-1}$ ...

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### Cluster algebra and Fenchel Nielsen coordinates

Certain cluster algebras arise from ideal triangulations of hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. The combinatorics behind their mutations can be understood in terms of "flips" in the triangulation, and the ...

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### holomorphic sections of line bundles on Riemann surfaces

I have something elementary to ask. Let $E\rightarrow X$ be a holomorphic line bundle over a Riemann surface. Then in general a section of $E$ is a meromorphic function on $X$, since $O_{div(s)}\cong ...

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### Is $O_{D}(X)$ a reflective Banach space?

Let $X$ be a Riemann surface and $O_{X}(D)$ be the line bundle associated with $D$. Let the metric on $O_{X}(D)$ be given by
$$
|1_{O_{X}(D)}(P)|=G(P,D)^2
$$
where $G(P,D)^2$ is the Green function ...

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### Are spin Hurwitz numbers $r$-spin Hurwitz numbers?

(I think the answer is no, but I'm not sure.)
In Hurwitz theory, one counts $n$-fold branched covers $\Sigma'\to\Sigma$ of a Riemann surface $\Sigma$ with fixed
ramification data around each branch ...

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### Asymptotic flag in terms of geometry of the stratum of abelian differentials?

Let $C$ be a closed Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 1$. Fix a holomorphic 1-form on $C$; it endows $C$ with a flat structure (i.e. a metric of trivial holonomy which has conical singularities at a ...

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### Equality on $\partial \mathbb{H}$ of lifts for isotopy to a conformal map

Let $\mathbb{H} \subset \mathbb{C}$ be the upper half plane. First recall the following statement: if $f^* \colon \mathbb{H} \rightarrow \mathbb{H}$ is quasi-conformal (qc), then there exists an ...

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### How to measure the distance between two functions on a surface

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface. Let $x_{1},\cdots x_{n}$ be some distinct points on $X$. Let $E\rightarrow X$ be a holomorphic complex line bundle over $X$ and $f_{i}(e_{i})$ be functions ...

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### For the geometric meaning of this value for complex curve with model over $\mathbb{Q}$

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic curve defined over $\mathbb{Q}$ with genus $g$, we have an isomorphism $H^1_{dR}(X/\mathbb{Q})\otimes_\mathbb{Q}\mathbb{C}\cong H^1_{sing}(X,\mathbb{Z})\...

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### Is there a relationship between the zeta function of a Laplacian and the Selberg Zeta Function?

Let us define the zeta function of an elliptic differential operator $H$ with eigenvalues $\lambda_n$ like so:
\begin{aligned}
\zeta_H(s)
:=
tr( H^{-s} )
\\
:=
\sum^\infty_{n=1} ...

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### Classifying $PGL(n,\mathbb{C})$-bundles over a compact Riemann surface

Let $X$ be a connected compact Riemann surface. How does one go on proving that the set of PGL($n,\mathbb{C}$)-bundles over $X$ is topologically classified by $\pi_1(PGL(n,\mathbb{C}))$? Is it true ...

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### Exact sequence of Quillen metrics

Let $M$ be a compact Riemann surface equipped with its Arakelov metric. Let $\xi$ be a holomorphic line bundle on $M$ equipped with an admissble metric. For any point $P\in M$ we get an admissible ...

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### Differentials on tori realised as double of annuli

In this question it was described how to realise a torus as the double of an annulus Explicit construction of mirror surface and complex double for an annulus.
In short, the torus is realised ...

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### Uniqueness of Mukai presentation of canonical model in genus 6

In his 92 paper, Mukai showed that a general genus $6$ curve may be represented in $\mathbb{P}^9$ as the intersection of the Grassmannian $G(2,5)$ (under the Plucker embedding), a plane $H\cong \...

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### Bound of analytic torsion for a line bundle

Let $E\rightarrow X$ be a line bundle over a compact Riemann surface. Let $\Delta_{E}$ be the Dolbeault Laplacian $\Delta_{\overline{\partial}}$ extended to sections of $E$. Let $g_1, g_2$ be two ...

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### Clarification on Beltrami Differentials

I have troubles with the theory of existence of quasi-conformal homeomorphisms realizing Beltrami coefficients. Let $X$ be a (compact) Riemann surface and $f \colon X \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be smooth....

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### The cohomology of meromorphic functions

Let $A$ be a sheaf such that $$A(U) = \{ f \in \mathbb M(U): f \in \mathbb{O}(U \backslash\{p_1,\ldots, p_n\}) \ \mbox{with at worst a simple pole at}\ p_i \} $$ where $\mathbb M(U)$ means the set of ...

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### Real section of moduli space of Riemann surfaces

In (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/002240499390049Y) it is mentioned the real section of the moduli space of Riemann surfaces of genus 0. It can be intuitively defined as a subset ...

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### Explicit construction of mirror surface and complex double for an annulus

My reference is Abikoff's book "Real analytic theory of Teichmuller spaces.
Let $X$ be a Riemann surface with two boundaries, we can construct a mirror surface $\bar{X}$ defined to be the same ...

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### Short basis in $\pi_1$ on a hyperbolic surface of bounded diameter

First, some terminology. Let $(S,x)$ be a compact surface of genus $g>0$. A standard collection of loops $\gamma_1,\ldots, \gamma_{2g}$ based at $x$ is a collection of loops that cuts $S$ into a ...

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### Build a Fuchsian group starting from punctures on a disk

Consider the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on the disk with $n>3$ marked points on its boundary, $\mathcal{M}_{D,n}$.
$\mathcal{M}_{D,n}$ can be parametrised in terms of cross ratios of the ...

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### Cutting a circle from the hyperbolic plane

Let D be the Poincare' disk its natural hyperbolic metric and with at least 1 marked point on $\partial D$. Suppose I cut an hyperbolic circle of radius $r$ away from it, then I get a Riemann surface ...

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### What is a half cusp in hyperbolic geometry?

I already asked this question on math.stackexchange, but it was suggested that I post it here as well.
The paper Devadoss, Heath, and Vipismakul - Deformations of bordered Riemann surfaces and ...

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### Metrics with fixed conformal structure and diameter

I have three questions.
I consider a sequence of metrics $h_n$ on a two-dimensional torus which all induce the same conformal structure. Suppose that the volume of $h_n$ is always $1$. Is it possible ...

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### Symplectic representation of modular group

The modular group $\Gamma_{g}$ of isotopy classes of diffeomorphisms of a genus $g$ surface $S$ acts on $H^1(S,\mathbb{Q})$ (or $H^1(S,\mathbb{Z})$) respecting the intersection pairing. This gives a ...

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### Defining “addition” on the Riemann surface of log(z)

The title of this question is a bit awkward, as adding two points together on a manifold is usually not considered possible, but in this case there appears to be a nice little hack.
Consider the ...

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### Projective unitary flat structures of $\mathbb{P}^1$-bundles on Riemann surfaces

Narasimhan and Seshadri proved a rather surprising result about vector bundles on a compact connected complex manifold $X$. That is
Two holomorphic vector bundles arising from unitary representations ...

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### Equivalence of the term “Divisor”

Throughout my university education, I have studied some theory of Riemann surfaces, focusing particularly on Miranda's Algebraic curves and Riemann surfaces. My current studies however are in the ...

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### The degree of the Gauss map of Theta divisor

Let $R$ be compact a Riemann surface of genus $g$ and $ J (R) $ be its Jacobian.
For a subvariety $X$ of $J(R)$ of dimension $d$, denote the set of non-singular points of $X$ by $X_{reg}$. Then the ...