Questions tagged [harmonic-functions]

For questions regarding harmonic functions.

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47 views

Polar growth property for harmonic Maass forms

The definition of a harmonic Maass form consists of three properties; (1) that it is modular, (2) that it is harmonic, and (3) that it has at most polar growth at the cusps (ordered in accordance with ...
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1answer
190 views

Harmonic function in infinite domain in $\mathbb{R}^3$, constant on the boundary and decaying as $1/r^2$

EDIT: Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be a bounded domain with smooth connected boundary. Let $f\colon \mathbb{R}^3\backslash \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function which is harmonic in $\...
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1answer
120 views

Harmonic functions in infinite domain in Euclidean space

EDIT: Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded domain with smooth boundary. Let $f\colon \mathbb{R}^n\backslash \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function which is harmonic in $\mathbb{R}^n\...
3
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1answer
90 views

About the proof of higher regularity boundary Harnack inequality

I’m reading a note on higher regularity boundary Harnack inequality by D. DE SILVA AND O. SAVIN and I’m kind of confused of the case k=1. In the paper they used the Hopf lemma to show that $u_\nu>c&...
3
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43 views

Matrix equation and spherical harmonics

I have a set of functions expanded in a finite number of spherical harmonics (up to degree $L$), $$ \eta_k^n(\theta,\phi) = \sum_{l=0}^L \sum_{m=-l}^l d_{kl}^{nm} Y_l^m(\theta,\phi) $$ Similar to the ...
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0answers
100 views

How to use blow-up to prove the boundary regularity for a harmonic function

While reading the book Regularity Theory of Elliptic PDE I’m confused with a theorem: Thm. 2.30. Let $\alpha \in (0,1)$ and $k \in N$ with $k \leq 2$, and let $\Omega$ be a bounded $C^{k, \alpha}$ ...
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207 views

Are the two-valued homogeneous harmonic functions classified?

Question. Is there a classification of homogeneous two-valued harmonic functions on $\mathbf{R}^n$, valid in dimensions $n \geq 3$? For reference, multi-valued functions are familiar objects in ...
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2answers
226 views

$\log |f|$ is subharmonic

It is known that the logarithm of the modulus of an analytic function $f: D \subset \mathbb C \rightarrow \mathbb C$ ($D$ is a domain) is subharmonic. I have two questions: (1) Are there some weaker ...
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73 views

Dimension of critical set of p-harmonic function

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a smooth domain and $u\in W^{1,p}(\Omega)$ a non-constant $p$-harmonic function, for some $1<p<n$. Question: What is the Hausdorff dimension of the critical ...
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415 views

Vanishing rate of a harmonic function near a boundary point

Let $u(x, y)$ be a harmonic function on the upper half-plane $\mathbb{R}\times \mathbb{R}^+$, that is, $$\partial_x^2 u(x, y) + \partial_y^2 u(x, y) = 0$$ for $x \in \mathbb{R}, y>0$. Assume $u(x, ...
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1answer
150 views

A question on the monotonicity formula for minimal submanifolds

I'm reading the proof of monotonicity formula from A Course in Minimal Surfaces by Colding-Minicozzi. The theorem says Suppose $\Sigma^k \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a minimal submanifold and $x_0\in\...
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1answer
219 views

Harmonic interpolation with analytic initial condition

Let $n>1$ and $M\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a (sufficiently low dimensional) compact analytic submanifold. Assume that $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to \mathbb{R}$ is an analytic function. Is there a Harmonic ...
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112 views

Good (Sidon) Approximation of "Bumps"

Given a rational point $p\in S^1$ and a continuous function $f:S^1\rightarrow \mathbb C$, we say that $f$ is an $\epsilon$-bump around $p$ (for some $\epsilon>0$) if $f(p)=1,|f|_{\infty}\leq 1+\...
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188 views

Spherical harmonic expansion of a power function

Let $f$ be an even continuous function on the sphere $S^{n-1}$. Find a relation of the spherical harmonic expansion between coefficients of $f^n$ and those of $f$.
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68 views

Extending harmonic functions defined in the closure of a bounded smooth domain to some larger domain

Let $\Omega$ be a smooth bounded domain of $\mathbb{R}^N$ where $N\geq 2$. Consider the Laplace equation with a Neumann boundary condition $$ -\Delta u = 0 \quad\mbox{in } \Omega, \qquad \frac{\...
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1answer
115 views

Tangential harmonic $1$-forms are pullbacks of harmonic functions

This question has also been posted on MSE, but maybe here is the right place to obtain an answer. Let $(M^3,g)$ be a compact connected oriented Riemannian $3$-manifold with nonempty boundary. The ...
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52 views

A question about super-harmonic functions

Lets call a function $f : \mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ to be super-harmonic if $\nabla ^2 f = \sum_{i=1}^n \partial_i^2 f \leq 0$. Now given such a $f$ as above I want to consider the ...
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91 views

Mean Value Inequality with Linear Term

I am having trouble proving this modified mean-value inequality. Suppose that $\Delta u+cu\ge 0$ for $u:\mathbb{R}^n\to [0,\infty).$ Prove that there exists constants $r_0,C>0$ depending only on $c$...
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84 views

Function Spaces on the Open Unit Disk defined by Hardy Space norms

I've been reading up on Hardy spaces and (sub)harmonic functions over the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}\subset\mathbb{C}$, and I've found myself working with atypical objects in mostly-typical situations....
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69 views

Clarification on a potential typo in a theorem from Garnett's Bounded Analytic Functions (2007)

Theorem 6.5 from Garnett's 2007 book Bounded Analytic Functions is as follows. I quote it verbatim, because I am concerned about the possibility of there being a typo: Theorem 6.5. Let $v\left(z\...
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1answer
161 views

A harmonic function $\varphi$ with $D\varphi \in L^q(\mathbb R^n)$ is constant

Let $\varphi$ be an harmonic function such that $D\varphi \in L^q(\mathbb R^n)$ for $q \in (1, +\infty)$. I read in Partial Differential Equations of Quin Han and Fanghua Lin that for $q = 2$, $\...
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41 views

$W^{1,p}-$regularity on the boundary for solution of Laplace equation with Robin boundary condition

I came across with the attached paper and here is the part that I try to understand. If the non-tangential maximal function of $\nabla u$, i.e $(\nabla u)^*$, belongs in $L^p(\partial \Omega)$, then ...
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80 views

Dimension of Harmonic Polynomial space from Tensor definition

I would like to calculate the dimension of the Harmonic Polynomial space using the following definition: Let $P_n(\overrightarrow{x})$ be a polynomial of degree n of the variable $\overrightarrow{x}=(...
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70 views

Are continuous harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds smooth up to the boundary?

Let $M,N$ be smooth, connected, compact, oriented, two-dimensional Riemannian manifolds, with $C^k$ boundaries. Let $f:M \to N$ be a Lipschitz continuous weakly harmonic map**, and assume that $f(\...
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1answer
103 views

Positive subharmonic functions with constant integral blowing up at boundary

Say, we're given smooth functions $f_n$, $n=1,2,3,...$ defined on a smooth bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^d$ satisfying $\Delta f_n\ge 0$ (subharmonic) $f_n\ge 0$ $\int_\Omega f_n=I>0$ ...
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1answer
289 views

Harmonic functions on knot complements

In Axler's Harmonic Function Theory, he and his coauthors develop the theory of harmonic functions on spheres and discs by considering the restrictions of arbitrary polynomials on the sphere $S^{n-1} =...
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1answer
168 views

Is a specific product function orthogonal to all harmonic functions

Suppose $\Omega=[-1,1]^3$. Let $f:[-1,1]\to \mathbb R$ and $g:[-1,1]^2\to \mathbb R$ be smooth functions and suppose that given any harmonic function on $\Omega$ (i.e. $\Delta u =0$ on $\Omega$), with ...
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182 views

"Universal" polynomial of bounded norm on the sphere

Consider the space $V_{d,n}=\mathbb{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]_d$ of homogeneous polynomials of degree $d$ in $n$ variables. I am interested in the set of bounded polynomials on the sphere $$B_{d,n}=\{f\in V_{...
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1answer
98 views

Subharmonic function in unbounded regions

The harmonic majorization for a subharmonic function $h$ is well-known for bounded regions $\Omega \subset \mathbb{C}$: $$h \le 0 \text{ in }\partial \Omega \Longrightarrow h \le 0 \text{ in }\Omega.$$...
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1answer
122 views

Periods of the harmonic conjugate and a Dirichlet problem on a multiply connected domain

Any harmonic function $u$ on a simply connected domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is the real part of a holomorphic function. If the domain is multiply connected, then this is no longer true: the harmonic ...
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1answer
157 views

A question of uniqueness

Let $u$ an harmonique function on $\Omega=(a,b)\times (0,+\infty)$ and boundary conditions : $\displaystyle u(a,y)=u(b,y)=0,\quad\forall y\geq 0$ $\displaystyle u(x,0)=0,\,\lim_{y\to +\infty} u(x,y)=...
5
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1answer
288 views

A differential inequality involving gradient and laplacian

Let $V:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to\mathbb{R}$ smooth, such that $\lim_{|x|\to\infty}V(x)=+\infty$. What are conditions on $V$ that guarantee the existence of a function $U:\mathbb{R}^{n}\to\mathbb{R}$ such that ...
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73 views

how to construct a finite energy map

In the construction of harmonic maps by Eells and Sampson, one needs to start with a map with finite energy and use the heat equation to deform it into a harmonic map. The construction of such a ...
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1answer
114 views

Approximation of smooth function by harmonic function

Let $u(x,y)$ be a smooth function on the square $S:=[0, 1] \times [0, 1]$ (see, for example, Wiki for the definitions) and $\varepsilon > 0$. Is it possible to approximate $u(x,y)$ by a function $...
5
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1answer
248 views

Every homotopy class contains at least a harmonic representative

Let $(M^3,g)$ be a closed, connected and oriented Riemannian $3$-manifold. A circle-valued map $v : M \to S^1$ is harmonic iff the gradient $1$-form $\omega_v = v^* d\theta \in \Omega_1(M)$ is ...
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1answer
138 views

When is this differential form harmonic?

Let $(M^3, g)$ be a (closed) Riemannian manifold and let $u: M \to S$ be a harmonic function, where $S$ is a closed orientable surface. If $\omega$ is a $2$-form on $S$, what are sufficient conditions ...
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1answer
83 views

Approximate a one-form on the disk with nowhere vanishing one-forms satisfying an asymptotic vanishing of some derivatives

Let $\mathbb{D}^2$ be the closed two-dimensional unit disk, and let $g:\mathbb{D}^2 \to \mathbb{R}$ be a non-constant harmonic function (smooth up to the boundary). Does there exist a sequence of ...
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2answers
745 views

A harmonic function

Consider the vertical strip of angle $\alpha=\frac{\pi}{2}$ In this case, the harmonic function which is $0$ on the left line and $1$ on the right line is given by $$f(a+ib)=\frac{a}{T}.$$ Now, when ...
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54 views

Local properties of harmonic forms on riemannian manifolds

Consider a riemannian manifold together with a orthogonal basis $\{\alpha_1,\dots,\alpha_n\}$ of the space of harmonic $k$-form. I suspect that the inner product $\langle \alpha_i, \alpha_j \rangle$ ...
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1answer
107 views

Smooth approximation of a subharmonic function in the barrier sense

Let $f$ be a continuous function on $\mathbb R^n$ such that $\Delta f \ge 0$ at a point $p$ in the barrier sense. More precisely, for any $\epsilon>0$, there exists a smooth function $f_{\epsilon}$ ...
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1answer
125 views

an Integral Inequality about harmonic function

Let $u$ be a real-valued harmonic function on $\mathbb{D}$, which extends continuously to the boundary. I wonder how to prove the inequality $$\int_\mathbb{D} e^{2u} dxdy\leq\dfrac{1}{4\pi}\left(\int_{...
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1answer
175 views

Can harmonic maps with immersive boundary conditions have singular points?

Let $\mathbb D^2$ be the closed unit disk in $\mathbb R^2$. Let $f:\mathbb D^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be a real-analytic orientation preserving immersion, and let $\omega:\mathbb D^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ be ...
2
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1answer
108 views

regularity of p-harmonic functions

We know that, in general, the 'best' regularity of p-harmonic functions is $C^{1,\alpha}$, $0<\alpha<1$. Recently, I saw a method of regularized problems as follows: For each $\epsilon>0$, ...
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3answers
120 views

Intersection of Subharmonic and Harmonic Functions (also: Extension of harmonic functions)

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be open, convex and bounded with smooth boundary. Define $$\mathcal{A}(\Omega) = \left\{ C \subset \Omega \ \big\vert \begin{array}{l} \text{for any subharmonic ...
2
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1answer
151 views

The positive solutions of the weighted Laplacian equation

Let $u$ be a positive function on $\mathbb R^n$ such that $$ \Delta u-\partial_{x_1}u=0, $$ where $\Delta$ is the Laplacian operator $\partial_{x_1}^2+\partial_{x_2}^2+\cdots+\partial_{x_n}^2$. Can ...
7
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0answers
119 views

implicit function theorem and harmonic mapping

We are given two Riemannian manifolds $M,N$ of dimension $m$ and $n$ and a function $G \colon M \times N \to \mathbb{R}^n$ which satisfies the assumptions of the implicit function theorem, meaning ...
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1answer
278 views

Continuity of subharmonic functions

There is a result saying that the set where a subharmonic function defined on an open set of $\mathbb{R}^{m}$ ($m\geq2$) is discontinuous is a polar set. Could someone give me a reference for this ...
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134 views

Continuity of the Green function with respect to the measure

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and let $\mu$ be a finite measure on $G$. Define the Green function as $$G(\mu)=\sum_{n\geq 0}\mu^{*n}(e),$$ where $\mu^{*n}$ is the $n$th convolution power of $\...
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0answers
77 views

Existence of nonparabolic ends

Let $M$ a nonparabolic Riemannian manifold. If exists only one nonparabolic end $E$. We would like to know why the subspace of space of bounded harmonic functions with finite Dirichlet integral is the ...
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1answer
96 views

How to create a function whose harmonic is a sine wave [closed]

How do I solve the following equation for $f(\cdot)$? $f(x)+\frac{1}{n}f(nx)=\sin(x)$ That is, how do I create a function which, when combined with its nth harmonic, will be a sine wave?