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Questions tagged [connections]

A connection makes precise the idea of transporting data along a curve or family of curves in a parallel and consistent manner.

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1answer
125 views

The automorphism group of a symplectic symmetric space

Why is the automorphism group of a sympelctic symmetric space a Lie group? $\\$ A symplectic symmetric space is a triple $(M, \omega, s)$, where $(M, \omega)$ is a symplectic manifold and $ s \; \...
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298 views

Symplectic connections are (locally) Levi-Civita connections

I was wondering... Is every symplectic connection $\nabla$ on some symplectic manifold $(M,ω)$ the Levi-Civita connection of some metric $g$ on $M$? What about the local statement?
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Maximally symmetric affine manifold

As a physicist who knows (something) about General Relativity, I'm accustomed to the term "maximally symmetric space" being an $n$-dimensional manifold with $\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$ Killing vectors. A ...
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3answers
370 views

Alternative (easier) Proof of Ambrose Singer Holonomy theorem

Let $P(M,G)$ be a principal bundle. Giving a connection on $P(M,G)$ means two equivalent things. One as an assignment of subspace of $T_pP$ for each $p\in P$ and another as a $\mathfrak{g}$ valued $1$ ...
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127 views

Applications of Ambrose-Singer theorem on holonomy

I am planning to introduce to a group of Graduate students the notion of connections on Principal bundle, curvature of connection, Holonomy. I want to conclude with the statement of Ambrose-Singer ...
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1answer
125 views

Does the holomorphic curvature determine the connection?

Let $M$ be a simply connected complex manifold (of dimension greater than one), $L$ a line bundle, and $\nabla$ a connection on $L$ with possibly singularities along a divisor $D$. We define the ...
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79 views

Existence of connections in a vector bundle whose parallel transport preserves a function on a total space

Let $p:E \to M$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$, $M\times 0$ be the image of its zero section of $p$, $\mathcal{X}(M)$ be the space of vector fields on $M$, and $\Gamma(E)$ be the space ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Left invariant connections on a Lie group

The exponential map associated with the (-) - connection on a Lie group is generally not surjective. This is because, for this connection, the one-parameter subgroups and geodesics coincide. If we ...
3
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1answer
163 views

Is there a connection $\nabla$ for which this particular non geodesible vector field $X$ satisfy $\nabla_X X=0$?

Let $X$ be the following vector field on $\mathbb{R}^2\setminus \{0\}$ \begin{align} x' &= x\,(1-x^2-y^2)(x^2+y^2-3) - y\,(2-x^2-y^2)\\ y' &= y\,(1-x^2-y^2)(x^2+y^2-3) + x\,(2-x^2-y^2). \...
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2answers
228 views

Why torsion is only defined for linear connection on TM?

The concept of curvature is defined for any linear connection on any vector bundle $E \to M$, but the concept of torsion is only defined for connection on the tangent bundle $TM$ of a manifold $M^n$, ...
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76 views

Existence of sections of a fibre bundle which are covariantly constant along certain directions

Given a vector bundle $\pi\colon E \rightarrow B$ equipped with a connection $\nabla$, it is well known that a basis of flat sections $s_i$ ($i=1,\dots,\text{rank}(E)$) (i.e. $\nabla_X s_i = 0$ for ...
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1answer
137 views

Connection 1-form of the frame bundle associated to a vector bundle with a connection

Let $\lambda = (P,\pi,M;G)$ be a smooth principal $G$-bundle (projection $\pi : P \to M)$, $V$ a finite dimensional vector space, and $\rho : G \to GL(V)$ a smooth representation of $G$ in $V$. We ...
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0answers
108 views

Connections on bundles over algebraic variety

I am asking for a reference for the theory of connections on vector bundles over algebraic varieties. I am particularly interested in the notion of Gauss-Manin connection, the notions of torsion, p-...
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73 views

Is there a ''simple'' formula for the inverse of the Drinfeld associator?

The Drinfeld associator $\Phi(x_0, x_1)$ encodes the parallel transport of the Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov (KZ) connection $\nabla$ on the bundle $\mathbb{C}\langle\langle x_0, x_1\rangle\rangle$ of formal ...
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2answers
182 views

holonomy of connection on gerbes

I am reading this notes of Hitchin to understand about gerbes. He defines gerbe by giving a collection of $2$ cocycles $g_{\alpha\beta\gamma}:U_\alpha\cap U_\beta\cap U_\gamma\rightarrow S^1$ with ...
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80 views

The algebraic connectivity of $P_n$, the path on $n$ vertices does not exceed $\frac{12}{n^2-1}$

The algebraic connectivity of $P_n$, the path on $n$ vertices does not exceed $\frac{12}{n^2-1}$. Let algebraic connectivity of $P_n$ be denoted by $\mu$. I have proved a result that if $G$ is a ...
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181 views

A question about a paper of Bismut and Lebeau

Let $X$ be a Riemannian manifold, and $Y\hookrightarrow X$ be a closed submanifold of $X$ with normal bundle $N$ with the induced metric. Then near $Y$, we have $$dv_X(y,Z)=k(y,Z)dv_Y(y)dv_{N_y}(Z),$$...
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1answer
183 views

The bundle of symmetric affine connections as quotient of the second-order frame bundle

This post is not about finding an answer to a certain problem - because the answer already exists - but rather about finding the simplest possible answer. The problem is: how to define the bundle $C(...
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209 views

Connections in terms of tangent ($\infty$-)categories?

Given a commutative ring $k$ and a commutative $k$-algebra $A$, we know that the Kähler differential $\Omega_{A/k}^1$ could be described through machineries of tangent categories (see, for example, ...
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1answer
297 views

When are geodesics straight lines?

Suppose I have a global coordinate system on a manifold, which is affine with respect to an affine connection on that manifold. The connection is flat and torsion free, and the connection coefficients ...
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2answers
257 views

Do “associative” connections exist / arise naturally in some context?

Here is a little bit of curiousity that's been itching me, let's hope it doesn't get me killed, meow. Definition: Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. A connection $\nabla$ on $TM$ is called associative ...
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238 views

Metric connection on $\mathbb{R}^4$ that is locally Kähler but not globally Kähler

in a comment to this question When can a Connection Induce a Riemannian Metric for which it is the Levi-Civita Connection? Robert Bryant mentions that it is possible to construct a metric connection ...
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1answer
259 views

Locally Riemannian Connection

Let $\Gamma^a{}_{bc}=\Gamma^a{}_{cb}$ be a symmetric connection whose curvature is $$R^a{}_{bcd}=\partial_c\Gamma^a{}_{bd}-\partial_d\Gamma^a{}_{bc}+\Gamma^a{}_{ec}\Gamma^e{}_{bd}-\Gamma^a{}_{ed}\...
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1answer
288 views

Riemannian vs Non-Riemannian curvature

If you neither know the metric nor the holonomy group, how do you recognize a curvature tensor is Riemannian? I assume a curvature, by definition, satisfies Bianchi identities. I know it is ...
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184 views

Is torsion of a connection always an obstruction to some kind of integrability? [closed]

Let $E$ be a vector bundle over a smooth manifold $M$ equipped with a linear connection $\nabla : \Gamma(E) \to \Omega^1(M;E).$ I say $(M,E,\nabla)$ is flat if it admits trivial local models; i.e. if ...
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2answers
192 views

Most natural connection on Lie group: comparison of different pictures

Let $G$ be a Lie group (not necessarily compact). One can equip $G$ with the left invariant metric (or right invariant but in general there is no biinvariant metric in the noncompact case). Once the ...
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2answers
478 views

References on principal G bundle and connections

I am trying to understand about principal G bundle given a Lie group $G$. For that I started with action of Lie groups on manifold $M$ and convinced my self that if the action is smooth, proper, free ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Affine connections as equivariant maps

An affine torsion-free connection on a smooth manifold $M$ may be thought of as a section of an affine bundle whose associated vector bundle is $S^2(T^*M)\otimes TM$. One would think that this affine ...
3
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1answer
276 views

Is there such a connection on the punctured plane?

Is there a connection on $\mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{0\}$ for which all operators of parallel transports are in the form $$\begin{pmatrix}a&-b\\b&a \end{pmatrix}$$ but the parallel ...
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2answers
461 views

Riemann-Hilbert correspondence for non-flat connections

First of all, let me warn that my knowledge of the correspondence is rather superficial, and I apologize for any technical inaccuracies below. Setting Let $X$ be a smooth complex algebraic variety, ...
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0answers
68 views

The dimension of the subspace of flat spin connections

I am interested in the the flat spin connections in a Riemann spacetime of dimension 4. They appear in the context of the frame formalism of metric gravity theories. I believe that they form a ...
10
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1answer
300 views

Which manifolds are sensitive to the cocycle in the Dijkgraaf-Witten model?

Often, TQFTs are defined in families, parametrised by some algebraic data. For example, the Turaev-Viro-Barrett-Westbury TQFTs are parametrised by spherical fusion categories, the Crane-Yetter TQFTs ...
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1answer
293 views

Reference for parallel transport around loop and its relation to curvature

It is a well known fact that the geometric meaning of a linear connection's curvature can be realized as the measure of a change in a fiber element as it is parallel transported along a closed loop. ...
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1answer
64 views

Relation between the geodesics of Finsler norms $F(V)$ and $F(-V)$

I am trying to solve this exercise. Let $(M,F)$ be a Finsler space and define $\tilde{F}(x,y):=F(x,-y)$. Then $(M,\tilde{F})$ is a Finsler space and given a geodesic $t\mapsto \gamma(t)$ of $F$, $t\...
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Sobolev embedding theorem with respect to different connections (on manifolds)

The classic Sobolev embedding theorem states that for given real numbers $k\geq l,1\leq p<q<\infty$ satisfying $(k-l)p<n$ and $\frac{1}{q}=\frac{1}{p}-\frac{k-l}{n}$, we have a continuous ...
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3answers
223 views

Kernel of a non-integrable connection

The Riemann-Hilbert correspondence states that the kernel of an integrable (zero curvature) connection is a local system. Here, a connexion on a vector bundle $E$ over a manifold $X$ is a morphism of ...
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Nef line bundles on complex analytic spaces

Let $L$ be a line bundle over a compact complex manifold $X$ with a Hermitian metric $\omega$: $L$ is said numerically effective (nef, for short) if for any $\epsilon>0$ there exists a smooth ...
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1answer
105 views

How large can the cone of $\nabla$-compatible metrics be?

Let $E$ be a smooth vector bundle over a manifold $M$, equipped with a connection $\nabla$. The set of $\nabla$-compatible metrics on $E$ forms a convex cone. This cone can be empty, however (see ...
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Do we have classical Riemann-Hilbert correspondence for infinite dimensional flat vector bundles?

Let $E$ be an $n$-dimensional vector bundle on a manifold $M$ and $\nabla: \Gamma(E)\to \Omega^1(M,E)$ be a flat connection on $E$. Classical Riemann-Hilbert correspondence tells us that ker$\nabla$ ...
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243 views

Connections and curvature in commutative algebra

Since on any commutative algebra $R$ over ring $S$ we have module of Kahler differentials $(\Omega_{R/S},d)$ which extends to the algebraic de-Rham complex $(\Omega^\bullet,d),$ it is natural to ...
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1answer
389 views

Semistable Higgs bundles and flat connections

Let $\mathfrak{E}=(E,\varphi)$ be a Higgs bundle on a projective manifold $(X,\omega)$ of dimension $n$, where $\omega$ is a Kähler form; the holomorphic structure of $E$ defines an operator $\bar{\...
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2answers
630 views

When is a flow geodesic and how to construct the connection from it

Let $(M,\Gamma)$ be a $C^\infty$ $n$ dimensional real manifold with a linear connection $\Gamma$ on it. I know the following: If $\gamma:[t_0,t_1]\rightarrow M$ is a smooth curve and is a geodesic, ...
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2answers
269 views

Does “symmetry” of a pullback connection should be obvious?

$\newcommand{\M}{M}$ $\newcommand{\N}{N}$ $\newcommand{\TM}{TM}$ $\newcommand{\TN}{TN}$ $\newcommand{\TstarM}{T^*M}$ $\newcommand{\Ga}{\Gamma}$ Let $\M,\N$ be smooth manifolds, $\phi:\M \to \N$ be a ...
4
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1answer
654 views

Can we define exterior derivatives using pushforwards and connections?

Let $\alpha$ be a differential form on a smooth manifold $M$. For simplicity, let's suppose that it is a $1$-form. Then we can think of $\alpha$ as a smooth map from $M$ to $T^* M$, the cotangent ...
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444 views

Splitting Short exact sequences of vector bundle with connection

Let $F\to M$ be a vector bundle and $E\subseteq F$ a subbundle. Suposse that $\nabla$ is a connection on $F$ s.t. preserves $E$, i.e. $\nabla_X(e)\in \Gamma E \quad \forall e\in \Gamma E, \ X\in\Gamma ...
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1answer
157 views

Definition of Connection as G-invariant splitting of a sequence which is a pulled back sequence of bundles

I'm reading Atiyah-Bott's paper "The Yang-Mills equations over Riemann surfaces" and have a couple of questions on page 547. They define a connection $A$ as a $G$-invariant splitting of the exact ...
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45 views

How to find $\beta^\prime_e(t)$ where $\beta_e(t)=\textrm{Hol}^\sigma_{\gamma_{1, t}}(e)$?

Let $p:E\longrightarrow B$ be a surjective submersion and $\sigma: p^*(TB)\longrightarrow TE$ a complete connection. Given a path $\gamma: [a, b]\longrightarrow B$ and $s, t\in [a, b]$ such that $s<...
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1answer
108 views

On generalized Tanaka connection

Many authors used the Tanaka connection in their papers such as [1] to define new Tanaka connection so-called Generalized Tanaka connection $^*\nabla$ on a contact Riemannian manifold $(M,\eta,\xi,\...
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1answer
90 views

Comparing holonomies along different connections?

Let $p:E\longrightarrow B$ be a smooth surjective submersion and $\sigma, \sigma^\prime: p^*(TB)\longrightarrow TE$ be two complete connections. Given a path $\gamma:I\longrightarrow B$ we can ...
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1answer
1k views

Geometric interpretation of horizontal and vertical lift of vector field

In many References such as D.E. Blair, Riemannian Geometry of Contact and Symplectic Manifolds chapter 9, and Differential Geometric Structures By Walter A. Poor Page 54; the horizontal and vertical ...