# Questions tagged [connections]

Ehresmann connections; covariant derivatives; connections on vector bundles, principal bundles, ∞-bundles, submersions, bundle gerbes; holonomy and higher holonomy; parallel transport; torsion; curvature. See also the tags [principal-bundles], [vector-bundles], [gerbes], [curvature], [geodesics], [characteristic-classes], [torsion].

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### Orientation bundle and its flat connection

Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-manifold (which is not assumed to be orientable), and write $o(TM)\to M$ for its orientation bundle. Equivalently, it is the top exterior bundle $\Lambda^n(TM)\to M$. In any ...
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### When is compactness of fiber components an open condition?

Consider a smooth map $f:M\rightarrow N$ between smooth manifolds. Ehresmann's theorem states that if $f$ is a proper submersion, then it is locally trivializable; in particular, this implies that ...
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### Confusion on a term related to connection and holonomy

This question is simply some of my confusions about a specific term. Let $E\to X$ be a trivial complex vector bundle. When one says let $\nabla^E$ be a connection on $E\to X$ with trivial holonomy (...
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### Modern treatment of Dirac monopoles and related topics

I know that the topic is classical and even "folklore", but many treatments make use of local coordinates and such treatments are rather messy. Could somewhere maybe provide some reference(s)...
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### Do we have an equivariant version of integrability theorem of flat connections?

I am reading Donaldson and Kronheimer's book The Geometry of Four-Manifolds. In page 48, I found Theorem 2.2.1: Let $H$ be the hypercube $H=\{\mathbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^d|~|x_i|<1\}$. If $E$ is a ...
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### Gauge-natural lifts of principal connections

Let $P=(P,\pi,M,G)$ be a principal fibre bundle and $\omega$ a principal connection on it. If $\lambda:G\times S\rightarrow S$ is a smooth left action of $G$ on a manifold $S$, the associated fibre ...
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### Moduli space of flat connection over homology 3-sphere

I'm trying to understand the space of flat connections of the trivial $\mathrm{SU}(2)$-bundle over a closed, oriented homology three-sphere (for the purpose of understanding the instanton Floer ...
207 views

### Manifolds and Riemannian geometry with a bundle viewpoint

I was wondering if there are any books that builds the theory on manifolds and Riemannian geometry, but at the same time treats these subjects in the general case of bundles (similar to Jeffery Lee's ...
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### Relation between $\mathrm{Pic}^\natural_{X/S}$ and two notions of rigidification

Let $X/S$ be a relative curve (perhaps with more adjectives). I have come across a few instances of rigidifying and rigidificators, which I would like to understand better. In Liu-Lorenzini-Raynaud (...
335 views

### What exactly is the relationship between an Ehresmann connection and splitting of the jet sequence?

An Ehresmann connection on a vector bundle $\pi : E \to X$ is a splitting of the sequence, $$0 \to V \to TE \to \pi^* TX \to 0$$ which respects the linear structure on $E$ (meaning the section is ...
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### Change of two normal coordinates based on two nearby points?

Let $M$ be a manifold and $L(M)$ be the tangent frame bundle on $M$. Let $\Gamma$ be a linear connection on $L(M)$ which induces a covariant derivative $\nabla$ on $TM$. Let $p, q$ be two ...
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### The purpose of connections in differential geometry [closed]

I am currently reading through differential geometry as a mathematics graduate. Can somebody give me a brief explainer on the purpose of connections? I could also use explainers on differential forms. ...
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### When do flat holomorphic connections exist?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$. I know that a vector bundle $\mathcal{E}$ on $X$ admits a holomorphic/algebraic connection iff its Atiyah class vanishes, $A(\mathcal{E}) = 0$....
1 vote
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### The notion of a "relatively" flat connection

Suppose that $X$ is a connected smooth manifold and $\Gamma$ is a group acting smoothly, freely, properly and discretely on $X$, so that $Y=X/\Gamma$ is another smooth manifold endowed with a covering ...
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### Solving the Airy equation by Borel summation

The Airy equation is the canonical example of the Stokes phenomenon but, as of yet, I've not seen it being solved by Borel summation (which is the main way to explicitly construct examples of Stokes ...
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### Curvature as infinitesimal holonomy 2

This question may be seen as a follow up of this original question. I'm learning Cheeger-Simons differential characters (reading Differential Characters of Bär and Becker). If I understand correctly, ...
1 vote
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### Flat connection of a degree zero line bundle on curve

The question is clear from the title. Suppose we have a line bundle on a compact smooth complex curve $X$, and a line bundle $\mathcal{L}=\mathcal{O}_X(p-q)$, where $p$ and $q$ are divisors, then what ...
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### A de Rham space for meromorphic connections?

To any space $X$ you can associate its de Rham space $X_{dR}$. Vector bundles on $X_{dR}$ are the same thing as vector bundles on $X$ with a flat connection. Can anything like this be said for ...
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### A non-Abelian de Rham complex?

This question is inspired by this physics stack exchange post, which is recent and has not received an answer yet, nontheless I feel that there is a better way to ask this question here with a larger ...
1 vote
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### Covariant Derivative of sections of a pullback bundle

Suppose that we have two smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ and a smooth mapping $\phi : M \rightarrow N$. The Differential of that smooth mapping induces a bundle map $D\phi : TM \rightarrow TM$ between ...
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For a principal bundle $(P,\nabla)\to M$ over a Riemann surface with fiber $G$, the Yang-Mills equation is $\nabla *F=0$, where $*F$ is dual of the curvature with respect to a fixed metric on the ...
Let $M$ be a connected manifold equipped with a connection $\nabla$. By Hopf-Rinow theorem, we know that if $M$ is complete then for any $x,y$ there exist a curve $\gamma:[0,1] \to M$ such that \$\...