# Questions tagged [clifford-algebras]

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91
questions

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### What's “geometric algebra”?

Sometimes one bumps into the name "geometric algebra" (henceforth "GA"), in the sense of this Wikipedia article. Other names appear in that context such as "vector manifold", "pseudoscalar", and "...

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### Maximal orders in Clifford algebras

Let
$$
\mathcal{C}_n(R)=R\langle e_1,\ldots,e_n\rangle/(\{e_i^2+1\}, \{e_ie_j+e_je_i:i\neq j\})
$$
be the Clifford algebra for the negative definite quadratic form $-\sum_ix_i^2$ obtained by adjoining ...

**3**

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**1**answer

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### Bott periodicity homeomorphisms for spaces of Clifford extensions

I am trying to prove the following statement of real Bott periodicity, on the level of actual spaces of Clifford module extensions (i.e., not equivalence classes of modules).
Let $W = \mathbb{R}^{\...

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485 views

### Principled construction of the quaternions

Is there a construction of the quaternions that doesn't proceed through generators and relations, and which makes the connection with 3D rotations clear?
I'm not happy with Clifford Algebra as an ...

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### Enveloping von Neumann algebra of Clifford algebra

As explained in the book "Spinors in Hilbert Space" by Plymen and Robinson, if $V$ is a complex (separable) Hilbert space with a real structure, and $\mathrm{Cl}(V)$ the corresponding Clifford algebra,...

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### Simultaneous diagonalization of the tensor products of Dirac gamma matrices

Let $\gamma_i\ (i=1,2,\ldots N)$ be the Dirac gamma matrices satisfying the Clifford algebra
$$\gamma_i\gamma_j+\gamma_j\gamma_i=2\delta_{ij} I\ \ (i,j=1,2,\ldots,N).$$
Then the tensor products $\...

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93 views

### What minimal structure is required to define Clifford modules in a way as abstract as possible?

Start with a quadratic form $q$ on a vector space $V$. A module $M$ over the corresponding Clifford algebra is determined by a map $\cdot:V\otimes M\to M$ satisfying $v\cdot(v\cdot m)=-q(v)m$.
Now ...

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### Representations of degenerate Clifford algebras

Given a real finite-dimensional vector space $V$ with a symmetric bilinear form $b$, we define the Clifford algebra $Cl(V,b)$ as the quotient of the tensor algebra $\bigotimes V$ by the two sided ...

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91 views

### Spinor representation for $\operatorname{Spin}(V \oplus V^*)$

I'm studding Hitchin's Generalized Calabi-Yau Manifolds https://arxiv.org/abs/math/0209099 and I've stuck here:
Suppose that $V$ is a vector space and denote its dual by $V^*$. Now we know that the $\...

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### A generalization of the Clifford algebra

Let $(E,g)$ be a vector space with a symmetric bilinear form, and $a,b$ be two endomorphisms of $E$. The generalized Clifford algebra is defined by the free algebra of $E$ with quotient by the ...

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### Clifford algebras as deformations of exterior algebras

$\def\Cl{\mathcal C\ell}
\def\CL{\boldsymbol{\mathscr{C\kern-.1eml}}(\mathbb R)}$
I'm not an expert in neither of the fields I'm touching, so don't be too rude with me :-) here's my question.
A well ...

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91 views

### Orthogonality of Clifford algebra's Fueter polynomial in Gaussian measure

In the article "Two integral operators in Clifford analysis" , https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X08012262, it said that
$\langle V_{\alpha},V_{\alpha'}\rangle = \int_{\...

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### Which operators constructed from 10d gamma matrices commute with $SO(1,2)\times SO(3)\times SO(3)$?

In the paper Supersymmetric Boundary Conditions in N=4 Super Yang-Mills Theory by Gaiotto and Witten, an in-depth analysis of boundary conditions in N=4 Super Yang-Mills in four dimensions in ...

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61 views

### evolution of Grassmannians along geodesic line

Let $p_0$, $p_1$ be two $n \times 2$ orthonormal matrices that represent two points on the real $Gr_{2,n}$, i.e. two 2-d subspaces in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $p(t): [0,1] \rightarrow Gr_{2,n}$ be a ...

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115 views

### Characteristic classess of Cliford bundle of a Riemannian manifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold.
Let $E$ be the Cliford bundle associated to $TM$.
Does the structure of $E$, as a vector bundle depend on choosing the Riemannian metric $g$? How can we write ...

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47 views

### symmetric polynomials for Super Hecke Clifford algebra

Fix a natural number $n$. In https://arxiv.org/abs/1107.1039, §3.5, Kang/Kashiwara/Tsuchioka define a (version of a) Hecke Clifford superalgebra. It is the superalgebra with the following generators:
...

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225 views

### How should we define $\mathrm{PSL}_2$ of a Clifford group?

UPDATE - Feb. 9, 2017: The original title of this post was
"The $\text{isometry}^+$ group of hyperbolic $n$-space as $\mathrm{PSL}_2$ of a Clifford group."
The original question, which appears below,
...

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141 views

### natural embedding $V \to Cl(V,q)$ [closed]

(cf. LAWSON and MICHELSOHN's book on Spin Geometry page 8)
The book proves there is an natural embedding from a vector space $V$ to its Clifford algebra $Cl(V,q)$, where $q$ is a quadratic form on $V$...

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### New Clifford structure

For an $n$-dimensional space $V$ with a positive metric $g$, we can construct the Clifford algebra $Cl(V)$ and its representation space $S$, i.e.
$$c(V):S\to S,~\forall v\in V.$$
Question: Under ...

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157 views

### Intuition for Clifford Group

Clifford group $\Gamma$ of a Clifford algebra $C\ell (V,q)$ is defined to be the set of elements $g$ in $C\ell (V,q)$ for which there exists an inverse $g^{-1}$. This group can be represented by ...

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265 views

### Exceptional isomorphism with Spin(6,2)?

There are all sorts of curios in low-dimensional Lie groups and Lie algebras, many of them due to the presence of the quaternions. There is, I have recently learned, an isomorphism $SO(6,2) \simeq SO(...

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### Classification of $2k$-vectors modulo orthogonal transformations

Consider the following chain $\{A_1,A_2,A_3,\cdots,A_{n}\}$ of orbit spaces of even-rank anti-symmetric tensors, where
$$A_k:=\frac{\Lambda^{2k}(\mathbb{R}^{2n})}{e_{i_1}\wedge \cdots \wedge e_{i_{2k}}...

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### Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues of the Clifford multiplication

I would like to get an answer to the following question: Let $\Delta_n$ be the vector space of complex $n$-spinors. A vector $X \in \mathbb{R}^n$ acts on $\Delta_n$ by Clifford multiplication.
We can ...

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### Is there a way to embed Clifford algebras into the corresponding tensor algebra?

$\newcommand{\talg}{\mathcal{T}(V)}$$\newcommand{\clalg}{\mathcal{Cl}_q(V)}$$\newcommand{\qalg}{\mathcal{I}_q(V)}$Is there a way to embed Clifford algebras into the corresponding tensor algebra?
...

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187 views

### How does grade projection act on homogeneous multivectors in geometric algebra?

I'm reading Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus by Hestenes, and struggling with an early result about reversion inside of a grade-projection operator.
It is noted that $A_r$ and $B_s$ are ...

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407 views

### Why does the Bogolyubov transformation work? - In language of Clifford Algebras?

Letting the standard Clifford algebra of dimension $2k$ be denoted by $Cl_{2k}$, let's denote the corresponding complex Clifford algebra via $$\mathbb{C}l_{2k}\equiv Cl_{2k}\otimes_{\mathbb{R}}\mathbb{...

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### Exceptional symmetric spaces embedded in exceptional Lie group

In Yokota (1959) and Atsuyama (1977) papers one can find embedding of projective space $\mathbb OP^2$ into Lie group $F_4$. Lately I come to following idea to have embedding of all four projective ...

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### $p$-adic Bott periodicity?

The Bott periodicity theorem can be formulated as the existence of homotopy equivalences $\Omega^2(KU)\equiv KU$ and $\Omega^8(KO)=KO$. I always wondered whether this theorem could also be transferred ...

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### What is this Lie algebra?

Consider two matrices $A,B \in \mathfrak{su}(N)$ which are both diagonal in the standard basis and non-zero.
If we consider the new matrix $\tilde{B} := FBF^{\dagger}$ where $F$ is the `quantum' ...

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### Generalized Dirac operators

So far I met three definitions of the so called generalized Dirac operator(or Dirac type operators. Everything takes place over Riemannian manifols $M$ and we have smooth hermitian vector bundle $S \...

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### What is the correct generalization of the Wirtinger derivatives to arbitrary Clifford algebras?

In the complex numbers setting, the two Wirtinger derivatives are defined as:
$\frac{\partial}{\partial z}=
\frac{1}{2}\left(
\frac{\partial}{\partial x} - i
\frac{\partial}{\partial y}
\...

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123 views

### Does Feuter regularity imply derivability in all directions?

The standard type of regularity in Clifford Calculus is the one introduced by Feuter, namely:
a function is Feuter regular iff it is in the zero set of the Clifford-Dirac
operator $D= \partial ...

**8**

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533 views

### What is the spin connection in 9 dimensions as opposed to 5 dimensions?

From Spin Connection in 5 dimensions I can define a massless fermion's covariant derivative on a curved manifold as
$$
\nabla_\mu \psi = (\partial_\mu - {i \over 4} \omega_\mu^{ab} \sigma_{ab}) \psi
\...

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### Trace of six gamma matrices

I need to calculate this expression:
$$Tr(\gamma^{\mu}\gamma^{\nu}\gamma^{\rho}\gamma^{\sigma}\gamma^{\alpha}\gamma^{\beta}\gamma^{5}) $$
I know that I can express this as:
$$ Tr(\gamma^{\mu}\gamma^{\...

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### What is the relation (if any) between Clifford algebras and Azumaya algebras?

Suppose the base field is $\mathbb{C}$ and the Clifford algebra is the classical one (i.e. associated to a quadratic form in $n$ variables). It seems that there are relations between Clifford algebras ...

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### Is an associative division algebra required for this phenomenon?

For which integers $d \geq 1$ can we find real matrices $R_1, \dotsc, R_d$ of size $d \times d$ such that for any unit vector $v \in \mathbb{R}^d$, $$R_1 v, \dotsc, R_d v$$ is an orthonormal basis? ...

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### $Pin^{+}(4k)$ and $Pin^{-}(4k)$ are isomorphic [Reference Request]

This is some sort of "follow-up" to the (unanswered) question posted here.
Let's denote $$\varphi :O(2n)\rightarrow O(2n);A\mapsto det(A)\cdot A.$$
Then $\varphi $ is an automorphism of $O(2n)$, and ...

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167 views

### Generalization of De Rham cohomology for spinor fields

Is there a generalization of De Rham cohomology for spinors fields?
I can see that one can construct p form fields out of spinor field by contraction of the type $\bar{\psi} \gamma^{a_1} \gamma^{a_2}...

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### Cayley Subspaces in a Calibrated 8-Space

Suppose we are given $(\mathbb{R}^8,\Phi)$, where $\Phi$ is the self-dual 4-form that defines $Spin(7)\subset SO(8)$ (Cayley calibration, see Notes on the Octonians, page 23). Now some 4-subspaces $V$ ...

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### Finitely generated projective modules over the algebra of sections of the Clifford bundle

Consider a (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ and the corresponding Clifford bundle $Cl_g(T^*M)$. Let $R$ be the algebra of sections of $CL_g(T^*M)$, with point-wise multiplication. What are the ...

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### Automorphisms of Clifford Algebras

What are the automorphisms of real Clifford algebras $Cl_{n,0}$? Of course, I'm interested in the case where they are not central simple.

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### Convention on Clifford Product [duplicate]

When studying the Clifford Algebra associated to some $(V,Q)$, one finds two basic identities differing by a sign:
$vv=Q(v)$ (see, for instance, Wikipedia)
$vv=-Q(v)$ (see, for instance, MathWorld or ...

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### $Spin(7)$ as stabilizer of a $4$-form revisited

For a better understanding of this question, please see the question and answer here.
In $Spin(8)$ there are plenty of copies of $Spin(7)$; consider, for instance, the antiimage of $SO(7)<SO(8)$ ...

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### Octonions product: inversion in the right and identity in the left

Once octonions product is studied, together with the relations with $Spin(8)$ and $SO(8)$ geometry (see for instance Robert Bryant's notes), one realises that the key fact bringing all the phenomena ...

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### Isomorphisms of Positive and Negative Spinor Bundles

Here is an extract of the doctoral thesis of C. Lewis under the supervision of D. Joyce (https://people.maths.ox.ac.uk/joyce/theses/LewisDPhil.pdf, 1998):
2.6 Spin Bundles and the Dirac Operator
To ...

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### Explicit Isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ and $\mathbb{R}(16)$

I am looking for a explicit isomorphism between $Cl(8)$ (Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{R}^8$ with standard Euclidean metric) and $\mathbb{R}(16)$ (algebra of $16\times 16$ matrices over $\mathbb{R}$)....

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### Exact Definition of Dirac Operator

Many definitions of the Dirac operator in the tradition of the Physics literature are hard to grasp for a mathematician. I would like to ask for a precise, general, definition of the Dirac operator ...

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### Equation for non-invertible elements in Clifford algebras

Suppose we have a Clifford algebra $Cl(V,q)$, $V\simeq \mathbb{R}^n$ and $q$ non-degenerate bilinear form. Then every non-zero element of $V\subset Cl(V,q)$ invertible, but they are not the only ones (...

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### What is the symmetric monoidal functor from Clifford algebras to invertible K-module spectra?

There ought to be a symmetric monoidal functor from the symmetric monoidal $2$-groupoid whose objects are Morita-invertible real superalgebras (precisely the Clifford algebras), morphisms are ...

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### What are the “correct” conventions for defining Clifford algebras?

I have three related questions about conventions for defining Clifford algebras.
1) Let $(V, q)$ be a quadratic vector space. Should the Clifford algebra $\text{Cliff}(V, q)$ have defining ...