# Questions tagged [differential-operators]

Elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic operators. Laplace, Laplace-Beltrami, Schrödinger, Dirac. Exterior derivative and Lie derivative operators.

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### Differentiation of functions over graphs

In short: There are various ways to define differentiation over a graph. I am trying to get the big picture, like a more complete and structured bestiary. Definitions. Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed ...
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### Differential inequalities under which a flat function must be identically zero

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function which is flat at $0\in \mathbb{R}$. That is $f^{(k)}(0)=0,\; k=0,1,2,\ldots$. Assume that $|f''(x)|\leq M|f(x)|\quad \forall x\in \mathbb{R}$ ...
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### Another question from Villani's monograph “Hypocoercivity”

I think there is an (possible) error in Villani's monograph titled "Hypocoercivity". To be specific, in page 62 (the first snapshot), he defined a new inner product $((\cdot,\cdot))$ as in (...
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### Is this definition of a Fuchsian operator correct?

In Bjork, Analytic D-modules and applications, the following definition of a Fuchsian operator is given: Here, I believe, $D(0)=\mathcal{O}$, the zeroth filtered piece of the ring of germs of ...
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### Sturm-Liouville Problem: When does $w y^2$ vanish at a singular boundary point?

It is well known (e.g. Courant, Hilbert - Methods of Mathematical Physics) that solutions of the Sturm-Liouville problem on an interval $J=(a,b)$ \tag{1} \left(p y' \right)' - qy \; = ...
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### On Grothendieck's abstract definition of differential operators

I have heard that there is the following abstract definition due to Grothendieck of differential operators on a module $M$ over a commutative associative unital algebra $A$ over a field of ...
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### Singular Sturm-Liouville problems: criterion for discrete spectrum for zero potential ($q=0$) and Hermite Polynomials

There are some known criteria for the Sturm-Liouville Problem \tag{1} \frac {\mathrm {d} }{\mathrm {d} x}\left[p(x){\frac {\mathrm {d} y}{\mathrm {d} x}}\right]+q(x)y=-\lambda w(x)y \...
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### Applications of the Atiyah-Patodi-Singer eta-function $\eta(s)$

The eta function of a differential operator was used by Atiyah, Patodi and Singer to derive their famous index theorem, and is given by  \eta(s)=\sum_{\lambda\neq 0}(\mathrm{sign}\lambda)|\lambda|^...
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### Reference request: Transverse parabolic Schauder estimates

Is there a version of the parabolic Schauder estimates for transversely parabolic linear PDE's on a manifold with a Riemannian foliation for functions that are constant on the leaves of the foliation? ...
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### About generalized binomial theorem and Grünwald-Letnikov fractional derivative

I have run into a problem while computing the fractional derivatives of order $\alpha$ for the Riemann zeta function. My Theorem states Let $s\in\mathbb{C}$, $\mathfrak{Re}(s)>1$, then the ...
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### Differential operators and vector fields [closed]

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. It is well known that there is a bijective correspondance between vector fields on $M$ and differential operators of order 1. My question is: if we take a differential ...
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### Understanding the geometric fibre twisted differential operators

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Complex semisimple Lie algebra with decomposition $\mathfrak{n}^- \oplus \mathfrak{h} \oplus \mathfrak{n}$. For $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, we let $\mathcal{D}_{\lambda}$ be ...
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### Is there an analog of the Levi–Civita connection for schemes?

Is there an analog of the Levi–Civita connection for schemes? There exists algebraic de Rham theory, $n$-forms on vector bundles (algebraically), and familiar constructions from differential geometry....
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### Equivalent definitions of differential operator

This puzzles me from some time and is in parts connected to the questions Symmetrized derivatives version and Symmetrized derivatives version II. For me the linear DO between vector bundles $E$ and \$...
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### Elliptic operator with finite spectrum?

Is it possible for a (non-symmetric) elliptic differential operator to have finite spectrum. If so, is there an explicit example?