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Questions tagged [generalized-functions]

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Covergence of fractional Taylor series

Let $f(x)$ be a function that is continuous and infinitely smooth on entire $\mathbb R$. Let's consider Taylor-Maclaurin series for this function: $$f(x) = \sum_{0}^{∞}\frac{f^n(x_0)(x-x_0)^n}{n!}$$ ...
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1answer
88 views

Interchanging Integration Order involving Fourier Transform

$$f(\omega,u):=\frac1{\omega+iu}$$ where $i$ is the imaginary unit number. We see that the integral of a Fourier transform $$\int_1^\infty du\int_{-\infty}^\infty d\omega\,f(\omega,u)\,e^{-i\omega x}=...
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1answer
156 views

Schwartz distributions, Colombeau algebra and applications

I have studied "enough" the theory of distributions , I would like to deepen some topic with applications. With some research I arrived at this book: "Geometric Theory of Generalized Functions with ...
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3answers
1k views

Research topics in distribution theory

The theory of distributions is very interesting, and I have noticed that it has many applications especially with regard to PDEs. But what are the research topics in this theory? also in terms of ...
2
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0answers
78 views

Extension of a generalized function to the plane

Let $\phi$ be a generalized function on $\mathbb{R}^2\backslash\{0\}$, and assume that its differential $d\phi$ extends to the whole plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. Q. Does $\phi$ also extend to $\mathbb{R}^...
2
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1answer
112 views

When can we integrate a distribution over a smooth domain?

Maybe we can restrict the discussion to one dimension: When can we integrate a distribution over an interval? In Lebesgue theory, we can integrate measurable functions. But distributions are not ...
4
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1answer
160 views

Colombeau generalized functions

I'm currently reading some aspects of Colombeau generalized functions, and in almost all of his examples he discuss aspects of Quantum Field Theory, but then I go to some "standard" texts on QFT and I ...
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0answers
547 views

Total variation of Dirac's delta function

This question on math (dot) stackexchange (dot) com has inspired me to write my own (possibly somewhat tendentious?) version of the question. What does the question mean? That was a topic of a lot ...
3
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0answers
187 views

Non-compact analogue of Peter-Weyl

I have the following situation: $G$ is a real unimodular locally compact semisimple Lie group. Then it is known that the regular representation $H:=L^2(G,\mu_H)$ decomposes as \begin{equation} \int^{\...
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0answers
150 views

The abstract kernel theorem implies Schwartz kernel theorem. How exactly?

Let me first give a little rapid background prior to formulating the question. Let $\mathcal{D}$ be a Schwartz space of infinitely differentiable functions and $\mathcal{D}'$ is the space of ...
3
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1answer
192 views

Hyperfunctions supported at a point

Is it true that the space of hyperfunctions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ supported at 0 coincides with the space of Schwartz distributions supported at 0? More explicitly, is it true that any hyperfunction ...
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0answers
115 views

Applications and main properties of hyperfunctions

I am trying to get familiar with hyperfunctions, and I do have some familiarity with the classical theory of distributions. I am wondering whether hyperfunctions have any advantages over ...
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2answers
340 views

Vanishing of sheaf cohomology with compact support

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold. Let $F$ be a sheaf of $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces on $X$. I have three closely related questions. 1) Under what sufficient conditions on $F$ for any compact subset $K\...
3
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1answer
144 views

Generalized functions on a product of two manifolds

Let $X,Y$ be smooth compact manifolds. Let $C^\infty(X)$ and $C^{-\infty}(X)$ denote the spaces of smooth and generalized functions on $X$ respectively. We have the obvious canonical linear map $$T\...
5
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3answers
843 views

Make mathematical sense of the Dirac well Potential Equation

A classical problem in quantum mechanics involving the Dirac Delta function is given by $$ y''+(\delta(x)-\lambda^2)y=0. $$ Then, to find ''bound states'', you solve on the right and find the ...
5
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2answers
308 views

Weak solutions for a PDE of fourth order

I deal with two-dimensional Kirchhoff equation with $L^\infty$ coefficient and distributional right hand side: $$ \Delta\Delta w+u(x,y)\left(\alpha^2\frac{\partial w}{\partial t}+\beta^2w\right)+\...
2
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1answer
225 views

Well-posedness of heat equation with distributional right hand side

The question is about well-posedness of heat equation $$ \frac{\partial\Theta}{\partial t}=\alpha^2\Delta\Theta+p(t)\delta(x-u(t))\delta(y-v(t)),~~ (x,y,t)\in\Omega\times[0,T], $$ subjected to ...
2
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0answers
116 views

Linear dynamical system with discontinuous coefficients

I am solving a linear dynamical system $X'=A(t) X$, where $t$ is the independent variable and $A(t)$ is a square matrix. Some of the coefficients of $A(t)$ have a discontinuity at a certain value of $...
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3answers
1k views

When sequentially continuous linear functional is continuous?

Let $C^\infty(X)$ denote the space of infinitely smooth functions on a compact manifold $X$ (at the beginning one may assume that $X$ is a circle, though I need a more general case). Let $\mathcal{D}(...
6
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1answer
170 views

What are all the stationary and pointwise independent random processes?

In the 60's, I. Gel'fand introduced the concept of generalized stochastic processes (Ch. III, Vol. 4 of his work on Generalized functions). For a generalized stochastic process $\Phi$, he defines the ...
4
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2answers
269 views

Initial paper of Gel'fand on Generalized Random Processes

The theory of generalized stochastic processes was introduced independently in the 50's by Ito* and Gel'fand in a short paper. The latter then developed his theory more extensively in the fourth tome ...
2
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1answer
362 views

What are the Reasons for the Ambiguous Meaning of “Distribution” in Mathematics

The term "distribution" is commonly associated with statistics and, less commonly known, to generalized functions. Questions: what is known about the origin of the term in the two fields? are the ...
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1answer
85 views

Examples of Bivariate Analytic, Globally Continuous Functions, whose Set of Zeros are Boundaries of Polygons

Are there any known examples of analytic, globally continuous functions $f(x,y): (x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that $$f(x,y)\lt 0\Leftrightarrow (x,y)\not\in\mathcal{P}$...
3
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0answers
208 views

Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on $\...
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2answers
687 views

Wiener measure and Bochner Minlos

I am reading probability theory and I have a question. The Bochner-Minlos theorem roughly says that if we have $E \subset H \subset E^*$ where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then there is a unique measure ...
3
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1answer
313 views

How to define a generalized differential form through its values on submanifolds

Suppose we're in $\mathbb R^n$, and we have a function on line segments ,$\omega(I)$, with values in $\mathbb R$. Give sufficient conditions for $\omega$ to be given by a generalized 1-form (that is, ...
6
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1answer
255 views

Sequential continuity of linear operators

Let $u\colon L\to M$ be a linear map of locally convex linear topological vector spaces. Assume that $u$ is sequentually continuous, i.e. maps convergent sequences to convergent ones. (This notion is ...
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2answers
134 views

sequences of plane measures converging to a singular one: terminology, etc

We are dealing with very "easy" sequences of uniform measures converging to singular measures (?), as in the following example: let $a$, $b$, and $c$ be vertices of a triangle in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and $...
2
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1answer
102 views

the relation between a continuous family of distributions and a distribution of 2 variables

Let X,Y be smooth manifolds and let $f:X \to C^{-\infty}(Y)$ be a continuous map, where $ C^{-\infty}(Y)$ is the space of generalized functions on $Y$ equipped with the weak topology. By Schwartz ...
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0answers
118 views

base change for distributions

For distributions on smooth manifolds one can consider the push-forward which is defined for proper maps, and the pull-back which is defined under certain condition on the wave front set see ...