# Questions tagged [generalized-functions]

The generalized-functions tag has no usage guidance.

46
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### Embedded branching random walk converge to some random generalized function?

We know that two dimensional discrete GFF(2d-DGFF) on a box $V_N=N[0,1]^2\cap\mathbb{Z}$ with Dirichlet boundary condition will converge in distribution to the 2d continuum GFF with Dirichlet boundary ...

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### Representation of an operator on a generalized eigenfunction

This is a cross-post from: https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4651664/representation-of-an-operator-on-a-generalized-eigenfunction
Suppose we have an (essentially) self adjoint operator $L$ ...

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1
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### Description of $\mathcal{S}^{2}_0(\mathbb{R})$ and certain class of functions inside it

I am currently reading volume 2 of "Generalized Functions" by Gelfand and $\mathcal{S}^{2}_0(\mathbb{R})$ is defined to be the collection of $C^\infty$ functions $f$ on $\mathbb{R}$ such ...

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### Generalized functions in infinite dimensions

What theories are there for generalized functions (distributions) in infinite dimensions?
In particular, suppose your "infinite dimensional manifold" is $\mathfrak{M}:=C^\infty(S^1)$. Is ...

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### Anti-delta function?

Did anyone ever consider a "function" or "distribution" $F(x)$ with the following property:
its integral $\int_a^b F(x)\,dx=0$ for any finite interval $(a,b)$ but $\int_{-\infty}^\...

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### product of two generalized functions

Let $f_n$ and $g_n$ two generalized functions such that :
the product $f_n g_n$ is well defined for all $n\in \mathbb{N}$, which means $WF(f_n)+WF(g_n)$ does not contain an element of the form $(x,0)$...

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### What's the definition of Euclidean density?

In page 19 of the article "Equivariant cohomology with generalized coefficients" the authors say:
Let $V $ be an n-dimensional real vector space, let $v'$ be a non-zero element in $ \wedge^...

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### Characterization of tempered distributions from tempered sequences

Let $\mathcal{D}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of compactly supported and infinitely smooth functions for its usual topology. Let
$\mathcal{D}'(\mathbb{R})$ be the topological dual of $\mathcal{D}(\...

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201
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### What is the distribution of the following limit?

Assume $x \in \mathbb{R}$. We already know that
$$\lim_{\epsilon \to 0+} \frac{1}{x-i\epsilon} - \frac{1}{x+i\epsilon} = 2\pi i \delta_x.$$
Here $\delta_x$ denotes the Dirac distribution. If we ...

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### English translation of Schwartz's papers on vector-valued distributions

I am interested in systematically studying the theory of vector-valued distributions. The original two papers due to Laurent Schwartz entitled Théorie des distributions à valeurs vectorielles. I & ...

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### Why does the formula (7) in the article equivariant cohomology with generalized coefficients hold

I'm reading the article of equivariant cohomology with generalized coefficients by Kumar and Vergne and I have this question from that article
Let G be a compact lie group with lie algebra $\mathfrak{...

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### Perturbation in the equation $u_t=\epsilon Pu$, where $P$ is an elliptic partial differential operator

Let $Pu=\sum_{ij} \partial_j(a_{ij}(x) \partial_{i} u)$ be an elliptic operator. Consider the equation
$$
(u=u_\epsilon)\\
\partial_t u=\epsilon Pu \text{ in } \mathbb R^+ \times \Omega,\\
u(0,x)=u_0(...

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137
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### The space of periodizable tempered distribution

The periodization operator $\mathrm{Per}$ is defined for a Schwartz function $\varphi \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ as
\begin{equation}
\mathrm{Per} \{ \varphi \} (x) = \sum_{n \in \mathbb{Z}} \varphi( ...

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### Are those distributional solutions that are functions, the same as weak solutions?

There are two closely related concepts and I am not sure exactly how close. Consider a partial differential equation. (The coefficients need not be constant but assume they are functions, and not ...

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### Distribution boundary value of analytic function and wave front sets

Assume $f(z)$ is analytic in the tube domain $\mathbb R^n\oplus iC$, where $C\subset \mathbb R^n$ is a convex cone. Under the assumption $|f(x+iy)|\leq 1/|y|^k$, we know by a Theorem of Martineau (see ...

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### Expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space

Where an expression for the (1+1)-dimensional retarded Dirac propagator in position space can be found, especially including the generalized funcion supported on the light-cone?
In particular, is it ...

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### Covergence of fractional Taylor series

Let $f(x)$ be a function that is continuous and infinitely smooth on entire $\mathbb R$. Let's consider Taylor-Maclaurin series for this function:
$$f(x) = \sum_{0}^{∞}\frac{f^n(x_0)(x-x_0)^n}{n!}$$
...

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1
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349
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### Interchanging Integration Order involving Fourier Transform

$$f(\omega,u):=\frac1{\omega+iu}$$
where $i$ is the imaginary unit number. We see that the integral of a Fourier transform
$$\int_1^\infty du\int_{-\infty}^\infty d\omega\,f(\omega,u)\,e^{-i\omega x}=...

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### Schwartz distributions, Colombeau algebra and applications

I have studied "enough" the theory of distributions , I would like to deepen some topic with applications. With some research I arrived at this book:
"Geometric Theory of Generalized Functions with ...

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### Research topics in distribution theory

The theory of distributions is very interesting, and I have noticed that it has many applications especially with regard to PDEs. But what are the research topics in this theory? also in terms of ...

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### Extension of a generalized function to the plane

Let $\phi$ be a generalized function on $\mathbb{R}^2\backslash\{0\}$, and assume that its differential $d\phi$ extends to the whole plane $\mathbb{R}^2$.
Q. Does $\phi$ also extend to $\mathbb{R}^...

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### When can we integrate a distribution over a smooth domain?

Maybe we can restrict the discussion to one dimension:
When can we integrate a distribution over an interval?
In Lebesgue theory, we can integrate measurable functions. But distributions are not ...

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347
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### Colombeau generalized functions

I'm currently reading some aspects of Colombeau generalized functions, and in almost all of his examples he discuss aspects of Quantum Field Theory, but then I go to some "standard" texts on QFT and I ...

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### Total variation of Dirac's delta function

This question on math (dot) stackexchange (dot) com has inspired me to write my own (possibly somewhat tendentious?) version of the question.
What does the question mean? That was a topic of a lot ...

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### Non-compact analogue of Peter-Weyl

I have the following situation: $G$ is a real unimodular locally compact semisimple Lie group. Then it is known that the regular representation $H:=L^2(G,\mu_H)$ decomposes as
\begin{equation}
\int^{\...

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### The abstract kernel theorem implies Schwartz kernel theorem. How exactly?

Let me first give a little rapid background prior to formulating the question.
Let $\mathcal{D}$ be a Schwartz space of infinitely differentiable functions and $\mathcal{D}'$ is the space of ...

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290
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### Hyperfunctions supported at a point

Is it true that the space of hyperfunctions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ supported at 0 coincides with the space of Schwartz distributions supported at 0?
More explicitly, is it true that any hyperfunction ...

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482
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### Applications and main properties of hyperfunctions

I am trying to get familiar with hyperfunctions, and I do have some familiarity with the classical theory of distributions.
I am wondering whether hyperfunctions have any advantages over ...

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### Vanishing of sheaf cohomology with compact support

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold. Let $F$ be a sheaf of $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces on $X$. I have three closely related questions.
1) Under what sufficient conditions on $F$ for any compact subset $K\...

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### Generalized functions on a product of two manifolds

Let $X,Y$ be smooth compact manifolds. Let $C^\infty(X)$ and $C^{-\infty}(X)$ denote the spaces of smooth and generalized functions on $X$ respectively. We have the obvious canonical linear map $$T\...

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### Make mathematical sense of the Dirac well Potential Equation

A classical problem in quantum mechanics involving the Dirac Delta function is given by
$$
y''+(\delta(x)-\lambda^2)y=0.
$$
Then, to find ''bound states'', you solve on the right and find the ...

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2
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363
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### Weak solutions for a PDE of fourth order

I deal with two-dimensional Kirchhoff equation with $L^\infty$ coefficient and distributional right hand side:
$$
\Delta\Delta w+u(x,y)\left(\alpha^2\frac{\partial w}{\partial t}+\beta^2w\right)+\...

3
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328
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### Well-posedness of heat equation with distributional right hand side

The question is about well-posedness of heat equation
$$
\frac{\partial\Theta}{\partial t}=\alpha^2\Delta\Theta+p(t)\delta(x-u(t))\delta(y-v(t)),~~ (x,y,t)\in\Omega\times[0,T],
$$
subjected to ...

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### Linear dynamical system with discontinuous coefficients

I am solving a linear dynamical system $X'=A(t) X$, where $t$ is the independent variable and $A(t)$ is a square matrix. Some of the coefficients of $A(t)$ have a discontinuity at a certain value of $...

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### When sequentially continuous linear functional is continuous?

Let $C^\infty(X)$ denote the space of infinitely smooth functions on a compact manifold $X$ (at the beginning one may assume that $X$ is a circle, though I need a more general case). Let $\mathcal{D}(...

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### What are all the stationary and pointwise independent random processes?

In the 60's, I. Gel'fand introduced the concept of generalized stochastic processes (Ch. III, Vol. 4 of his work on Generalized functions). For a generalized stochastic process $\Phi$, he defines the ...

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### Initial paper of Gel'fand on Generalized Random Processes

The theory of generalized stochastic processes was introduced independently in the 50's by Ito* and Gel'fand in a short paper. The latter then developed his theory more extensively in the fourth tome ...

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### What are the Reasons for the Ambiguous Meaning of "Distribution" in Mathematics

The term "distribution" is commonly associated with statistics and, less commonly known, to generalized functions.
Questions:
what is known about the origin of the term in the two fields?
are the ...

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### Examples of Bivariate Analytic, Globally Continuous Functions, whose Set of Zeros are Boundaries of Polygons

Are there any known examples of analytic, globally continuous functions $f(x,y): (x,y)\in\mathbb{R}\times\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ such that
$$f(x,y)\lt 0\Leftrightarrow (x,y)\not\in\mathcal{P}$...

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### Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on $\...

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### Wiener measure and Bochner Minlos

I am reading probability theory and I have a question. The Bochner-Minlos theorem roughly says that if we have $E \subset H \subset E^*$ where $H$ is a Hilbert space, then there is a unique measure ...

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### How to define a generalized differential form through its values on submanifolds

Suppose we're in $\mathbb R^n$, and we have a function on line segments ,$\omega(I)$, with values in $\mathbb R$. Give sufficient conditions for $\omega$ to be given by a generalized 1-form (that is, ...

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### Sequential continuity of linear operators

Let $u\colon L\to M$ be a linear map of locally convex linear topological vector spaces.
Assume that $u$ is sequentually continuous, i.e. maps convergent sequences to convergent ones.
(This notion is ...

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### sequences of plane measures converging to a singular one: terminology, etc

We are dealing with very "easy" sequences of uniform measures converging to singular measures (?), as in the following example: let $a$, $b$, and $c$ be vertices of a triangle in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and $...

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### the relation between a continuous family of distributions and a distribution of 2 variables

Let X,Y be smooth manifolds and let $f:X \to C^{-\infty}(Y)$ be a continuous map, where $ C^{-\infty}(Y)$ is the space of generalized functions on $Y$ equipped with the weak topology. By Schwartz ...

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### base change for distributions

For distributions on smooth manifolds one can consider the push-forward which is defined for proper maps, and the pull-back which is defined under certain condition on the wave front set see ...