# Questions tagged [bernoulli-numbers]

The Bernoulli numbers are the rational numbers $B_n$ defined as the coefficients in the expansion $\frac{x}{e^x-1} = \sum_{n \geq 0} B_n \frac{x^n}{n!}$. They vanish when $n$ is odd and greater than $2$. They appear in the values at integers of the Riemann $\zeta$ function. These classical numbers play an important role in number theory and in several other places in mathematics.

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### Conjecture on bernoulli numbers and binomial coefficients

Crossposted from https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4116414/conjecture-on-bernoulli-numbers-and-binomial-coefficients In playing around with some formulas, I have come up with the following ...
102 views

### Nicely motivated papers or book chapters on the formula for the sum of the $k$-th powers of the first natural numbers [closed]

Do you know of a text where I can find a nicely motivated proof of the formula for $1^{k}+2^{k}+\cdots+n^{k}$? At the very beginning of page 68 of Professor H. S. Wilf's generatingfunctionology, one ...
489 views

### Bernoulli & Betti numbers (of manifolds) and the prime 34511

The purpose of this question is to resolve a mystery surrounding the prime 34511 that has got me bogged down for a while now. If you only care about the number theory and not the motivation coming ...
314 views

### Do Bernoulli polynomials know about face vectors?

This question is grounded firmly in numerology. It originates in an observation about some Bernoulli polynomials and the regular icosahedron. Let $F_{k+1}(n)=\sum_{i=1}^n i^k$ be the sum of the ...
121 views

### Combinatorial interpretation for Möbius-poly-Bernoulli numbers

The Möbius-Bernoulli numbers ,are related to Dedekind Sums $$\sum_{d|n}\frac{t\mu(d)}{e^{td}-1}=\sum_{k=0}^\infty M_k(n)\frac{t^k}{k!}$$ where $|t|<\frac{2\pi}{n}$, and $M_k(1)=B_k$. We define the ...
131 views

### Claim on divisibility of a power sum

Let $x,y,z$ are integer and $x,y>0$ Define $S(x,y)=1^y+2^y+3^y+...+x^y$ Can it be shown that If given $z\ne0$ then $S(x,y)\equiv z\pmod{x}$ have finitely many solution of $x$ with respect to $y$. ...
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### Analogues over finite fields of certain integers defined multiplicatively in $\mathbb Z$

For any irreducible polynomial $f$ of degree $d$ in finite field $\mathbb F$ we have that $$x^{|\mathbb F|^d}-x\equiv0\bmod f$$ and thus the polynomial $x^{|\mathbb F|^d}-x$ is the analog of factorial ...
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### show that $n\Upsilon_{n-1} \equiv -1 \pmod{n}$ iff $n$ is prime

Agoh conjecture: let $n$ be a positive integer with $n \ge 2$, then $$nB_{n-1} \equiv -1 \pmod{n}\iff n\text{ is prime}$$ The idea of ​​$\Upsilon$ number comes from my power sum formula and ...
186 views

### Bilinear recurrence relation between even Bernoulli numbers

Throughout this question $n$ is a positive integer greater than 1. Consider the following well-known identity by Euler, $$\sum_{k=1}^{n-1} \binom{2n}{2k}B_{2k}B_{2n-2k}=-(2n+1)B_{2n}.$$ Rather ...
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### A question on Bernoulli polynomials

Denote by $B_r$ the $r$-th Bernoulli polynomial. Are there any positive integers $r, x$ such that. $B_r(x)$ divides $B_r(x+1)$ or vice versa ?
338 views

### Coefficients of shifted Bernoulli polynomials

I stumbled across the following curious empirical properties of the Bernoulli polynomials $B_n(x)$. Can anyone provide a reference or proof? Let $k\in\mathbb{Z}$, $k\geq 2$. Then (empirically): The ...
157 views

### 2-adic valuation of $L(0,\chi)$ for a Dirichlet character

Let $\chi : (\mathbb Z/f\mathbb Z)^\times \to K = \mathbb Q(\mu_{\phi(f)})$ be a primitive Dirichlet character. Assume moreover that it is not quadratic, that is, $\chi^2$ is not the trivial character....
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### What does the generating function $x/(1 - e^{-x})$ count?
Let $x$ be a formal (or small, since the function is analytic) variable, and consider the power series  A(x) = \frac{x}{1 - e^{-x}} = \sum_{m=0}^\infty \left( -\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-x)^n}{(n+1)!}...