# Questions tagged [gamma-function]

The gamma-function tag has no usage guidance.

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### Gosper's Beta function identities

According to the last paragraph in Mathworld's Beta function article http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BetaFunction.html, Gosper found some multiplication formulas for the Beta function, but it does not ...

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327 views

### A tantalizing Gamma quotient to challenge the Rohrlich-Lang Conjecture

The Rohrlich-Lang Conjecture for polynomial relations in Gamma values predicts that all polynomial relations between Gamma values over $\mathbb Q$ come from the functional equations satisﬁed by the ...

**2**

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**1**answer

198 views

### Complicated bound after using Stirling's approximation

I have this inequality $$\frac{1}{a}\exp\bigl\{-\frac{4}{h^2}\bigr\} \geq \frac{1}{f}$$ where $$ a \leq \Bigl(\pi^{d/2}\Gamma(\frac{1}{2}d+1)^{-1} + 1\Bigr) \left(\frac{h^{d+1}}{2} \Gamma \left(\frac{...

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**1**answer

124 views

### Upper bound of the fraction of gamma functions

Is there a simple upper bound of the following fraction of gamma functions for any $a,b\geq1/2$:
$$\left(\frac{\Gamma(a+b)}{a\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}\right)^{1/a}$$
An upper bound in the following form is ...

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100 views

### Brylinski Beta Function Calculation

I've recently read the paper written by Brylinski on the Beta function of a knot, where he gave the example of a trivial "circular" knot. Having a physics background, and not being formally introduced ...

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148 views

### Estimate for the binomial coefficients and bounds from below for the Beta function

Let $n\ge p\in \mathbb N$ and let $\binom{n}{p}$ be the binomial coefficient. I believe that
$$
\binom{n}{p}\le 2^n\sqrt\frac{2}{π n}.
$$
Question: is that true? Of course I would like it as a non-...

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**1**answer

107 views

### Monotonicity of the regularized incomplete gamma function

In the theory of chi-squared distribution in statistics, for the random variable $X$ following $\chi^2 (k)$, the probability that $X$ is lower than its expactation is given by
$$
P(X\le k) = \frac{\...

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91 views

### Relation between Gross-Koblitz and Chowla-Selberg formulas

The Chowla-Selberg formula relates the eta function with values of the gamma function at rational numbers. The eta function appears, at least in the proofs I have seen, related to values of $L$-...

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**1**answer

456 views

### Series involving factorials

Playing around with this series for natural values of $a,b$, it appears that more generally for $c\in\mathbb N$, $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{ (a+k)! \ (b+k)!}{k!\ (a+b+c+ k+1)! }=\frac{a!\ b!\ (c-1)!}{...

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370 views

### Solution of the functional equation $f(x+1)=g(x)f(x)$

In the paper (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X97953439), Webster obtained a unique solution of the functional equation $f(x+1)=g(x)f(x)$
(where $f,g:\mathbb{R}^+\rightarrow \...

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106 views

### The relationship between $\Gamma (a)$ and $\Gamma (a+\frac{1}{2})$ [closed]

Does anybody know the relationship between the $\Gamma (a)$ and $\Gamma (a+\frac{1}{2})$? Is there an equation or an approximate equality between these two?

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73 views

### Generalized hypergeometric function at $z=1$

I wonder if there is a closed formula for the following generalized hypergeometric function at $z=1$:
$${}_4F_3\left(a,a,a,a;a+1,a+1,2a;1\right)$$
Specifically, I would like to have a formula in ...

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**1**answer

180 views

### A generalized logarithmic function

Consider the function
$$f_\epsilon(x):=\int_0^1 \frac{(1-z)^x-1}{\log(1-\epsilon z)}\, dz,$$
defined for a parameter $\epsilon \in (0,1]$ and $x \geq 0$. When $\epsilon=1$, this is $\log(1+x)$. One ...

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168 views

### The inverse of the digamma function

The gamma function is increases on the interval $(x_0, \infty),$ where $x_0$ denotes the unique zero of the digamma function on the positive half line.
The inverse function of gamma function defined ...

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471 views

### Intuition behind the Riemann $\zeta$ functional equation

Let $\Lambda(s)=\pi^{-s/2} \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\zeta(s).$ Then $\Lambda\left(\frac{1}{2} + s\right) = \Lambda\left(\frac{1}{2} - s\right)$ constitutes the functional equation for the Riemann ...

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425 views

### Asymptotic behavior of integral with gamma functions

Consider the following function defined for complex numbers $z\in\mathbb{C}$ with $\Re(z)\geq \frac{1}{2}$:
$$F(z)=\frac{1}{5^{\Re(z)}}\int_0^\infty \left| \frac{\Gamma(z+ix)\Gamma(z-ix)}{\Gamma(z)^2}...

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124 views

### Reflection Formulas for the $\Gamma$ Function

We have
$$\begin{align}
&\Gamma\Big(1~+~x\Big)~\cdot~\Gamma\Big(1-x\Big)~=~\frac{\pi x}{\sin\pi x}
\\\\
&\Gamma\Big(\tfrac12+x\Big)~\cdot~\Gamma\Big(\tfrac12-x\Big)~=~\frac\pi{\cos\pi x}
\\\...

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208 views

### An integral identity relate to the Gamma function or the Beta function

I encountered the following identity in a paper on number theory,
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{dW}{(W+i)^{\frac{3}{2}}(W^2+1)^s}=\frac{e^\frac{-3\pi i}{4}\sqrt{2}\pi \Gamma(2s+\frac{1}{2})}{2^{2s}\...

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352 views

### “unexpected” residue formula for $\Gamma^3(s)/(\Gamma(3s)(e^{2\pi is}-1)) $

There is a related problem in my current work: to find the residue of the following function at any negative integer $s=-n$:
$$f(s)=\frac{\Gamma^3(s)}{\Gamma(3s)(e^{2\pi is}-1)}$$
It seems to be a ...

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324 views

### About the Stirling's approximation of the incomplete gamma function $\left|\gamma\left(a+ib,z\right)\right|$

Let $a+ib$ be a complex number. It is well-known that $$\left|\Gamma\left(a+ib\right)\right|\sim\sqrt{2\pi}e^{-\pi\left|b\right|/2}\left|b\right|^{a-1/2}$$ for any fixed $a$ and $\left|b\right|\...

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70 views

### Independence of Gamma and Beta random variables with common term

Given $\textbf{P}$ independent and identically distributed random variables, $X_1, X_2, ..., X_P \sim \Gamma(M,2c)$ how can we prove that:
$$U = X_1 + X_2 + ... + X_P$$
and
$$V = \frac{X_1}{X_1 + ...

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282 views

### Generalization of Trigonometric, Hyperbolic, $\Gamma$ and $\zeta$ Functions

It is becoming increasingly clear that the expression $~\displaystyle\prod_{n\in\mathbf M}\left[1-\frac{z^s}{(n-a)^s}\right],~$ with $~|\mathbf M|=\aleph_0,~$
$a\not\in\mathbf M,~$ and $~\Re(s)>1,...

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285 views

### integrating with respect to parameters in beta function

I would like to evaluate an integral:
$$\int_t^1\frac{1}{B(1+s\phi,1+\phi(1-s))}p^{s\phi}(1-p)^{\phi(1-s)}ds,$$
where $B(a,b)$ is a beta function and $p\in(0,1)$ and $\phi>0$ are some parameters. ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### Is this a valid way of generating the non-trivial zeros of $\zeta(s)$?

This question is migrated from this one on MSE and rephrased more simply.
In this question the following closed form was derived, with $0 < \sigma<1$ and $\sigma,x \in \mathbb{R}$:
$$ \frac{1}...

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126 views

### Closed form for sum involving digamma? [closed]

Let $\Gamma(n)$ be Euler's Gamma function and $\psi_0$ = $\frac{\Gamma'(n)}{\Gamma(n)}$ be the Digamma function.
Is there a closed form for
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\psi_0(n)}{n^2}=?$$
I've done ...

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86 views

### Gamma function in terms of a linear function

I have noticed that the plot of the function $[\Gamma(x+1)]^{1/x}$ for $x > 0$ looks like a straight line at all scales. This implies that $\Gamma(x+1) \approx ((1-e^{-\gamma})x+e^{-\gamma})^x$ for ...

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178 views

### How to compute the following integral $I_{\alpha,\beta}$

We have the following identity (see Bateman, H. (1953). Higher Transcendental Functions [Volumes I], p. 25.)
$$(*)\quad \Gamma(\mu)\, \zeta(\mu,\nu) = \int_{0}^{1} x^{\nu-1} \,(1-x)^{-1} \Bigr(\log ...

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179 views

### Are all zeros of $\dfrac{\Gamma'}{\Gamma^2}(s) \pm \dfrac{\Gamma'}{\Gamma^2}(1-s)$ either real or on the line with $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

In this post it was proven that, except for a finite few, all zeros of $\Gamma(s) \pm \Gamma(1-s)$ are either real or reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$.
I have been searching for similar reflexive $...

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295 views

### Xi Function on Critical Strip - Mellin Transform

Story
I'm trying to prove following identity
$$\int_0^\infty \frac{\Xi(t)}{t^2 + \frac{1}{4}} \cos(xt) dt = \frac{1}{2} \pi (e^{\frac{1}{2}x} - 2e^{-\frac{1}{2}x} \psi(e^{-2x}))$$
where
$$\psi(x)=\...

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515 views

### An integral identity evaluating the gamma function

While reading a number theory paper I encountered the identity
$$ \int_{- \infty}^{\infty} (1 + x^2)^{ - \frac{z}{2} - 1} dx = \sqrt{\pi} \frac{ \Gamma(\frac{z + 1}{2}) }{\Gamma(\frac{z}{2} + 1)},$$
...

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58 views

### The integral of $\Gamma\left(\zeta\right) \, W_{-\zeta,\mu}(z) $

Someone has a reference that addresses an integral of the followns type
$$I_{a,b,x} = \int_{0}^{+\infty} \zeta^{-a} \, \Gamma\left(\zeta+b\right) \, W_{-\zeta-b,\tfrac{-1}{2}}(x) \, d\zeta$$
where ...

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85 views

### Solution of $\left(\Gamma(x+c)/ \Gamma(x+d)\right)y^d/y^c = {\rm const}$

When I try to solve $F(x,y)= \Gamma(x+c)/\Gamma(x+d) y^d/y^c = {\rm const}$,
I find that $y = p x + q$ satisfies the above equation, whith specific $p$ and $q$ constants for the given constants $c$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Proof of Euler's reflection formula via rapidly decreasing Fourier series

Story
I want to prove Euler's reflection formula by showing that
\begin{equation*}
f(s) = \sin(\pi s) \Gamma(s) \Gamma(1 - s)
\end{equation*}
is constant, where $s = \sigma + it$. It's easy to see ...

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**1**answer

97 views

### Estimating $\left(\Gamma\left(\frac{\alpha}{\sqrt n}\right)\right)^n$ for fixed $\alpha >0$ as a function of (large) $n$ [closed]

I am interested in the growth of
$$f_\alpha(n)=\left(\Gamma\left(1+\frac{\alpha}{\sqrt{n}}\right)\right)^n,$$
for positive $\alpha$ and large $n$.
(Preferably something more precise than $1! \leq f_\...

**3**

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**1**answer

383 views

### Integral involving the gamma function

If we define $$f(x) = 1 + \frac{\cos\big(\pi\frac{\Gamma(x) + 1}{x}\big)}{2 - \cos(2\pi{x})}$$ how would one go about evaluating
$$ \int_1^R \frac{1}{x} \log{f(xe^{i\alpha})} dx$$ for some parameter ...

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572 views

### Complex proof of $B(a,b)=\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)/\Gamma(a+b)$

It is a question in spirit of this one.
Is there a way to prove Euler's formula
$$
\int_0^1 x^{a-1}(1-x)^{b-1}dx=\frac{\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}{\Gamma(a+b)}
$$
using contour integration (and maybe ...

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720 views

### Calculation of integral using Gamma function when the imaginary part is zero

Consider the following expression of Gamma function
$$\frac{\Gamma(z)}{p^z}=\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-pt}t^{z-1}dt \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$
where $Re(z)>0$ and $Re(p)>0$.
In Lebedevs book "special ...

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**1**answer

220 views

### Probability distribution derived from gamma function - does it have a name?

Consider the complex gamma function, denoted by $\Gamma(\sigma+it)$.
Now, let's fix $\sigma$ and let t vary. Then consider the following expression:
$$|\Gamma(\sigma+it)|^2$$
For any choice of $\...

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624 views

### A conjecture about $\lfloor n!\cdot q/e\rfloor-\,!n\cdot q$

I was thinking about this question asked at Math.SE, when I came up with the following conjecture.
For every $q\in\mathbb Q$ consider a sequence $s_n^{(q)}$ (terms within the sequence are indexed by $...

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**1**answer

399 views

### On a Sum of Gamma Functions

I am working on a problem where the following sum appears:
$$F(s, t)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(1+2\alpha)}\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}{\frac{s^{n} t^{n}}{\left[(s+1)(t+1)\right]^{n+1+\alpha}}\frac{\Gamma(n+1+2\alpha)}{\...

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183 views

### Continued Fraction: Please prove $\frac{1}{e \gamma (x+1,1)}=x+\frac{1}{x+1+\frac{2}{x+2+\frac{3}{x+3+\frac{4}{\dots}}}}$ [closed]

I have been playing around with Mathematica and continued fractions and I noticed something.
ContinuedFractionK[n, n + x, {n, 1, Infinity}] ==-x + 1/(E Gamma[1 + x] - E Gamma[1 + x, 1])==-x + 1/(E ...

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522 views

### Proving injectivity of a multivariable function

Let $I$ denote the interval $(0,\infty)$, we define the function $f:I^2\to I^2$ by,
$$f(x,y)=\left({\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(y)\over {\Gamma(2x+y)}^2},{\Gamma(4x+y)\Gamma(2x+y)\over {\Gamma(3x+y)}^2}\right)$...

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417 views

### What is the $q$-analog of $\Gamma(z)\Gamma(1-z)=\frac\pi{\sin(\pi z)}$?

I would expect the $q$-Gamma function to have the property which would be the $q$-analog of the Euler reflection formula from my question title.
More concretely: $\Gamma(z)$ has simple poles at ...

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526 views

### Do the roots of this equation involving two Euler products all reside on the critical line?

This question loosely builds on the second part of this one.
Take the Riemann $\xi$-function: $\xi(s) =\frac12 s\,(s-1) \,\pi^{-\frac{s}{2}}\, \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\, \zeta(s)$. Numerical ...

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139 views

### Are all complex zeros of $\Psi^{(s)}(1) \pm \Psi^{(1-s)}(1)$ on the critical line?

The balanced polygamma function $\Psi^{(s)}(x)$ for $x=1$ can be expressed as:
$$\Psi^{(s)}(1)=\dfrac{\big(\Psi(-s)+\gamma\big)\,\zeta(s+1)+\zeta'(s+1)}{\Gamma(-s)}$$
Note $\Psi(s)$ is the digamma ...

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97 views

### how understand periodicity in a combination of power, gamma and zeta functions?

Riemann's functional equation may be written:
$$
\frac{\zeta(s)}{\zeta(1-s)} = 2^s \pi^{s-1} \sin(\frac{\pi s}2) \Gamma(1-s) \tag{1}
$$
and so by symmetry:
$$
\frac{\zeta(1-s)}{\zeta(s)} = 2^{1-s} \pi^...

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**1**answer

187 views

### An identity of complicated combinations of gamma functions (related to hypergeometric functions)

Can somebody help me in proving the following equation?
\begin{align*}&\textstyle \sum _{d=0} ^{n} \frac{1}{d!(n-d)!} \frac{\Gamma (b+d) \Gamma (b+n-d) \Gamma (c-n+d) \Gamma (c-b+1-n + 2d) \...

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407 views

### Do all complex zeros in the strip of $\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$ lie on the critical line?

Numerical evidence suggests that the complex zeros of:
$$f(s):=\frac{\zeta(s)}{\Gamma(s)} - \frac{\Gamma(1-s)}{\zeta(1-s)}$$
all reside on the line $\Re(s)=\frac12$, except for a finite few outside ...

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314 views

### A relation between the Gamma function and the Mobius function?

It is well known how altering the integral for the Gamma function:
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s) = \int_0^\infty t^{s-1} e^{-t}\,dt$$
through substituting $t=nx$,
$$\displaystyle \Gamma(s)\frac{1}{n^s} ...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Algorithm to produce random number with a gamma distribution

I'd like to produce pseudo-random numbers with different distributions for a Monte Carlo simulation.
I've got the poisson distribution working nicely with an algorithm from Knuth. I'm having trouble ...