# Questions tagged [gamma-function]

used only for functions based on gamma, not functions with some obscure relation to gamma

158
questions

11
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1
answer

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### New method to compute square roots [closed]

In 2011 when I was in school I created a formula to calculate square roots... For $x\in\mathbb{R}$ with $x>0$ the following holds:
$$\sqrt{x} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{\left(\prod_{k=1}^{n}\left(\...

2
votes

2
answers

468
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### Integral calculus with Gamma function [closed]

I have to prove that for $0<\alpha<1$ and $\beta>0$,
\begin{equation}
\int_{0}^{\infty} x^{-\alpha-1}\left(e^{-\beta x}-1\right)dx=\beta^\alpha\Gamma(-\alpha),
\end{equation}
and I have ...

0
votes

1
answer

133
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### Infinite limit of sums of gamma functions is constant?

The following expression arises in the study of hierarchical models. I suspect that the sum of the underlined $4$ terms become constant as $\alpha\rightarrow \infty$. Mathematica agrees when prompted ...

3
votes

0
answers

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### Derivation of an integral containing the complete elliptic integral of the first kind

I found the following formula in "INTEGRALS AND SERIES, vol.3" by Prudnikov, Brychkov and Marichev (page 188, eq.5).
$$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^{\alpha-1}}{\sqrt{(a+x)^2+z^2}}K(\frac{2\sqrt{...

3
votes

4
answers

486
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### Some Log integrals related to Gamma value

Two years ago I evaluated some integrals related to $\Gamma(1/4)$.
First example:
$$(1)\hspace{.2cm}\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\sqrt{x}\log{(1+\sqrt{1+x})}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} dx=\pi-\frac{\sqrt {2}\pi^{5/2}+4\sqrt{...

0
votes

0
answers

48
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### Incomplete Gamma function $\Gamma(0,x)$ and $\Gamma(0,-x)$

I want to find the value of this
\begin{align}
y=\Gamma(0,x)-\Gamma(0,-x)
\end{align}
where $\Gamma$ is the upper incomplete Gamma function, $x>0$ is real. I can't find the definition of $\Gamma(0,-...

1
vote

0
answers

64
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### polynomial approximation of hypergeometric function 2F1

I have the following function $T(k_1,k_2)$ resulting from multiphoton transition matrix elements calculations:
$T(k_1,k_2)=\gamma^{-k_2}\sum_{j=0}^{k_1}(j+2)_{l+1}\binom{k_1}{j}(k_1+1)_3(\gamma-1)^{j}{...

0
votes

1
answer

158
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### Conjecture about the equality : $f(y)=y\ln(y)+\sum_{n=2}^{\infty}\pm\frac{\left(y\ln y\right)^n}{2^{a_n}}$

I try here because I expect I cannot have any answer on MSE :
Problem :
Let :
$$f\left(x\right)=\frac{\left(1+\ln27\right)x!\ln x!}{x+1},g\left(x\right)=x\ln x$$
Then it seems $\exists y\in(0,1)$ and $...

5
votes

3
answers

254
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### Evaluating the series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} n! x^n$ and inverse variable-fractional-derivatives

So I was interested in formally assigning values to the completely divergent series $G(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} n!x^n $. I guess the question COULD end here if you already have an idea of how to ...

0
votes

0
answers

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### An interpolation of $n!$ such that its derivatives have few zeros

The $\Gamma$-function restricted to $(0,+\infty)$ has the following properties:
$\Gamma(n)=(n-1)!$ for $n=1,2,3,...$.
The $k$'th derivative $\Gamma^{(k)}$ has no zeros on $(0,+\infty)$ when $k$ is ...

5
votes

0
answers

390
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### Determinant of Hankel matrix with $a_n=(n!)^2$

Consider a Hankel matrix of the form
$H_n(a_0(n))=\begin{pmatrix}
a_0(n) & (1!)^2 & (2!)^2 & \cdots & (n!)^2\\
(1!)^2 & (2!)^2 & (3!)^2& \cdots & ((n+1)!)^2\\
(2!)^2 &...

1
vote

0
answers

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### Uniform bound on product of Gamma functions in an article by Jerison and Kenig

I am new here. I'm reposting a question I originally posted here on Math Stack Exchange. I realized that maybe this is more appropriate place to ask such a question...
I have been trying to read ...

0
votes

0
answers

130
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### Does it make sense to express upper bounds on arithmetic sequences with Dirichlet generating functions?

In order to see what happens when taking the functional equation in this form:
$$\xi(s) := \pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\ \zeta(s) $$
$$\xi(s) = \xi(1 - s)$$
$$\pi^{-s/2}\ \Gamma\left(\...

5
votes

2
answers

190
views

### Inverse Mellin transform of 3 gamma functions product

I want to calculate the inverse Mellin transform of products of 3 gamma functions.
$$F\left ( s \right )=\frac{1}{2i\pi}\int \Gamma(s)\Gamma (2s+a)\Gamma( 2s+b)x^{-s}ds$$
Above contour integral has ...

1
vote

2
answers

331
views

### Power series of ratio of Gamma functions

Let $a>1$ and define $G_a(x)=\sum\limits_{n=0}^{+\infty} \frac{\Gamma(\frac{2n+1}{a})}{\Gamma(2n+1)\Gamma(\frac{1}{a})}x^n$ where $\Gamma$ is the Gamma function. This series is convergent on $\...

2
votes

0
answers

98
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### Motivation behind the Bohr-Mollerup Theorem relating the Gamma function

In Wikipedia, it states about the Bohr-Mollerup Theorem:
The theorem was first published in a textbook on complex analysis, as Bohr and Mollerup thought it had already been proved.
If anyone knows, ...

1
vote

1
answer

157
views

### Stirling's formula and a Gamma function relation

I am trying to understand a paper by by A. Booker on poles of Artin $L$-functions where in one of the lemmas he uses the following identity, derived using Stirling's formula:
$$
\frac{\Gamma(s/2)^2}{2^...

5
votes

2
answers

275
views

### Extended binomial coefficients and the gamma function

For which $(a,b,n) \in \mathbb{Z}^3$ satisfying $a+b=n$ does $\frac{\Gamma(z+1)}{\Gamma(x+1)\Gamma(y+1)}$ approach a limit as $(x,y,z) \rightarrow (a,b,n)$ in $\mathbb{C}^3$, and what is that limit? (...

0
votes

0
answers

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### Addition formulas for q-analogs of trigonometric functions

Sine and Cosine functions possess notable formulas for addition of angles
$$
\sin(a+b) = \sin(a)\cos(b) + \cos(a)\sin(b) \qquad \text{or} \qquad \cos(a+b) = \cos(a)\cos(b) - \sin(a)\sin(b).
$$
One can ...

2
votes

1
answer

150
views

### Gamma function and the somewhat extended version of Bohr-Mollerup theorem

The Gamma function $\Gamma$ is defined by
\begin{equation*}
\Gamma(x)=\int_{0}^\infty t^{x-1}e^{-t} \,\mathrm{d}t,
\end{equation*}
for $x>0$. It satisfies the well-known functional equation
$$\...

5
votes

0
answers

639
views

### Nature of function as $x\rightarrow\infty$

I'm studying the limits and applicability of Abel Plana summation for different test functions (class of functions). In doing so this just pops out and couldn't handle the said integral so asked here (...

1
vote

1
answer

85
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### Simplification of $\sum_{m=0}^\infty \text B_z(m+a,b-m)x^m,\sum_{m=0}^\infty \frac{\text B_z(m+a,b-m)x^m}{m!}$ in terms of Kampé de Fériet function

Here is the goal sum where the Pochhammer Symbol with the Incomplete Beta function series
$$\sum_{m=0}^\infty \frac{\text B_z(m+a,b-m)x^m}{m!}=\sum_{m=0}^\infty z^{m+a}\sum_{n=0}^\infty\frac{(1-(b-m))...

5
votes

0
answers

577
views

### The Basel problem revisited?

In the Basel problem, the $sinc$ function is considered at the Wikipedia page.
Let me try to make an alternative function definition:
$$f(x) = \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left ( 1+ \frac{x^3}{n^3} \right ) = \...

3
votes

2
answers

246
views

### $\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} {\frac{(-1)^{k} \Gamma(\frac{2k+n+m}{2})\,\Gamma(\frac{2k+m-1}{2})}{k!\Gamma(k+\frac{m}{2})}} z^{2k}$ is an elementary function

I try to calculate the following series
\begin{align*}
S_{n,m}(z)=\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} {\frac{(-1)^{k} \Gamma(\frac{2k+n+m}{2})\,\Gamma(\frac{2k+m-1}{2})}{k!\Gamma(k+\frac{m}{2})}} \, z^{2k},
\end{...

2
votes

1
answer

232
views

### Upper bound for the complex Beta function

The question is almost the same as here.
What is the upper bound for a complex Beta function $\displaystyle B(s,z)=\frac{\Gamma(s) \Gamma(z)}{\Gamma(s+z)}$ with $0<Re(s)<1$ and $0<Re(z)<1$;...

1
vote

1
answer

105
views

### Sum of reciprocal of Pochhamer symbols through multiples of a natural L

In a question in StackExchange (https://math.stackexchange.com/questions/4236635/sum-of-quotients-of-gamma-functions), I asked if there is a closed expression for the following sum related with a ...

1
vote

1
answer

234
views

### How to prove the convexity of a simple function involving a ratio of two polygamma functions?

Let
\begin{equation*}
\Gamma(z)=\int_0^{\infty}t^{z-1}\textrm{e}^{-t}\textrm{d}t, \quad \Re(z)>0
\end{equation*}
and
$$
\psi(z)=[\ln\Gamma(z)]'=\frac{\Gamma'(z)}{\Gamma(z)}.
$$
In the literature, ...

4
votes

1
answer

404
views

### Beta function, harmonic numbers, and integral values

A problem of Mathematical Physics that I am working on involves the computation of a certain integral. Part of the result reads:
$$
I_k:= [\beta_x( -1 - k, 0) + H_{-2 - k}]x^k
$$
where $\beta_x( -1 - ...

4
votes

2
answers

165
views

### Hankel determinant of incomplete gamma functions

I have some expressions that involve Hankel determinants of incomplete gamma functions. They are of the ($r \times r$ form)
I'd like to evaluate these determinants. Elementary operations help, but ...

3
votes

0
answers

190
views

### definite integral with incomplete gamma function and exponential

While working with electron density computations in quantum chemistry, I encountered the following improper integral:
$$
I(k, n) = \int\limits_0^\infty \Gamma\left(\frac{3}{n},\ k r^n\right) r \exp(-k ...

7
votes

3
answers

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views

### Method to evaluate an infinite sum of ratio of Gamma functions (how does Mathematica do it?)

This question arose from Amdeberhan's question, the evaluation of a double integral, which can be reduced to the evaluation of this series:
$$\sum _{n=0}^{\infty } \frac{\Gamma \left(n+\frac{1}{2}\...

5
votes

1
answer

317
views

### Computing the $p$-adic gamma function $\Gamma_p$

Let $p>2$ be a prime. For $n \in \mathbb{Z}^+$ we can define
\begin{equation}
F(n) = (-1)^n \prod_{1<i<n, p\nmid i} i.
\end{equation}
Since $\mathbb{Z}$ is dense in $\mathbb{Z}_p$, we can ...

2
votes

0
answers

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views

### Class of differentiated Gamma functions: are there any algebras where they are elementary?

There is a class of differentiated gamma functions (DGFs) that basically can be expressed via derivatives of Gamma function.
They include the Gamma function, Polygamma function, and Hurwitz Zeta ...

2
votes

3
answers

430
views

### how to numerically evaluate $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{x!} dx$ [closed]

So I was graphing the equation $ y=\frac{1}{x!} $ for $ x \geq 0$ and tried the integral:
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{x!} dx$$
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(x+1)} dx$$
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{...

2
votes

1
answer

256
views

### Analytic continuation of convergent integral

I was trying to solve the following integral:
$$I = \oint _{|z|=1}\frac{dz}{2 \pi i z}\int_{0}^{\infty} dr \dfrac{e^{-\tfrac{r^2}{z^2}}r^{2n+1}}{z^2(z-1)} $$
The singular structure in the $z$ ...

8
votes

2
answers

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views

### An interesting infinite product involving the factorial function with connection to the K and gamma function

I have posted this question in StackExchange, but it didn't get any answers there. This question is important for my research. I got stuck on an infinite product which even WolframAlpha can't answer. ...

5
votes

2
answers

228
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### Is $\Gamma(s, x=s-1)/\Gamma(s)$ decreasing for real $s>1$? Is $\Gamma(s, x=s)/\Gamma(s)$ increasing?

This has received no full solution at StackExchange.
As per https://dlmf.nist.gov/8.10#E13 we have
$$\frac{\Gamma\left(n,n\right)}{\Gamma\left(n\right)}<\frac{1}{2}<\frac{\Gamma%
\left(n,n-1\...

4
votes

0
answers

157
views

### Inverse mellin transform

Let $K_1(t)$ be the K-Bessel function, then we have
$\int_{0}^{\infty}K_v(y)y^s\frac{dy}{y}=2^{s-2}\Gamma(\frac{s+v}{2})\Gamma(\frac{s-v}{2})$ See page 106 of Bump's book Automorphic forms and ...

0
votes

0
answers

103
views

### What is the value of this product (with gamma and zeta function)?

Since $\zeta(s)=0$ and $\Gamma(s)$ has poles at even negative numbers $-2, -4, -6...$ Can we find a value for $\frac{1}{\zeta(s)\Gamma(s)}$ using L'Hôpital's rule?

-1
votes

1
answer

172
views

### Any simplification of this inequality if it is true? :For $t\geq 1.22$: $|\zeta(0.5+it)|\leq 0.5 \frac{|\Gamma(0.5+it)|}{|\Gamma(-0.5+it)|}$

When I tried to give bounds for $\zeta(0.5+it)$ using some transformations over Gamma function using the function $f(x)=\exp(-n x)$ over the range $(0,+\infty)$ , For $ Re(s)=\frac12 $ and $t >0$ ...

7
votes

2
answers

610
views

### Reference request: proofs of integrals presented in Erdélyi's *Table of Integral Transforms*

I have asked related questions on MSE and received no answer, so: I am looking for proofs of the integrals presented in Erdélyi's Table of Integral Transforms vol. i-ii, specifically proofs of the ...

16
votes

2
answers

1k
views

### Formula for volume of $n$-ball for negative $n$

Does the expression $$\frac{\pi^{\frac{n}{2}}}{\Gamma(\frac{n}{2}+1)}R^n,$$ which gives the volume of an $n$-dimensional ball of radius $R$ when $n$ is a nonnegative integer, have any known ...

4
votes

3
answers

306
views

### The exact constant in a bound on ratios of Gamma functions

The answer to another question (Upper bound of the fraction of Gamma functions) gave an asymptotic upper bound for an expression with Gamma functions:
$$\left(\frac{\Gamma(a+b)}{a\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}\...

1
vote

1
answer

141
views

### Inequalities involving Gamma function

I am having some difficulty in proving the following inequality:
\begin{equation*}
\frac{1-e^{-\gamma b}}{b^\eta}-\frac{1-e^{-\gamma s}}{s^\eta}\geq \gamma(1-\eta)\int^b_sy^{-\eta}e^{-\gamma y}dy
\end{...

1
vote

2
answers

309
views

### Closed form of $\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)^{{N}\choose{i}}$

I have made a question here about closed form of the following:
$$\prod_{k=0}^{N}\big(k!\big)^{{N}\choose{k}}$$
I know that there is a known closed form for,
$$\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)=G(N+2)$$
...

0
votes

2
answers

203
views

### Interpolating asymptotic expression for logarithm of middle binomial sums

Define $S(k,2n)=\sum_{i=-k}^k\binom{2n}{n+i}$ at every $k\in\{0,\dots,n\}$.
We know $$\ln(S(\gamma\mbox{ } n^\gamma,2n))\asymp(2n\ln2-\frac12\ln\pi-\frac12\ln n)$$ at $\gamma\rightarrow0$ and $$\ln(S(...

0
votes

1
answer

229
views

### Logarithm of an integral involving generalized real binomial coefficients

I could not find a closed form for this integral although I think it should have been studied.
What is a good approximation to $I$ in
$$I=\ln\Bigg(\int_{0}^y\binom{2m}{m(1+x)}dx\Bigg)$$ where $0\...

0
votes

1
answer

181
views

### The distribution of the power of the sum of inner products of two independent complex normal vectors

If I have $\mathbf x_n=[x_0, x_1,... ,x_K]^T$ and $\mathbf y_n=[y_0, y_2, ..., y_K]^T$, where $x,y\sim\mathcal C\mathcal N(\mathbf 0,\sigma^2\mathbf I)$.
What is the distribution of the following ...

0
votes

1
answer

535
views

### The distribution of the sum of inner products of two independent complex normal vectors

If I have $\mathbf x_n=[x_0, x_1,... ,x_K]^T$ and $\mathbf y_n=[y_0, y_2, ..., y_K]^T$, where $x,y\sim\mathcal C\mathcal N(\mathbf 0,\sigma^2\mathbf I)$.
What is the distribution of the following ...

1
vote

1
answer

182
views

### Asympotics of $\int_0^{\infty} \left[ Q(m,x)\right]^d dx$

I'm interested in the asympotic behaviour (assuming an exact solution is intractable) of $$I(m,d)=\int_0^{\infty} \left[ Q(m,x)\right]^d dx$$
for fixed $d \in \mathbb{N}$ (in particular, for $d=3$) ...