# Questions tagged [gamma-function]

used only for functions based on gamma, not functions with some obscure relation to gamma

128
questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### Beta function, harmonic numbers, and integral values

A problem of Mathematical Physics that I am working on involves the computation of a certain integral. Part of the result reads:
$$
I_k:= [\beta_x( -1 - k, 0) + H_{-2 - k}]x^k
$$
where $\beta_x( -1 - ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

84 views

### Hankel determinant of incomplete gamma functions

I have some expressions that involve Hankel determinants of incomplete gamma functions. They are of the ($r \times r$ form)
I'd like to evaluate these determinants. Elementary operations help, but ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### definite integral with incomplete gamma function and exponential

While working with electron density computations in quantum chemistry, I encountered the following improper integral:
$$
I(k, n) = \int\limits_0^\infty \Gamma\left(\frac{3}{n},\ k r^n\right) r \exp(-k ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

690 views

### Method to evaluate an infinite sum of ratio of Gamma functions (how does Mathematica do it?)

This question arose from Amdeberhan's question, the evaluation of a double integral, which can be reduced to the evaluation of this series:
$$\sum _{n=0}^{\infty } \frac{\Gamma \left(n+\frac{1}{2}\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Computing the $p$-adic gamma function $\Gamma_p$

Let $p>2$ be a prime. For $n \in \mathbb{Z}^+$ we can define
\begin{equation}
F(n) = (-1)^n \prod_{1<i<n, p\nmid i} i.
\end{equation}
Since $\mathbb{Z}$ is dense in $\mathbb{Z}_p$, we can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Class of differentiated Gamma functions: are there any algebras where they are elementary?

There is a class of differentiated gamma functions (DGFs) that basically can be expressed via derivatives of Gamma function.
They include the Gamma function, Polygamma function, and Hurwitz Zeta ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

326 views

### how to numerically evaluate $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{x!} dx$ [closed]

So I was graphing the equation $ y=\frac{1}{x!} $ for $ x \geq 0$ and tried the integral:
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{x!} dx$$
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\Gamma(x+1)} dx$$
$$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Analytic continuation of convergent integral

I was trying to solve the following integral:
$$I = \oint _{|z|=1}\frac{dz}{2 \pi i z}\int_{0}^{\infty} dr \dfrac{e^{-\tfrac{r^2}{z^2}}r^{2n+1}}{z^2(z-1)} $$
The singular structure in the $z$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

623 views

### An interesting infinite product involving the factorial function with connection to the K and gamma function

I have posted this question in StackExchange, but it didn't get any answers there. This question is important for my research. I got stuck on an infinite product which even WolframAlpha can't answer. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

210 views

### Is $\Gamma(s, x=s-1)/\Gamma(s)$ decreasing for real $s>1$? Is $\Gamma(s, x=s)/\Gamma(s)$ increasing?

This has received no full solution at StackExchange.
As per https://dlmf.nist.gov/8.10#E13 we have
$$\frac{\Gamma\left(n,n\right)}{\Gamma\left(n\right)}<\frac{1}{2}<\frac{\Gamma%
\left(n,n-1\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Inverse mellin transform

Let $K_1(t)$ be the K-Bessel function, then we have
$\int_{0}^{\infty}K_v(y)y^s\frac{dy}{y}=2^{s-2}\Gamma(\frac{s+v}{2})\Gamma(\frac{s-v}{2})$ See page 106 of Bump's book Automorphic forms and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### What is the value of this product (with gamma and zeta function)?

Since $\zeta(s)=0$ and $\Gamma(s)$ has poles at even negative numbers $-2, -4, -6...$ Can we find a value for $\frac{1}{\zeta(s)\Gamma(s)}$ using L'Hôpital's rule?

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Any simplification of this inequality if it is true? :For $t\geq 1.22$: $|\zeta(0.5+it)|\leq 0.5 \frac{|\Gamma(0.5+it)|}{|\Gamma(-0.5+it)|}$

When I tried to give bounds for $\zeta(0.5+it)$ using some transformations over Gamma function using the function $f(x)=\exp(-n x)$ over the range $(0,+\infty)$ , For $ Re(s)=\frac12 $ and $t >0$ ...

**7**

votes

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554 views

### Reference request: proofs of integrals presented in Erdélyi's *Table of Integral Transforms*

I have asked related questions on MSE and received no answer, so: I am looking for proofs of the integrals presented in Erdélyi's Table of Integral Transforms vol. i-ii, specifically proofs of the ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

789 views

### Formula for volume of $n$-ball for negative $n$

Does the expression $$\frac{\pi^{\frac{n}{2}}}{\Gamma(\frac{n}{2}+1)}R^n,$$ which gives the volume of an $n$-dimensional ball of radius $R$ when $n$ is a nonnegative integer, have any known ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

128 views

### The exact constant in the simple bound of the fraction of Gamma Functions

In the Question : Upper bound of the fraction of gamma functions the asymptotic upper bound for the fraction of Gamma functions have been established:
$$\left(\frac{\Gamma(a+b)}{a\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

125 views

### Inequalities involving Gamma function

I am having some difficulty in proving the following inequality:
\begin{equation*}
\frac{1-e^{-\gamma b}}{b^\eta}-\frac{1-e^{-\gamma s}}{s^\eta}\geq \gamma(1-\eta)\int^b_sy^{-\eta}e^{-\gamma y}dy
\end{...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

293 views

### Closed form of $\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)^{{N}\choose{i}}$

I have made a question here about closed form of the following:
$$\prod_{k=0}^{N}\big(k!\big)^{{N}\choose{k}}$$
I know that there is a known closed form for,
$$\prod_{i=0}^{N}\big(i!\big)=G(N+2)$$
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Interpolating asymptotic expression for logarithm of middle binomial sums

Define $S(k,2n)=\sum_{i=-k}^k\binom{2n}{n+i}$ at every $k\in\{0,\dots,n\}$.
We know $$\ln(S(\gamma\mbox{ } n^\gamma,2n))\asymp(2n\ln2-\frac12\ln\pi-\frac12\ln n)$$ at $\gamma\rightarrow0$ and $$\ln(S(...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Logarithm of an integral involving generalized real binomial coefficients

I could not find a closed form for this integral although I think it should have been studied.
What is a good approximation to $I$ in
$$I=\ln\Bigg(\int_{0}^y\binom{2m}{m(1+x)}dx\Bigg)$$ where $0\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### The distribution of the power of the sum of inner products of two independent complex normal vectors

If I have $\mathbf x_n=[x_0, x_1,... ,x_K]^T$ and $\mathbf y_n=[y_0, y_2, ..., y_K]^T$, where $x,y\sim\mathcal C\mathcal N(\mathbf 0,\sigma^2\mathbf I)$.
What is the distribution of the following ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### The distribution of the sum of inner products of two independent complex normal vectors

If I have $\mathbf x_n=[x_0, x_1,... ,x_K]^T$ and $\mathbf y_n=[y_0, y_2, ..., y_K]^T$, where $x,y\sim\mathcal C\mathcal N(\mathbf 0,\sigma^2\mathbf I)$.
What is the distribution of the following ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

148 views

### Asympotics of $\int_0^{\infty} \left[ Q(m,x)\right]^d dx$

I'm interested in the asympotic behaviour (assuming an exact solution is intractable) of $$I(m,d)=\int_0^{\infty} \left[ Q(m,x)\right]^d dx$$
for fixed $d \in \mathbb{N}$ (in particular, for $d=3$) ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Converse of a result of Koblitz and Ogus on algebraic products of gamma values

Let $n$ be a positive integer, $a_1,\ldots,a_{n-1}\in\mathbb{Z}$. Suppose that for every $u\in(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})^\times$,
$$
\tag{$\star$}
\sum_{i=1}^{n-1} i a_{(ui\!\!\!\mod n)} = 0.
$$
Then ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Real and imaginary parts of $\ln \Gamma(i b)$

The imaginary part of the digamma function when its argument is pure imaginary is known as
$$\Im\psi(\mathrm{i}b)=\frac{1}{2}b^{-1}+\frac{1}{2}\pi\coth{\pi b},$$ and its real part is much more ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Monotone coupling between “two-sided Gumbel” distributions

I am interested in finding a monotone coupling between two random variables. Let $\alpha_1>\alpha_2$, $b<a$. Define the following two (non-normalized) densities on the whole real line:
\begin{...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

97 views

### The complex roots of $\left(\Gamma(\kappa s)+2^{1-s} \pi^{-s}\cos\left(\frac{\pi s}{2} \right)\Gamma(s)\,\Gamma(\kappa(1-s))\right)$

Question:
With $\kappa \in \mathbb{R}, \kappa \ge 1$, the function:
$$\Upsilon(s,\kappa) = \Gamma(\kappa s)\zeta(s)+\Gamma\left(\kappa(1-s)\right) \zeta(1-s)$$
could be rewritten as:
$$\Upsilon(s,\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

120 views

### A generalization of gamma function

For $\alpha\in\mathbb{C}$, I defined the "complex-weighted" Hurwitz zeta function
\begin{eqnarray*}\displaystyle \zeta^{\alpha}(s,w)=\frac{1}{\Gamma(s)}\int_0^{\infty} \frac{e^{-wt}}{(1-e^{-t})^{\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

462 views

### On the integral $\int_0^1\log(x!)dx$ revisited

I was interested in an integral that I known from [1], it is
$$\int_0^1 \log(x!)dx.$$
I tried to get such closed-form using myself ideas and symbolic calculations, also with the help of Wolfram ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Is there a name for this family of integral?

This one: $\int_{0}^{\bar{x}}e^{-x^{a}}x^{b}(1-x)^{c}dx,a,b,c\ge0$. When $a=1,c=0,\bar{x}=\infty$ it is the gamma function.

**0**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Stirling's approximation for normalized $\Gamma$

Let
$$
H(s)=\frac{1}{2}s(1-s)\pi^{-s/2}\Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right).
$$
Using Stirling's approximation for the Gamma function I would like to prove that
$$
\frac{H(1/2+it)\overline{H}(1/2+it+iu)}{\...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

137 views

### Good upper bound for $\Gamma(1-b,\log(a))-\Gamma(1-b,N\log(a))$, where $a,b \in (0, 1)$ and $N \ge 1$

Let $a,b \in (0, 1)$ and $N \ge 1$, and consider the incomplete gamma function $x \mapsto \Gamma(1-a,x)$.
Question
Is there a simple bound (involving 'simple function's) for the expression $\Gamma(1-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

127 views

### An equation with Gamma Euler function in critical strip

Let
$$
D=\{z \in \mathbb{C} : 0<\Re(z)<\frac{1}{2} \text{ or } \frac{1}{2}<\Re(z)<1 \}
$$
that is the critical strip without critical line.
I have to find if the following equation, with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### Proving two inequalities involving the gamma and digamma functions

I'm having trouble proving the following inequality:
$$\forall p>1 \quad \forall m\geq 0 \quad \dfrac{m^2\Gamma(\dfrac{2m}{p})\Gamma(\dfrac{2m}{q})}{\Gamma(\dfrac{2m+2}{p})\Gamma(\dfrac{2m+2}{q})}\...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Gosper's Beta function identities

According to the last paragraph in Mathworld's Beta function article http://mathworld.wolfram.com/BetaFunction.html, Gosper found some multiplication formulas for the Beta function, but it does not ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

508 views

### A tantalizing Gamma quotient to challenge the Rohrlich-Lang Conjecture

The Rohrlich-Lang Conjecture for polynomial relations in Gamma values predicts that all polynomial relations between Gamma values over $\mathbb Q$ come from the functional equations satisﬁed by the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Complicated bound after using Stirling's approximation

I have this inequality $$\frac{1}{a}\exp\bigl\{-\frac{4}{h^2}\bigr\} \geq \frac{1}{f}$$ where $$ a \leq \Bigl(\pi^{d/2}\Gamma(\frac{1}{2}d+1)^{-1} + 1\Bigr) \left(\frac{h^{d+1}}{2} \Gamma \left(\frac{...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

347 views

### Upper bound of the fraction of gamma functions

Is there a simple upper bound of the following fraction of gamma functions for any $a,b\geq1/2$:
$$\left(\frac{\Gamma(a+b)}{a\Gamma(a)\Gamma(b)}\right)^{1/a}$$
An upper bound in the following form is ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

225 views

### Estimate for the binomial coefficients and bounds from below for the Beta function

Let $n\ge p\in \mathbb N$ and let $\binom{n}{p}$ be the binomial coefficient. I believe that
$$
\binom{n}{p}\le 2^n\sqrt\frac{2}{π n}.
$$
Question: is that true? Of course I would like it as a non-...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Monotonicity of the regularized incomplete gamma function

In the theory of chi-squared distribution in statistics, for the random variable $X$ following $\chi^2 (k)$, the probability that $X$ is lower than its expactation is given by
$$
P(X\le k) = \frac{\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Relation between Gross-Koblitz and Chowla-Selberg formulas

The Chowla-Selberg formula relates the eta function with values of the gamma function at rational numbers. The eta function appears, at least in the proofs I have seen, related to values of $L$-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

545 views

### Series involving factorials

Playing around with this series for natural values of $a,b$, it appears that more generally for $c\in\mathbb N$, $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{ (a+k)! \ (b+k)!}{k!\ (a+b+c+ k+1)! }=\frac{a!\ b!\ (c-1)!}{...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

478 views

### Solution of the functional equation $f(x+1)=g(x)f(x)$

In the paper (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X97953439), Webster obtained a unique solution of the functional equation $f(x+1)=g(x)f(x)$
(where $f,g:\mathbb{R}^+\rightarrow \...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

117 views

### The relationship between $\Gamma (a)$ and $\Gamma (a+\frac{1}{2})$ [closed]

Does anybody know the relationship between the $\Gamma (a)$ and $\Gamma (a+\frac{1}{2})$? Is there an equation or an approximate equality between these two?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Generalized hypergeometric function at $z=1$

I wonder if there is a closed formula for the following generalized hypergeometric function at $z=1$:
$${}_4F_3\left(a,a,a,a;a+1,a+1,2a;1\right)$$
Specifically, I would like to have a formula in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### A generalized logarithmic function

Consider the function
$$f_\epsilon(x):=\int_0^1 \frac{(1-z)^x-1}{\log(1-\epsilon z)}\, dz,$$
defined for a parameter $\epsilon \in (0,1]$ and $x \geq 0$. When $\epsilon=1$, this is $\log(1+x)$. One ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

644 views

### The inverse of the digamma function

The gamma function is increases on the interval $(x_0, \infty),$ where $x_0$ denotes the unique zero of the digamma function on the positive half line.
The inverse function of gamma function defined ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

638 views

### Intuition behind the Riemann $\zeta$ functional equation

Let $\Lambda(s)=\pi^{-s/2} \Gamma\left(\frac{s}{2}\right)\zeta(s).$ Then $\Lambda\left(\frac{1}{2} + s\right) = \Lambda\left(\frac{1}{2} - s\right)$ constitutes the functional equation for the Riemann ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

576 views

### Asymptotic behavior of integral with gamma functions

Consider the following function defined for complex numbers $z\in\mathbb{C}$ with $\Re(z)\geq \frac{1}{2}$:
$$F(z)=\frac{1}{5^{\Re(z)}}\int_0^\infty \left| \frac{\Gamma(z+ix)\Gamma(z-ix)}{\Gamma(z)^2}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Reflection Formulas for the $\Gamma$ Function

We have
$$\begin{align}
&\Gamma\Big(1~+~x\Big)~\cdot~\Gamma\Big(1-x\Big)~=~\frac{\pi x}{\sin\pi x}
\\\\
&\Gamma\Big(\tfrac12+x\Big)~\cdot~\Gamma\Big(\tfrac12-x\Big)~=~\frac\pi{\cos\pi x}
\\\...