The power-series tag has no usage guidance.

**12**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### When are growth series rational?

For a finitely generated group $G$ with generating set $S$, one can define the word metric. Using this, we are able to define the sequence $\sigma(n)$ by
$ \sigma(n) = |\mathcal{S}(e,n)| $, which is ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Result of Larsen and Lunts on rationality of power series with coefficients in a free abelian group

Let $G$ be a free abelian group (not necessarily finitely-generated) and $F$ be the fraction field of the group ring of $G$. Let $\Theta$ be the set of power series in $F[[t]]$ such that each nonzero ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

54 views

### Can I apply Lagrange inversion theorem? [closed]

I want to invert the equation
$$\eta = g(x)\sqrt{1+g'(x)^2}$$
to get $x$ as a function of $\eta$. Assume $g(0)=0$, $g'(0)=0$ and $g'(x)>0$ for $x>0$ (Think $g(x) = x^p$ for $p\geq 2$ integer).
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

24 views

### Need explicit formula for reversion of a Chern-character-like series

On the first sight this looks like homotopy theory question but actually came from need to simplify some expressions related to the Rasch model from the Item Response Theory.
Let
$$
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Is the positive part of an algebraic bilateral p-adic convergent power series algebraic?

Let $\mathbb{Z}_p \{ X\}$ and $\mathbb{Z}_p \{ X , X^{-1}\}$ be the henselizations of $\mathbb{Z}_p [X]$ and $\mathbb{Z}_p [ X , X^{-1}]$ with respect to the ideals $p\mathbb{Z}_p [X]$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Growth comparision between an entire function and a related function

Let $p$ be a prime number, $\mathbb C_p$ be the completion of an algebraic closure of $\mathbb F_q\left(\left(\frac1T\right)\right)$ for the valution $v(x)=-\deg(x)$. Let $\sum_{n\ge0}a_nz^n$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Lower Bounds for the Roots of Polynomials

I'm interested in the "size" of the roots of a sequence of Taylor Polynomials of an entire function.
For example, consider $\mathrm f(z) = \mathrm e^z$. The Taylor Polynomials, or $k$-jets, are
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Inverses of probability generating functions: positivity of derivatives

Let $\mathcal{G}$ be the set of probability generating functions of random variables taking positive integer values, considered as functions on $[0,1]$.
So $G\in\mathcal{G}$ can be written ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

178 views

### When does the radius of convergence of the product of two $p$-adic power series increase?

Let $p$ be a prime number and denote by $R(f)$ the radius of convergence of a power series $f(x) \in \mathbb{C}_p[[x]]$, where $\mathbb{C}_p$ is the completion of the algebraic closure of ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

382 views

### Analytic continuation of the double sum $\sum_{n,m\ge0}x^ny^mt^{nm}$

Define function $f(x,y,t)$ as the analytic continuation of the series
$$f(x,y,t)=\sum_{n,m\ge0}x^ny^mt^{nm}$$
This series definitely converges when all the arguments are small enough. I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Redundancy in transseries representation of functions?

"Transseries" are a kind of generalized power series that allow things like fractional exponents and exponentials (with another transseries as the exponent). I know very little about them but I have ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

205 views

### Is $k(\!(x,y)\!)$ a topological field?

More generally, let $(R,m)$ be a Noetherian local domain with fraction field $K$. The $m$-adic topology turns $R$ into a topological ring. When $R$ is a discrete valuation ring, this topology extends ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Orbits of some action of SL2 on Pontryagin dual of the field of formal Laurent series

Let $K=\mathbb{F}_2((t))$ be the field of formal Laurent series over the finite field $\mathbb{F}_2$. Now consider $K^3$ as an additive group and its dual group $\hat{K^3}$, which consists of all ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### Inverse error function in Hardy space?

Let $\mathrm{erf}(x) := \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^x \exp(-t^2) \, dt$ be the error function $\mathrm{erf}: \mathbb{R} \to (-1,1)$. It is monotonously increasing and therefore has an inverse ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

160 views

### Extraction of Coefficients in the Exponential Function of a Series

Question: Let $f(x) \in x\mathbb{C}[[x]]$. What is the (asymptotically) fastest algorithm for calculating the coefficient of $x^n$ in $e^{f(x)}$?
Naive Solution 1: Using fast polynomial ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Hadamard Product of specific type of power series

I am consider the power series of the form $$F_n(t):=\frac{1}{\prod_{i=1}^n(1-t^i)}.$$ Given two power serires $A(t)=\sum_{i\ge 0}{a_it^i}$ and $B(t)=\sum_{i\ge0}{b_it^i}$, their Hadamard product is ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Positivity of coefficients of the inverse of a certain power series

Consider the unique formal power series $g(z)$ with $g(0)=0$ and $g'(0)=1$ satisfying the equation
$$
g(z)-g(z)^8+g(z)^{15}=z,
$$
that is the inverse of
$$
z-z^8+z^{15}
$$
in the group of formal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### When can one infer degrees of generators of a ring from its hilbert series

I know that for a noetherian ring, it's hilbert series can be written as $$HS(t)=\frac{P(t)}{\prod_{i=1}^d{(1-t^{d_i})}}$$ where $P(t)$ is polynomial, and there are $d$ generators of degrees ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### When is the diagonal of a rational bivariate power series again rational

Given a rational bivariate power series $F(x,y)=\sum{a_{n,m}x^ny^m}$, the diagonal function $G(t):=\sum{a_{n,n}t^n}$ is known to be algebraic, although not rational in general. I was wondering if ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Frobenius method for multiple singular points

As we know, if the equation
$$a(x)y''+b(x)y'+c(x)=0 \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ (1)$$
has a regular singular point at $x=x_0$ then we seek solution of the equation as
$$y(x)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\beta_n ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

429 views

### Closed form for $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+n+n^2+\cdots+n^a}$

I am looking at a certain sequence, and consequently I am wondering if anyone knows if there happens to exist a closed form solution for this sum:
$$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+n+n^2+\cdots+n^a}$$
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Involutions on $[0,1]$ given by power series (related to probability generating functions)

Let $A$ be a function from $[0,1]$ to $[0,1]$. $A$ is an involution if $A(A(x))=x$ for all $x\in[0,1]$.
Which involutions $A$ exist such that $A(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k x^k$ with $a_0=1$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Crossed homomorphisms between power series groups

Consider the group $\mathbb{C}[[z]]_1$ of the power series of the form $a_1 z + a_2 z^2 + \cdots$, with $a_1\neq 0$, under the operation of composition, and $\mathbb{C}[[z]]$ as a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### How do powers affect asymptotics in generating functions?

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of non-negative real numbers, and $A(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n \frac{x^n}{n!}$ its exponential generating function. Also, suppose $B(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} b_n ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Finding singularities from power series

I am sorry beforehand for the length of my post, but I thought I should give some details. I try to figure out where are the singularities of a rather complicated power series.
This series comes from ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Formal Power series decomposition

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over $\mathbb C$ (say $SL_r$) consider a formal power series $$g(t)\in G(\mathbb C((t)))$$
My question is: Is it possible to decompose $g$ as $$g=ha$$ with $h\in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### Power series with matrix coefficients

Let $A(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C((t)))$ be a formal power series with matrix coefficients, and let $B(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C[t])$ and $C(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C[[t]])$ such that :
$$A(t)=B(1/t) \;( ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Conjectured equivalent conditions on certain power-series

Let $P(x)=1+a_1x+a_2x^2+a_3x^3+...$ be a series such that every $a_i$ is an integer, $a_1<0$, and $a_i\ge 0$ for every $i\ge 2$. Are the following statements equivalent ?
$P(y)=0$ for some ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Is there a name for the operation that stretches out an invertible series by a factor of $m$?

The question is whether there is an established word for the transformation that starts with an invertible formal power series over a field $k$, $u(x)=xg(x)=x(1+a_1x+a_2x^2+\cdots)$ and delivers the ...

**15**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Is this a rational function?

Is $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{z^n}{2^n-1} \in \mathbb{C}(z)\ ?$$
In a slightly different vein, given a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$, what are some necessary and sufficient ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

306 views

### Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says
$\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$
doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Discrete “difference” equations that involve changes in both shift and scale

A standard use of the Z-transform ($F(z) = \sum_n (f[n] \cdot z^{-n} )$) is to understand the effect of a difference equation on a signal. For instance:
$y[n] = x[n] + y[n-1]$
$Y(z) = X(z) + Y(z) ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Mod 2 modular forms in levels 5 and 25--how to account for this Hecke isomorphism?

The space $P1$ of my earlier question 203755 "Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms...", is essentially the space of mod 2 level 3 modular forms. That such a space should appear inside ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Simplifying closed form for Meta Operator

I was consider the set of linear operators:
$$O_{a,k} = \frac{f(ax^k) - f(x)}{ax^k - x} $$'
Particularly I am looking for the closed forms of the eigenfunctions of this operator, that is the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

468 views

### Local coordinates on (infinite dimensional) Lie groups, factorization of Riemann zeta functions

Given a (finite dimensional) Lie group $G$ (real $k=\mathbb{R}$ or complex $k=\mathbb{C}$) and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, one can prove (a basis $B=(b_i)_{1\leq i\leq n}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ being ...

**1**

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**0**answers

166 views

### Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION
Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Raising coefficients of a power series to some power

Suppose you are given a power series $P=\sum_{i=0}^\infty{a_nt^n}$. I am primarily concerned with those power series coming from rational functions of the form
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### A question about decomposing mod 2 modular forms of level p^2

Fix an odd prime $p$. Each $f \in \mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ can be written as $f_{+} + f_{-} + f_0$ where each exponent k of $x$ appearing in $f_{+}$ (resp. $f_{-}$, $f_0$) has Legendre symbol $(k/p)$ equal ...

**22**

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**0**answers

438 views

### Identities for power series like $\sum_n z^{n^3}$

Probably, one of the first power series that every mathematician encounter is the geometric series
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n = \frac1{1-z}, \quad z \in \mathbb{C},\; |z| < 1 .$$
Also, a particular ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

170 views

### Singularities of an analytic function over a non-archimedean field

What do we know about the types of singularities that a convergent power series over a non-archimedean field can have?
More specifically:
i) What types of essential singularities can occur?
ii) Are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

68 views

### Generating function for products of laguerre polynomials?

In a quantum physics context, I would like to evaluate $S=\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n\cos(\pi L_n(x))$ for $z<1$. I found generating functions for squares of Laguerre polynomials but not for any higher ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

728 views

### How to prove this identity on double summation series?

I suspect the following identity is valid, but I can not prove it. I just calculate it numerically.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### Relative nonarchimedean disks and annuli

Let $A$ be a Huber (i.e. f-adic) ring, meaning a topological ring with an open subring $A_0$ which is adic and has finitely generated ideal of definition.
Is there a good notion of closed disk of ...

**30**

votes

**3**answers

980 views

### Which power series have bounded integral coefficients and have an inverse given by a series having bounded integral coefficients

Let $A=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty \alpha_nx^n\in\mathbb Z[[x]]$ and $B=\frac{1}{A}=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty\beta_n x^n$ two mutually inverse power series
having bounded integral coefficients (ie. $\vert ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

545 views

### Find an integrable, positive, unbounded, analytic function

Is there a standard example of a function $f \in L^1( \mathbb R)$ which is analytic, positive, integrable but not bounded?
An example which comes immediately to mind is to take the series of narrower ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### The rigid-analytic open disk

Let $K$ be a local field and $D_K$ the open unit disk, considered as a rigid space or adic space over $K$. What is the algebra of analytic functions on $D_K$? Proposition 1.1 of this article describes ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Matching power series to infinity

As pointed out by Makoto, on this question about power series rings and the axiom of choice, an idea I had needed the axiom of dependent choice to work. However, the construction raises another ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

400 views

### properties of formal delta functions

The formal delta function is
$\,\,\displaystyle\delta(x):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}x^n.
$
If we agree that expressions $(x+y)^n$ for $n\in\mathbb Z$ are always expanded in non-negative powers of the second ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Estimate of the sum Taylor's coefficients

Let
$f(x) = \begin{cases}\ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x > 0; \\ 0, \quad\qquad x=0; \\ \ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x < 0. \end{cases}$
Power series in 0:
$f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n x^n = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Is there any algorithm to decide whether a series with integral coefficiens is a algebraic function? [closed]

Given a series with integral coefficiens as following:
$$F(x)=\sum_0^i a_i x^i,\text{where }a_i\in \mathbb{N}\bigcup 0 $$$$\text{and there is a computable function $\psi$ such that } \forall i ...