# Questions tagged [catalan-numbers]

The Catalan numbers form the sequence of numbers starting 1,1,2,5,14,42,... with explicit formula $\frac{1}{n+1}\binom{2n}{n}$. It counts many combinatorial objects like planar binary trees, triangulations, noncrossing partitions, Dyck paths, etc. See https://oeis.org/A000108

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### Generating functions for Hankel determinants of Catalan numbers

The Hankel determinants of the Catalan numbers are well known and can be written as $d(k,n)= \det \left( C_{k + i + j} \right)_{i,j = 0}^{n - 1}=\prod_{i=1}^{k-1}\frac{\binom{2n+2j}{j}}{\binom{2j}{j}}$...
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### Does this question have anything to do with Catalan numbers?

I think this question has something to do with Catalan numbers but I'm not really sure. I want to find out the number of strings that consist of $n$ $L$'s and $n$ $R$'s, under the constraint that for ...
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### Are the “generalized Catalan numbers” of Dumitrescu–Mulase the "moments" of some "multivariate Wigner semicircle distribution"?

The classical Catalan numbers $$C_n = \frac{1}{n+1} \binom{2n}{n},$$ well-known for their numerous combinatorial interpretations (the second volume of Stanley's Enumerative Combinatorics famously ...
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### A matrix identity related to Catalan numbers

Let $$C_n=\frac{1}{2n+1}\binom{2n+1}{n}$$ be a Catalan number. It is well-known that $$(\sum_{n\ge{0}}C_n x^n)^k=\sum_{n\ge{0}}C(n,k)x^n$$ with $$C(n,k)=\frac{k}{2n+k}\binom{2n+k}{n}.$$ It is also ...
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### Math journal publishing work related to combinatorics, probability, counting problems etc.?

I'm a high school student. My peer and I have done some work on the Ballot Theorem counting problem and Catalan Numbers. We have come up with a new proof to the Ballot Theorem and we demonstrate the ...
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### Show a sequence of sums involving Catalan Numbers converges

Let $C_n$ be the $n$-th Catalan Number and let $\mathcal{O}_{s,j} = {{2s-j-1}\choose{j}} C_{s-j}^2$. Then we want to consider $\mathcal{E}_s = \sum_{j=0}^{s-1} (-1)^j\mathcal{O}_{s,j}$. We want to ...
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### Mysterious symmetry - in search for a bijection

I have a mysterious symmetry that I have not managed to prove. First some definitions (see picture below) Fix a partition that fit in a staircase shape with $n$ rows. There are $Catalan(n)$ such ...
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### Is the order on repeated exponentiation the Dyck order?

The Catalan numbers $C_n$ count both the Dyck paths of length $2n$, and the ways to associate $n$ repeated applications of a binary operation. We call the latter magma expressions; we will ...
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### Reference request: Heyting algebra structure on Catalan numbers

I've noticed that for every natural number $n\in\mathbb{N}$, there is a finite Heyting algebra with cardinality $C(n)$, where $C(n)$ is the $n$th Catalan number, $$1,1,2,5,14,42,132,\ldots$$ I'm ...
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### Distribution of the area statistic for Catalan paths

A Catalan path of semilength $n$ is a path from $(0,0)$ to $(2n,0)$ that proceeds by taking northeast (1,1) or southeast (1,-1) steps, and never goes below the $x$-axis. The area of a path $P$ is the ...
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### On generalized Catalan numbers

Counting some things in homological algebra, I found this sequence: https://oeis.org/A025242. Is there a good motivation why this sequence is called "generalized Catalan numbers"? In the link there ...
### generating $q$-Catalan numbers
An $n$-Dyck path (or a Catalan path) is a lattice path $P$, unit East and North steps, in an $n\times n$ square grid which stays (weakly) above the main diagonal. Let $\square_n$ denote all such paths....