# Questions tagged [heuristics]

The heuristics tag has no usage guidance.

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### Can time-scale calculus be used to derive a counterpart theorem of discrete-time dynamic systems directly from continuos-time dynamics systems?

From what I read of time-scale calculus literature, most results of continuous-time and discrete-time systems can be generalized to arbitrary time-scales by considering the generalized derivative ...

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### Generating Biconnected Graphs from Spanning Trees

Background of my question is an idea for generating an initial subtour for general symmetric TSPs:
Add to a MST a set of edges with minimal weight sum, that renders the resulting graph free of ...

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**2**answers

549 views

### Heuristics behind the Circle problem?

Is there a heuristic argument behind the exponent in the circle problem? The problem that I am referring to is the following: Consider a circle of radius $R$ centered at the origin in the plane and ...

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**16**answers

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### What are examples of books which teach the practice of mathematics?

One may classify the types of mathematics books written for students into two groups: books which merely teach mathematics (i.e., they present theorems and proofs, ready-made, as it were) and those ...

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317 views

### why do we mainly integrate with respect to martingales?

Although my resarch focuses on PDEs (optimal transport, these days), I am currently trying to learn stochastic calculus and integration. I am just beginning in this topics, but I was wondering: why do ...

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**1**answer

109 views

### Computational Geometric Aspects of Greedy Tour Expansion

Has the following problem already been investigated from the Computational Geometry point of view and what are the results regarding worst case complexity?
Given
a finite set $\mathcal{P}...

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### Heuristics for this “subset” traveling salesman problem

Are there any known heuristics for the following variation of the traveling salesman problem: given $n$ sets of points $S_1,\dots,S_n$, and $n$ integers $k_i$ such that $k_i \leq |S_i|$, find the ...

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157 views

### (How) do Better TSP Heuristics help in Answering the $NP=P$ Question?

This question is motivated by my impression, that finding better heuristics for the TSP problem (or any other $NP$-complete problem) is "only" of practical interest, but doesn't provide any progress ...

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### The set of numbers $a+b$ such that $ma^2+nb^2$ is prime

Conjecture:
If $m,n$ are coprime it exist a minimal natural number $N_{mn}$ such
that:
$\{a+b>N_{mn}\mid a,b\in\mathbb N^+\wedge ma^2+nb^2\in\mathbb P_{>2}\} = \{ k > N_{mn} \mid \...

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**1**answer

94 views

### Worst Case Region for a Convex Hull Heuristic

I am currently implementing a heuristic algorithm for planar convex hulls hand would like to know, for which kind of strictly convex region it exhibits worst performance.
I know that there are many ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### Heuristics for counting degrees of freedom

I have recently learned about the representation theorem for isotropic,
linear operators, which says the following:
Defintion:
Let $M_n$ be the vector space of $n \times n$ real matrices. We say a ...

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32 views

### Performance guarantee of RLF [closed]

I cannot manage to find the performance guarantee of the Recursive Largest First (RLF) algorithm for approximating the chromatic number of a graph.
I know DSATUR has a $\mathcal{O}(n)$ guarantee, ...

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**1**answer

562 views

### Heuristic probabilistic argument for the Navier-Stokes existence and smoothness conjecture

The Collatz Conjecture is a famous conjecture that has never been proven; nevertheless, there exists a simple heuristic probabilistic argument which supports its truth - in Wikipedia's words, "If one ...

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**4**answers

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### What are reasons to believe that e is not a period?

In their 2001 paper defining periods, Kontsevich and Zagier (pdf) without further comment state that $e$ is conjecturally not a period while many other numbers showing up naturally (conjecturally) are....

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### Categories with binary relations as objects

For the category of functions, pairs of functions making commutative diagrams are the canonical morphisms $\alpha:f\rightarrow g$. For binary relations there is an alternative, to consider the ...

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**1**answer

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### Cohen-Lenstra heuristics for totally complex fields

If a number field $K$ is a Galois extension of $\mathbb{Q}$, and $G = \operatorname{Gal}(K/\mathbb{Q})$, then the class group of $K$ is a $\mathbb{Z}[G]$-module, and since $N = \sum_{g \in G} g$ acts ...

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137 views

### Reduce a Combinatorial problem

It is given n sets with k vectors. (k is element-wise positive or zero)
Choose one vector of each set so that the biggest element of the sum of the chosen vectors is minimal.
What i also know but is ...

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**1**answer

63 views

### Heuristic for choosing n-vectors from n-sets

my given problem is:
choose n-vectors from n-sets (one vector from each set) so that the biggest element in the sum of the chosen vectors is minimal. Unfortunately the problem is NP-hard. So I'm ...

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**18**answers

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### Non-rigorous reasoning in rigorous mathematics

I was wondering what role non-rigorous, heuristic type arguments play in rigorous math. Are there examples of rigorous, formal proofs in which a non-rigorous reasoning still plays a central part?
...

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173 views

### unfolding as resolution

Has anyone described 'unfolding' as used in mathematical physics (e.g. on-shell AND off-shell) as analogous to a resolution in algebra - higher derivatives are unfolded in terms of new variables?

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260 views

### Formula in common: How to search for same/similar equations in other knowledge domains?

Hi people
In a recent presentation by Sedgewick, he recounts in 1977 Flajolet noticed that they had a formula in common, both in different domains (see slide 4 in http://www.cs.princeton.edu/~rs/...

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### What is the intuition for $\mathbb{Q}^{ab}$ having cohomological dimension $1$?

I frequently talk to people who think of finite fields as arithmetic analogs of punctured discs. This makes some sense: the absolute Galois group of a finite field is the profinite completion of $\...

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**2**answers

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### Defining the slowest divergent series

This question might seem too fuzzy, and if so, I will be happy to withdraw it. Until then, here it is:
I know that a method of slowing a divergent series of positive reals is to replace the $n$-th ...

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**0**answers

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### Two different ways to count Mersenne Primes

Hi there, the motivation for this question is to better understand the heuristics of Mersenne primes, and I was motivated by the recent questions (Mersenne quasi-primes) and (Primes in generalized ...

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461 views

### class groups of unramified cyclic p-extensions of imaginary quadratic fields

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field with $p$-Sylow-class group $A(K)$ and $L/K$ be an unramified cyclic extension of $K$ of degree $p$ ($p$ prime). Then I am looking for heuristics on
$...

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2k views

### Groupoids vs Pseudogroups

(Warning: I'm not an expert in the topic) Let's work in a "geometric" category, for example the category $\mathfrak{Diff}$ of "manifolds" (without the requirements of connectedness and second ...

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**1**answer

200 views

### Possible semantics for categorical co-constness

In category theory a morphism is constant IIF it is absorbing (for left composition).
That is a morphism $k$ from $k:A\rightarrow B$ is constant
if an only if for any two parrallel (same domain and ...

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68k views

### Fourier vs Laplace transforms

In solving a linear system, when would I use a Fourier transform versus a Laplace transform? I am not a mathematician, so the little intuition I have tells me that it could be related to the boundary ...