# Questions tagged [algebraic-surfaces]

An algebraic surface is an algebraic variety of dimension two. In the case of geometry over the field of complex numbers, an algebraic surface has complex dimension two (as a complex manifold, when it is non-singular) and so of dimension four as a smooth manifold.

346 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
67 views

### Nef and effective cone of minimal conic bundle

Let $\pi: S\to C$ be a minimal conic bundle over a field $k$ of characteristic zero. That is, $S$ is a geometrically irreducible smooth surface with Picard rank $2$ and $C$ a geometrically ...
192 views

### A property of varieties between unirational and retract rational

EDIT: The vague question Q1 below is partially answered, while the concrete question Q2 seems to be still open. Let $V$ be a geometrically integral variety over a field $K$. I consider the following ...
78 views

### Is there an infinite order $\mathbb{F}_{p}$-section for a certain elliptic surface $\mathcal{E}_n$?

Consider a natural number $n$, a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{p}$ (such that $p$ is prime, $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$, and $\sqrt{2} \notin \mathbb{F}_p$), ...
54 views

### What conditions are sufficient for two points to be independent in the Mordell-Weil group?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{q}$ and an elliptic surface $$\mathcal{E}\!: y^2 + a_1(t)xy + a_3(t)y = x^3 + a_2(t)x^2 + a_4(t)x + a_6(t),$$ where $a_i(t) \in \mathbb{F}_{q}[t]$. I am mainly ...
69 views

### Is there a way to calculate the Picard $\mathbb{F}_q$-number of an (rational or K3) elliptic surface?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{q}$ and an elliptic surface $$\mathcal{E}\!: y^2 + a_1(t)xy + a_3(t)y = x^3 + a_2(t)x^2 + a_4(t)x + a_6,$$ where $a_i(t) \in \mathbb{F}_{q}[t]$. Is there a way ...
67 views

### Picard numbers of isogenous K3 surfaces over a non-closed field

Let $S_1, S_2$ be K3 surfaces defined over a field $k$ and $\phi\!: S_1 \dashrightarrow S_2$ a dominant rational $k$-map (so-called isogeny). It is known that $\rho(S_1) = \rho(S_2)$ for the complex ...
162 views

### Picard group modulo codimension 2

Let $X$ be a normal (possibly singular) projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. Consider the set $M_X$ of all coherent sheaves $F$ on $X$ such that there exists a finite subset $Y\subset X$ such that $F$...
90 views

### Structure of the big cone and Seshadri constant on Fano manifolds

I would like to know something about the following two questions. Given $X$ Fano manifold and $L$ an ample line bundle on $X$, we define \begin{gather} \sigma(L,x):=\sup\{t>0\, :\, \mu^{*}L-tE \,\,...
136 views

127 views

### Lines on a toric cubic surface with a line of nodes

Consider a cubic surface cut out by equations $x^2y - z^2w$ inside $\mathbb{P}^3$. This gives a cubic surface with a line of nodes, it is toric and has normalisation $\mathbb{F}_1$, a Hirzebruch ...
203 views

### Condition for two surfaces to not live inside a common threefold

Let $Y_1$, $Y_2$ be two complex smooth projective surfaces, are there some restrictions for $Y_1$ and $Y_2$ to be embedded in a common smooth projective threefold? The first thought is to use ...
90 views

416 views

### Is there a way to find any non-trivial $\mathbb{F}_p(t)$-point on the given elliptic curve?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ (where $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$) and the elliptic curve $$E\!:y^2 = x^3 + (t^6 + 1)^2$$ over the univariate ...
114 views

### Hypersurfaces with maximal Picard rank

Is it true that for any $d \ge 4$, there exists a smooth, degree $d$ surface $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ with maximal Picard rank i.e., Picard rank of $X$ equals $h^{1,1}(X)$?
154 views

### Fibered surfaces degenerating to Frobenius

Let $R$ be a DVR with algebraically closed, positive characteristic residue field $k$. Let $X\rightarrow Spec(R)$ and $C\rightarrow Spec(R)$ be smooth projective morphisms of relative dimension 2 and ...
118 views

### Sheaf of Kähler Differentials is Invertible in Dense Open Subset

Let $f:S→B$ be an elliptic fibration from an integral surface $S$ to integral curve $B$ . Here I use following definitions: A surface (resp. curve) is a $2$ -dim (resp. $1$-dim) proper k scheme ...
109 views

### Rational curves on ruled surfaces

Let $S$ be a ruled surface (over an algebraically closed field) with an $\mathbb{P}^1$-bundle $\pi\!: S \to E$ onto an elliptic curve $E$. What is the classification of (possibly singular) irreducible ...
308 views

### Restriction of a Cartier Divisor

Let $X$ be a surface (so $2$-dimensional proper $k$-scheme) $D \subset X$ an effective Cartier divisor of $X$ which corresponding to an invertible sheaf $\mathcal{L}=O_X(D)$ and $C \subset X$ a ...
280 views

### Birational Invariants of regular surfaces

Let $X,Y$ surfaces (so $2$-dimensional proper $k$-schemes) which are regular (so the stalks are regular) and birational and denote by $f: X \dashrightarrow Y$ the corresponding rational birational ...
91 views

### Automorphism of ruled surfaces associated to stable vector bundles

Let $X$ be a compact Riemann surface, and let $P \rightarrow X$ be a holomorphic $\mathbb P^1$-bundle over $X$. Then we know that $P$ is of form $\mathbb P(E)$ for some vector bundle $E \rightarrow X$ ...
131 views

### Possible configurations of rational curves on a rational surface

Consider a set of smooth rational curves on a rational surface, say, with normal crossings between curves. Is anything known on what combinatorics of configurations are possible? Say, what ...
333 views

### Dimension-specific phenomena in algebraic geometry

In differential topology, there are some funny phenomena that can only happen in dimension 4. For example, only in dimension 4 you can have a closed topological manifold admitting infinitely many ...
199 views

### elliptic fibration over $\mathbb{P}^1$ with exactly two fibres with monodromy of unipotency rank 1

Despite the apparent simplicity of the following question I couldn't find the answer so far. I am looking to construct an elliptic fibration $X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ with $X$ smooth, and exactly two ...
392 views

### Blow-up of the plane at $5$ points

If we Blow-up $\mathbb P^2_{\mathbb C}$ at $5$ points $T=\{p_1,\ldots,p_5\}$ we obtain a Del Pezzo surface $X$ of degree $4$. Now take another set of $5$ points $T'=\{q_1,\ldots,q_5\}$ ($T'\neq T$), ...
405 views

### Why only some del Pezzo are toric?

Let us define smooth del Pezzo surfaces $dP_r$ as the blowup of $r$ generic points in $\mathbb{CP}_2$. One can show that if we request $dP_r$ to be Fano, then $r=0,...,8$. In theoretical physics ...
151 views

368 views

### Show Fiber Product of Rational Elliptic Surfaces is Calabi-Yau

In a handful of contexts people study Calabi-Yau threefolds formed by taking the fiber product of two rational elliptic surfaces. I can't find any detailed explanation of why such geometries are ...
108 views

76 views

### Thom-type isomorphism on sheaf cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth, projective surface and $T$ a finite set of points in $X$ i.e., of codimension $2$ in $X$. Is it true that $H^i(\mathcal{O}_X)=H^i(\mathcal{O}_{X\backslash T})$ for $i \ge 1$?
164 views

### Very ample divisors on blow ups of the projective plane

Let $X$ be $\mathbb{P}^2$ blown up at $k$ points in general position. The Picard group of $X$ is just $\mathbb{Z}^{k+1}$ and one knows the intersection product explicitly. If $D$ is an ample divisor, ...
Let $f:S\to P^1$ be a smooth elliptic surface and let $X=S\times_{P^1} S$ be the fiber product. The threefold $X$ is singular in general (typically isolated ODPs). But is $X$ $\mathbb Q$-factorial? Or,...