**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Does $\omega_C\simeq N_{C/S}$ always happen on Enriques surfaces?

Let $S$ be an Enriques surface and $C\subset S$ a smooth irreducible curve of genus $g$.
Consider the condition $$\omega_C\simeq N_{C/S}$$
For example, when $g=1$ then $\omega_C=\mathcal{O}_C$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### What is the integral cohomology of an Enriques surface over a finite field?

Probably this is well-known, but I could not find it. I would like to understand the integral $2$-adic etale cohomology of an Enriques surface over $\mathbb{F}_q$ in dimension 2: $H_{et}^2(X, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Polars of algebraic curves and surfaces

I asked this on Math.StackExchange, but received no response, so trying here ...
A paper I'm reading says the following ...
With homogeneous coordinates $\mathbf{x} = [x,y,z,w]$, let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### What is $\mathrm{Num}(X)$ for the canonical cover $X$ of a bielliptic surface $S$?

A bielliptic surface $S$ is a smooth projective complex surface of Kodaira dimension 0 with $h^1(\mathcal O_S)=1$ and $h^2(\mathcal O_S)=0$. It is well known that $S=(A\times B)/G$, where $G$ is a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### Restriction of the Picard group of a surface to a curve

In a paper by Griffiths and Harris on the Noether-Lefschetz theorem, they use the following fact which they don't comment as if it is obvious:
For a general (smooth) surface $S$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

248 views

### Global sections of higher direct image sheaf

Let $X$ be a regular projective (complex) surface and $S$ be a finite set of closed points on $X$. Denote by $j:X\backslash S \to X$ the open immersion. Assume further that $H^1(\mathcal{O}_X)=0$. Is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### When is a general sheaf (on the projective plane) globally generated?

Let $v$ be a chern character on $\mathbb P^2$ so that the moduli of sheaves of chern character $v$ is non-empty of the expected dimension. When is it true that the general sheaf in moduli is globally ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Obstruction to lifting of global sections of invertible sheaves

Are there known examples of smooth projective hypersurface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, say $X$ and an invertible sheaf $L$ on $X$ with $H^0(X,L)>0$ satisfying the following property: There exists an ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Elliptic fibration arising from a higher genus linear system

Let $H$ be a very ample linear system on a smooth compact complex surface $X$ whose Kodaira dimension is $\geq 0$. A general element of $H$ is smooth and has genus $\geq 2$.
Let $L\subset H$ be a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

126 views

### Gromov-Witten invariants for arithmetic surfaces counting sections passing through points

Suppose we are given an arithmetic surface, $X\to \text{Spec}\mathbb{Z}[1/N]$ smooth and quasi-projective, and a finite set of closed points all in different vertical fibers.
Can we count the number ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

145 views

### Elliptic fibrations with few singular fibers

It is known that non-isotrivial fibrations of genus $g>0$ curves over the projective line have a bunch of singular fibers. There are at least three of them.
It is not difficult to prove that an ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Pencils in very ample linear systems without curve in its base locus

If $L$ is a very ample line bundle over a smooth complex projective surface $X$ and $s_0, \dots, s_n$ is a basis of the global sections of $L$, is there some choice of $i,j$ such that the pencil ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

172 views

### Can an ample class be written as a sum of two classes which are not even nef?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$. We know that nef line bundles form a closed convex cone whose interior is the ample cone. My doubt is the other direction, is it possible to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

251 views

### Globally generated, nef and big line bundles which are not ample on a K3 surface

Let $X$ be a K3 surface over $\mathbb{C}$. On a $K3$ surface we know that $Pic(X)\cong Num(X)\cong NS(X)$. A class $L\in Num(X)$ is called movable if $L.C\geq 0$ for every curve $C$ in $X$. It just ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Relation between curves in a complete linear system contained in another

Let $X$ be a projective surface over $\mathbb{C}$, let $x\in X$ be the only singular point of $X$. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. Consider the blow up $Y$ of $X$ along $x$, ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

125 views

### Quartic symmetroids and 10-points sets

A quartic surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$ is said to be a "symmetroid" if its equation is obtained as the determinant of a 4x4 symmetric matrix of linear forms. It is well known that the general symmetroid ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Self intersection and deformations

Suppose I have a smooth projective surface $S$ and a curve $C\subset S$. The self-intersection of $C$ is by definition the degree of the restriction to $C$ of the normal bundle of $C$ inside $S$.
By ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Dimension of Quot scheme of zero dimensional quotients of a locally free sheaf

Given a locally free sheaf $E$ of rank $r$ on a (smooth, projective, algebraic) surface, I want to know the dimension of the scheme parametrizing the zero-dimensional (meaning they have zero ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### A question on young persons guide to canonical singularities

In the Corollary at pag 407 of Young persons guide to canonical singularities there is a formula to compute the contributions $c_q(D)$ to Riemann-Roch of a divisor $D$ passing through a point $q\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### On surfaces with $p_g=0$, $q=1$, and $K^2=-3$ [closed]

I am having a trouble in understanding the Example 4.7 (pages 65-66), the genus two fibrations with $p_g=0$, $q=1$, and $K^2 = -3$, in "Surfaces fibrées en courbes de genre deux", Lecture Notes in ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Euler Characteristic of Real Algebraic Surfaces

Given a (compact if needed) real smooth surface $V(f)$ defined by $f\in \mathbb{R}[X,Y,Z]$, in particular it is oriented. Is there a formula which gives the Euler character of $V(f)$ ?
Thanks.

**3**

votes

**3**answers

323 views

### Does there exist a holomorphic fibration of genus two over $\mathbb{P}^{1}$ with $7$ nodal singularities?

This is a problem about the holomorphic fibration on a complex manifold.
Does there exist a holomorphic fibration of genus two over $\mathbb{CP}^{1}$ with 7 nodal singularities?
If you are aware of ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

365 views

### Del Pezzo surfaces and homotopy groups of spheres

A (complex) del Pezzo surface is a smooth projective complex surface with ample anticanonical line bundle. Such surface has a degree defined as the self intersection of the canonical divisor. It is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Does the Bombieri-Lang conjecture imply severe restrictions on rational points on twists of hyperelliptic curves?

According to Silverman, the Bombieri-Lang conjecture implies
that the rational points of surface on general type lie on
finite set of curves, except for a finite set of points.
Let $f$ be univariate ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

175 views

### What is the type of the surfaces $x^5 - y^5 + z^2 + x=0$ and $x^5 - y^5 + z^2 + x+1=0$?

Crossposted from MSE.
I am interested what is the type of the surfaces over the
rationals
$$ x^5 - y^5 + z^2 + x=0$$
and
$$ x^5 - y^5 + z^2 + x+1=0$$
Magma's ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### How to check with a CAS if a surface is of general type?

The main question is:
How to check with a CAS if a surface is of general type?
Magma's function KodairaEnriquesType is close to this,
but doesn't always work.
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

288 views

### Is it normal surface of general type to have infinitely many positive rank elliptic curves?

Cross-posted from MSE.
I am not good at algebraic geometry and almost surely am
misunderstanding something.
Got an alleged argument against Bombieri-Lang conjecture and
would like to know what the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Automorphisms of del Pezzo surfaces

Let $S$ be a del Pezzo surface of degree six over $\mathbb{C}$. Then $S$ is the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^2$ in three general points $p_1,p_2,p_3$.
Is it true that its automorphism group is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### Morphisms contracting a family of curves

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties. Let $S\subseteq X$ be a surface admitting a morphism $g:S\rightarrow C$ to a curve $C$ such that any fiber of $g$ is a curve.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

167 views

### Göttsche's formula for non-compact complex surfaces?

Is the Göttsche's formula (Eq (2.1) of this paper) expressing the Poincare polynomial (or the Euler char version) of the Hilbert scheme of points on a projective surface valid for non-compact complex ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Automorphisms of surfaces

Let $X$ be a projective surface with a morphism $f:X\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^1$. Assume that $f^{-1}(t)\cong\mathbb{P}^1$ for any $t\neq 0$ but $f^{-1}(0)$ is the union of two $\mathbb{P}^1$'s ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Endomorphism algebras of abelian surfaces with real multiplication

Given an abelian variety $A$ over a field $F$, one may consider the ring of endomorphisms $End(A)$, the ring of $F$-rational maps $A \to A$ respecting the group structure on $A$. We may also consider ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### On Abelian Galois Covering

Consider a complete quadrangle $\Delta$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ (i.e. the union of the six
lines through points $P_1$, $P_2$, $P_3$ and $P_4$ in general position). Let $f: Y := \hat{\mathbb{CP}^2}(P_1, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Enriques classification of algebraic surfaces in characteristic zero

I am searching for a reference about the classification of algebraic surfaces over an arbitrary algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. In the 1949 book "le superficie algebriche" by ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Real algebraic surface

Let $f(u,v,z)\in \mathbb{Q}[u,v,z]$ be a polynomial in three variables such that $X_{\mathbb{R}}\subset \mathbb{R}^{3} $ (the associated surface of real solution) is smooth. Suppose that the set of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Why does this vector bundle on the surface sit in this exact sequence?

Let $X$ be a K3 surface. Let $E$ be a semistable rank 3 vector bundle. Now suppose $0 = E_0\subset E_1\cdots\subset E_s=E$ be the Harder-Narasimhan filtration. Suppose $E_1$ is $\mu$-stable and rank ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Are all these K3 surfaces supersingular?

Consider all the smooth K3 surfaces given by $X^4+W^2X^2+XW^3 = f(Y,Z,W)$ or $X^4+XW^3 = g(Y,Z,W)$ over $\mathbb F_{2}$ with $f$ or $g$ homogenous of degree 4. There are a lot of choices for $f$ and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

167 views

### What is the co-kernel of the morphism of vector bundles?

Let $X$ be a surface, and $i:C\subset X$ be a smooth curve. Let $A$ be a line bundle on $C$, and $E$ be a vector bundle of rank $r$ on $X$.
Suppose there is a surjection: $E\longrightarrow ...

**23**

votes

**0**answers

622 views

### Enriques surfaces over $\mathbb Z$

Does there exist a smooth proper morphism $E \to \operatorname{Spec} \mathbb Z$ whose fibers are Enriques surfaces?
By a theorem of, independently, Fontaine and Abrashkin, combined with the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

205 views

### Smoothing transverse intersections

Let $S$ be a complex surface with ample canonical class. Let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be smooth complex curves in $S$ that intersect transversally at $n $ points. Furthermore, assume that the self-intersection ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

245 views

### Disjoint curves in an algebraic surface

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface (over the complex) with $p_g=q=0$. Is it possible to have disjoint curves $C_1,\ldots, C_b$, of positive genus, spanning $H_2(X,{\mathbb Q})$, $b=b_2(X)$?
(When $X$ is ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### A proper smooth surface is projective

My question is a reference request for the following fact: if $k$ is a field and $X$ a proper smooth surface over $k$, then $X \rightarrow \mathrm{Spec}\, k$ is projective. Where is this well-known ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

224 views

### Adjunction map for projective surfaces

Before stating my question, let me recall (part of) the classical result on the adjunction map for complex projective surfaces, due in this modern form to Beltrametti and Sommese:
Adjunction ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Pic^0 of the surface of bitangents of a quartic

Let $S$ be a generic quartic surface in $\mathbf{P}^3$.
Let $T$ be the surface of the lines bitangent to $S$.
What can we say about $Pic^0(T)$?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Computing Euler Characteristics of Line Bundles on the Hilbert Scheme of n points

Let $S^{[n]}$ be the Hilbert scheme of $n$ points on a smooth projective surface (actually, right now I am particularly interested in del Pezzo surfaces). Let $B$ be the exceptional divisor of the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^4$ along a smooth surface

Let $\pi \colon X\to \mathbb{P}^4$ be the blow-up of a smooth surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^4$. Is there a formula to compute $(K_X)^4$ ? (which should be dependent on invariants of $S$).
In dimension ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Is there a description of the moduli space of elliptic surfaces?

In this question elliptic surface means a smooth projective complex surface $X$, such that there is an elliptic fibration $\pi \colon X \to C$. (I.e., there is a curve $C$ and a proper map $\pi$, such ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

227 views

### Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?).
It was said ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### Topological/numerical constraints for the existence of more than one pencil

A famous theorem of Castelnuovo and de Franchis tells us that for $S$ a smooth projective complex algebraic surface that for $b \geq 2$, pencils $f : S \to B$ of genus $b :=g(B)$ are in bijective ...