# Questions tagged [galois-theory]

Galois theory, named after Évariste Galois, provides a connection between field theory and group theory. Using Galois theory, certain problems in field theory can be reduced to group theory, which is, in some sense, simpler and better understood.

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### Trying to understand the topology of the Weil group for the local Langlands conjecture

I am trying to study the representation of the Weil group from the book "The Local Langlands Conjecture for $GL(2)$". I have some problem with the topology of this group. Let $F$ be a non ...
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### Class numbers in the unramified biquadratic extensions of number fields

Let $K/k$ be an unramified biquadratic extension of number fields (i.e., $\operatorname{Gal}(K/k)\simeq V_4$), and $k_1$, $k_2$ and $k_3$ its three intermediate fields. I know, in general, we can ...
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### Prime splitting in the division field of an elliptic curve

Let $E/\mathbb{Q}$ be an elliptic curve with good reduction at two distinct primes $p, \ell$. Suppose the mod $\ell$ Galois representation associated to $E$ is surjective. Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(E[\ell])$ ...
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### Extensions of p-adic number fields

Let $p$ be a prime number and $\mathbb{Q}_p$ be the $p-$adic rational field. Let $E/\mathbb{Q}_p$ be a fixed finite extension. On this site, I define a finite extension $F/E$ to be "good" if ...
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### Absolute Galois cohomology of function fields (of high-dimensional) varieties

What is known about the absolute Galois cohomology of function fields of varieties of dimension 2 or larger? Specifically, I am interested in multiplicative coefficients $\mathbb G_m$. I have seen ...
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### Existence of linear disjointness between an algebraic number field and $p$-cyclotomic field over $\mathbb{Q}$

Suppose $K$ be an algebraic number field and $n$ be an even integer. Is it possible to find atleast one $p$ such that $p\equiv 1( \text{mod}~ n)$ and $\mathbb{Q}(\eta_p)$ is linearly disjoint ...
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### Chinese remainder theorem for composition

Let $f(x) \in F_p[x]$ and I know $f(x)$ modulo two polynomials $\phi_1(x)$ and $\phi_2(x)$. What sort of information about $f$ modulo the composition $\phi_1(\phi_2(x))$ can I recover? I'm looking ...
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### E=F(E^p) implies extension is algebraic

Let $F$ be a field of characteristic $p$ and $E/F$ be a finitely generated field extension such that $E=F(E^p)$. Then show that $E/F$ is algebraic. I have proven it in case $E$ is singly generated ...
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### If degree $N$ polynomials always have a root, does there still exist an irreducible polynomial of degree $N+1$?

Given that $F$ is a field, let $F_n$ be the completion of $F$ with respect to roots of degree $n$ polynomials. For example this would make $\mathbb{Q}_2$ the field of (ruler and compass) constructible ...
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1 vote
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### Unramified extension over $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$

Let $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ be a p-adic field such that $p \neq 2$. We knew that for every $n=2m$ there exists exactly one unramified extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}_{p}$ of degree $n$, obtained by ...
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### What, if anything, do we hope and expect to understand about (classical) Galois groups?

I was reading Franz Lemmermeyer's introduction to Fermat's Last and Wiles' Theorem, where he states Galois representations $\rho_p : G_\mathbb Q\rightarrow GL_2(\mathbb Z_p)$ are used for studying ...
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### Can Langlands correpondence be restated using topos?

Langlands correspondence describes an equivalence between Galois representations and automorphic representations under some conditions. Laurent Lafforgue applying Olivia Caramello thesis described in ...
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### Good and bad reduction for twists of algebraic curves

Suppose we have two curves $C/\mathbb{Q}$ and $C'/\mathbb{Q}$ which are twists of each other i.e. they are isomorphic over a field extension $K/\mathbb{Q}$. Suppose that $C$ has good reduction at a ...
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### Automorphism of positive characteristic field

Suppose $K$ is a field with $\text{char}(K) \geq 0$. Let $L$ be a cyclic extension of $K$ with degree $2n$. We consider the generator $\sigma$ of the Galois group $\text{Gal}(L/K)$. I am interested in ...
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