Questions tagged [rational-curves]

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Can a non-Kähler complex manifold be rationally connected?

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold. Suppose that $X$ is rationally connected in the sense that any two points lie in the image of a rational curve $\mathbb{CP}^1 \to X$. Are there any non-Kähler ...
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8 votes
3 answers
401 views

Is there a simple explanation for why rational plane curves of degree $>2$ are singular?

Its a well-known result that smooth projective plane curves of degree $d$ have genus $(d-1)(d-2)/2$, so in particular, smooth curves of degree $1$ and $2$ are genus 0, and those of higher degree have ...
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2 votes
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156 views

rational curves over K3 surfaces over $\mathbb{Q}$

There are many partial results towards the following conjecture: Every projective K3 surface over an algebraically closed field contains infinitely many integral rational curves. My question is: is ...
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  • 175
7 votes
1 answer
408 views

Singular curves of genus 1

Let $C$ be an irreducible curve of arithmetic genus $1$ over a field $k$ and with a double $k$-point $p\in C$. Is $C$ rational over $k$? If $C$ is a plane cubic the answer is positive since we can ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Does the rational normal curve embedding extend as a mapping from the "bulk" to some bigger ambient space?

The complex projective line $\mathbb{P}^1(\mathbb{C})$ can be identified with the sphere at infinity of hyperbolic $3$-space, modeled say by the Poincare open $3$-ball in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (the sphere at ...
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  • 3,654
1 vote
0 answers
180 views

Rational and rationally chain connected surfaces

A projective variety $X$ over the complex numbers is rationally connected if two general points of $X$ can be joined by a rational curve in $X$, and rationally chain connected if two general points of ...
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1 vote
0 answers
79 views

Has anyone researched this variant of separable rational connectedness?

If I am correct, then one of the definitions of rational chain connectedness is that a variety $ X $ is rationally chain connected if 1) there are schemes $ \mathcal{C} $ and $ T $ with a flat, ...
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157 views

Rational curves on ruled surfaces

Let $S$ be a ruled surface (over an algebraically closed field) with an $\mathbb{P}^1$-bundle $\pi\!: S \to E$ onto an elliptic curve $E$. What is the classification of (possibly singular) irreducible ...
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6 votes
1 answer
443 views

Can free rational curves lift to ramified covers of Fano varieties?

Does there exist $X$ a smooth Fano manifold, $f: Y \to X$ a nontrivial ramified finite cover, $C \subseteq X$ a smooth very free rational curve, such that $f$ is étale over a neighborhood of $C$? ...
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6 votes
2 answers
498 views

Rational normal curves and tangent lines

Let $C,\Gamma\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be degree $n$ rational normal curves in $\mathbb{P}^n$, such that for any $p\in C$ the tangent line $T_pC$ of $C$ at $p$ is tangent to $\Gamma$ as well. This means ...
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  • 293
4 votes
1 answer
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Blowing-up projective spaces of parametrized rational curves

Consider the projective space $\mathbb{P}^N$ parametrizing morphisms $f:\mathbb{P}^1\rightarrow\mathbb{P}^n$, $f(x,y) = [f_0(x,y):\dots:f_n(x,y)]$ of degree $d$. Let $Z_i\subset\mathbb{P}^N$ be the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
293 views

If there is no more than $k$ smooth rational curves on algebraic surface, what is the minimal value of k

Let $X$ be a smooth surface of general type with $q=p_g=0$, define a set $A=\{C\subset X|$ C is smooth rational and $C^2<-1\}$, let $k=|A|$ which is cardinality of $A$. What is the minimal value ...
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1 answer
354 views

How bad can a tacnode be for a polynomially parametrized curve?

Given a curve in $\mathbb{C}^2$ that is parametrized by polynomials $ x(t), y(t) \in \mathbb{C}[t]$, it is possible that for distinct $t_1$ and $t_2$, we have an intersection or crossing $(x(t_1), y(...
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0 answers
168 views

Finding Rational Curves on a Surface

Let the field of rational numbers be our base field $k$. I hope to find all rational curves on the following surface $S$ defined by $f$. You can find the motivation in the end. $f= (x^2y^2)z^3 + (5x^...
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2 votes
0 answers
235 views

Global section of line bundle on anti-canonical rational surface

Let $X$ be an anti-canonical rational surface(i.e. $-K_X$ is effective) such that $K_X^2\geq 1$. Let $D$ be a $r$-class divisor ($D^2=r, D^2+D.K_X=-2$, the latter condition can be re-interpreted as $\...
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1 answer
189 views

Does a moving family of lines through a fixed point produce a singularity?

This is just a feeling that I had and I am curious if it is totally wrong or true to some extent. Let $X\subseteq \mathbb{P}^r$ be an integral hypersurface of degree $r-1$, which is not a cone. In ...
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2 votes
1 answer
170 views

Smooth curves in Tangent Developables

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth curve, and let $Y\subseteq\mathbb{P}^n$ be its tangent developable. Given two general points $y_1,y_2\in Y$ does there exist a smooth curve $\Gamma\subset Y$ ...
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3 votes
0 answers
300 views

Rational normal curves on quadrics

Given a quadric $Q\subseteq\mathbb{P}^r$ and points $p_1,\dots,p_{r+2}\in Q$ in linear general position, a naive dimension count suggests that one should expect finitely many rational normal curves ...
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1 vote
0 answers
94 views

If there exists an immersion, then does a neighbourhood of a singular rational curve contain a genuine cuspidal point?

Let $X$ be a compact complex surface and $u_1, u_2: \mathbb{P}^1 \longrightarrow X$ be rational curves that are not multiply covered that represents a class $\beta \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$. Suppose $...
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17 votes
2 answers
897 views

Are rationally connected varieties robustly simply connected?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective rationally connected variety over $\mathbb C$. Let $C$ be a curve class in $X$ such that rational curves equivalent to $C$ connect every two points. Let $f: Y \to X$ be ...
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  • 116k
1 vote
2 answers
483 views

Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
195 views

Multiplicity of the intersection of a Rational curve in a quadric with a tangent plane

Consider a rational map $u : \mathbb{CP}^1 \to \mathbb{CP}^4$ of degree~$d$, such that the image lies in a fixed 3-dimensional quadric $Q^3$. In other words, its image is a rational curve in $Q^3 \...
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  • 11
4 votes
3 answers
684 views

Equations for points to lie on a rational normal curve

$\def\PP{\mathbb{P}}$Let $z_1$, $z_2$, ..., $z_n$ be points in $\PP^{k-1}$. I am interested in equations for when the $z_i$ lie on a rational normal curve (or degeneration thereof.) Specifically, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
281 views

Canonical bundle of moduli space of rational curves and automorphisms

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ be the usual Deligne-Mumford compactification of $M_{0,n}$ the moduli space of smooth $n$-pointed rational curves. The canonical divisor $K_{\overline{M}_{0,n}}$ can be ...
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7 votes
0 answers
405 views

The curve $(x+y+z)^3=27xyz$

Can someone point me to literature about the curve defined by $F(x,y,z):=(x+y+z)^3-27xyz$? I'm sure this curve must be well-studied, due to the remarkable property that $$ F(x^3,y^3,z^3) = \prod_{\...
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0 votes
2 answers
571 views

Rationality of curve does not depend on base change

By a curve I mean an integral one-dimensional scheme of finite type over a spectrum of a field. Let $C$ be a curve over an arbitrary field $k$. It's probably a very well known fact, that $C$ is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
538 views

Rationally connected varieties and rational fibrations

Let $Y$ be a rationally connected variety over an algebraically closed field, and let $$\phi:X\dashrightarrow Y$$ be a rational fibration such that the general fiber of $\phi$ is rationally chain ...
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  • 6,663
1 vote
1 answer
486 views

Automorphisms of rational (connected) projective curves

To fix the ideas all curves are supposed to be defined over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $C$ be a rational connected projective curve. Note that we don't assume the curve to be smooth. Let $Aut(C)$ be the group ...
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2 votes
1 answer
618 views

explicity equations for curves in the projective space

It is well known that if a smooth curve $C \subset \mathbb{P}^3$ has degree $ d \leq 6$. Then $ g(C) \leq 4$ (Hartshorne pg 354). I know that the case $g=4$ correspond to the complete intersection ...
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3 votes
1 answer
307 views

Dimension of the linear system of $\psi$-class on $\bar M_{0;n}$

Consider the (Deligne-Mumford compactification of the) moduli space of complex rational marked curves $\overline M_{0;n}$. For each $i\in \{1,\ldots,n\}$ we can construct a line bundle $L_i$ with a ...
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  • 401
4 votes
1 answer
146 views

Hypersurfaces containing a general chain of lines

Let $X$ be a general chain of $d$ lines in $\mathbb P^n$, where $n \geq 3$. Let $I$ be the homogeneous ideal of polynomials vanishing on $X$. What is the Hilbert function $$P(k) = \dim I_k$$ of $X$? ...
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7 votes
1 answer
579 views

Proving a variety is not unirational

It is known that if a variety is unirational then it is rationally connected. However, there are no known examples of rationally connected varieties which are not unirational. In these notes, at the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
365 views

Defining ideals for rational curves in space

A rational normal curve $C_d\subset\mathbb{P}^d$ is defined by quadrics. I guess, for the generic projection $\mathbb{P}^d\stackrel{\pi}{\to}\mathbb{P}^n$ the image $\pi(C_d)$ is still defined by ...
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