# Questions tagged [descent]

The descent tag has no usage guidance.

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### Number Rings and (Galois) Descent

In algebraic number theory, one chooses for each finite étale $\mathbb{Q}$-algebra $K$ a finite $\mathbb{Z}$-algebra $\mathcal{O}_K$. Usually one simply speaks of the finite $\mathbb{Q}$-algebras ...

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### Homotopy colimit description of stacks

Let $F$ be an Artin stack. If $p: X \to F$ is an atlas for $F$, can we express $F$, in the $\infty$-category ${\rm Shv}^{\acute{et}}(k)$ of higher stacks, as a homotopy colimit over the simplicial ...

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### Descent data and trivialization of bundles via coherent isomorphisms of fibers

In this MO question I tried to understand how a trivialization of a bundle (continuous map) $\begin{smallmatrix}A\\ \downarrow\\ B \end{smallmatrix}$ is related to a coherent family of isomorphisms ...

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### When can a scheme be recovered from its descent groupoid?

Suppose that $ Y $ is a scheme and $ f\colon X\to Y $ a covering of $ Y $ in some Grothendieck topology on the category of schemes (i.e. if $\{ U_i\to Y\}$ is a covering in the topological sense, then ...

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### Infinite Galois descent for finitely generated commutative algebras over a field

Let $k_0$ be a field of characteristic 0, and let $k$ is a fixed algebraic closure of $k_0$.
Write $G={\rm Gal}(k/k_0)$.
Let $A_0$ be a finitely generated commutative $k_0$-algebra with a unit.
Then ...

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### Stack descent to sheaf descent via Grothendieck construction?

Let S be a Grothendieck site, the (either left or right adjoint to the) Grothendieck construction assigns to each groupoid fibration over S a presheaf valued in groupoids. The following feels it might ...

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### Descent of isomorphisms between irreducible closed subschemes

Let $S$ be an affine scheme, $X$ be a projective $S$-scheme, $W,Z\to X$ two reduced, irreducible closed $S$-subschemes, flat over $S$. Let $S'\to S$ be a faithfully flat map, with $S'$ affine.
Assume ...

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### Representable $\text{Hom}$ functors

Let $X, Y, S$ be noetherian schemes, $X$ flat and quasi-projective over $S$, $Y$ projective over $S$.
Is the hom-functor $T\mapsto\text{Hom}_T(X_T, Y_T)$ representable?
If $X$ is flat and projective,...

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### Descent along purely inseparable morphisms

What properties of $\mathbf{F}_p$-algebras descent along powers of the absolute Frobenius?
What properties of morphisms of $\mathbf{F}_p$-algebras descent along powers of the absolute Frobenius?
Is ...

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### “Frobenius Descent”

The following proposition is there in Pink's lecture notes on finite group schemes.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p$. The category of finite length $W(k)$-modules $N$ ...

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### Does being big for a line bundle satisfy fpqc descent

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero, and let $L/k$ be a field extension. [Assume $k$ and $L$ are algebraically closed if necessary.]
Let $X$ be a variety over $k$ and let $\mathcal{L}$ be a ...

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### Algebraic model for the abelian category of descent data for modules in the non-affine case

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. I'd like to have a completely algebraic description of the belian category of descent data for modules along $f$. Here's my attempt:
The category of quasi-...

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### Choice free definition of category of descent data w.r.t a fibration?

Let $\mathsf C$ be a category and consider a pseudofunctor (non-strict 2-functor) $P:\mathsf C^{\text{op}}\to\mathsf{Cat}$. Given an arrow $f:X\to Y$ in $\mathsf C$, define the category of descent ...

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### English Reference for the Bénabou-Roubaud theorem

The Bénabou-Roubaud theorem links fibrational descent theory with monadicity. Particularly, it says that given a bifibration satisfying the Beck-Chevalley condition w.r.t some arrow $p$ in the base ...

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### Galois descent for schemes over fields

Let $K\subset L$ be a finite galois extension of fields (the case I have in mind is $K=\mathbb{R},L=\mathbb{C}$). Given a scheme $X$ over $K$ by pulling back to $L$ we get a scheme $Y=X\times _K L$ ...

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### Pushouts of commutative pseudomonoids

Let $(\mathcal{C},\otimes)$ be a symmetric monoidal bicategory. Assume that $\mathcal{C}$ has bicategorical coequalizers which are preserved by $\otimes$ in each variable. My question is if then the ...

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### Neat applications of Galois descent?

I'm enjoying reading about Janelidze's categorical Galois theory, which gives as a special case the usual theorems of Galois descent (along torsors). The approach I took was just with covering space ...

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### Characterization of torsors which are locally trivial in terms of descent

Let $\mathsf C$ be a category and $G$ an internal group. Suppose $\mathsf C$ is finitely complete, so that $\pi_2:G\times B\to B$ is an internal group in $\mathsf C_{/B}$ for every $B$. A $G$-bundle ...

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### Descent theory, fibrations, and bundles

In the very last page of Janelidze and Tholen's paper Beyond Barr Exactness: Effective Descent Morphisms, the authors relate the theory of fiber bundles (and covering spaces in particular) to descent ...

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### Descent for Dualizable Modules

It's known that a pure morphism of commutative rings $\phi:A\to B$ is of effective descent for the stack of modules. In other words if $\phi$ is pure one can recover $Mod(A)$ as the 2-limit of a ...

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### Notation for largest universal subclass and class of arrows “locally in” a given class of arrows

Let $\mathcal M$ be a class of arrows in a category $\mathsf C$. I would like suggestions for good notation for the following two classes.
The smallest universal (pullback stable) subclass $\mathcal ...

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### Geometric intuition for the condition of Galois descent

Continuing in my attempts to understand bits and pieces of Borceux and Janelidze's Galois Theories, I've just realized that I don't have any geometric intuition for the most convenient ...

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### For a universal covering morphism $p:E\rightarrow B$, how to prove $E$ connected implies $B$ connected?

Definition. An arrow $\alpha:A\rightarrow B$ in $\mathsf C=\mathsf{Fam}(\mathsf A)$ is said to be a covering morphism if there exists an effective descent morphism $p:E\rightarrow B$ that splits it, i....

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### Categorification of covering morphisms

Given a category $\mathsf{A}$, let $\mathsf{Fam}(\mathsf{A})$ be its free coproduct cocompletion (which is always extensive). This means every object has a unique up to iso presentation as a coproduct ...

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### When does effective descent of modules hold?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with identity. I denote by $\Delta_{\leq 1}$ the full subcategory of the simplex category $\Delta$ with objects $[0]$ and $[1]$. Let $B_{\cdot} : \Delta_{\leq 1}^{\mathrm{...

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### Expressing the stack of sheaves with 1-limits

Zhen Lin's answer to the MSE question mentions that $\mathsf{Sh}(-)$ is a stack for the canonical topology on the site of open subsets of a space. One of the comments asks whether the stack descent ...

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### $\mathbb E$-descent maps in topological spaces in terms of different sites?

The paper Facets of Descent I by Janelidze and Tholen defines $\mathbb E$-descent maps as those for which $\Phi^p:\mathbb EB\longrightarrow \mathsf{Des}_\mathbb{E}(p)$ is an equivalence of categories.
...

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### Which simplicial objects are Čech nerves?

In 1-categories, a regular epimorphism is a coequalizer of some parallel pair. An effective epimorphism is one which coequalizes its kernel pair. In the presence of kernel pairs, regular and ...

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### Difficulties with descent data as homotopy limit of image of Čech nerve

Apologies if this question is inappropriate for MO. It is not a research level question in any of the topics it addresses, I just don't see how a novice can go about answering it alone (I've tried ...

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### Descent of Higher categorical structures along geometric morphisms

Let $f: \mathcal{E} \rightarrow \mathcal{T}$ be a geometric morphism between two (Grothendieck) toposes (or maybe more generally a bounded geometric morphism between elementary toposes).
It is well ...

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### Does the Amitsur complex have a universal property?

The question is essentially the title. In other words, is there some universal property that the Amitsur complex for a morphism of rings $\phi:A\to B$ satisfies as a cosimplicial ring, or cosimplicial ...

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### Existence of $B$-reduction of a $G$-torsor on a curve

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $X$ a connected smooth curve over $k$, $G$ a connected reductive group over $k$, and $B \subset G$ a Borel subgroup.
Given a $G$-torsor $E$ on $X$ in the ...

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### Descent of sheaves under galois covering

Let $\pi: Y\rightarrow X$ be a finite Galois covering between normal projective varieties with Galois group $G$. Let $E$ be a coherent sheaf on $Y$ with a $G$-linearisation, i.e., there are ...

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### Why are monadicity and descent related?

This question is probably too vague for experts, but I really don't know how to avoid it.
I've read in several places that under mild conditions, a morphism is an effective descent morphism iff the ...

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### Is Carlos Simpson's Descent available online?

I am not sure whether this question is suitable for MO. Is the paper "Descent" by Carlos Simpson in the book "Alexandre Grothendieck: A Mathematical Portrait" page 83-142 (or a similar version of that ...

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### Reinterpreting Galois descent over finite fields

This question is indirectly related to my previous question Is an elliptic curve that is isomorphic to its Frobenius conjugate defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$?
Let $\mathbb{F}_{q^n}/\mathbb{F}_q$ be an ...

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### What is descent data (of higher categories), conceptually?

First consider a scheme $X$ with an open cover $\mathcal{U}=\{U_i\}$. An object with descent data on $\mathcal{U}$ is a collection $(\mathcal{E}_i,\phi_{ij})$ where $\mathcal{E}_i$ is a quasi-...

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### Flat Connections on Ring Spectra

So first I'll try to give a really quick reminder of the classical description of these things when one is doing non-commutative descent theory. In the setting of discrete algebra, if we have a ...

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### Reference for cdh topology

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a proper surjective morphism over some base scheme $S$ of finite type, suppose $f$ restricts to an isomorphism over some open $U$ of $X$, we also suppose both $X$ and $Y$ are ...

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### A model category for descent?

Recall that an $(\infty,1)$-category $C$ is said to have descent if for any small diagram $X:I\to M$ with (homotopy) colimit $\overline{X}$, the adjunction between $C/\overline{X}$ and "equifibered" $...

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### Extending descent data from the special fiber of an extension of DVR's

My question is about the proof of Lemma D.3 on p. 147 of the book "Neron models" by Bosch, Lutkebohmert, and Raynaud. Namely, towards the end of that proof there is the sentence "That $\varphi$ ...

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### Descent datum for a line bundle

Let $\pi:C \to \mathbb P^1$ be a double cover branched at $r$ points. To understand the theory of descent better, I would like, if possible, to construct by hands the descent datum of a line bundle ...

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### modular forms, invertible sheaves, and quotients

I'm very confused about some contradicatory statements, and I hope someone can help me clarify this.
Let $\Gamma$ be a congruence subgroup. It is well known that modular forms of weight $k$ for $\...

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### Descent of functions along finite birational morphisms

Let $A\to B$ be a morphism of (unitary commutative) rings such that $B$ is module-finite over $A$ and there exists $f\in A$ which is a nonzerodivisor in $A$ and in $B$, with $A[1/f]\to B[1/f]$ an ...

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### Representable torsors on geometric groupoid

Let $(C,\tau,\mathbb P)$ be a geometric context, as defined by Toen and Vezzosi. Let $(X_1\rightrightarrows X_0)$ be a groupoid object in $C$ such that the source and target morphisms are in $\mathbb ...

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### Descend of etale morphism

I am not sure whether the title is appropriate for this question or not. I am sorry if there is anyone who is confused with the title and the contents.
What I want to ask is the following: let $k$ be ...

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### Which morphisms of ring spectra are of effective descent for modules?

There is a well understood bifibration of $\infty$-categories over the $\infty$-category of commutative ring spectra whose fiber over a ring $R$ is the category of $R$-module spectra. This is in ...

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### Pure morphisms which are not faithfully flat

Joyal and Tierney proved that morphisms of rings which are of effective descent are exactly those morphisms $\phi:R\to S$ such that $\phi$ presents $S$ as a pure $R$-module. Grothendieck had ...

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### Why does the first Cech cohomology classify twisted forms?

Suppose I have a faithfully flat cover of schemes $\phi:X\to Y$, and a sheaf $F$ on $Y$. I might be interested in so-called ``twisted forms for $F$." That is, sheaves $F'$ on $Y$ such that $\phi^\ast(...

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### Higher Descent Cohomology

Descent cohomology for a comonad is defined at degrees 0 and 1 by Mesablishvili in his paper "On Descent Cohomology" (as well as by many other authors in many other contexts). For a comonad $\bot$ on ...