# Questions tagged [reductive-groups]

A reductive group is an algebraic group $G$ over an algebraically closed field such that the unipotent radical of $G$ is trivial

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### Asymptotic behavior of Shalika germs near non-regular elements

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over a $p$-adic field $F$. Let $T\subset G$ be a maximal torus. Fix a special maximal compact subgroup $K$ of $G(F)$ and for any closed subgroup $H\subset G(F)$ ...

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### Factoring out an element of a root subgroup to make a conjugation integral

Fix a nonarchimedean local field $L/\mathbb{Q}_p$ with ring of integers $\mathcal{O}$, uniformizer $\varpi$, and residue field $k$. If I take a matrix
$$\begin{pmatrix} a & \varpi b \\ c & d \...

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### Number of rational points of a connected reductive group in a compact subset

Let $G$ be a connected reductive $\mathbb{Q}$-group. Let $\mathbb{A}$ denote the ring of adèles of $\mathbb{Q}$. Let $B \subset G(\mathbb{A})$ be a compact, let $x \in G(\mathbb{A})$ and consider the ...

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### Centralizer of conjugacy classes

Let $\mathrm{G}$ be a complex reductive group and let $\mathrm{O}_g$ be the adjoint orbit of $g\in \mathrm{G}$.
I wonder is the centralizer $\mathrm{C}_{\mathrm{G}}(\mathrm{O}_g)$ still a reductive ...

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### Do parabolic inductions share a composition factor if and only if the inducing data are associate?

Let $F$ be a local field of characteristic zero and $G$ a connected reductive group over $F$. Let us call an inducing datum a triple $(P,M,\sigma)$, where $P$ is a parabolic subgroup of $G$, $M$ is a ...

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### Normalizer of Levi subgroup

Let $G$ be a reductive group (we can work on an algebraically closed field if needed) and let $L$ be a parabolic subgroup, i.e. the centralizer of a certain torus $T \subseteq G$.
Associated with this ...

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### Nilpotent orbits of a parabolic subgroup

Suppose $G$ is a reductive group over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ with parabolic $P$, Levi quotient $M$, and unipotent radical $U$. We denote the nilpotent elements of $\mathrm{...

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### Interpretation of the algebra of natural endomorphisms of the fiber functor of $\operatorname{Rep}(G)$

Let $G$ be a connected algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic zero (I'm mostly interested in the case of a reductive group).
By the Tannakian formalism, $G(k)$ can be ...

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### Injection of $G(k)/Z(k)$ into $(G/Z)(k)$

In the first answer to the linked question it is mentioned that "the isogeny $G\to G^{ad}$ induces an injection of groups $G(k)/Z(k)\to G^{ad}(k)$". Is there a reference for this result? ...

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### Representations of a reductive Lie group vie central character and K-types

Let $G$ be a real reductive group, let $\widehat G$ denote the unitary dual and $\widehat G_{adm}\supset\widehat G$ be the admissible dual, i.e., the set of isomorphy classes of irreducible Harish-...

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### $\mathbb{Z}_p$-points of a $\mathbb{Z}_p$-model of a reductive linear algebraic $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p$-group

Let $G$ be a (connected) reductive linear algebraic group over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}_p$. By definition, this means that $G$ is a closed subgroup of some $\mathrm{GL}_n$. We can always find a ...

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### Does every nilpotent lie in the span of simple root vectors?

Let $G$ be a reductive group (for simplicity, we can work over $\mathbb{C}$). Let $N \in \operatorname{Lie} G$ be nilpotent. Does there exist a Borel pair $(B,T)$ of $G$ such that $N$ lies in the span ...

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### Parabolic subgroups of reductive group as stabilizers of flags

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}$Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group (probably reductive will be needed). Consider a faithful representation $G \to \GL(V)$. Given a parabolic subgroup $P < G$, we can ...

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### Are isomorphic maximal tori stably conjugate?

Let $F$ be a field and $G$ a reductive $F$-group. For various applications it is important to understand the "classes" of maximal ($F$-)tori of $G$. Here "class" can mean the ...

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### Chevalley-Solomon formula and Weyl character formula

Let $\Phi\subset V$ be a root system of rank $r$ with Weyl group $W$, a choice of positive roots $\Phi_+$ and exponents $d_1, \ldots, d_r$ (i.e. the invariant algebra $(\operatorname{Sym}^\bullet V)^W$...

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### References for $K$-orbits in $G/B$

Let $G$ be a reductive group, $K$ a symmetric subgroup of $G$ (e.g., fixed point of an involution), and $B$ a Borel subgroup of $G$. Then it is well known that $G/B$ has finitely many $K$-orbits. ...

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### Reference for Langlands dual homomorphisms

I am looking for a reference that explains in detail the existence of Langlands dual homomorphisms. It seems that in the literature two references are given most often. The first is Borel's article ...

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### Is there a simple proof that representations of GL(n,k) are determined by their restriction to diagonal matrices?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. The general linear group $\mathrm{GL}(n,k)$ has a subgroup $\mathrm{D}(n,k)$ consisting of invertible diagonal matrices. These are linear algebraic groups ...

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### One parameter subgroups of reductive algebraic groups

If I have a reductive algebraic group $G$ defined over a non-archimedean local field $F$. We can define a one-parameter subgroup to be a group homomorphism from $G_{m}$ to $G$. I was wondering, if I ...

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### Simplest way to classify reducibility of principal series for $p$-adic $\mathrm{SL}_2$

Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field and $G_1=\mathrm{SL}_2(F)\subset \mathrm{GL}_2(F)=G$. For simplicity, we assume $p>2$. Denote by $|\cdot|$ the normalized absolute value on $F$. Here I shall focus on ...

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### Gelfand-Kazhdan criterion, exposition by Paul Garrett

Here is Paul Garrett's exposition on the Gelfand-Kazhdan Criterion.
In page 4 of the exposition, he showed the following lemma.
Lemma (Page 4): Let $B, t, S$ be as above and for $\alpha, \beta$ in $...

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### Orbital integrals of $\operatorname{SL}_2$ and the fundamental lemma

$\DeclareMathOperator\SL{SL}$When I was checking some orbital integral computations of Sally-Shalika's The Plancherel Formula for $\SL_2$ over a Local Field, Proceedings of the National Academy of ...

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### Variants of the classical Satake classfication

Let us fix a connected split reductive group $G$ over a local non-archimedean field $K$ with maximal torus $T$, then most notes including that of [Gross] describes as a consequence of the Satake ...

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### Question on the unramified local Langlands conjecture

I'm working on the unramified local Langlands conjecture and there is something that I don't understand if it is true or not. I want to start by saying that I don't care about endoscopic transfer or ...

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### A variation of the dual group of the adjoint group

Let $\mathbf{G}$ be connected reductive group over a $p$-adic field $F$. Denote by $\mathbf{Z}$ the center of $\mathbf{G}$, and $\mathbf{A}$ the maximal split torus of $\mathbf{Z}$ (also called the ...

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### Local triviality of torsors for relative reductive groups

Let $X \to S$ be a relative (smooth proper) curve, and $G \to X$ a reductive group scheme. The following two results are well-known:
(Drinfeld-Simpson) For arbitrary $S$, if $G$ is defined over $S$, ...

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### What does it mean for a linear algebraic group to act reductively

I was reading this paper by Baues and on page 918 he mention that $S$ acts reductively on the cochain complex and on page 919 again he mention the word "Since $T$ acts reductively on the complex.....

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### Character of principal series representations of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{R})$

I am looking for an explicit form of the character of principal series representations of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{R})$.
At the moment I am particularly interested in the case $n=2$.
A reference would ...

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### On the character of a representation of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{R})$

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}\DeclareMathOperator\Ad{Ad}$Let $G=\GL(n,\mathbb{R})$. Given a continuous admissible irreducible representation of $G$ in a Frechet (or a Banach) space. Then its character ...

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### Embeddings of unitary groups over $\mathbb{Q}$

$\DeclareMathOperator\GU{GU}$$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}$I'm a bit confused by the following situation:
suppose we have an Hermitian vector space $V=K^3$ of matrix $$
J=\begin{pmatrix}& & \...

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### Pro-unipotent radical (in Bruhat-Tits) vs. unipotent radical (and reference request)

I'm a beginner in Bruhat-Tits theory, and the following phenomenon makes me puzzled.
So let $F$ be a $p$-adic field, with $\mathfrak{o}\supset \mathfrak{p}$ its ring of integers and maximal ideal, and ...

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### Holomorphic discrete series vs. discrete series

(I apologize in advance if this question is too naive for experts.) Let $G$ be a real semisimple Lie group. I know that holomorphic discrete series representations are only a part of all the discrete ...

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### Classification of restricted Lie algebras of reductive groups

$\DeclareMathOperator\Lie{Lie}$Let $G/K$ be a reductive group over a field $K$. In characteristic $0$ the Lie algebra is invariant under base change of fields, so to understand $\Lie(G)$ it is enough ...

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### Why do most eigenspaces of a Lie algebra automorphism have finitely many orbits?

I'm interested in understanding the following lemma, which Vogan states (Lemma 4.8) in his paper on the Local Langlands Conjectures (omitting the "well-known" proof).
Suppose $G$ is a ...

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### Do parabolic/Levi pairs admit dynamic descriptions over disconnected base?

In Gille, Thm. 7.3.1, it is proven that given a reductive group scheme $G \to S$ over a connected base $S$, every parabolic-Levi pair $(P, L)$ over $S$ admits a dynamic description, i.e. is of the ...

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### Connected components of a spherical subgroup from spherical data?

This question is in a similar spirit to this one by Mikhail Borovoi.
Let $G$ be a reductive group over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $X=G/H$ be a homogeneous spherical variety.
Losev proved that the spherical $...

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### Does a quasi-split reductive group scheme admit a maximal torus?

Let $G \to S$ a reductive group scheme over arbitrary base. Following the conventions from Conrad's Reductive Group Schemes notes, we define a Borel subgroup to be an $S$-subgroup scheme $B \subseteq ...

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### Stabilizer of a Levi subgroup in the Weyl group and its quotient

(I appologize in advance if this question is too naive for experts, since I know very little about the geometry/combinatorics of Weyl/Coxeter groups.)
For simplicity, let $G$ be a connected reductive ...

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### Representation rings of disconnected reductive groups

Let $G$ be a disconnected complex reductive group, or equivalently a disconnected compact real Lie group, the kind treated by Segal in his (first ever, possibly) paper "The representation-ring of ...

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### Does $\tilde{\mathrm E}_{6,3}^{(2)6}$ exist over a p-adic field?

Does a form of $\tilde{\mathrm E}_6^{(2)}$ with this Satake-Tits diagram exist over a p-adic field?

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### Canonicality of group of integers for reductive groups over non-Archimedean local field

$\DeclareMathOperator\GL{GL}$Let $G$ be a semisimple (but I think there is no obstruction to assume it to be reductive) algebraic group over a non-Archimedean local field $K$ and $\mathcal{O}_K$ be ...

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### Structure theory of Schubert varieties (extend results from semisimple groups to reductive)

The lecture notes Borel–Weil–Bott theorem and geometry of Schubert varieties by Shrawan Kumar present a concise summary of major results on cohomology of flag varieties $G/B$ for $G$ semisimple, ...

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### Langlands parameters and Weyl group actions

Let $F$ be a $p$-adic field and $\mathbf{G}$ a connected reductive group over $F$, assumed to be quasi-split. Let $\mathbf{T}$ be a maximal split torus of $\mathbf{G}$ and $\mathbf{P}=\mathbf{M}\...

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### Calculating relative root systems

Let $\mathbf{G}$ be a connected semisimple algebraic group defined over a field $k$. Let $T$ be a maximal torus of $\mathbf{G}$ defined over $k$, and let $S \subset T$ be a maximal $k$-split torus. ...

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### Reference Request: Classification of spherical varieties by "Weyl group invariant fans"

Apologies in advance for the vague question.
Let $X$ be a spherical variety with the action of some reductive group $G$. I have been told in conversation several times that such spherical varieties ...

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### Reductive groups over arbitrary fields with disconnected relative root systems

Let $\mathbf{G}$ be a connected reductive group over a field $k$, not necessarily algebraically closed. Let $\Phi$ be the relative root system for $\mathbf{G}$ with respect to $k$, and assume that $\...

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### Cohomology of Deligne-Lusztig variety associated to Coxeter element

Determining the individual ($l$-adic) cohomology groups of Deligne-Lusztig varieties has only been done for the general linear group and for some other very specific cases (as far as I know).
However, ...

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### Torsion equivariant cohomology of reductive groups

Let $G$ be a reductive group with maximal torus $T$. One knows that the equivariant cohomology ring of a point with rational coefficients is $\mathbb{Q}[X^*(T)]^W$, and also there is an equivariant ...

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### Tempered representations and unramified principal series

For $V$ a tempered representation of connected reductive group over a local field of characteristic zero. I want to show that for an Iwahori subgroup $B$, the set of fixed points $V^B\neq 0$, thereby ...

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### Image of the intertwining operator for GL(2) is $K$-invariant at the "pole" $s=1$

I am taking a look at the residues of Eisenstein series and have a question about a local computation. Let $k$ be a local field, $G = \operatorname{GL}_2(k)$, and $P$ (resp. $K$) the standard ...