Questions tagged [hyperelliptic-curves]

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3
votes
1answer
119 views

Generalization of torsion points on Jacobian of genus 2 over finite fields (with respect to the theta divisor)

Let $J(C)$ be the jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus 2 defined over finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$. Let $\Theta$ be the image of the curve on the Jacobian under the embedding $P \mapsto P - \...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Degenerations of hyperelliptic coverings

Take six distinct points $p_1,\dots,p_6\in\mathbb{P}^1$ and consider the double covering $f:C\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^1$ ramified over $p_1,\dots,p_6\in\mathbb{P}^1$. Then $C$ is a smooth curve of genus ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

The unit root subspace of a genus-2 odd degree hyperelliptic curve of semistable reduction

Let $K$ be a finite extension of $\mathbb{Q}_p$. If $A_K$ is a semistable Abelian variety over $K$, then we have a Frobenius endomorphism on $H_{dR}^1(A_K)$, whose definition depends on a choice of a ...
5
votes
1answer
366 views

rational points of a hyperelliptic curve of genus 3

Let $K=\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-1}).$ I have the following hyperelliptic curve of genus 3: $$ C : y^2 = (x^2-x+1)(x^6+x^5-6x^4 -3x^3+14x^2-7x+1) $$ I want to find $C(K)$. My first attempt was to compute the ...
7
votes
1answer
197 views

Elliptic factors in the Jacobian and zeta function

Consider a hyperelliptic curve $\mathcal{C}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ and its Jacobian $J(\mathcal{C})$. Assume that $J(\mathcal{C})$ admits an elliptic factor $\mathcal{E}$. For almost all primes, we can ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Hyperelliptic equation on a function field

Let us consider a hyperelliptic equation $$Y^2=A_nX^n+A_{n-1}X^{n-1}+\dots+A_0$$ where $A_i\in\mathbb{C}[z]$. I am interested in rational solutions $X,Y\in\mathbb{C}(z)$ when genus is $\geq 2$ and ...
6
votes
0answers
174 views

Concerning the omnipresence of hyper-elliptic curves in the construction of examples

Vague rambling: I hate asking these types of questions, but I feel that I would benefit immensely from hearing some discussion of the use of hyperelliptic curves in constructing certain examples. What ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Degree of morphisms and isogenies

$\renewcommand{\J}{\mathrm{Jac}} \renewcommand{\F}{\mathbb{F}}$ I am reading this paper by B. Gross, and there is something I don't understand on p. 945. Here is the context: fix a prime $p \equiv 3 \...
3
votes
0answers
163 views

Is the Cassels “$x - \theta$” map algebraic in some sense?

Setup: Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $0$, let $f(x) \in k[x]$ be a monic separable polynomial of degree $n \geq 4$, and let $\theta$ denote the image of $x$ under the map $k[x] \to K_f := k[x]/(...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

Computing the class group of a quadratic function field

I am asking for a reference in which I can find tools to answer questions like the following: Let $K=\mathbb{F}_q(X)$ be a rational function field over the finite field with $q$ elements. Let $E/K$ be ...
11
votes
2answers
526 views

An isogeny between Jacobians of hyperelliptic curves

Let $\mathbf{F}_q$ be a finite field of odd characteristic. Let $X_t$ be the hyperelliptic curve over $\mathbf{F}_{q^2}(t)$ with affine equation $$y^2 = \left((x^{(q+1)/2}-(x-1)^{(q+1)/2})^2 - t\...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What is the quotient $E \!\times\! E^\prime / G$?

Consider a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$ such that $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$, $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$, $\mathbb{F}_{p^2}$-isomorphic elliptic curves (of $j$-invariant $0$) $$ E\!:y_1^2 ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Is the Jacobian isogenous over $\mathbb{F}_p$ to the direct product of the elliptic curves?

Let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be a finite field such that $p \equiv 1 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 3)$ and $p \equiv 3 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 4)$. Consider the Jacobian of the hyperelliptic curve $C\!: y^2 = (x^3 + b)(x^3-b)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Visualizing a normalized hyper-elliptic curve as a honey-flow on a multi-doughnut

Trying to visualize in 3D the normalized model $y^2=f(x)$ of a hyper-elliptic curve AND the degree two ramified cover $(X,Y)\mapsto X$, $\mathbb{C}\times \mathbb{C}\to \mathbb{C}$. Is this projection ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Elementary constraints for the solutions of $z^{n-2}y(y+z)=x^n$?

Related to FLT and this question. For natural $n > 4 $ define the curve $C_n : z^{n-2}y(y+z)=x^n$. $C_n$ has the trivial points with $x=0$ for all $n$. The answer in the linked question shows ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Identifying elements in the kernel of an explicit endomorphism of a Jacobian variety

I hope this question fits here. Let $H/k$ be a genus $2$ curve and $J$ its Jacobian variety. Since $J(k)\cong \text{Pic}^0(H)(k)$ we have that its generic point looks like $[(x_1,y_1)+(x_2,y_2)-2\...
7
votes
0answers
128 views

$p$ -adic periods of modular curves X_0(71)

I have seen in some papers computation of $p$-adic periods of modular curves $X_0(N)$. Can somebody please explain to me what are the possible applications of such computations? as a concrete ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

Rational perfect power values of $y(y+1)$

This is hard, so I am looking for partial results and how hard it is. Let $n>4$. Is it true that the hyperelliptic curve $x^n=y(y+1)$ doesn't have rational point with $x \ne 0$? If necessarily ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

Hyperelliptic curves imply FLT-like results

Probably this is known, but doesn't show in searches. If a certain hyperelliptic curve has only trivial rational points, FLT-like curve also has only trivial rationals points for fixed $n$. Working ...
5
votes
0answers
215 views

No rational points on $x^n+a=y^2$ for all $n>4$"?

Is there rational (or better integer) $a$ such that for all $n>4$,$x^n+a=y^2$ has no rational points?
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Some curves on the Jacobian of a genus $2$ curve and their image under certain maps (char $p$)

I hope this question belongs here. The situation in this question is quite particular and specific. I am trying to weak some of theory to measure the degree of some function on the Jacobian of a ...
5
votes
3answers
433 views

Is it true that every mapping class in $\mathrm{Mod}(\Sigma_3)$ commutes with some hyperelliptic involution?

Two questions. First, let $\Sigma_3$ be the closed genus 3 surface and let $\rm Mod(\Sigma_3)$ be its mapping class group. Is it true that for any mapping class $g\in\rm Mod(\Sigma_3)$ there is some ...
8
votes
0answers
256 views

Genus=2 theta functions, Arnold's relation, and KZ connection

Let $C_5:=\{{(z_1 \dots, z_5) \in (\mathbb{C})^5 | z_i \neq z_j \forall i\neq j }\}$ be the configuration space of five distinct ordered points in $\mathbb{C}$. Arnold showed that the holomorphic one ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Intersection number of divisors on abelian surfaces and its invariance under translation by 2-Torsion points

I am reading Fulton's but I cannot find a useful result for my problem that seems to be something well known. Let $\mathcal{J}$ be the Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$. Consider $D_1,...
3
votes
0answers
138 views

Scalar multiplication via the Kummer surface of a genus $2$ curve by $\sqrt{5}$

I hope this is a good question. Recently I worked with genus two curves $H$ that have multiplication by $[\zeta_5]\in \text{Aut}(H)$, that is, multiplication by $e^{2\pi i/5}$. This automorphism is ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

How can I describe the monodromy of this variation of singular curves?

Consider the family of singular hyperelliptic curves $$ y^2 - x(x-1)^2(x-2)(x-3)(x-4)(x-t) $$ over $\mathbb{A}^1_t$. Over a generic point the fiber is a genus three curve where one of the genera comes ...
6
votes
0answers
242 views

Is there a finite number of supersingular genus 2 curves?

Consider an algebraically closed field $k$ of prime characteristic. It is widely known that up to $k$-isomorphism there is a finite number of supersingular elliptic curves over $k$. Let $C$ be a ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

How to describe the subspace of invariants under the Rosati involution?

Consider the Jacobian $J_C$ of hyperelliptic curve $$C\!: y^2 = x^5 + a$$ over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_p$, where $a \in \mathbb{F}_p^*$, $p \equiv 2 \ (\mathrm{mod} \ 5)$, $p > 2$. Let $\pi \...
2
votes
0answers
460 views

Self intersection of theta divisor

I hope my question is not too basic here. I have a very specific setting and I am trying to not use "big theorems" to prove a well known fact algebraically. I hope someone can give me a hint. Let $J/...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Prime divisors on the Jacobian of a genus 2 curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$ under the $n$ map

Let $H$ be a hyperelliptic curve geometrically irreducible of genus 2 over $\mathbb{F}_q$ with a rational point $\infty$ given by the model $y^2=f(x)$, where $f$ is monic of degree 5. Consider the ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Degree of irrationality and hyperelliptic curves

For a variety $V$ of dimension $n$, let $Irr(V)$ denote the minimal degree of a dominant rational map $V\to \mathbb{P}^n$. Suppose that a curve $X$ admits a dominant map from a variety $V$ with $...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Birational map from even to odd degree curve. What is the image of one of infinity points?

Suppose I have a curve $C_1$ determined by $C_1: y^2 = (x+a)(f_{2g+1} x^{2g+1} + \dots + f_0)$. It has even degree polynomial of $x$ on the right side. I want to consider its image under birational ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Restricted degree function of an endomorphism of a Jacobian to its theta divisor for genus 2 curves

I hope my question is not too vague or basic to be here. I have been constructing a setting to count points on a curve, but I am stucked solving one part of my problem for some time. Now I would like ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Linear systems and 2-torsion shifts on hyperelliptic curves

Let $C$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g$ and let $D$ be a divisor on $C$ of degree $g+1$. Assume that the linear system $|D|$ is base-point-free. Now add a $2$-torsion point $[E]$ to $D$. I would ...
3
votes
1answer
514 views

About the characteristic polynomial of Frobenius of the Jacobian of a genus 2 hyperelliptic curve

I was looking for some information related to the values of the characteristic polynomial $\chi(t)$ of the Frobenius of a Jacobian of a hyperelliptic curve $C$ of genus 2 over $\mathbb{F}_q$ and in ...
2
votes
2answers
618 views

Curves of higher genus

I saw the question: Abelian varieties with CM and though I know that there are rare CM elliptic curves, I wonder what kind of curves with higher genus have the CM Jacobians?
3
votes
0answers
104 views

How order of divisor with support at infinity is changed at reduction?

Jing Yu in his paper "On Arithmetic Of Hyperelliptic Curves" on page 5 asserts the following The most interesting case is certainly the case $k = \mathbb Q$ and $D \in \mathbb Z[t]$. To decide ...
3
votes
1answer
850 views

Abelian varieties with CM

In this site, I looked at a paper of Kazuma Morita claiming the BSD conjecture for the CM case posted on his homepage (he made a mistake three years ago for full BSD). But, I am interested in this ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

Generalized “elliptic integrals”

I am interested in evaluating the following type of integrals. Here we a polynomial $q(x)$ of degree $d \geq 2$ with no non-negative roots. Then is there a name for integrals of the shape $$\int_0^\...
17
votes
1answer
805 views

Reference Request: Conductors of Twists of Hyperelliptic Curves

It is my understanding that if I twist a hyperelliptic curve of genus 2 whose Jacobian has conductor $N$ by a prime $p$ with $p\nmid N$, that the conductor of the Jacobian of the twist is expected to ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Computations of some character sums/zeta function

I'm currently trying to "compute" the zeta function of some hyperelliptic curves over a finite field (of odd characteristic). Precisely, let $b\in\mathbb{F}_q^\times$ be a non zero element (I also ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Rational functions on hyperelliptic Riemann surface

Let $\mathcal R$ be an hyperelliptic Riemann surface of genus $g\geq 1$. Is it true that the only possible rational functions on $\mathcal R$ with $\leq g$ poles are the liftings of rational functions ...
4
votes
2answers
453 views

Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Function field of the Jacobian of genus 2 curve over $\mathbb{F}_q$

I have been trying to build the function field of the jacobian of a genus 2 smooth curve over a finite field, but I am having problems making it explicit, I need to work with another curve with points ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

Hyperelliptic curve of genus 2 over R

I know that the points of an elliptic curve over $\mathbb{Q}$, $\mathbb{R}$ or other field $K$ form a group, particularly the most common example to explain the naive way is with this curve $y^2=x^3-x$...
4
votes
1answer
550 views

When does a hyperelliptic Riemann surface admit a map of degree 3

Let $X$ be a hyperelliptic curve of genus $g>1$. For which $g$ does $X$ admit a map $X\to \mathbb P^1$ of degree $3$? I think a genus two curve $X$ admits a map of degree $3$. Proof: Pick $P$ ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

What is the value of this hyperelliptic Hodge-type integral?

Consider the moduli space $$ \overline{M}_{0,4}(B\mathbb{Z}/2) $$ This has virtual (and real) dimension one. In a certain sense this moduli space paramaterizes "genus 1 hyperelliptic curves"; that is, ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Good lecture notes/books on Jacobian of hyperelliptic curve

I want to understand what the Jacobian variety is from an algebraic (or arithmetic?) perspective. I want to know: What is the definition of the Jacobian? Widely know facts about it. Why the Jacobian ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

rational points of a hyperelliptic curve

I have the following hyperelliptic curve of genus $2$: $$ y^2 = 561 x^6 - 41904 x^5 + 627264 x^4 + 11860992 x^3 - 197074944 x^2 + 124416^2 $$ I need to find all the rational points on this curve. ...
7
votes
1answer
368 views

Intermediate Jacobians of intersections of two quadrics

Let $$X: \quad Q_1(x)=Q_2(x) = 0 \quad \subset \mathbb{P}^{2n+1},$$ be a smooth complete intersection of two quadrics of odd dimension over a field $k$, not of characteristic $2$. Let $J(X)$ denote ...